3034 最后的晚餐 (7) – 圣灵、平安、真葡萄树、合一而彼此相爱 (旋风着)

     这是我们最后一次谈到最后的晚餐发生的事情。我们知道神重视我们的所是,更胜于我们的所做,基督徒没有圣灵的工作都是枉然。在最后的晚餐中,主耶稣基督应许圣灵的到来,我们也看到了基督透过圣灵内住我们心中。真的,基督所赐的喜乐和平安是没有人能夺去的。神所差来的耶稣,就说神的话。耶稣自己说,「我是从父出来的。」祂是真葡萄树,离了祂,我们真不能做什么。我们知道要在爱里合一而彼此相爱。最后我们看到了基督徒模成耶稣形像的一个实际,也看到了仆人不能大过主人,祂预知世人会恨基督徒。

1. 应许圣灵的到来及其工作    

     应许圣灵的到来在约翰福音 14:15-18 讲得很清楚:『你们若爱我,就必遵守我的命令。我要求父,父就另外赐给你们一位保惠师,叫他永远与你们同在,就是真理的圣灵,乃世人不能接受的,因为不见他,也不认识他;你们却认识他,因他常与你们同在,也要在你们里面。我不撇下你们为孤儿,我必到你们这里来。』所以真理的圣灵就是保惠师。主耶稣钉十字架复活回归天上后,借着我们内住的圣灵与我们同在,祂的确到我们这里来,没有撇下我们,说到做到。    

     关于圣灵的工作,约翰福音 16:13-15 说:『只等真理的圣灵来了,他要引导你们明白(进入)一切的真理,因为他不是凭自己说的,乃是把他所听见的都说出来,并要把将来的事告诉你们。他要荣耀我,因为他要将受于我的告诉你们。凡父所有的,都是我的,所以我说,他要将受于我的告诉你们。』如果你们用工具书看原文就知道,是有动作的,是要进入一切的真理,也就是说,『你们要行道,不要单单听道,自己欺哄自己。』(雅各书 1:22) 我们也看到了圣灵如何荣耀祂。   

     约翰福音 14:26 说:『但保惠师,就是父因我的名所要差来的圣灵,他要将一切的事指教你们,并且要叫你们想起我对你们所说的一切话。』以前即使耶稣明讲,他们也听不懂。圣灵在五旬节降临后一切都不一样了,的确有这样的记录,『我(彼得)就想起主的话说:『约翰是用水施洗,但你们要受圣灵的洗。』』(使徒行传 11:16) 彼得在适当的时候是想起了耶稣所讲的话。  

     我们看到了圣灵来,不是要荣耀祂自己。不是说祂没有位格,祂是三位一体的神中的一位,有自己的思想,但选择了谦卑顺服,犹如耶稣虚己一样。在道成肉身这段时间中,有一个秩序的,父差遣子,子不去,圣灵不来。

2. 基督透过圣灵内住我们心中    

     我们在心中可以看到主耶稣基督是又真又活的神,就像以前所分享的,我们不能纯粹用逻辑证明给别人看,逻辑的假设在信心中是会不同的。我们就看圣经怎么说?『还有不多的时候,世人不再看见我,你们却看见我,因为我活着,你们也要活着。到那日你们就知道我在父里面,你们在我里面,我也在你们里面。有了我的命令又遵守的,这人就是爱我的;爱我的必蒙我父爱他,我也要爱他,并且要向他显现。』(约翰福音 14:19-21) 祂的确借着内住的圣灵住在我们心中,我们也看见了合一的重要。就像我们在前段所说的,行道胜听道,要遵守才行,而祂显现的对象是爱祂的,实在是讲得很清楚。  

     接着又说,『「等不多时,你们就不得见我;再等不多时,你们还要见我。」有几个门徒就彼此说:「他对我们说『等不多时,你们就不得见我;再等不多时,你们还要见我。』又说『因我往父那里去』,这是甚么意思呢?」门徒彼此说:「他说『等不多时』到底是甚么意思呢?我们不明白他所说的话。」(约翰福音 16:16-18)    

     『耶稣看出他们要问他,就说:「我说『等不多时,你们就不得见我;再等不多时,你们还要见我(透过圣灵)』,你们为这话彼此相问吗?我实实在在地告诉你们:你们将要痛哭、哀号,世人倒要喜乐;你们将要忧愁,然而你们的忧愁要变为喜乐。』(约翰福音 16:19-20) 耶稣明说,但他们那时听不懂。祂复活后门徒显然的非常喜乐,而世人要喜乐,因救恩成就了!    

     关于内住的圣灵,哥林多前书 6:19 直说:『岂不知你们的身子就是圣灵的殿吗?这圣灵是从神而来,住在你们里头的;并且你们不是自己的人。』圣经讲的都是事实,要在信心内,也知道我们的科学有时还看不到,如哥白尼当时的处境一样。    

     说到事实,我们可以看保罗怎么说。『我就是愿意夸口,也不算狂,因为我必说实话;(哥林多后书 12:6)『那永远可称颂之主耶稣的父神知道我不说谎。』(哥林多后书 11:31) 圣灵常借着环境要我们面对真实的自己,因『人心比万物都诡诈,坏到极处,谁能识透呢?』(耶利米书 17:9) 我们会看不到自己的!其实在旧约中就有很多的例子,如『希西家听从使者的话,就把他宝库的金子、银子、香料、贵重的膏油和他武库的一切军器,并他所有的财宝,都给他们看。他家中和他全国之内,希西家没有一样不给他们看的。』他也预先知道会得到惩罚,『日子必到,凡你家里所有的,并你列祖积蓄到如今的,都要被掳到巴比伦去,不留下一样。这是耶和华说的。并且从你本身所生的众子,其中必有被掳去在巴比伦王宫里当太监的。』(列王纪下 20:13,17-18)

3. 基督所赐的喜乐和平安

     基督所赐的喜乐和平安是没有人能夺去的。『你们现在也是忧愁,但我要再见你们,你们的心就喜乐了,这喜乐也没有人能夺去。』(约翰福音 16:22) 『我留下平安给你们,我将我的平安赐给你们;我所赐的,不像世人所赐的。你们心里不要忧愁,也不要胆怯。』(约翰福音 14:27)    

     『我将这些事告诉你们,是要叫你们在我里面有平安。在世上你们有苦难,但你们可以放心,我已经胜了世界。』(约翰福音 16:33) 所以基督徒是和世人一样是有苦难的,只是像祂所应许的,祂已胜了世界。『你们所遇见的试探,无非是人所能受的。神是信实的,必不叫你们受试探过于所能受的。在受试探的时候,总要给你们开一条出路,叫你们能忍受得住。』(哥林多前书 10:13) 如果神不允许,没有事情会发生的。    

     我们可能会那些事? 其中一件是,『耶稣说:「看哪,时候将到,且是已经到了,你们要分散,各归自己的地方去,留下我独自一人。其实我不是独自一人,因为有父与我同在。」』(约翰福音 16:31-32) 我们也看到了结果,『门徒都离开他,逃走了。有一个少年人,赤身披着一块麻布,跟随耶稣,众人就捉拿他。他却丢了麻布,赤身逃走了。』(马可福音 14:50-52) 从人的角度看,当时的情况实在是非常紧迫。这少年人是谁,圣经没有明讲,我们就不猜测了。

4. 耶稣来自何处    

     耶稣说:『父自己爱你们,因为你们已经爱我,又信我是从父出来的。我从父出来,到了世界;我又离开世界,往父那里去。』(约翰福音 16:27-28) 耶稣讲祂是从父那里来的,使徒又见祂所行的事,就因此相信了。在这点上,『门徒说:「如今你是明说,并不用比喻了。现在我们晓得你凡事都知道,也不用人问你,因此我们信你是从神出来的。」』(约翰福音 16:29-30) 耶稣自己非常清楚,祂是道成了肉身。     

     约翰福音 3:34 说,『神所差来的,就说神的话,因为神赐圣灵给他,是没有限量的。』(约翰福音 3:34) 我们可能会问,既是道成了肉身,难道祂不能做所有的事吗?为什么需要圣灵的引导?祂是虚己,取了人的样式,就和我们相同,只是我们被圣灵充满是有限量的,而祂是没有限量的。    

     祂钉十字架为我们而死,但应许了祂的再来。『你们听见我对你们说了,我去还要到你们这里来。你们若爱我,因我到父那里去,就必喜乐,因为父是比我大的。现在事情还没有成就,我预先告诉你们,叫你们到事情成就的时候,就可以信。以后我不再和你们多说话,因为这世界的王将到,他在我里面是毫无所有,但要叫世人知道我爱父,并且父怎样吩咐我,我就怎样行。 (约翰福音 14:28-31) 我们实在很高兴的知道撒但在他里面毫无所有。关于父是比我大的的这点,是指道成肉身的那一段时间,那时在时间中是有一个秩序的。父差子,子不去,圣灵不来。我们也看到了祂的一生都遵行圣灵的带领,因父怎样吩咐我,我就怎样行。

5. 主是真葡萄树    

     约翰福音 15:1-4 说得很清楚,『我是真葡萄树,我父是栽培的人。凡属我不结果子的枝子,他就剪去;凡结果子的,他就修理干净,使枝子结果子更多。现在你们因我讲给你们的道,已经干净了。你们要常在我里面,我也常在你们里面。枝子若不常在葡萄树上,自己就不能结果子;你们若不常在我里面,也是这样。』在这里我们看到了一个属灵的原则,苦难常常是化装的祝福,是为了叫我们多结果子。又再次提到了合一,且很显然的,枝子不在葡萄树上,失去了生命的供应,总有一天会死的。所以会说,『离了我,你们就不能做甚么。』(约翰福音 15:5)    

     我们要特别强调一点,圣灵只有一个果子,用的是单数,但这果子是有着不同的特性的:『仁爱、喜乐、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信实、温柔、节制。这样的事,没有律法禁止。』(加拉太书 5:22-23)

6. 爱的合一而彼此相爱    

     『我爱你们,正如父爱我一样,你们要常在我的爱里。你们若遵守我的命令,就常在我的爱里;正如我遵守了我父的命令,常在他的爱里。这些事我已经对你们说了,是要叫我的喜乐存在你们心里,并叫你们的喜乐可以满足。你们要彼此相爱,像我爱你们一样,这就是我的命令。人为朋友舍命,人的爱心没有比这个大的。你们若遵行我所吩咐的,就是我的朋友了。以后我不再称你们为仆人,因仆人不知道主人所做的事;我乃称你们为朋友,因我从我父所听见的,已经都告诉你们了。』(约翰福音 15:9-15)    

     所以是要有行动遵守的,祂作了我们的榜样。我们也看到了在爱的合一里面,我们也要彼此相爱。祂真的是为我们,祂的朋友舍命,且是『惟有基督在我们还作罪人的时候为我们死,神的爱就在此向我们显明了。』(罗马书 5:8) 我们被称为朋友,这是多大的荣耀啊!我们实在要知道我们的地位。

7. 预知世人恨基督徒    

     『世人若恨你们,你们知道恨你们以先,已经恨我了。你们若属世界,世界必爱属自己的;只因你们不属世界,乃是我从世界中拣选了你们,所以世界就恨你们。你们要记念我从前对你们所说的话:『仆人不能大于主人。』他们若逼迫了我,也要逼迫你们;若遵守了我的话,也要遵守你们的话。』(约翰福音 15:18-20)    

     在这里再次的强调是祂拣选了我们,主权是在祂的手上。耶稣自己被世界钉上了十字架,我们做了义的奴仆如罗马书 6:18 所说,『你们既从罪里得了释放,就作了义的奴仆。』而仆不能大过主人,我们是要背起自己的十字架,跟随耶稣。基督徒是要摸成耶稣的形像,这时他们的话就是主的话,遵守了主耶稣的话怎么会不遵守『你们的话』呢?    

     我本以为在今生是不可能模成耶稣的形像的,但真的『在神凡事都能!』(马太福音 19:26) 我们看看司提反的例子。『他们正用石头打的时候,司提反又跪下大声喊着说:「主啊,不要将这罪归于他们!」说了这话,就睡了。(使徒行传 7:59-60) 司提反是真的睡了,因基督徒最终会死里复活,且到永远。我们再看耶稣在十字架上怎么说,『当下耶稣说:「父啊,赦免他们!因为他们所做的,他们不晓得。」(路加福音 23:33-34) 基本上虽用不同的字句,是同样的意思。所以圣经明说,至少在这点上,司提反被模成了耶稣的形像。我们也看见了以司提反得到的荣耀,『但司提反被圣灵充满,定睛望天,看见神的荣耀,又看见耶稣站在神的右边,就说:「我看见天开了,人子站在神的右边!」』(使徒行传 7:55-56) 在新约里,司提反是第一个殉道的,也只记载了这么一次耶稣是站着欢迎睡了的圣徒的。相信祂平常都是坐着的,因有多处说到这点,其中包括了歌罗西书 3:1 说,『那里有基督坐在神的右边。』第一个殉道的使徒是雅各,祂的殉道是在雅各之前。     

     我们最后以这些经文作结束。『但他们因我的名要向你们行这一切的事,因为他们不认识那差我来的。我若没有来教训他们,他们就没有罪;但如今他们的罪无可推诿了。恨我的,也恨我的父。我若没有在他们中间行过别人未曾行的事,他们就没有罪;但如今连我与我的父,他们也看见也恨恶了。这要应验他们律法上所写的话,说:「他们无故地恨我。」』(约翰福音 15:21-25)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

2034 最後的晚餐 (7) – 聖靈、平安、真葡萄樹、合一而彼此相愛 (旋風著)

    這是我們最後一次談到最後的晚餐發生的事情。我們知道神重視我們的所是,更勝於我們的所做,基督徒沒有聖靈的工作都是枉然。在最後的晚餐中,主耶穌基督應許聖靈的到來,我們也看到了基督透過聖靈內住我們心中。真的,基督所賜的喜樂和平安是沒有人能奪去的。神所差來的耶穌,就說神的話。耶穌自己說,「我是從父出來的。」祂是真葡萄樹,離了祂,我們真不能做什麼。我們知道要在愛裏合一而彼此相愛。最後我們看到了基督徒模成耶穌形像的一個實際,也看到了僕人不能大過主人,祂預知世人會恨基督徒。

1. 應許聖靈的到來及其工作

    應許聖靈的到來在約翰福音 14:15-18 講得很清楚:『你們若愛我,就必遵守我的命令。我要求父,父就另外賜給你們一位保惠師,叫他永遠與你們同在,就是真理的聖靈,乃世人不能接受的,因為不見他,也不認識他;你們卻認識他,因他常與你們同在,也要在你們裏面。我不撇下你們為孤兒,我必到你們這裏來。』所以真理的聖靈就是保惠師。主耶穌釘十字架復活回歸天上後,藉著我們內住的聖靈與我們同在,祂的確到我們這裏來,沒有撇下我們,說到做到。

    關於聖靈的工作,約翰福音 16:13-15 說:『只等真理的聖靈來了,他要引導你們明白(進入)一切的真理,因為他不是憑自己說的,乃是把他所聽見的都說出來,並要把將來的事告訴你們。他要榮耀我,因為他要將受於我的告訴你們。凡父所有的,都是我的,所以我說,他要將受於我的告訴你們。』如果你們用工具書看原文就知道,是有動作的,是要進入一切的真理,也就是說,『你們要行道,不要單單聽道,自己欺哄自己。』(雅各書 1:22) 我們也看到了聖靈如何榮耀祂。

    約翰福音 14:26 說:『但保惠師,就是父因我的名所要差來的聖靈,他要將一切的事指教你們,並且要叫你們想起我對你們所說的一切話。』以前即使耶穌明講,他們也聽不懂。聖靈在五旬節降臨後一切都不一樣了,的確有這樣的記錄,『我(彼得)就想起主的話說:『約翰是用水施洗,但你們要受聖靈的洗。』』(使徒行傳 11:16) 彼得在適當的時候是想起了耶穌所講的話。

    我們看到了聖靈來,不是要榮耀祂自己。不是說祂沒有位格,祂是三位一體的神中的一位,有自己的思想,但選擇了謙卑順服,猶如耶穌虛己一樣。在道成肉身這段時間中,有一個秩序的,父差遣子,子不去,聖靈不來。

2. 基督透過聖靈內住我們心中

    我們在心中可以看到主耶穌基督是又真又活的神,就像以前所分享的,我們不能純粹用邏輯証明給別人看,邏輯的假設在信心中是會不同的。我們就看聖經怎麼說?『還有不多的時候,世人不再看見我,你們卻看見我,因為我活着,你們也要活着。到那日你們就知道我在父裏面,你們在我裏面,我也在你們裏面。有了我的命令又遵守的,這人就是愛我的;愛我的必蒙我父愛他,我也要愛他,並且要向他顯現。』(約翰福音 14:19-21) 祂的確藉著內住的聖靈住在我們心中,我們也看見了合一的重要。就像我們在前段所說的,行道勝聽道,要遵守才行,而祂顯現的對象是愛祂的,實在是講得很清楚。

    接著又說,『「等不多時,你們就不得見我;再等不多時,你們還要見我。」有幾個門徒就彼此說:「他對我們說『等不多時,你們就不得見我;再等不多時,你們還要見我。』又說『因我往父那裏去』,這是甚麼意思呢?」門徒彼此說:「他說『等不多時』到底是甚麼意思呢?我們不明白他所說的話。」(約翰福音 16:16-18) 

    『耶穌看出他們要問他,就說:「我說『等不多時,你們就不得見我;再等不多時,你們還要見我(透過聖靈)』,你們為這話彼此相問嗎?我實實在在地告訴你們:你們將要痛哭、哀號,世人倒要喜樂;你們將要憂愁,然而你們的憂愁要變為喜樂。』(約翰福音 16:19-20) 耶穌明說,但他們那時聽不懂。祂復活後門徒顯然的非常喜樂,而世人要喜樂,因救恩成就了!

    關於內住的聖靈,哥林多前書 6:19 直說:『豈不知你們的身子就是聖靈的殿嗎?這聖靈是從神而來,住在你們裏頭的;並且你們不是自己的人。』聖經講的都是事實,要在信心內,也知道我們的科學有時還看不到,如哥白尼當時的處境一樣。

    說到事實,我們可以看保羅怎麼說。『我就是願意誇口,也不算狂,因為我必說實話;(哥林多後書 12:6)『那永遠可稱頌之主耶穌的父神知道我不說謊。』(哥林多後書 11:31) 聖靈常藉著環境要我們面對真實的自己,因『人心比萬物都詭詐,壞到極處,誰能識透呢?』(耶利米書 17:9) 我們會看不到自己的!其實在舊約中就有很多的例子,如『希西家聽從使者的話,就把他寶庫的金子、銀子、香料、貴重的膏油和他武庫的一切軍器,並他所有的財寶,都給他們看。他家中和他全國之內,希西家沒有一樣不給他們看的。』他也預先知道會得到懲罰,『日子必到,凡你家裏所有的,並你列祖積蓄到如今的,都要被擄到巴比倫去,不留下一樣。這是耶和華說的。並且從你本身所生的眾子,其中必有被擄去在巴比倫王宮裏當太監的。』(列王紀下 20:13,17-18)

3. 基督所賜的喜樂和平安

     基督所賜的喜樂和平安是沒有人能奪去的。『你們現在也是憂愁,但我要再見你們,你們的心就喜樂了,這喜樂也沒有人能奪去。』(約翰福音 16:22) 『我留下平安給你們,我將我的平安賜給你們;我所賜的,不像世人所賜的。你們心裏不要憂愁,也不要膽怯。』(約翰福音 14:27)

     『我將這些事告訴你們,是要叫你們在我裏面有平安。在世上你們有苦難,但你們可以放心,我已經勝了世界。』(約翰福音 16:33) 所以基督徒是和世人一樣是有苦難的,只是像祂所應許的,祂已勝了世界。『你們所遇見的試探,無非是人所能受的。神是信實的,必不叫你們受試探過於所能受的。在受試探的時候,總要給你們開一條出路,叫你們能忍受得住。』(哥林多前書 10:13) 如果神不允許,沒有事情會發生的。

     我們可能會那些事? 其中一件是,『耶穌說:「看哪,時候將到,且是已經到了,你們要分散,各歸自己的地方去,留下我獨自一人。其實我不是獨自一人,因為有父與我同在。」』(約翰福音 16:31-32) 我們也看到了結果,『門徒都離開他,逃走了。有一個少年人,赤身披着一塊麻布,跟隨耶穌,眾人就捉拿他。他卻丟了麻布,赤身逃走了。』(馬可福音 14:50-52) 從人的角度看,當時的情況實在是非常緊迫。這少年人是誰,聖經沒有明講,我們就不猜測了。

4. 耶穌來自何處

    耶穌說:『父自己愛你們,因為你們已經愛我,又信我是從父出來的。我從父出來,到了世界;我又離開世界,往父那裏去。』(約翰福音 16:27-28) 耶穌講祂是從父那裏來的,使徒又見祂所行的事,就因此相信了。在這點上,『門徒說:「如今你是明說,並不用比喻了。現在我們曉得你凡事都知道,也不用人問你,因此我們信你是從神出來的。」』(約翰福音 16:29-30) 耶穌自己非常清楚,祂是道成了肉身。

     約翰福音 3:34 說,『神所差來的,就說神的話,因為神賜聖靈給他,是沒有限量的。』(約翰福音 3:34) 我們可能會問,既是道成了肉身,難道祂不能做所有的事嗎?為什麼需要聖靈的引導?祂是虛己,取了人的樣式,就和我們相同,只是我們被聖靈充滿是有限量的,而祂是沒有限量的。

    祂釘十字架為我們而死,但應許了祂的再來。『你們聽見我對你們說了,我去還要到你們這裏來。你們若愛我,因我到父那裏去,就必喜樂,因為父是比我大的。現在事情還沒有成就,我預先告訴你們,叫你們到事情成就的時候,就可以信。以後我不再和你們多說話,因為這世界的王將到,他在我裏面是毫無所有,但要叫世人知道我愛父,並且父怎樣吩咐我,我就怎樣行。 (約翰福音 14:28-31) 我們實在很高興的知道撒但在他裏面毫無所有。關於父是比我大的的這點,是指道成肉身的那一段時間,那時在時間中是有一個秩序的。父差子,子不去,聖靈不來。我們也看到了祂的一生都遵行聖靈的帶領,因父怎樣吩咐我,我就怎樣行。

5. 主是真葡萄樹

    約翰福音 15:1-4 說得很清楚,『我是真葡萄樹,我父是栽培的人。凡屬我不結果子的枝子,他就剪去;凡結果子的,他就修理乾淨,使枝子結果子更多。現在你們因我講給你們的道,已經乾淨了。你們要常在我裏面,我也常在你們裏面。枝子若不常在葡萄樹上,自己就不能結果子;你們若不常在我裏面,也是這樣。』在這裏我們看到了一個屬靈的原則,苦難常常是化裝的祝福,是為了叫我們多結果子。又再次提到了合一,且很顯然的,枝子不在葡萄樹上,失去了生命的供應,總有一天會死的。所以會說,『離了我,你們就不能做甚麼。』(約翰福音 15:5)

    我們要特別强調一點,聖靈只有一個果子,用的是單數,但這果子是有著不同的特性的:『仁愛、喜樂、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信實、溫柔、節制。這樣的事,沒有律法禁止。』(加拉太書 5:22-23)

6. 愛的合一而彼此相愛 

    『我愛你們,正如父愛我一樣,你們要常在我的愛裏。你們若遵守我的命令,就常在我的愛裏;正如我遵守了我父的命令,常在他的愛裏。這些事我已經對你們說了,是要叫我的喜樂存在你們心裏,並叫你們的喜樂可以滿足。你們要彼此相愛,像我愛你們一樣,這就是我的命令。人為朋友捨命,人的愛心沒有比這個大的。你們若遵行我所吩咐的,就是我的朋友了。以後我不再稱你們為僕人,因僕人不知道主人所做的事;我乃稱你們為朋友,因我從我父所聽見的,已經都告訴你們了。』(約翰福音 15:9-15)

    所以是要有行動遵守的,祂作了我們的榜樣。我們也看到了在愛的合一裏面,我們也要彼此相愛。祂真的是為我們,祂的朋友捨命,且是『惟有基督在我們還作罪人的時候為我們死,神的愛就在此向我們顯明了。』(羅馬書 5:8) 我們被稱為朋友,這是多大的榮耀啊!我們實在要知道我們的地位。

7. 預知世人恨基督徒

    『世人若恨你們,你們知道恨你們以先,已經恨我了。你們若屬世界,世界必愛屬自己的;只因你們不屬世界,乃是我從世界中揀選了你們,所以世界就恨你們。你們要記念我從前對你們所說的話:『僕人不能大於主人。』他們若逼迫了我,也要逼迫你們;若遵守了我的話,也要遵守你們的話。』(約翰福音 15:18-20) 

    在這裏再次的强調是祂揀選了我們,主權是在祂的手上。耶穌自己被世界釘上了十字架,我們做了義的奴僕如羅馬書 6:18 所說,『你們既從罪裏得了釋放,就作了義的奴僕。』而僕不能大過主人,我們是要背起自己的十字架,跟隨耶穌。基督徒是要摸成耶穌的形像,這時他們的話就是主的話,遵守了主耶穌的話怎麼會不遵守『你們的話』呢?

    我本以為在今生是不可能模成耶穌的形像的,但真的『在神凡事都能!』(馬太福音 19:26) 我們看看司提反的例子。『他們正用石頭打的時候,司提反又跪下大聲喊着說:「主啊,不要將這罪歸於他們!」說了這話,就睡了。(使徒行傳 7:59-60) 司提反是真的睡了,因基督徒最終會死裏復活,且到永遠。我們再看耶穌在十字架上怎麼說,『當下耶穌說:「父啊,赦免他們!因為他們所做的,他們不曉得。」(路加福音 23:33-34) 基本上雖用不同的字句,是同樣的意思。所以聖經明說,至少在這點上,司提反被模成了耶穌的形像。我們也看見了以司提反得到的榮耀,『但司提反被聖靈充滿,定睛望天,看見神的榮耀,又看見耶穌站在神的右邊,就說:「我看見天開了,人子站在神的右邊!」』(使徒行傳 7:55-56) 在新約裏,司提反是第一個殉道的,也只記載了這麼一次耶穌是站著歡迎睡了的聖徒的。相信祂平常都是坐著的,因有多處說到這點,其中包括了歌羅西書 3:1 說,『那裏有基督坐在神的右邊。』第一個殉道的使徒是雅各,祂的殉道是在雅各之前。

     我們最後以這些經文作結束。『但他們因我的名要向你們行這一切的事,因為他們不認識那差我來的。我若沒有來教訓他們,他們就沒有罪;但如今他們的罪無可推諉了。恨我的,也恨我的父。我若沒有在他們中間行過別人未曾行的事,他們就沒有罪;但如今連我與我的父,他們也看見也恨惡了。這要應驗他們律法上所寫的話,說:「他們無故地恨我。」』(約翰福音 15:21-25)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

1034 Last supper (7) – Holy Spirit, peace, true vine, union to brotherly love (by Whirlwind)

This is our last time talking about what happened in the Last Supper. We know that God emphasizes more on what we are than what we do. It is in vain if the work of a Christian has no involvement of the Holy Spirit. In the Last Supper, Lord Jesus Christ promised the coming of the Holy Spirit, we see also His abiding in us through the Holy Spirit. Indeed, no one can deprive us of the joy and the peace given by Christ. God sends Jesus, so He says the words of God. Jesus Himself said that He was from the Father. He is the true vine, and we cannot do anything without Him. We know that we need to be united in love and have brotherly love. Finally, through an example, we illustrate to be conformed to the image of Jesus is a reality. We also see that a servant cannot be bigger than his master, and we see His prediction about the hate for Christians from the world.

1. Promise of the coming of Holy Spirit and His work

The promise is stated clearly in John 14:15-18, “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments. I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever; that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you. I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.” Therefore, the Helper is the Spirit of truth. After the resurrection of Jesus, He arises in Heaven. Through the abiding Holy Spirit, He is with us. Indeed, He doesn’t leave us as orphans like promised.

Regarding the work of the Holy Spirit, it is said in John 16:13-15, “But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come. He will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose it to you. All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said that He takes of Mine and will disclose it to you.” Yes, there is action to guide you into. In other words, you should behave as said in James 1:22, “But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves.” We also see how Holy Spirit glorifies Him.

In John 14:26, it says, “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.” They didn’t understand before, even though Jesus said things directly. After the Pentecost, everything became different. In Bible, there are records of this such as in Acts 11:16, “And I (Peter) remembered the word of the Lord, how He used to say, ‘John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.'” In an adequate time, Peter remembered what Jesus had said.

We can see that the Holy Spirit came not to glorify Himself but Jesus. We are not saying that the Holy Spirit is not a person, He is indeed one of Holy Trinity and has His own thinking and will but instead chooses to be humble and obedient, just like how Jesus emptied Himself. When Word became flesh, there is indeed an order. The Father sends the Son, and Holy Spirit will not come if the Son doesn’t go first.

2. Jesus through the abiding Holy Spirit living in us

We as Christians can see Lord Jesus Christ in our heart that He is a true and living God. Just like what we have shared, we cannot prove the fact to you by pure logic. The hypothesis of logic in faith is very different. Let us take a look at how the Bible says in John 14:19-21, “After a little while the world will no longer see Me, but you will see Me; because I live, you will live also. In that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you. He who has My commandments and keeps them is the one who loves Me; and he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and will disclose Myself to him.” Indeed, He is living in us through the abiding Holy Spirit. We also see the importance of being united as one. As shared before, being a doer is over merely being a hearer. We need to keep His commandments. And it is clearly said that He will disclose Himself to those who love Him.  

Then it is followed in John 16:16-18, “”A little while, and you will no longer see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me.” Some of His disciples then said to one another, “What is this thing He is telling us, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me’; and, ‘because I go to the Father’?” So they were saying, “What is this that He says, ‘A little while’? We do not know what He is talking about.””

“Jesus knew that they wished to question Him, and He said to them, “Are you deliberating together about this, that I said, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me, and again a little while, and you will see Me (through Holy Spirit)’? Truly, truly, I say to you, that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; you will grieve, but your grief will be turned into joy.”(John 16:19-20) Jesus said clearly at that time, but they didn’t understand. When seeing His resurrection, they are apparently joyful. And the people of the world who believes will rejoice, because the salvation is completed.

Regarding the abiding Holy Spirit, it is said directly in 1 Corinthians 6:19, “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own?”  Bible says all facts, not only in faith, but it needs faith to believe. We need to know that sometimes we cannot see a fact because modern science has not reached that point yet as we discussed before about the case of Copernicus (1473-1543). At that time, people couldn’t accept that the Earth rotates around the Sun. 

Talking about facts, we may want to see what Paul would say. In 2 Corinthians 12:6, it says, “For if I do wish to boast I will not be foolish, for I will be speaking the truth; but I refrain from this, so that no one will credit me with more than he sees in me or hears from me.” “The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, He who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying.”(2 Corinthians 11:31) The Holy Spirit often through environments wants us to face the real us, since “The heart is more deceitful than all else and is desperately sick; Who can understand it?”(Jeremiah 17:9) We can even cheat ourselves without knowing! In fact, there are examples in the Old Testament such as “Hezekiah listened to them, and showed them all his treasure house, the silver and the gold and the spices and the precious oil and the house of his armor and all that was found in his treasuries. There was nothing in his house nor in all his dominion that Hezekiah did not show them.”(2 Kings 20:13) And he foreknew that he would get penalty as stated in 2 Kings 20:17-18, “‘Behold, the days are coming when all that is in your house, and all that your fathers have laid up in store to this day will be carried to Babylon; nothing shall be left,’ says the Lord. ‘Some of your sons who shall issue from you, whom you will beget, will be taken away; and they will become officials in the palace of the king of Babylon.'”

3. The joy and the peace given by Christ 

No one can deprive the joy and the peace given by Christ. “Therefore you too have grief now; but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you.”(John 16:22) “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.”(John 14:27)

In John 16:33, it says, “These things I have spoken to you, so that in Me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world.” Yes, Christians have tribulations just like unbelievers. But it is just like He promised, “I have overcome the world.” “No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to man; and God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.”(1 Corinthians 10:13) If God doesn’t permit, nothing can happen to you just like what said in the beginning of the Book Job.

Someone may ask what are these things are referred to in John 16:33. Among them is this one. “Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe? Behold, an hour is coming, and has already come, for you to be scattered, each to his own home, and to leave Me alone; and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with Me.”(John 16:31-32) We see the results in Mark 14:50-52, “And they all left Him and fled. A young man was following Him, wearing nothing but a linen sheet over his naked body; and they seized him. But he pulled free of the linen sheet and escaped naked.” From the aspect of man, the situation at that time was indeed very urgent. Who is this young man? The Bible doesn’t say, so there is no point to guess since we would never know the correct answer. 

4. Where Jesus comes from?

Jesus in John 16:27-28 said, “for the Father Himself loves you, because you have loved Me and have believed that I came forth from the Father. I came forth from the Father and have come into the world; I am leaving the world again and going to the Father.” Jesus Himself said, “I came forth from the Father.” And the disciples saw what He did and believed Him. Along this direction, “His disciples said, “Lo, now You are speaking plainly and are not using a figure of speech. Now we know that You know all things, and have no need for anyone to question You; by this we believe that You came from God.”(John 16:29-30) He knew clearly, He was the Word becoming flesh.

In John 3:34, it says, “For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God; for He gives the Spirit without measure.” One may ask, “How come? Isn’t He the Word becoming flesh? He should be able to do anything. Not in this period though. He emptied Himself and became a man. He needs the guidance of the Holy Spirit just like us. But He gives the Spirit without measure, and we are limited.

He was nailed to the cross for us, but promised to come again. “You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. Now I have told you before it happens, so that when it happens, you may believe. I will not speak much more with you, for the ruler of the world is coming, and he has nothing in Me; but so that the world may know that I love the Father, I do exactly as the Father commanded Me. …”(John 14:28-31) We are glad to know that Satan has nothing in Him. Regarding what He said about the Father being greater than Him, it is referring to the period that the Word became flesh. At that period of time, there is an order. The Father sends the Son, and Holy Spirit don’t come unless the Son goes back first. We can also see that He obeys the leading of Holy Spirit in His whole life as He did exactly as the Father commanded Him.

5. Lord is the true vine

It says directly in John 15:1-4, “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser. Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit, He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit, He prunes it so that it may bear more fruit. You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you. Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself unless it abides in the vine, so neither can you unless you abide in Me.” Here, we can see one spiritual principle. Often in times, tribulations are pretended blessings for the purposes to bear more fruits. It is mentioned again about being united. And apparently if the branches are not connected to the vine, they will die soon or later. Thus, He said, “unless you abide in Me.”

We want to particularly emphasize the point that there is only one fruit of the Spirit since the fruit in Galatians 5:22-23 is singular. But such fruit has twelve kinds of characteristics. “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law.”

6. Being united by love and having brotherly love

“Just as the Father has loved Me, I have also loved you; abide in My love.

 If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love; just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love. These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full. “This is My commandment, that you love one another, just as I have loved you. Greater love has no one than this, that one lay down his life for his friends. You are My friends if you do what I command you. No longer do I call you slaves, for the slave does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I have heard from My Father I have made known to you.”(John 15:9-15)

So, it comes with actions “If you keep My commandments, …”, and He is our example. We see that we need to be united in love, and love each other. He indeed died for us, died for friends. And “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”(Romans 5:8) We are called His friends. This is such honor! We indeed need to know our place.

7. Foreknowledge of the world hating Christians

“If the world hates you, you know that it has hated Me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, because of this the world hates you. Remember the word that I said to you, ‘A slave is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you; if they kept My word, they will keep yours also.”(John 15:18-20)

Here He emphasized again that He chose the disciples out of the world, not the other way around. Indeed, He was nailed to the cross by the world, and we become slaves of righteousness like what was said in Romans 6:18, “and having been freed from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.” And a servant cannot be bigger than the master. We have to carry our own cross and follow Jesus. A Christian is to be conformed to the image of Jesus. By then, our words are but the same words with Jesus. Thus, “if they kept My word, they will keep yours also.” How cannot be?

Originally, I thought that there was no way to be conformed to the image of Jesus in this life, but indeed “… With people this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”(Matthew 19:26) The Bible records such an example about Stephen. “They went on stoning Stephen as he called on the Lord and said, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!” Then falling on his knees, he cried out with a loud voice, “Lord, do not hold this sin against them!” Having said this, he fell asleep.”(Acts 7:59-60) Stephen indeed fell sleep since Christians shall resurrect eventually, and live forever. Let us now take a look at what Jesus said when nailed to the cross. “But Jesus was saying, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” …”(Luke 23:34) Basically, they are the same. At least in this point, Stephen was conformed to the image of Jesus. We also see the glory Stephen received as stated in Acts 7:55-56, “But being full of the Holy Spirit, he gazed intently into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God; and he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened up and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.”” In the New Testament, Stephen is the first one who was a martyr. There is only this once that Jesus is standing at the right hand of God to receive disciples. Normally, He was seated as mentioned in several places including Colossians 3:1, “Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God.” The first disciple who is a martyr was James, which is after Stephen timewise.

We shall conclude our sharing with these verses. “But all these things they will do to you for My name’s sake, because they do not know the One who sent Me. If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. He who hates Me hates My Father also. If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would not have sin; but now they have both seen and hated Me and My Father as well. But they have done this to fulfill the word that is written in their Law, ‘They hated Me without a cause.'”(John 15:21-25)

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

3033 最后的晚餐 (6) – 再来、道路、看见父、及奉主名 (旋风着)

     首先我们看到了耶稣去是为我们预备地方,并应许必再来。接着知道祂是唯一的中保,是道路、真理、和生命。第三主自己说得很清楚,看见了祂就是看见了父,并说我们要做比祂做的更大的事,我们从经文说明这事是指什么。最后在14章到16章中,祂说了七次奉祂的名求就必成就,这不是一张空白的支票,我们简短的说明一下先决的条件是什么,也谈到了为什么圣经说、祷告不立刻得着不是代表没有答应。

1. 预备地方必再来    

     约翰福音 14:1-3 说得很清楚,『你们心里不要忧愁,你们信神,也当信我(耶稣)。在我父的家里有许多住处,若是没有,我就早已。我去原是为你们预备地方去。。若去为你们预了地方,就必再来接你们到我那里去;我在哪里,叫你们也在那里。』    

     这是应许,祂在那里,我们也会在那里。主耶稣基督本就是三位一体的神中的一位,当然我们信神,也当信耶稣。

2. 主是道路、真理、生命    

     约翰福音 14:4-7 接着说,『我往哪里去,你们知道;那条路,你们也知道。」多马对他说:「主啊,我们不知道你往哪里去,怎么知道那条路呢?」耶稣说:「我就是道路、真理、生命,若不借着我,没有人能到父那里去。你们若认识我,也就认识我的父。从今以后,你们认识他,并且已经看见他。」』     

     祂和父是合一的,叫以会说你们认识祂,就是认识父。祂的确是唯一的道路,『因为只有一位神,在神和人中间,只有一位中保,乃是降世为人的基督耶稣。』(提摩太前书 2:5) 祂是真理,因『道成了肉身,住在我们中间,充充满满地有恩典,有真理。我们也见过他的荣光,正是父独生子的荣光。』(约翰福音 1:14) 祂是生命,『生命在他里头,这生命就是人的光。』(约翰福音 1:4) 『是借着他给我们开了一条又新又活的路,从幔子经过,这幔子就是他的身体。』(希伯来书 10:20) 『求你用真理使他们成圣,你的道就是真理。』(约翰福音 17:17) 我对你们所说的话就是灵,就是生命。』(约翰福音 6:63)

3. 看见了主耶稣就是看见了父    

     约翰福音 14:8-12 在这点上说得很清楚:『腓力对他说:「求主将父显给我们看,我们就知足了。」耶稣对他说:「腓力,我与你们同在这样长久,你还不认识我吗?人看见了我,就是看见了父,你怎么说『将父显给我们看』呢?我在父里面,父在我里面,你不信吗?我对你们所说的话,不是凭着自己说的,乃是住在我里面的父做他自己的事。你们当信我,我在父里面,父在我里面;即或不信,也当因我所做的事信我。我实实在在地告诉你们:我所做的事,信我的人也要做,并且要做比这更大的事,因为我往父那里去。』     

     的确,没有人看过父的面,『耶和华说:「你(摩西)不能看见我的面,因为人见我的面不能存活。」』(出埃及记 33:19-20) 你就得见我的背,却不得见我的面。』(出埃及记 33:23) 祂和父本是完全的合一,所以耶稣在新约时代会说,人看见了我,就是看见了父。     

     关于『即或不信,也当因我所做的事信我。』即使是法利赛人也看到了这一点。如约翰福音 3:1-2 所记,『有一个法利赛人,名叫尼哥德慕,是犹太人的官。这人夜里来见耶稣,说:「拉比,我们知道你是由神那里来作师傅的,因为你所行的神迹,若没有神同在,无人能行。」』      

     很显然基督徒有内住的圣灵,我们现在透过圣灵、经由耶稣、和父、三位一体的神合一。我们一切都是奉主名做的,『惟有基督是包括一切,又住在各人之内。』(歌罗西书 3:11)     

     那么,这更大的事是指什么?很显然不是指神迹奇事,在这方面,我们绝不会比耶稣做得更大的!其实经文说得很清楚,是『因为我往父那里去。』我往父那里去的结果是什么呢?就是圣灵来了。耶稣在肉身的时候,传福音限制在加利利海和耶路撒冷附近,不可能自已行大使命。就犹如一粒麦子,死了就结出许多子粒来。耶稣钉十字架为我们而死,现今基督徒有内住的圣灵,可传福音到地极,没有了肉身的限制,这是基督在地上所不能做的。所以说: 因为我往父那里去。

4. 七次说要奉我的名求   

     我们首先看看在14章到16章中七次说到、奉我的名无论求什么我必成就,这是我以前没有注意到的,所以我们先将这七次经文列出来。我们也注意到这不是给我们一张空白的支票,譬如说我们求一辆很贵的跑车,虽说神有绝对的主权可以答应这样的祈求,众所皆知,这样的祷告是不被应许的。那么从这些经文中说的先决条件究竟是什么,我们会简短的说明一下。    

     第一次是在约翰福音 14:13,『你们奉我的名无论求甚么,我必成就,叫父因儿子得荣耀。』接着就说了第二次, 『你们若奉我的名求甚么,我必成就。』(约翰福音 14:14) 15章说了第三次,『你们若常在我里面,我的话也常在你们里面;凡你们所愿意的,祈求就给你们成就。』(约翰福音 15:7) 又说了第四次, 『不是你们拣选了我,是我拣选了你们,并且分派你们去结果子,叫你们的果子常存,使你们奉我的名,无论向父求甚么,他就赐给你们。』(约翰福音 15:16) 接着的第五次见在16章, 『到那日,你们甚么也就不问我了。我实实在在地告诉你们:你们若向父求甚么,他必因我的名赐给你们。』(约翰福音 16:23) 最后在16章的两次是第六次在约翰福音 16:24 『向来你们没有奉我的名求甚么,如今你们求就必得着,叫你们的喜乐可以满足。』和第七次是在约翰福音 16:26,『到那日,你们要奉我的名祈求;我并不对你们说,我要为你们求父。』      

     说到这七次,不会有完全相同的叙述,先决条件就是要符合所有的七次,也就是我们需要取交集。这和以前谈过的保罗见大光的三次叙述不同,因是基于同一个事实,每一次只能描述一部份,要知道真相,我们必须全部都符合,也就是要取联集。     

     在这里,我们看见了先决条件是要和基督的垂直的合一,如同「2019 垂直及水平的爱和合一」所说 [1],并要奉主耶稣基督的名求。在这种情况下我们求的不就是耶稣自己求的吗?怎么会不允许呢?请注意,这不是说我们没有达到完全的和基督垂直的合一,我们的祷告一定不会得到应许。也许我们并不知道,在那一件事上我们是和基督合一的,更何况祂有绝对主权呢!     

     我们要特别的指出第四次说到的,『不是你们拣选了我,是我拣选了你们。』的确是耶稣自己主动的拣选了使徒们,不是使徒们选了祂。所以我们又一次可看到成圣的道路是被动的,这是因为生命是从神来,如哥林多前书 3:6-7 所说,『我栽种了,亚波罗浇灌了,惟有神叫他生长。可见栽种的算不得甚么,浇灌的也算不得甚么,只在那叫他生长的神。』     

     我们可能会常常问,为什么我们的祷告没回应呢?也许回应是「不」而我们不能接受。其实圣经说得很清楚,祷告不立刻得着并不是代表没有答应。在但以理书 10:12-14 说,『他就说:「但以理啊,不要惧怕!因为从你第一日专心求明白将来的事,又在你神面前刻苦己心,你的言语已蒙应允,我是因你的言语而来。但波斯国的魔君拦阻我二十一日,忽然有大君中的一位米迦勒来帮助我,我就停留在波斯诸王那里。现在我来要使你明白本国之民日后必遭遇的事,因为这异象关乎后来许多的日子。』     

     很显然的,他一开始祷告就已蒙了应允,而应允不代表立刻就得着,撒但尽一切可能的拦阻了二十一天。神是全和全能的神,祂知道虽有这二十一天的耽延,但以理信心仍旧不会改变,他绝对可以承受这样的耽延。

相关的知识

[1] 2019 垂直及水平的爱和合一」在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

2033 最後的晚餐 (6) – 再來、道路、看見父、及奉主名 (旋風著)

    首先我們看到了耶穌去是為我們預備地方,並應許必再來。接著知道祂是唯一的中保,是道路、真理、和生命。第三主自己說得很清楚,看見了祂就是看見了父,並說我們要做比祂做的更大的事,我們從經文說明這事是指什麼。最後在14章到16章中,祂說了七次奉祂的名求就必成就,這不是一張空白的支票,我們簡短的說明一下先決的條件是什麼,也談到了為什麼聖經說、禱告不立刻得著不是代表沒有答應

1. 預備地方必再

    約翰福音 14:1-3 說得很清楚,『你們心裏不要憂愁,你們信神,也當信我(耶穌)。在我父的家裏有許多住處,若是沒有,我就早已。我去原是為你們預備地方去。。若去為你們預了地方,就必再來接你們到我那裏去;我在哪裏,叫你們也在那裏。

    這是應許,祂在那裏,我們也會在那裏。主耶穌基督本就是三位一體的神中的一位,當然我們信神,也當信耶穌

2. 主是道路、真理、生命

    約翰福音 14:4-7 接著說,『我往哪裏去,你們知道;那條路,你們也知道。」多馬對他說:「主啊,我們不知道你往哪裏去,怎麼知道那條路呢?」耶穌說:「我就是道路、真理、生命,若不藉着我,沒有人能到父那裏去。你們若認識我,也就認識我的父。從今以後,你們認識他,並且已經看見他。」

     祂和父是合一的,叫以會說你們認識祂,就是認識父。祂的確是唯一的道路,『因為只有一位神,在神和人中間,只有一位中保,乃是降世為人的基督耶穌。』(提摩太前書 2:5) 祂是真理,因『道成了肉身,住在我們中間,充充滿滿地有恩典,有真理。我們也見過他的榮光,正是父獨生子的榮光。』(約翰福音 1:14) 祂是生命,『生命在他裏頭,這生命就是人的光。』(約翰福音 1:4) 『是藉着他給我們開了一條又新又活的路,從幔子經過,這幔子就是他的身體。』(希伯來書 10:20) 『求你用真理使他們成聖,你的道就是真理。』(約翰福音 17:17) 『…我對你們所說的話就是靈,就是生命。』(約翰福音 6:63)

3. 看見了主耶穌就是看見了

    約翰福音 14:8-12 在這點上說得很清楚:『腓力對他說:「求主將父顯給我們看,我們就知足了。」耶穌對他說:「腓力,我與你們同在這樣長久,你還不認識我嗎?人看見了我,就是看見了父,你怎麼說『將父顯給我們看』呢?我在父裏面,父在我裏面,你不信嗎?我對你們所說的話,不是憑着自己說的,乃是住在我裏面的父做他自己的事。你們當信我,我在父裏面,父在我裏面;即或不信,也當因我所做的事信我。我實實在在地告訴你們:我所做的事,信我的人也要做,並且要做比這更大的事,因為我往父那裏去。

     的確,沒有人看過父的面,『耶和華…說:「你(摩西)不能看見我的面,因為人見我的面不能存活。」』(出埃及記 33:19-20) 『…你就得見我的背,卻不得見我的面。』(出埃及記 33:23) 祂和父本是完全的合一,所以耶穌在新約時代會說,人看見了我,就是看見了父

     關於『即或不信,也當因我所做的事信我。』即使是法利賽人也看到了這一點。如約翰福音 3:1-2 所記,『有一個法利賽人,名叫尼哥德慕,是猶太人的官。這人夜裏來見耶穌,說:「拉比,我們知道你是由神那裏來作師傅的,因為你所行的神蹟,若沒有神同在,無人能行。」

      很顯然基督徒有內住的聖靈,我們現在透過聖靈、經由耶穌、和父、三位一體的神合一。我們一切都是奉主名做的,『…惟有基督是包括一切,又住在各人之內。』(歌羅西書 3:11) 

     那麼,這更大的事是指什麼?很顯然不是指神蹟奇事,在這方面,我們絕不會比耶穌做得更大的!其實經文說得很清楚,是『因為我往父那裏去。』我往父那裏去的結果是什麼呢?就是聖靈來了。耶穌在肉身的時候,傳福音限制在加利利海和耶路撒冷附近,不可能自已行大使命。就猶如一粒麥子,死了就結出許多子粒來。耶穌釘十字架為我們而死,現今基督徒有內住的聖靈,可傳福音到地極,沒有了肉身的限制,這是基督在地上所不能做的。所以說: 因為我往父那裏去

4. 七次說要奉我的名

    我們首先看看在14章到16章中七次說到、奉我的名無論求什麼我必成就,這是我以前沒有注意到的,所以我們先將這七次經文列出來。我們也注意到這不是給我們一張空白的支票,譬如說我們求一輛很貴的跑車,雖說神有絕對的主權可以答應這樣的祈求,眾所皆知,這樣的禱告是不被應許的。那麼從這些經文中說的先決條件究竟是什麼,我們會簡短的說明一下

    第一次是在約翰福音 14:13,『你們奉我的名無論求甚麼,我必成就,叫父因兒子得榮耀。』接著就說了第二次, 『你們若奉我的名求甚麼,我必成就。』(約翰福音 14:14) 在15章說了第三次,『你們若常在我裏面,我的話也常在你們裏面;凡你們所願意的,祈求就給你們成就。』(約翰福音 15:7) 又說了第四次, 『不是你們揀選了我,是我揀選了你們,並且分派你們去結果子,叫你們的果子常存,使你們奉我的名,無論向父求甚麼,他就賜給你們。』(約翰福音 15:16) 接著的第五次見在16章, 『到那日,你們甚麼也就不問我了。我實實在在地告訴你們:你們若向父求甚麼,他必因我的名賜給你們。』(約翰福音 16:23) 最後在16章的兩次是第六次在約翰福音 16:24, 『向來你們沒有奉我的名求甚麼,如今你們求就必得着,叫你們的喜樂可以滿足。』和第七次是在約翰福音 16:26『到那日,你們要奉我的名祈求;我並不對你們說,我要為你們求父。

      說到這七次,不會有完全相同的敘述,先決條件就是要符合所有的七次,也就是我們需要取交集。這和以前談過的保羅見大光的三次敘述不同,因是基於同一個事實,每一次只能描述一部份,要知道真相,我們必須全部都符合,也就是要取聯集。 

     在這裏,我們看見了先決條件是要和基督的垂直的合一,如同「2019 垂直及水平的愛和合一」所說 [1],並要奉主耶穌基督的名求。在這種情況下我們求的不就是耶穌自己求的嗎?怎麼會不允許呢?請注意,這不是說我們沒有達到完全的和基督垂直的合一,我們的禱告一定不會得到應許。也許我們並不知道,在那一件事上我們是和基督合一的,更何況祂有絕對主權呢

     我們要特別的指出第四次說到的,『不是你們揀選了我,是我揀選了你們。』的確是耶穌自己主動的揀選了使徒們,不是使徒們選了祂。所以我們又一次可看到成聖的道路是被動的,這是因為生命是從神來,如哥林多前書 3:6-7 所說,『我栽種了,亞波羅澆灌了,惟有神叫他生長。可見栽種的算不得甚麼,澆灌的也算不得甚麼,只在那叫他生長的神。

     我們可能會常常問,為什麼我們的禱告沒回應呢?也許回應是「不」而我們不能接受。其實聖經說得很清楚,禱告不立刻得著並不是代表沒有答應在但以理書 10:12-14 說,『他就說:「但以理啊,不要懼怕!因為從你第一日專心求明白將來的事,又在你神面前刻苦己心,你的言語已蒙應允,我是因你的言語而來。但波斯國的魔君攔阻我二十一日,忽然有大君中的一位米迦勒來幫助我,我就停留在波斯諸王那裏。現在我來要使你明白本國之民日後必遭遇的事,因為這異象關乎後來許多的日子。

     很顯然的,他一開始禱告就已蒙了應允,而應允不代表立刻就得著,撒但儘一切可能的攔阻了二十一天。神是全和全能的神,祂知道雖有這二十一天的耽延,但以理信心仍舊不會改變,他絕對可以承受這樣的耽延

相關的知識

[1] 「2019 垂直及水平的愛和合一」https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

1033 Last supper (6) – Coming again, the way, seeing Father, and in the name of Lord (by Whirlwind)

First, we see that Jesus was going to prepare a place for us, and He promised to come again. Secondly, we know that He is the only mediator and He is the way and the truth and the life. Thirdly, Lord says clearly Himself that seeing Him is the same as seeing the Father. And He says that we’ll do greater things then Him. What does it mean? Actually, we can see the reason why from a verse. Finally, in John 14 to 16, He said seven times that something like, “whatever you ask in Jesus’ name, He will do it.” This is absolutely not a blank check. There are sufficient conditions for such granted prayers. We will briefly explain it. Also, we mention why Bible says that if a prayer is not immediately answered, it doesn’t imply that it is not granted by presenting an example in the Old Testament.

1. Preparing a place and the promise of coming again

In John 14:1-3, it says clearly, “Do not let your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.”

This is the promise. Where He is, we may be also. Lord Jesus Christ is one of Holy Trinity. Of course, if we believe in God, we also believe in Him.

 2. Lord is the way, and the truth, and the life

It continuously says in John 14:4-7, “”And you know the way where I am going.” Thomas said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, how do we know the way?” Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me. If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; from now on you know Him, and have seen Him.””

He and the Father are united as one.  Therefore, He said, “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also.” He is indeed the only way as said in 1 Timothy 2:5, “For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” He is the truth, since it says clearly in John 1:14, “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.” He is the life as said in John 1:4, “In Him was life, and the life was the Light of me.” As it is said in Hebrews 10:20, “by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh.” “Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.”(John 17:17) “…It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing; the words that I have spoken to you are spirit and are life.”(John 6:63)

3. Seeing Lord Jesus being the same as seeing Father

In John 14:8-12, it says, “Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.” Jesus said to him, “Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on My own initiative, but the Father abiding in Me does His works. Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me; otherwise believe because of the works themselves. Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do, he will do also; and greater works than these he will do; because I go to the Father.”

Indeed, no one can see the face of the Father as in Exodus 33:20, “But He said, “You (Moses) cannot see My face, for no man can see Me and live!”” But the Father can be seen as said in Exodus 33:23, “Then I will take My hand away and you shall see My back, but My face shall not be seen.” He and the Father is in perfect oneness. Thus, in the era of the New Testament, Jesus said, “He who has seen Me has seen the Father.” Regarding “otherwise believe because of the works themselves,” even a Pharisees can see this point as described in John 3:1-2, “Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews; this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.””

Apparently, Christians have the abiding Holy Spirit. We are now united with Holy Trinity, by Holy Spirit, through Jesus, and in oneness with Father. Whatever we do is in the name of Lord, ” …Christ is all, and in all.”(Colossians 3:11)

What is then the greater works mentioned? Apparently, they are both miracles and signs. There is no way that we’ll do something greater than Jesus along this line. In fact, the verse says clearly, “because I go to the Father.” What is the result because of His going? The Holy Spirit came. When Jesus was restricted in the human body, His preaching the Gospel is limited to the around the Sea of Galilee and Jerusalem. It is impossible for Him to perform the great missions. Just like a grain of wheat, “…if it dies, it bears much fruit.”(John 12:24) Jesus was nailed on the cross to die for us, and nowadays we have the abiding Spirit. We can preach the Gospel to the end of the world without any restrictions. This is what Jesus cannot do when Word became flesh. Therefore, it says, “because I go to the Father.”

4. Seven times saying to pray in Jesus’ name 

We first take a look where it repeats something seven times like, “whatever you ask in Jesus’ name, He will do it.” Since I wasn’t aware of this before, we may as well list all seven verses. Notice also that this is not a blank check. For example, if we pray for an unnecessary but expensive racing car, such a prayer will not be granted to our best knowledge even if God has absolute authority and can do it. Then, there are sufficient conditions for such granted prayers. We will briefly explain it.

The first one is in John 14:13, “Whatever you ask in My name, that will I do, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son.” In the next verse, it comes the second one, “If you ask Me anything in My name, I will do it.”(John 14:14) In chapter 15, the third time is said, “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you.”(John 15:7) And also the fourth time, “You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you.”(John 15:16) It is followed by the fifth time in chapter 16, “In that day you will not question Me about anything. Truly, truly, I say to you, if you ask the Father for anything in My name, He will give it to you.”(John 16:23) The last two times are in John 16:24, “Until now you have asked for nothing in My name; ask and you will receive, so that your joy may be made full,” and in John 16:26, “In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that I will request of the Father on your behalf.”

Talking about these seven times, the verses are not the exact same wording. The sufficient conditions are to fulfill all seven descriptions. In other words, we need to take intersection in this case. It is different from the event that Paul saw the big light, which is described three times. As we discussed before, all three descriptions are based on the same fact but in different situations. If we want to know the truth, we have to fulfill all of them. In other words, we need to combine all of the situations in order to understand it. 

Here, we see a sufficient condition is to be in oneness with Christ to achieve the so-called vertical union as described in ‘1019 Vertical and horizontal love and union’ [1], and in the name of Lord Jesus Christ. In this case, what we pray is the same as what Jesus asks. How can such prayers not be granted? Please notice that this is not saying it that our prayer cannot be granted if we cannot reach the perfect oneness vertically. Maybe we don’t even know that we are indeed in union with Christ in a particular issue. On top of that, He has absolute authority!

We want you to notice in particular the fourth time, “You did not choose Me but I chose you.” Indeed, Jesus chose Himself the apostles, not the other way around. Thus, we see once again that the way of sanctification is passive. This is because life comes from God as described in 1 Corinthians 3:6-7, “I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing the growth. So then neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but God who causes the growth.”

We might often ask why my prayer isn’t answered? Maybe the answer is ‘no’ and we cannot accept it. In fact, Bible says clearly that a prayer is not implemented right away doesn’t imply that it is not already answered.  Let us give you an example in the Old Testament as described in Daniel 10:12-14, “Then he said to me, “Do not be afraid, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart on understanding this and on humbling yourself before your God, your words were heard, and I have come in response to your words. But the prince of the kingdom of Persia was withstanding me for twenty-one days; then behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I had been left there with the kings of Persia. Now I have come to give you an understanding of what will happen to your people in the latter days, for the vision pertains to the days yet future.”

Apparently, his prayer was granted at the beginning once he prayed. But being granted doesn’t imply that he got it immediately, Satan tried every effort to prevent it but only delayed twenty-one days. God is omniscient and omnipotent. He knows that with the delay of twenty-one days, there is no change in Daniel’s faith, who can absolutely bear such a delay.  

Related knowledge

 [1] ‘1019 Vertical and horizontal love and union’ is in ‘https://a-christian-voice.com,’ then under ‘On spiritual understanding about life.’

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

最后的晚餐 (5) – 分离的祷告 (约翰福音 17 章) (旋风着) 3032

     剩下在最后的晚餐发生的事情,只在约翰福音第十四章到第十七章有记载,我们就从称为分离的祷告的第十七章开始。首先在简短的前言中我们提到了发生的时间。我们这次和以前不同的是、基本上我们会逐节经文讨论,共二十六节。接着我们看到了神的荣耀的彰显,然后提到了水平的合一的必要,不只是向上和三位一体神的垂直合一。第四,我们看到了再提预知犹大的卖主及其原因。第五是说我们要靠主才能常常喜乐,而第六是说我们看到了成圣之路是被动的,我们只能愿意,因为生命是从神来,祂是主动的。最后我们看到了我们是在父、子、和圣灵的最高学府。

1. 前言: 发生的时间

     分离的祷告的时间是在客西马尼园祷告之前,而在结束最后的晚餐的话语时。约翰福音 18:1 讲得很清楚:『耶稣说了这话(分离的祷告),就同门徒出去,过了汲沦溪,在那里有一个园子(客西马尼园),他和门徒进去了。』

2. 神的荣耀的彰显

     我们首先叙述经文,然后在括号内简短的提到我们的看见。

 (1) 耶稣说了这话(最后的晚餐的之前的话),就举目望天说:「父啊,时候到了,愿你荣耀你的儿子,使儿子也荣耀你。

      (时候到了,因万物都有定时,祂知道祂钉十字架的时间到了,顺服以致于死,就像祂在客西马尼园的祷告一样,不要照我的意思愿父的旨意成就,荣耀了父神。)

(2) 正如你曾赐给他权柄,管理凡有血气的,叫他将永生赐给你所赐给他的人。

     (的确,祂在道成肉身之前是以神子的身份管理凡有血气的,因在创世记中的耶和华神是复数,神是用 H420 elôhîym,三位一体的神。而人那时是神的管家,代管大地及凡有血气的,如创世记 2:15 所说:『耶和华神将那人(亚当)安置在伊甸园,使他修理看守。』)

(3) 认识你独一的真神,并且认识你所差来的耶稣基督,这就是永生。

     (这节经文简短的回答了永生是什么的问题。)

(4) 我在地上已经荣耀你,你所托付我的事,我已成全了。

     (祂一生都不消灭圣灵的感动,不犯罪,并顺服以致于死,『只要照你的意思。』(马太福音 26:39) 罪的工价是死,祂为我们被钉在十字架上代替我们而死。)

(5) 父啊,现在求你使我同你享荣耀,就是未有世界以先,我同你所有的荣耀。

     (未有世界以先,时间被创造之前,在没有时间时祂是和父同尊同荣的。这和道成肉身时不同,那时有一个时间的秩序,父差遣子,子不去,圣灵不来。这和其他经文说得是一致的,下面两段可作为例子。)

      (约翰福音 1:1-3 说:『太初有道,道与神同在,道就是神。这道太初与神同在。万物是借着他造的,凡被造的,没有一样不是借着他造的。 』道是指主耶稣基督,祂显然在创世以前就有了。)

     (希伯来书 1:2 说:『就在这末世,借着他儿子晓谕我们,又早已立他为承受万有的,也曾借着他创造诸世界。』

      (在这里有人可能会问末世是什么时候开始?彼得前书 1:20 问答了这个问题:『基督在创世以前是预先被神知道的,却在这末世才为你们显现。』对我们重要的不是何时开始,只要知道我们现在处于末世中。末世不是指耶稣再来的最后时刻。)

 (6) 「你从世上赐给我的人,我已将你的名显明与他们。他们本是你的,你将他们赐给我,他们也遵守了你的道。

     (我们谈到过祂早就知道犹大要卖祂,所以终夜祷告,确定是圣灵()的意思。)

     (有人可能会问,明明是赐给祂的人为什么还要做什么呢?其实我们可在旧约的一个例子中看到这点。我们知道利百加本是神为以撒所安排的,而且以撒有神的应许他会有后裔,即使如此,在创世记 25:21 说:『以撒因他妻子不生育,就为她祈求耶和华。耶和华应允他的祈求,他的妻子利百加就怀了孕。』所以即使有应许,还是要祷告,我们要『不住地祷告。』(帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:17)

 (7) 如今他们知道,凡你所赐给我的,都是从你那里来的。

 (8) 因为你所赐给我的道,我已经赐给他们。他们也领受了,又确实知道,我是从你出来的,并且信你差了我来。

      (这两节经文很清楚,也和第六节有关。保罗基本上也是这样做,『你们也知道,凡与你们有益的,我没有一样避讳不说的。或在众人面前,或在各人家里,我都教导你们。』(使徒行传 20:20)  约翰福音 6:68-69 也说:『西门彼得回答说:「主啊,你有永生之道,我们还归从谁呢?我们已经信了,又知道你是神的圣者。」』)

 (9) 我为他们祈求,不为世人祈求,却为你所赐给我的人祈求,因他们本是你的。

     (祂明知道有赐给祂的人,祂仍然要为他们祈求,和神同工,就像所讲以撒的例子一样。)

      (神的荣耀因祂的顺服以致于死彰显了。)

3. 水平的合一的必要

(10) 凡是我的都是你的,你的也是我的,并且我因他们得了荣耀。 ##### (耶稣是和父神垂直的合一。而为什么因他们得了荣耀呢?我们看到他们会软弱,譬如当耶稣钉十字架时,门徒四散逃跑,只有约翰在十字架前。但他们尽可能的遵行了神的道,如第六节所说。)

(11) 从今以后,我不在世上,他们却在世上,我往你那里去。圣父啊,求你因你所赐给我的名保守他们,叫他们合而为一,像我们一样。

     (所以弟兄姊妹是要合一的,我们如果都能模成耶稣的形像,和耶稣合一,而耶稣只有一位,我们自然会合一。这不是一个理论,是一个可以做得到的实际,因生命是从神来,我们如果愿意将一切交在祂手里,祂一定会在我们身上作工。)

      (父差遣子,现子回到父那里去,并希望祂的门徒们能合一如同祂和父的合一。我们要『用和平彼此联络,竭力保守圣灵所赐合而为一的心。』(以弗所书 4:3) 所以我们可看得出来,合一已经赐下来了。)

     (这里顺便一提的是在以弗所书 6:11-17 所提的要穿戴神所赐的全副军装,除了圣灵的宝剑外,都是防御的武器,要我们能站立得住。我们要跟随圣灵的带领,好好的使用那宝剑,就是神的道。)

4. 再提预知犹大卖主

(12) 我与他们同在的时候,因你所赐给我的名保守了他们,我也护卫了他们;其中除了那灭亡之子,没有一个灭亡的,好叫经上的话得应验。

     (我们看到了祂为什会再提这一件事!虽然加略人犹大的卖主的必定发生,但这是因他的行为留了破口,撒但可进入他的心,而他自己也做了抉择并做出来。这些可以从下面的经文看出来。)

      (『他(犹大)说这话,并不是挂念穷人,乃因他是个贼,又带着钱囊,常取其中所存的。』(约翰福音 12:6)撒但入了那称为加略人犹大的心,他本是十二门徒里的一个。他去和祭司长并守殿官商量,怎么可以把耶稣交给他们。』(路加福音 22:3-4) 『说话之间,来了许多人。那十二个门徒里名叫犹大的,走在前头,就近耶稣,要与他亲嘴。耶稣对他说:「犹大!你用亲嘴的暗号卖人子吗?」』(路加福音 22:47-48) 尤其亲嘴本是爱的记号,他却用来卖主。)

     (主不是没有给了他太多的机会,甚至于在最后晚餐中帮他洗脚,而他仍执迷不悟。不是主有问题,是他有问题!这也不常常是我们的情况吗?不能跟随圣灵带领的原因。)

5. 常常靠主喜乐

(13) 「现在我往你那里去,我还在世上说这话,是叫他们心里充满我的喜乐。

     (在约翰福音 14:27 说:『我留下平安给你们,我将我的平安赐给你们;我所赐的,不像世人所赐的。』喜乐如平安一样是从神来的,有人说圣灵的带领有平安,这是对的,但有平安的感觉不一定是圣灵的带领。『这也不足为怪,因为连撒但也装作光明的天使。』(哥林多后书 11:14) 必须要符合圣经的话语,也许以后有时间会做这样的一个见证。)

      (主说:『我将这些事告诉你们,是要叫你们在我里面有平安。在世上你们有苦难,但你们可以放心,我已经胜了世界。』(约翰福音 16:33) 而且:『你们所遇见的试探,无非是人所能受的。神是信实的,必不叫你们受试探过于所能受的。在受试探的时候,总要给你们开一条出路,叫你们能忍受得住。』(哥林多前书 10:13) 除了道成肉身的耶稣,有那个人能这样说呢?)

(14) 我已将你的道赐给他们。世界又恨他们,因为他们不属世界,正如我不属世界一样。

      (约翰福音 1:4-11 说:『生命在他里头,这生命就是人的光。光照在黑暗里,黑暗却不接受光。那光是真光,照亮一切生在世上的人。他在世界,世界也是借着他造的,世界却不认识他。他到自己的地方来,自己的人倒不接待他。』在祂传教的约三年半里,祂行了许多的神迹,即使如此有多少人相信祂呢?祂自己也被钉上了十字架。再强调一次,是我们出了问题,有能听的耳是多么难啊!难怪在启示录的七个教会都有同一句话:『圣灵向众教会所说的话,凡有耳的,就应当听!』)

 (15) 我不求你叫他们离开世界,只求你保守他们脱离那恶者。

      (主祷文也一致的说,『不叫我们遇见试探,救我们脱离凶恶。 (马太福音 6:13) 圣经是一致的。)

 (16) 他们不属世界,正如我不属世界一样。

     (我们看到了再一次强调这重要的事实,基督徒是要从世界出来,分别为圣。)

6. 成圣之路

 (17) 求你用真理使他们成圣,你的道就是真理。

     (生命是从神来,我们是被动的,神是主动的,我们只能愿意,成圣都是用被动语气。)

     (如果我们主动,就会如罗马书 7:15 所说:『因为我所做的,我自己不明白;我所愿意的,我并不做;我所恨恶的,我倒去做。』而只有在耶稣基督里,我们有可能达到:『因为赐生命圣灵的律在基督耶稣里释放了我,使我脱离罪和死的律了。』(罗马书 8:2))

 (18) 你怎样差我到世上,我也照样差他们到世上。

     (父差子,子差门徒们去,得人如得鱼。例如彼得在五旬节所作过的,『彼得还用许多话作见证,劝勉他们说:「你们当救自己脱离这弯曲的世代。」于是,领受他话的人就受了洗。那一天,门徒约添了三千人。』(使徒行传 2:40-41))

      (这是大使命:『耶稣进前来,对他们说:「天上地下所有的权柄都赐给我了。所以,你们要去,使万民作我的门徒,奉父、子、圣灵的名给他们施洗。凡我所吩咐你们的,都教训他们遵守,我就常与你们同在,直到世界的末了。」』(马太福音 28:18-20) 所以传福音的大使命是基督徒的天职,不要像我以前一样以为、只要让不信主的信主就好,而是要人成为门徒,走上成圣之路。)

(19) 我为他们的缘故,自己分别为圣,叫他们也因真理成圣。」

     (主耶稣自己做我们的榜样,我们要相信、神会使知道真理的人成圣的。我们要不强解圣经,如彼得所说:『他(保罗)一切的信上也都是讲论这事。信中有些难明白的,那无学问、不坚固的人强解,如强解别的经书一样,就自取沉沦。』(彼得后书 3:16) 要了解真理。约翰福音 8:31-32 讲得很清楚:『耶稣对信他的犹太人说:「你们若常常遵守我的道,就真是我的门徒。你们必晓得真理,真理必叫你们得以自由。」』) (耶稣自己说:『你们查考圣经,因你们以为内中有永生;给我作见证的就是这经。然而你们不肯到我这里来得生命。』(约翰福音 5:39-40) 所以查经的目的本是要得生命,当三位一体的神赐给我们生命时,要有一个能听的耳。)

7. 最高的学府: 父、子、和圣灵

     我们在圣经看到我们是在最高的学府!圣父、圣子、和圣灵都工作在我们身上,还有更高的学府吗?

 (20) 「我不但为这些人祈求,也为那些因他们的话信我的人祈求,

     (耶稣为所有信徒祈求,而我们是要『不要消灭圣灵的感动。』(帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:19) 只是我们要确定不是从撒但来的:『这也不足为怪,因为连撒但也装作光明的天使。所以,他的差役若装作仁义的差役,也不算希奇。(哥林多后书 11:14-15) 我们要站在神那一边,且要相信,神要让我们知道,我们一定会知道的。例如保罗见到大光时,他知道是从主来的。)

(21) 使他们都合而为一。正如你父在我里面,我()在你里面,使他们也在我们里面,叫世人可以信你差了我来。

     (有垂直的合一,自然有水平的合一。)

 (22) 你所赐给我的荣耀,我已赐给他们,使他们合而为一,像我们合而为一。

     (我们看到合一已赐下,我们要『竭力保守圣灵所赐合而为一的心。』(以弗所书 4:3))

(23) 我在他们里面,你在我里面,使他们完完全全地合而为一,叫世人知道你差了我来,也知道你()爱他们如同爱我一样。

     (我们如果在信心里,就不会消灭圣灵的感动,走在成圣的路上。『有基督耶稣已经死了,而且从死里复活,现今在神的右边,也替我们祈求。』(罗马书 8:34) 又看到了父神的介入。如果我们因信在基督里,在这最高的学府中,因祂们不会失败,我们怎么会失败?)

     (这是水平的合一,『你们若有彼此相爱的心,众人因此就认出你们是我的门徒了。』(约翰福音 13:35) 如果我们在信心里面,一定会有如雅各书所讲的信心的行为,信心是本,行为是末,不要本末倒置。)

     (约翰福音 15:7-8 说,『你们若常在我里面,我的话也常在你们里面;凡你们所愿意的,祈求就给你们成就。你们多结果子,我父就因此得荣耀,你们也就是我的门徒了。』我们看见了祈求成就的先决条件是要和耶稣合一。如果我们和耶稣合一,我们的祈求就是祂的祈求,怎么会不成就呢?再说到我们就多结果子,圣灵的果子,这果子用的是单数,一个有九种特性的果子,『就是仁爱、喜乐、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信实、温柔、节制。(加拉太书 5:22-23) 所以有时是要用工具书看原文、或至少用英文才能分辩出圣经所要表达的意思。我想这是属灵的知识,如果看成复数,解释会很不同的。)

 (24) 「父啊,我在哪里,愿你所赐给我的人也同我在那里,叫他们看见你所赐给我的荣耀。因为创立世界以前,你已经爱我了。

      (在创立世界以前,没有时间,三位一体的神在爱里结合,同尊同荣。)

      (约翰福音 14:2-3 很清楚的阐述了在那里的这一件事,『在我父的家里有许多住处,若是没有,我就早已告诉你们了。我去原是为你们预备地方去。我若去为你们预备了地方,就必再来接你们到我那里去;我在哪里,叫你们也在那里。』)

(25) 「公义的父啊,世人未曾认识你,我却认识你,这些人也知道你差了我来。

     (我们已谈过这点,这些人是知道你差了我来。)

(26) 我已将你的名指示他们,还要指示他们,使你所爱我的爱在他们里面,我也在他们里面。」

     (这又说到了合一。也就是我们的标杆为:『因为他预先所知道的人,就预先定下效法(模成, be conformed to)他儿子的模样(形像),使他儿子在许多弟兄中作长子。』(罗马书 8:29) 模成祂儿子的形像不是一件容易的事。譬如说,圣经在这里明说同时有预知和预定,我们虽可解释,但不能确定的知道神是怎么安排的,如果坚持只有预知或是只有预定,可说是两者都错,因这和圣经不合,如历史所示,争论是不会有结果的。这有一点类似哥白尼说的事实,地球绕太阳转,但当时的科学不到那里,以为天圆地方,而以他为错的。现在有人造卫星可证明地球是在虚空之中,而圣经早就说了,『神将北极铺在空中,将大地悬在虚空。』(约伯记 26:7) 圣经是神所默示的,我们实在要把圣经作为绝对的标准。)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

最後的晚餐 (5) – 分離的禱告 (約翰福音 17 章) (旋風著) 2032

    剩下在最後的晚餐發生的事情,只在約翰福音第十四章到第十七章有記載,我們就從稱為分離的禱告的第十七章開始。首先在簡短的前言中我們提到了發生的時間。我們這次和以前不同的是、基本上我們會逐節經文討論,共二十六節。接著我們看到了神的榮耀的彰顯,然後提到了水平的合一的必要,不只是向上和三位一體神的垂直合一。第四,我們看到了再提預知猶大的賣主及其原因。第五是說我們要靠主才能常常喜樂,而第六是說我們看到了成聖之路是被動的,我們只能願意,因為生命是從神來,祂是主動的。最後我們看到了我們是在父、子、和聖靈的最高學府。

1. 前言: 發生的時間

分離的禱告的時間是在客西馬尼園禱告之前,而在結束最後的晚餐的話語時。約翰福音 18:1 講得很清楚:『耶穌說了這話(分離的禱告),就同門徒出去,過了汲淪溪,在那裏有一個園子(客西馬尼園),他和門徒進去了。』

2. 神的榮耀的彰顯

我們首先敘述經文,然後在括號內簡短的提到我們的看見。

(1) 耶穌說了這話(最後的晚餐的之前的話),就舉目望天說:「父啊,時候到了,願你榮耀你的兒子,使兒子也榮耀你。

(時候到了,因萬物都有定時,祂知道祂釘十字架的時間到了,順服以致於死,就像祂在客西馬尼園的禱告一樣,不要照我的意思願父的旨意成就,榮耀了父神。)

(2) 正如你曾賜給他權柄,管理凡有血氣的,叫他將永生賜給你所賜給他的人。

(的確,祂在道成肉身之前是以神子的身份管理凡有血氣的,因在創世記中的耶和華神是複數,神是用 H420 elôhîym,三位一體的神。而人那時是神的管家,代管大地及凡有血氣的,如創世記 2:15 所說:『耶和華神將那人(亞當)安置在伊甸園,使他修理看守。』)

(3) 認識你獨一的真神,並且認識你所差來的耶穌基督,這就是永生。

(這節經文簡短的回答了永生是什麼的問題。)

(4) 我在地上已經榮耀你,你所託付我的事,我已成全了。

(祂一生都不消滅聖靈的感動,不犯罪,並順服以致於死,『…只要照你的意思。』(馬太福音 26:39) 罪的工價是死,祂為我們被釘在十字架上代替我們而死。)

(5) 父啊,現在求你使我同你享榮耀,就是未有世界以先,我同你所有的榮耀。

(未有世界以先,時間被創造之前,在沒有時間時祂是和父同尊同榮的。這和道成肉身時不同,那時有一個時間的秩序,父差遣子,子不去,聖靈不來。這和其他經文說得是一致的,下面兩段可作為例子。)

(約翰福音 1:1-3 說:『太初有道,道與神同在,道就是神。這道太初與神同在。萬物是藉着他造的,凡被造的,沒有一樣不是藉着他造的。 』道是指主耶穌基督,祂顯然在創世以前就有了。)

(希伯來書 1:2 說:『就在這末世,藉着他兒子曉諭我們,又早已立他為承受萬有的,也曾藉着他創造諸世界。』)  

(在這裏有人可能會問末世是什麼時候開始?彼得前書 1:20 問答了這個問題:『基督在創世以前是預先被神知道的,卻在這末世才為你們顯現。』對我們重要的不是何時開始,只要知道我們現在處於末世中。末世不是指耶穌再來的最後時刻。)

(6) 「你從世上賜給我的人,我已將你的名顯明與他們。他們本是你的,你將他們賜給我,他們也遵守了你的道。

(我們看到在約翰福音 17:12 一致的說:『我與他們同在的時候,因你所賜給我的名保守了他們,我也護衞了他們;其中除了那滅亡之子,沒有一個滅亡的,好叫經上的話得應驗。』我們談到過祂早就知道猶大要賣祂,所以終夜禱告,確定是聖靈()的意思。)

(有人可能會問,明明是賜給祂的人為什麼還要做什麼呢?其實我們可在舊約的一個例子中看到這點。我們知道利百加本是神為以撒所安排的,而且以撒有神的應許他會有後裔,即使如此,在創世記 25:21 說:『以撒因他妻子不生育,就為她祈求耶和華。耶和華應允他的祈求,他的妻子利百加就懷了孕。』所以即使有應許,還是要禱告,我們要『不住地禱告。』(帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:17)

(7) 如今他們知道,凡你所賜給我的,都是從你那裏來的。

(8) 因為你所賜給我的道,我已經賜給他們。他們也領受了,又確實知道,我是從你出來的,並且信你差了我來。

(這兩節經文很清楚,也和第六節有關。保羅基本上也是這樣做,『你們也知道,凡與你們有益的,我沒有一樣避諱不說的。或在眾人面前,或在各人家裏,我都教導你們。』(使徒行傳 20:20)  約翰福音 6:68-69 也說:『西門彼得回答說:「主啊,你有永生之道,我們還歸從誰呢?我們已經信了,又知道你是神的聖者。」』)

(9) 我為他們祈求,不為世人祈求,卻為你所賜給我的人祈求,因他們本是你的。

(祂明知道有賜給祂的人,祂仍然要為他們祈求,和神同工,就像所講以撒的例子一樣。)

(神的榮耀因祂的順服以致於死彰顯了。)

3. 水平的合一的必要

(10) 凡是我的都是你的,你的也是我的,並且我因他們得了榮耀。

(耶穌是和父神垂直的合一。而為什麼因他們得了榮耀呢?我們看到他們會軟弱,譬如當耶穌釘十字架時,門徒四散逃跑,只有約翰在十字架前。但他們儘可能的遵行了神的道,如第六節所說。)

(11) 從今以後,我不在世上,他們卻在世上,我往你那裏去。聖父啊,求你因你所賜給我的名保守他們,叫他們合而為一,像我們一樣。

(所以弟兄姊妹是要合一的,我們如果都能模成耶穌的形像,和耶穌合一,而耶穌只有一位,我們自然會合一。這不是一個理論,是一個可以做得到的實際,因生命是從神來,我們如果願意將一切交在祂手裏,祂一定會在我們身上作工。)

(父差遣子,現子回到父那裏去,並希望祂的門徒們能合一如同祂和父的合一。我們要『用和平彼此聯絡,竭力保守聖靈所賜合而為一的心。』(以弗所書 4:3) 所以我們可看得出來,合一已經賜下來了。)

(這裏順便一提的是在以弗所書 6:11-17 所提的要穿戴神所賜的全副軍裝,除了聖靈的寶劍外,都是防禦的武器,要我們能站立得住。我們要跟隨聖靈的帶領,好好的使用那寶劍,就是神的道。)

4. 再提預知猶大賣主

(12) 我與他們同在的時候,因你所賜給我的名保守了他們,我也護衞了他們;其中除了那滅亡之子,沒有一個滅亡的,好叫經上的話得應驗。

(我們看到了祂為什會再提這一件事!雖然加略人猶大的賣主的必定發生,但這是因他的行為留了破口,撒但可進入他的心,而他自己也做了抉擇並做出來。這些可以從下面的經文看出來。)

(『他(猶大)說這話,並不是掛念窮人,乃因他是個賊,又帶着錢囊,常取其中所存的。』(約翰福音 12:6)『…撒但入了那稱為加略人猶大的心,他本是十二門徒裏的一個。他去和祭司長並守殿官商量,怎麼可以把耶穌交給他們。』(路加福音 22:3-4) 『說話之間,來了許多人。那十二個門徒裏名叫猶大的,走在前頭,就近耶穌,要與他親嘴。耶穌對他說:「猶大!你用親嘴的暗號賣人子嗎?」』(路加福音 22:47-48) 尤其親嘴本是愛的記號,他卻用來賣主。)

(主不是沒有給了他太多的機會,甚至於在最後晚餐中幫他洗腳,而他仍執迷不悟。不是主有問題,是他有問題!這也不常常是我們的情況嗎?不能跟隨聖靈帶領的原因。)

5. 常常靠主喜樂

(13) 「現在我往你那裏去,我還在世上說這話,是叫他們心裏充滿我的喜樂。

(在約翰福音 14:27 說:『我留下平安給你們,我將我的平安賜給你們;我所賜的,不像世人所賜的。…』喜樂如平安一樣是從神來的,有人說聖靈的帶領有平安,這是對的,但有平安的感覺不一定是聖靈的帶領。『這也不足為怪,因為連撒但也裝作光明的天使。』(哥林多後書 11:14) 必須要符合聖經的話語,也許以後有時間會做這樣的一個見証。)

(主說:『我將這些事告訴你們,是要叫你們在我裏面有平安。在世上你們有苦難,但你們可以放心,我已經勝了世界。』(約翰福音 16:33) 而且:『你們所遇見的試探,無非是人所能受的。神是信實的,必不叫你們受試探過於所能受的。在受試探的時候,總要給你們開一條出路,叫你們能忍受得住。』(哥林多前書 10:13) 除了道成肉身的耶穌,有那個人能這樣說呢?)

(14) 我已將你的道賜給他們。世界又恨他們,因為他們不屬世界,正如我不屬世界一樣。

(約翰福音 1:4-11 說:『生命在他裏頭,這生命就是人的光。光照在黑暗裏,黑暗卻不接受光。…那光是真光,照亮一切生在世上的人。他在世界,世界也是藉着他造的,世界卻不認識他。他到自己的地方來,自己的人倒不接待他。』在祂傳教的約三年半裏,祂行了許多的神蹟,即使如此有多少人相信祂呢?祂自己也被釘上了十字架。再强調一次,是我們出了問題,有能聽的耳是多麼難啊!難怪在啓示錄的七個教會都有同一句話:『聖靈向眾教會所說的話,凡有耳的,就應當聽!』)

(15) 我不求你叫他們離開世界,只求你保守他們脫離那惡者。

(主禱文也一致的說,『不叫我們遇見試探,救我們脫離兇惡。…』 (馬太福音 6:13) 聖經是一致的。)

(16) 他們不屬世界,正如我不屬世界一樣。

(我們看到了再一次強調這重要的事實,基督徒是要從世界出來,分別為聖。)

6. 成聖之路

(17) 求你用真理使他們成聖,你的道就是真理。

(生命是從神來,我們是被動的,神是主動的,我們只能願意,成聖都是用被動語氣。)

(如果我們主動,就會如羅馬書 7:15 所說:『因為我所做的,我自己不明白;我所願意的,我並不做;我所恨惡的,我倒去做。』而只有在耶穌基督裏,我們有可能達到:『因為賜生命聖靈的律在基督耶穌裏釋放了我,使我脫離罪和死的律了。』(羅馬書 8:2))

(18) 你怎樣差我到世上,我也照樣差他們到世上。

(父差子,子差門徒們去,得人如得魚。例如彼得在五旬節所作過的,『彼得還用許多話作見證,勸勉他們說:「你們當救自己脫離這彎曲的世代。」於是,領受他話的人就受了洗。那一天,門徒約添了三千人。』(使徒行傳 2:40-41))

(這是大使命:『耶穌進前來,對他們說:「天上地下所有的權柄都賜給我了。所以,你們要去,使萬民作我的門徒,奉父、子、聖靈的名給他們施洗。凡我所吩咐你們的,都教訓他們遵守,我就常與你們同在,直到世界的末了。」』(馬太福音 28:18-20) 所以傳福音的大使命是基督徒的天職,不要像我以前一樣以為、只要讓不信主的信主就好,而是要人成為門徒,走上成聖之路。)

(19) 我為他們的緣故,自己分別為聖,叫他們也因真理成聖。」

(主耶穌自己做我們的榜樣,我們要相信、神會使知道真理的人成聖的。我們要不強解聖經,如彼得所說:『他(保羅)一切的信上也都是講論這事。信中有些難明白的,那無學問、不堅固的人強解,如強解別的經書一樣,就自取沉淪。』(彼得後書 3:16) 要瞭解真理。約翰福音 8:31-32 講得很清楚:『耶穌對信他的猶太人說:「你們若常常遵守我的道,就真是我的門徒。你們必曉得真理,真理必叫你們得以自由。」』)

(耶穌自己說:『你們查考聖經,因你們以為內中有永生;給我作見證的就是這經。然而你們不肯到我這裏來得生命。』(約翰福音 5:39-40) 所以查經的目的本是要得生命,當三位一體的神賜給我們生命時,要有一個能聽的耳。)

7. 最高的學府: 父、子、和聖靈

我們在聖經看到我們是在最高的學府!聖父、聖子、和聖靈都工作在我們身上,還有更高的學府嗎?

(20) 「我不但為這些人祈求,也為那些因他們的話信我的人祈求,

(耶穌為所有信徒祈求,而我們是要『不要消滅聖靈的感動。』(帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:19) 只是我們要確定不是從撒但來的:『這也不足為怪,因為連撒但也裝作光明的天使。所以,他的差役若裝作仁義的差役,也不算希奇。…』(哥林多後書 11:14-15) 我們要站在神那一邊,且要相信,神要讓我們知道,我們一定會知道的。例如保羅見到大光時,他知道是從主來的。)

(21) 使他們都合而為一。正如你父在我裏面,我(子)在你裏面,使他們也在我們裏面,叫世人可以信你差了我來。

(有垂直的合一,自然有水平的合一。)

(22) 你所賜給我的榮耀,我已賜給他們,使他們合而為一,像我們合而為一。

(我們看到合一已賜下,我們要『…竭力保守聖靈所賜合而為一的心。』(以弗所書 4:3))

(23) 我在他們裏面,你在我裏面,使他們完完全全地合而為一,叫世人知道你差了我來,也知道你(父)愛他們如同愛我一樣。

(我們如果在信心裏,就不會消滅聖靈的感動,走在成聖的路上。『…有基督耶穌已經死了,而且從死裏復活,現今在神的右邊,也替我們祈求。』(羅馬書 8:34) 又看到了父神的介入。如果我們因信在基督裏,在這最高的學府中,因祂們不會失敗,我們怎麼會失敗?)

(這是水平的合一,『你們若有彼此相愛的心,眾人因此就認出你們是我的門徒了。』(約翰福音 13:35) 如果我們在信心裏面,一定會有如雅各書所講的信心的行為,信心是本,行為是末,不要本末倒置。)

(約翰福音 15:7-8 說,『你們若常在我裏面,我的話也常在你們裏面;凡你們所願意的,祈求就給你們成就。你們多結果子,我父就因此得榮耀,你們也就是我的門徒了。』我們看見了祈求成就的先決條件是要和耶穌合一。如果我們和耶穌合一,我們的祈求就是祂的祈求,怎麼會不成就呢?再說到我們就多結果子,聖靈的果子,這果子用的是單數,一個有九種特性的果子,『…就是仁愛、喜樂、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信實、溫柔、節制。…』(加拉太書 5:22-23) 所以有時是要用工具書看原文、或至少用英文才能分辨出聖經所要表達的意思。我想這是屬靈的知識,如果看成複數,解釋會很不同的。

(24) 「父啊,我在哪裏,願你所賜給我的人也同我在那裏,叫他們看見你所賜給我的榮耀。因為創立世界以前,你已經愛我了。

(在創立世界以前,沒有時間,三位一體的神在愛裏結合,同尊同榮。)

(約翰福音 14:2-3 很清楚的闡述了在那裏的這一件事,『在我父的家裏有許多住處,若是沒有,我就早已告訴你們了。我去原是為你們預備地方去。我若去為你們預備了地方,就必再來接你們到我那裏去;我在哪裏,叫你們也在那裏。』)

(25) 「公義的父啊,世人未曾認識你,我卻認識你,這些人也知道你差了我來。

(我們已談過這點,這些人是知道你差了我來。)

(26) 我已將你的名指示他們,還要指示他們,使你所愛我的愛在他們裏面,我也在他們裏面。」

(這又說到了合一。也就是我們的標桿為:『因為他預先所知道的人,就預先定下效法(模成, be conformed to)他兒子的模樣(形像),使他兒子在許多弟兄中作長子。』(羅馬書 8:29) 模成祂兒子的形像不是一件容易的事。譬如說,聖經在這裏明說同時有預知和預定,我們雖可解釋,但不能確定的知道神是怎麼安排的,如果堅持只有預知或是只有預定,可說是兩者都錯,因這和聖經不合,如歷史所示,爭論是不會有結果的。這有一點類似哥白尼說的事實,地球繞太陽轉,但當時的科學不到那裏,以為天圓地方,而以他為錯的。現在有人造衛星可証明地球是在虛空之中,而聖經早就說了,『神將北極鋪在空中,將大地懸在虛空。』(約伯記 26:7) 聖經是神所默示的,我們實在要把聖經作為絕對的標準。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

Last supper (5) – The high priestly prayer (John 17) (by Whirlwind) 1032

The remaining events that happened in the last supper are only recorded in John 14 to John 17. We start from the end on John 17 so called the high priestly prayer. First, we mention in a short preface regarding when the prayer occurred. This time we use a different format of discussions. Basically, there are 26 verses and we discuss each of them. Secondly, we see the beginning verses as the manifestations of the glory of God. Thirdly, we mention the necessity of union in horizontal direction, not only in vertical direction with Holy Trinity. Fourthly, we see the reason why the foreknowledge of the betrayal of Judas was mentioned again. Fifthly, we can rejoice in the Lord always. And in the sixth, we see that the way to sanctification is passive. We can only be willing, since life can only come from God. So, He is active. Finally, we observe that we are in the highest school, the school of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 

1. Preface: when happened

The high priestly prayer happened before the event of the garden of Gethsemane and after the last supper as indicated clearly in John 18:1, “When Jesus had spoken these words, He went forth with His disciples over the ravine of the Kidron, where there was a garden, in which He entered with His disciples.”

2. Manifestations of the glory of God

We state the verses first and then mention what we see briefly in parentheses.

(1) Jesus spoke these things; and lifting up His eyes to heaven, He said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You,

     (The hour has come. “There is an appointed time for everything.…” (Ecclesiastes 3:1) He knew that it was the time for Him to obey to death. Just like His prayer in the garden of Gethsemane, “…yet not as I will, but as You will.”(Matthew 26:39) He glorified Father.)

(2) even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life.

      (Indeed, before the Word becoming flesh, He is the Son Who manages the world since God uses H420 elôhîym, which is plural, Holy Trinity.  At that time, man was the house keeper for God as indicated in Genesis 2:15, “Then the Lord God took the man (Adam) and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.”)

(3) This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

      (This verse answers briefly the question what eternal life is.)

(4) I glorified You on the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do.

      (His whole life is without sin as stated in Hebrews 4:15. He never quench the Spirit, and obeyed to death since “…yet not as I will, but as You will.”(Matthew 26:39) “For the wages of sin is death, . .”(Romans 6:23) He substituted us to die and died on the cross.) 

(5) Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

      (Before the world, that is before the Time we know is created, He and Father have the same honor and glory. This is different from the time that the Word became flesh. At that time, there is an order. The Father sends the Son, and the Holy Spirit won’t come if the Son doesn’t go first. This is consistent with other verses. The following two paragraphs can be used as examples.)   

      (In John 1:1-3, it says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.”)

      (In Hebrews 1:2, it says, “in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world.”)

      (Here, someone may ask when the last day starts? In 1 Peter 1:20 it is answered, “For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you.” The important thing is not when it started, it is we know that we’re in the middle of it and how we behave. It is not meant the day when Jesus comes again.)

(6) “I have manifested Your name to the men whom You gave Me out of the world; they were Yours and You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

      (We can see John 17:12 consistently says, “While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.” We talked about His long-time foreknowledge regarding Judas’ betrayal and prayed all bight to make sure that it’s the will of Spirit (God).)  

      (Someone may ask if He had to do anything at all since He knew ahead “they were Yours and You gave them to Me.” Let us use an example in the Old Testament to illustrate this point. We know that God prepared Isaac’s wife Rebekah for him, and promised him to have offspring. Even so, it is recorded in Genesis 25:21, “Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was barren; and the Lord answered him and Rebekah his wife conceived.” So even having promises we still have to pray. In fact, we have to “pray without ceasing” as said in 1 Thessalonians 5:17.)

(7) Now they have come to know that everything You have given Me is from You;

(8) for the words which You gave Me I have given to them; and they received them and truly understood that I came forth from You, and they believed that You sent Me.

      (These two verses are pretty clear and are related to verse 6. Paul basically did the same as indicated in Acts 20:20, “how I did not shrink from declaring to you anything that was profitable, and teaching you publicly and from house to house.” They did believe as indicated in John 6:68-69, “Simon Peter answered Him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have words of eternal life. We have believed and have come to know that You are the Holy One of God.””

(9) I ask on their behalf; I do not ask on behalf of the world, but of those whom You have given Me; for they are Yours;

      (He knew that they had given to Him, but He still prayed for them as a coworker of God just like the example we talked about with Isaac.)

(Indeed, the glory of God is manifested by His willingness to obey to death, even on the cross.)

3. The necessity of the horizontal union

(10) and all things that are Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine; and I have been glorified in them.

     (Jesus and the Father are united vertically. One may ask why Jesus had been glorified in them? We can see that they can be feeble as indicated by the example when Jesus was nailed on the cross. The disciples were scattered around at that time, and John was the only man who came in front of the cross. But they tried their best to obey the words as said in verse 6.)

(11) I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may be one even as We are.

     (Thus, brothers and sisters are required to be united. If all of us can be conformed into the image of Jesus and united with Him we are automatically united since there is only one Jesus. This is not a theory but a reality. A reality we can achieve if we are willing to hand everything over into His hands. Although He has absolute authority, and life comes from Him, I believe that He will work on us for sure in this case.)   

(For the period of Word becoming flesh, Father sent Son, and now Son is going to be back to Father. He prayed that they could be united the same way. We must be “being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.”(Ephesians 4:3) So we see that the unity has been given already.)

     (We should mention in passing the full armor of God in Ephesians 6:11-17 are all defensive weapons which enable us to stand firm, except the sword of Spirit.  We need to follow the mead of Spirit, to use the sword wisely, which is the word of God.)

4. Mentioned again the foreknowledge of Judas’ betrayal

(12) While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled. 

     (We see why this foreknowledge was mentioned again. Although Judas’ betrayal must happen, but it is really due to the breaches in the wall he left so that Satan could enter into him. And he made a choice correspondingly. This can be in the following verses.)

     (John 12:6: “Now he said this, not because he was concerned about the poor, but because he was a thief, and as he had the money box, he used to pilfer what was put into it.” Luke 22:3-4: “And Satan entered into Judas who was called Iscariot, belonging to the number of the twelve. And he went away and discussed with the chief priests and officers how he might betray Him to them.” Luke 22:47-48: “While He was still speaking, behold, a crowd came, and the one called Judas, one of the twelve, was preceding them; and he approached Jesus to kiss Him. But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”” In particular, kissing is supposed to be the mark of love and he used it to betray Him.)

     (Jesus gave him plenty of chances to the extent to wash his feet in the last supper. But he was still stuck with wrong ideas.  Not the Lord was the problem, but he had problems. Are we often in similar situations? It is the reason why we cannot follow the lead of Holy Spirit.)

5. Rejoice in the Lord always

(13) But now I come to You; and these things I speak in the world so that they may have My joy made full in themselves.

     (In John 14:27, it says, “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you…” Both peace and joy are from God. Indeed, it says directly in Philippians 4:4, “Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, rejoice!” There are people saying that if you feel peace, it must from God. It is not true. We cannot substitute the leading of Holy Spirit by the feeling of peace. Remember that it says in 2 Corinthians 11:14-15 “No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, …” The feeling of peace has to fulfill what the Bible says in its verses. I myself had such an experience. Maybe someday on the right time, I’ll testify on this.)

     (“These things I (Jesus) have spoken to you, so that in Me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world.” (John 16:33) And “No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to man; and God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.”(1 Corinthians 10:13) Other than Jesus, who can say such things?)

(14) I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

     (It is said in John 1:4-11 “In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. …There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.” During about the three and a half years of His preaching He performed many miracles. Despite these, how many indeed believed Him? He himself was nailed on the cross. We want to emphasize one more time. It is us who have the problems. Having ears that can hear is really difficult.  No wonder it was said in all seven churches, “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”)

(15) I do not ask You to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one.

     (The Lord prayer says, “And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil.”(Matthew 6:13) Bible is consistent in this example.

(16) They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

     (The important fact is emphasized one more time. Christians have to be separated from the world, and walk the way to sanctification.) 

6. The way to sanctification

(17) Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.

     (Life comes from God as said in 1 Corinthians 3:6-7 “I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing the growth. So then neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but God who causes the growth.” Thus, we can only be passive and are willing. God is active. Sanctification is passive.) 

     (If we are active, then we’ll be as Romans 7:15 said, “For what I am doing, I do not understand; for I am not practicing what I would like to do, but I am doing the very thing I hate.” And only abiding in Jesus, we can possibly achieve what Romans 8:2 says, “…the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.”

(18) As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.

     (The Father sent his Son, and the Son sent His disciples to make them fishers of men. For example, it is just like what Peter did in the Pentecost described in Acts 2:40-41, “And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls.”)

     (This is the great mission: “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”(Matthew 28:18-20) So, preaching the gospel is really the duty of Christians to achieve the great mission. Don’t be like what I thought before, thinking that the purpose is only to convert unbelievers into believers. Now I know clearly that the goal is to make them disciples, and thus walk the way of sanctification.)   

(19) For their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth.

     (Jesus Himself set an example for us. We need to believe that God will make those knowing the truth sanctified. Don’t distort the Bible as said in 2 Peter 3:16, “as also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to understand, which the untaught and unstable distort, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures, to their own destruction.” You must understand the truth. It s said clearly in John 8:31-32, “So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, “If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine; and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.””

      (Jesus Himself says: “You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; it is these that testify about Me; and you are unwilling to come to Me so that you may have life.”(John 5:39-40) Therefore, the purpose of studying the Bible is to have life. When the Holy Trinity wants to give you life, we need an ear which can hear.)

7. The highest school: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

We can see in Bible that we are in the highest school! All Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are working on us. Is there any higher school?

(20) “I do not ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word;

     (Jesus prays for all believers, and all we need is “Do not quench the Spirit.”(1 Thessalonians 5:19) We need to make sure what we encountered is from the Holy Spirit, since it is said in 2 Corinthians 11:14-15, “No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, …” We need to side with God every time, and believe that we’ll know for sure if God wants us to know something. For example, when Paul saw the big light, he knew that it was from Jesus.)

(21) that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me (Son) and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me. 

     (There is a vertical union. Naturally, there’s one in the horizontal direction.)

(22) The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one;

     (We can see that the one is already given, and we need to so what described in Ephesians 4:3, “being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.”)

(23) I in them and You in Me, that they may be perfected in unity, so that the world may know that You (Father) sent Me, and loved them, even as You have loved Me.

     (If we are indeed in faith, we’ll not quench the Spirit, and walk the way to sanctification. As said in Romans 8:34, “…Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.” Here, we see the involvement of the Father. They, Father Son, and Holy Spirit, never fail. If we abide in Jesus by faith, how can we in this highest school ever fail?)

      (This is the horizontal union: “By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”(John 13:35) If we are in faith, we must have the action described in the Book of James. The faith is the origin, and the action is caused by faith. Don’t upside down.)  

      (In John 15:7-8 it says, “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. My Father is glorified by this, that you bear much fruit, and so prove to be My disciples.” We can see the necessary condition is to be one with Jesus. If we can be one with Jesus, whatever we pray is actually the same as what Jesus prays. How can such prayers not be granted?  Talking about bearing much fruit, the deyit of Holy Spirit is singular. There is only one fruit with nine different characteristics described in Galatians 5:22-23 “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; …” Sometimes, we need to study the meaning of the original language using tool books. Here, if we are not careful enough and think that the fruit is multiple, the interpretation can be quite different.

(24) Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

     (Before the foundation of the world, there is no time. The Holy Trinity is bounded by love with the same honor and glory.) 

     (In John 14:2-3, it is said in that place, “In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.”)

(25) “O righteous Father, although the world has not known You, yet I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me;

     (We discussed this already. The apostles know that You send Me.)

(26) and I have made Your name known to them, and will make it known, so that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.”

     (Here talks about u ion again. This really is our goal as said in Romans 8:29, “For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren.” To be conformed in the image of the Son isn’t an easy matter. For example, we know that there exists both foreknowledge and predestination. If we insist there is only predestination or foreknowledge, then both are wrong since it is contradictory to the Bible. There has been no conclusion in this dispute, as history shows. As an analogy, Copernicus describes the fact that the earth moves around the Sun.  But science hadn’t reached that point yet, and everyone thought that heaven was round and earth was square. And thought that he was wrong. Nowadays, we have satellites to prove that earth hangs on nothing. But the Bible described that long time ago in Job 26:7, “He stretches out the north over empty space. And hangs the earth on nothing.” Bible is inspired by God. We need in every deed to use it as our absolute standard.)

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

最后的晚餐 (4) – 争论,新命令,预知彼得的事,及买刀 (旋风着) 3031

     我们首先谈到在最后的晚餐上发生的争论。事实上,类似的事情也曾发生过,而耶稣透过小孩子、说明了从世上的角度看和从属天的角度看的不同。第二,我们提到了关于在犹大离开后说的彼此相爱的新命令,并说明为何和旧约说的爱的不同。第三,我们谈到了耶稣预先就知道彼得会三次不认主,也提到了祂的应许。最后我们讨论彼得用他的刀的事件,这事件在四福音都有记载了。

(1) 争论    

     这在路加福音 22:24-30 记载的很清楚,『门徒起了争论,他们中间哪一个可算为大。耶稣说:「外邦人有君王为主治理他们,那掌权管他们的称为恩主。但你们不可这样。你们里头为大的,倒要像年幼的;为首领的,倒要像服事人的。是谁为大?是坐席的呢?是服事人的呢?不是坐席的大吗?然而,我在你们中间如同服事人的。我在磨炼之中,常和我同在的就是你们。我将国赐给你们,正如我父赐给我一样,叫你们在我国里,坐在我的席上吃喝,并且坐在宝座上,审判以色列十二个支派。」』我们也看到属天的价值观和属地的价值观是很不一样的。    

     其实这也不是他们第一次这样的争论。『他们来到迦百农。耶稣在屋里问门徒说:「你们在路上议论的是甚么?」门徒不做声,因为他们在路上彼此争论谁为大。耶稣坐下,叫十二个门徒来,说:「若有人愿意作首先的,他必作众人末后的,作众人的用人。」于是领过一个小孩子来,叫他站在门徒中间,又抱起他来,对他们说:「凡为我名接待一个像这小孩子的,就是接待我;凡接待我的,不是接待我,乃是接待那差我来的。」』(马可福音 9:33-37) 耶稣那时就告诉他们价值观的不同,只是显然的他们仍不知道,在最后的晚餐时,仍以世界的观念争论谁为大。耶稣更进一步说:『让小孩子到我这里来,不要禁止他们,因为在天国的,正是这样的人。』(马太福音 19:14) 而且『说:「我实在告诉你们:你们若不回转,变成小孩子的样式,断不得进天国。所以,凡自己谦卑像这小孩子的,他在天国里就是最大的。』(马太福音 18:3-4)    

     我们自然会问,到底小孩子是不是真的谦卑呢?到底这里说什么呢?我们再看耶稣怎么说,『我心里柔和谦卑,(马太福音 11:29) 祂为什么说祂是谦卑的呢?我们看祂的一生,虚己顺服以致于死,这就是祂的谦卑。我们要模成祂的形像,如罗马书 8:29 所说:『因为他预先所知道的人,就预先定下效法(模成)他儿子的模样(形像),使他儿子在许多弟兄中作长子。』小孩子是完全依赖父母的,我们要完全的依赖、也就是顺服、三位一体的神,『不要消灭圣灵的感动。』(帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:19)    

     在马太福音 20:20-28 记录了另一次的争论:『那时,西庇太儿子的母亲同她两个儿子上前来拜耶稣,求他一件事。耶稣说:「你要甚么呢?」 她说:「愿你叫我这两个儿子在你国里,一个坐在你右边,一个坐在你左边。」耶稣回答说:「你们不知道所求的是甚么。我将要喝的杯,你们能喝吗?」 他们说:「我们能。」耶稣说:「我所喝的杯,你们必要喝;只是坐在我的左右,不是我可以赐的,乃是我父为谁预备的,就赐给谁。」那十个门徒听见,就恼怒他们弟兄二人。耶稣叫了他们来,说:「你们知道外邦人有君王为主治理他们,有大臣操权管束他们。只是在你们中间不可这样。你们中间谁愿为大,就必作你们的用人;谁愿为首,就必作你们的仆人。正如人子来,不是要受人的服事,乃是要服事人,并且要舍命,作多人的赎价。」』    

     这两个人实在是搞不清楚情况,耶稣要喝的杯是他们不能喝的。再一次的提到了属天的价值观是很不同的,而且耶稣是明说的,但他们搞不清楚,在最后的晚餐时仍在争论。也看到了道成肉身的耶稣那时是和父神不同的,就像以前所提过的,在道成肉身的时间里面,有一个秩序,是父差遣了子,而子不去,圣灵不来。    

     我们再看一看这事情是什么时间发生的。『耶稣上耶路撒冷去的时候,在路上把十二个门徒带到一边,对他们说:「看哪,我们上耶路撒冷去,人子要被交给祭司长和文士。他们要定他死罪,又交给外邦人,将他戏弄、鞭打、钉在十字架上,第三日他要复活。」』(马太福音 20:17-19) 他们没有注意到耶稣的死而复活,而在争论属世的事情。在五旬节圣灵降临后,一切都改变了!教会也诞生了。所以我们绝对需要圣灵的工作,不要消灭圣灵的感动。    

     说到教会,我所参加有限的教会,好像都是女性比较多,我以为一般来说、好像女性的心在神面前比较柔软。我知道有人不同意这看法,也有人说这是因为男人比较有主见。如果主见是对的,是择善固执,但如果没有一个能听的耳而是错的,那只能说有刚硬的心。至少『站在耶稣十字架旁边的,有他母亲与他母亲的姊妹,并革罗罢的妻子马利亚和抹大拉的马利亚。』(约翰福音 19:25),而男性只有使徒约翰。不过,这最终只有神能决定,祂有绝对的主权。

(2) 犹大离开后的新命令    

     『他(犹大)既出去,耶稣就说:「如今人子得了荣耀,神在人子身上也得了荣耀。神要因自己荣耀人子,并且要快快地荣耀他。「小子们,我还有不多的时候与你们同在,后来你们要找我,但我所去的地方你们不能到。这话我曾对犹太人说过,如今也照样对你们说。「我赐给你们一条新命令,乃是叫你们彼此相爱(G25, 动词);我怎样爱(G25)你们,你们也要怎样相爱(G25)。你们若有彼此相爱(G16, 名词)的心,众人因此就认出你们是我的门徒了。」』(约翰福音 13:31-35)    

     我们会很自然会问,这为什么是新命令,旧约不是已经有了吗?因为利未记 19:18 说,『不可报仇,也不可埋怨你本国的子民,却要爱人如己。我是耶和华。』在新约的时代,我们有内住的圣灵,这是旧约时代所没有的。我们有神的爱(Agape love),而以此彼此相爱。

 (3) 预知彼得三次不认主及耶稣的应许    

     我们先看约翰福音 13:36,『西门彼得问耶稣说:「主往哪里去?」 耶稣回答说:「我所去的地方,你现在不能跟我去,后来却要跟我去。」』这是应许,他后来一定会去天堂的,即使祂预先就知道了彼得会三次不认主。这就像约翰福音 13:37-38 所说:『彼得说:「主啊,我为甚么现在不能跟你去?我愿意为你舍命。」耶稣说:「你愿意为我舍命吗?我实实在在地告诉你:鸡叫以先,你要三次不认我。」』彼得在人的角度看是真的愿意为主摆上,但人是常常会软弱。    

     这件事情在马太福音 26:30-35 记载得更清楚:『他们唱了诗,就出来往橄榄山去。那时,耶稣对他们说:「今夜,你们为我的缘故都要跌倒。因为经上记着说:『我要击打牧人,羊就分散了。』但我复活以后,要在你们以先往加利利去。」彼得说:「众人虽然为你的缘故跌倒,我却永不跌倒。」耶稣说:「我实在告诉你:今夜鸡叫以先,你要三次不认我。」彼得说:「我就是必须和你同死,也总不能不认你。」众门徒都是这样说。』人会很不了解自己的,因最后在十字架前的只有约翰。这事的结局正如耶稣所说的:『彼得想起耶稣所说的话:「鸡叫以先,你要三次不认我。」他就出去痛哭。』(马太福音 26:75) 在这里,我们也看到彼得的悔改。『我们若认自己的罪,神是信实的,是公义的,必要赦免我们的罪,洗净我们一切的不义。』(约翰一书 1:9)    

     耶稣也预先知道了彼得会回头,并给了他应许。『主又说:「西门!西门!撒但想要得着你们,好筛你们像筛麦子一样;但我已经为你祈求,叫你不至于失了信心。你回头以后,要坚固你的弟兄。」』(路加福音 22:31-32)

 (4) 彼得使用他的刀的事件   

     最后我要提接着在路加福音 22:35-38 的事情:『耶稣又对他们说:「我差你们出去的时候,没有钱囊,没有口袋,没有鞋,你们缺少甚么没有?」 他们说:「没有。」耶稣说:「但如今有钱囊的可以带着,有口袋的也可以带着,没有刀的要卖衣服买刀。我告诉你们,经上写着说:『他被列在罪犯之中。』这话必应验在我身上,因为那关系我的事必然成就。」他们说:「主啊,请看!这里有两把刀。」 耶稣说:「够了。」』   

     彼得的确是用了他的刀,这记载在约翰福音 18:26:『有大祭司的一个仆人,是彼得削掉耳朵那人的亲属,说:「我不是看见你同他在园子里吗?」』事实上,这件事四福音书都有记载。马太福音 26:51-54 说得更清楚:『有跟随耶稣的一个人,伸手拔出刀来,将大祭司的仆人砍了一刀,削掉了他一个耳朵。耶稣对他说:「收刀入鞘吧!凡动刀的,必死在刀下。你想,我不能求我父现在为我差遣十二营多天使来吗?若是这样,经上所说事情必须如此的话,怎么应验呢?」』很显然的,耶稣不是在讲世上的刀。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

最後的晚餐 (4) – 爭論,新命令,預知彼得的事,及買刀 (旋風著) 2031

    我們首先談到在最後的晚餐上發生的爭論。事實上,類似的事情也曾發生過,而耶穌透過小孩子、說明了從世上的角度看和從屬天的角度看的不同。第二,我們提到了關於在猶大離開後說的彼此相愛的新命令,並說明為何和舊約說的愛的不同。第三,我們談到了耶穌預先就知道彼得會三次不認主,也提到了祂的應許。最後我們討論彼得用他的刀的事件,這事件在四福音都有記載了。

(1) 爭論

    這在路加福音 22:24-30 記載的很清楚,『門徒起了爭論,他們中間哪一個可算為大。耶穌說:「外邦人有君王為主治理他們,那掌權管他們的稱為恩主。但你們不可這樣。你們裏頭為大的,倒要像年幼的;為首領的,倒要像服事人的。是誰為大?是坐席的呢?是服事人的呢?不是坐席的大嗎?然而,我在你們中間如同服事人的。我在磨煉之中,常和我同在的就是你們。我將國賜給你們,正如我父賜給我一樣,叫你們在我國裏,坐在我的席上吃喝,並且坐在寶座上,審判以色列十二個支派。」』我們也看到屬天的價值觀和屬地的價值觀是很不一樣的。

    其實這也不是他們第一次這樣的爭論。『他們來到迦百農。耶穌在屋裏問門徒說:「你們在路上議論的是甚麼?」門徒不做聲,因為他們在路上彼此爭論誰為大。耶穌坐下,叫十二個門徒來,說:「若有人願意作首先的,他必作眾人末後的,作眾人的用人。」於是領過一個小孩子來,叫他站在門徒中間,又抱起他來,對他們說:「凡為我名接待一個像這小孩子的,就是接待我;凡接待我的,不是接待我,乃是接待那差我來的。」』(馬可福音 9:33-37) 耶穌那時就告訴他們價值觀的不同,只是顯然的他們仍不知道,在最後的晚餐時,仍以世界的觀念爭論誰為大。耶穌更進一步說:『讓小孩子到我這裏來,不要禁止他們,因為在天國的,正是這樣的人。』(馬太福音 19:14) 而且『說:「我實在告訴你們:你們若不回轉,變成小孩子的樣式,斷不得進天國。所以,凡自己謙卑像這小孩子的,他在天國裏就是最大的。』(馬太福音 18:3-4)

    我們自然會問,到底小孩子是不是真的謙卑呢?到底這裏說什麼呢?我們再看耶穌怎麼說,『我心裏柔和謙卑,(馬太福音 11:29) 祂為什麼說祂是謙卑的呢?我們看祂的一生,虛己順服以致於死,這就是祂的謙卑。我們要模成祂的形像,如羅馬書 8:29 所說:『因為他預先所知道的人,就預先定下效法(模成)他兒子的模樣(形像),使他兒子在許多弟兄中作長子。』小孩子是完全依賴父母的,我們要完全的依賴、也就是順服、三位一體的神,『不要消滅聖靈的感動。』(帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:19)

    在馬太福音 20:20-28 記錄了另一次的爭論:『那時,西庇太兒子的母親同她兩個兒子上前來拜耶穌,求他一件事。耶穌說:「你要甚麼呢?」 她說:「願你叫我這兩個兒子在你國裏,一個坐在你右邊,一個坐在你左邊。」耶穌回答說:「你們不知道所求的是甚麼。我將要喝的杯,你們能喝嗎?」 他們說:「我們能。」耶穌說:「我所喝的杯,你們必要喝;只是坐在我的左右,不是我可以賜的,乃是我父為誰預備的,就賜給誰。」那十個門徒聽見,就惱怒他們弟兄二人。耶穌叫了他們來,說:「你們知道外邦人有君王為主治理他們,有大臣操權管束他們。只是在你們中間不可這樣。你們中間誰願為大,就必作你們的用人;誰願為首,就必作你們的僕人。正如人子來,不是要受人的服事,乃是要服事人,並且要捨命,作多人的贖價。」』

    這兩個人實在是搞不清楚情況,耶穌要喝的杯是他們不能喝的。再一次的提到了屬天的價值觀是很不同的,而且耶穌是明說的,但他們搞不清楚,在最後的晚餐時仍在爭論。也看到了道成肉身的耶穌那時是和父神不同的,就像以前所提過的,在道成肉身的時間裏面,有一個秩序,是父差遣了子,而子不去,聖靈不來。

    我們再看一看這事情是什麼時間發生的。『耶穌上耶路撒冷去的時候,在路上把十二個門徒帶到一邊,對他們說:「看哪,我們上耶路撒冷去,人子要被交給祭司長和文士。他們要定他死罪,又交給外邦人,將他戲弄、鞭打、釘在十字架上,第三日他要復活。」』(馬太福音 20:17-19) 他們沒有注意到耶穌的死而復活,而在爭論屬世的事情。在五旬節聖靈降臨後,一切都改變了!教會也誕生了。所以我們絕對需要聖靈的工作,不要消滅聖靈的感動。

    說到教會,我所參加有限的教會,好像都是女性比較多,我以為一般來說、好像女性的心在神面前比較柔軟。我知道有人不同意這看法,也有人說這是因為男人比較有主見。如果主見是對的,是擇善固執,但如果沒有一個能聽的耳而是錯的,那只能說有剛硬的心。至少『站在耶穌十字架旁邊的,有他母親與他母親的姊妹,並革羅罷的妻子馬利亞和抹大拉的馬利亞。』(約翰福音 19:25),而男性只有使徒約翰。不過,這最終只有神能決定,祂有絕對的主權

(2) 猶大離開後的新命令

    『他(猶大)既出去,耶穌就說:「如今人子得了榮耀,神在人子身上也得了榮耀。神要因自己榮耀人子,並且要快快地榮耀他。「小子們,我還有不多的時候與你們同在,後來你們要找我,但我所去的地方你們不能到。這話我曾對猶太人說過,如今也照樣對你們說。「我賜給你們一條新命令,乃是叫你們彼此相愛(G25, 動詞);我怎樣愛(G25)你們,你們也要怎樣相愛(G25)。你們若有彼此相愛(G16, 名詞)的心,眾人因此就認出你們是我的門徒了。」』(約翰福音 13:31-35)

    我們會很自然會問,這為什麼是新命令,舊約不是已經有了嗎?因為利未記 19:18 說,『不可報仇,也不可埋怨你本國的子民,卻要愛人如己。我是耶和華。』在新約的時代,我們有內住的聖靈,這是舊約時代所沒有的。我們有神的愛(Agape love),而以此彼此相愛。

(3) 預知彼得三次不認主及耶穌的應許

    我們先看約翰福音 13:36,『西門彼得問耶穌說:「主往哪裏去?」 耶穌回答說:「我所去的地方,你現在不能跟我去,後來卻要跟我去。」』這是應許,他後來一定會去天堂的,即使祂預先就知道了彼得會三次不認主。這就像約翰福音 13:37-38 所說:『彼得說:「主啊,我為甚麼現在不能跟你去?我願意為你捨命。」耶穌說:「你願意為我捨命嗎?我實實在在地告訴你:雞叫以先,你要三次不認我。」』彼得在人的角度看是真的願意為主擺上,但人是常常會軟弱。

    這件事情在馬太福音 26:30-35 記載得更清楚:『他們唱了詩,就出來往橄欖山去。那時,耶穌對他們說:「今夜,你們為我的緣故都要跌倒。因為經上記着說:『我要擊打牧人,羊就分散了。』但我復活以後,要在你們以先往加利利去。」彼得說:「眾人雖然為你的緣故跌倒,我卻永不跌倒。」耶穌說:「我實在告訴你:今夜雞叫以先,你要三次不認我。」彼得說:「我就是必須和你同死,也總不能不認你。」眾門徒都是這樣說。』人會很不瞭解自己的,因最後在十字架前的只有約翰。這事的結局正如耶穌所說的:『彼得想起耶穌所說的話:「雞叫以先,你要三次不認我。」他就出去痛哭。』(馬太福音 26:75) 在這裏,我們也看到彼得的悔改。『我們若認自己的罪,神是信實的,是公義的,必要赦免我們的罪,洗淨我們一切的不義。』(約翰一書 1:9)

    耶穌也預先知道了彼得會回頭,並給了他應許。『主又說:「西門!西門!撒但想要得着你們,好篩你們像篩麥子一樣;但我已經為你祈求,叫你不至於失了信心。你回頭以後,要堅固你的弟兄。」』(路加福音 22:31-32)

(4) 彼得使用他的刀的事件

    最後我要提接著在路加福音 22:35-38 的事情:『耶穌又對他們說:「我差你們出去的時候,沒有錢囊,沒有口袋,沒有鞋,你們缺少甚麼沒有?」 他們說:「沒有。」耶穌說:「但如今有錢囊的可以帶着,有口袋的也可以帶着,沒有刀的要賣衣服買刀。我告訴你們,經上寫着說:『他被列在罪犯之中。』這話必應驗在我身上,因為那關係我的事必然成就。」他們說:「主啊,請看!這裏有兩把刀。」 耶穌說:「夠了。」』

    彼得的確是用了他的刀,這記載在約翰福音 18:26:『有大祭司的一個僕人,是彼得削掉耳朵那人的親屬,說:「我不是看見你同他在園子裏嗎?」』事實上,這件事四福音書都有記載。馬太福音 26:51-54 說得更清楚:『有跟隨耶穌的一個人,伸手拔出刀來,將大祭司的僕人砍了一刀,削掉了他一個耳朵。耶穌對他說:「收刀入鞘吧!凡動刀的,必死在刀下。你想,我不能求我父現在為我差遣十二營多天使來嗎?若是這樣,經上所說事情必須如此的話,怎麼應驗呢?」』很顯然的,耶穌不是在講世上的刀。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

Last supper (4) – Dispute, new command, foreknowledge about Peter (by Whirlwind) 1031

First, we talk about the dispute that happened during the last supper. Actually, similar events happened before, and Jesus showed them the difference between the way of leadership in the aspect of human and that in the aspect of God through a child, and we’ll state what it means. Secondly, we discuss the new command of loving each other after Judas left, and why it is different from that stated in the Old Testament. Thirdly, we talk about Jesus’ foreknowledge about how Peter will deny Him three times and his repent. Meanwhile, Jesus also gave promises. Finally, we discuss the event of Peter using his sword, which is recorded in all four Gospels.

(1) Dispute

We first examine the dispute about who is the greatest. About this dispute, it says clearly in Luke 22:24-30, “And there arose also a dispute among them as to which one of them was regarded to be greatest. And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who have authority over them are called ‘Benefactors.’ But it is not this way with you, but the one who is the greatest among you must become like the youngest, and the leader like the servant. For who is greater, the one who reclines at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at the table? But I am among you as the one who serves. “You are those who have stood by Me in My trials; and just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” 

There are other places where they recorded such a dispute. For example, in Mark 9:33-37, it says, “They came to Capernaum; and when He was in the house, He began to question them, “What were you discussing on the way?” But they kept silent, for on the way they had discussed with one another which of them was the greatest. Sitting down, He called the twelve and said to them, “If anyone wants to be first, he shall be last of all and servant of all.” Taking a child, He set him before them, and taking him in His arms, He said to them, “Whoever receives one child like this in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me does not receive Me, but Him who sent Me.””

We should particularly notice that Jesus talked about a child, since He specifically mentioned about the children in Matthew 19:14, “But Jesus said, “Let the children alone, and do not hinder them from coming to Me; for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.”” It is also mentioned in Matthew 18:4, “Whoever then humbles himself as this child, he is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.” We should rely on God the Holy Trinity just like a child who relies on parents. This is what humility really means.

Similarly in Matthew 20:20-28, it says, “Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Jesus with her sons, bowing down and making a request of Him. And He said to her, “What do you wish?” She said to Him, “Command that in Your kingdom these two sons of mine may sit one on Your right and one on Your left.” But Jesus answered, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?” They said to Him, “We are able.” He said to them, “My cup you shall drink; but to sit on My right and on My left, this is not Mine to give, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by My Father.” And hearing this, the ten became indignant with the two brothers. But Jesus called them to Himself and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. It is not this way among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.””

At that time, they really don’t know the difference between the way of leadership in the aspect of human and that in the aspect of God.  But it says clearly here. Finally let us notice the time of this event as said in Matthew 20:17-19, “As Jesus was about to go up to Jerusalem, He took the twelve disciples aside by themselves, and on the way He said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn Him to death, and will hand Him over to the Gentiles to mock and scourge and crucify Him, and on the third day He will be raised up.”” The event happened right after He said that how He would die and be resurrected, and they only at that time cared about worldly things instead of heavenly ones. These were all changed after Pentecost and the church was born. We absolutely require Holy Spirit working on us, and “Do not quench the Spirit.” (1 Thessalonians 5:19)

Talking about churches, from several churches I have attended, it seems that there are more women than men. It seems to conclude that women are softer than men in front of God. I know that there are people who disagree with this. Someone may say that men most likely have their own opinions. If the opinion is correct, then it is “choosing the good and insisting on it.” If it is wrong due to there is no ear which can hear, then we can only say that he has a hard heart in front of God. At least, “…standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.”(John 19:25) There is only one man, disciple John, who was there. Nevertheless, the final say is from God, who has absolute authority.

(2) New command after Judas left

A new command was issued after Judas left as said in John 13:31-35, “Therefore when he (Judas) had gone out, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in Him; if God is glorified in Him, God will also glorify Him in Himself, and will glorify Him immediately. Little children, I am with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’ A new commandment I give to you, that you love (G25, verb) one another, even as I have loved (G25) you, that you also love (G25) one another. By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love (G26, noun) for one another.”” 

A natural question will arise about why it is a new commandment. Is it required in Old Testament already? It is said in Leviticus 19:18, “…you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the Lord.” Yes, the love mentioned in the Old Testament is different from that in the New Testament. In New Testament, a Christian has Holy Spirit abiding in him. We talk about having love for one other with Agape love, which comes from the abiding Holy Spirit.  Those people in Old Testament didn’t have that.

(3) Foreknowledge about Peter and Jesus’ promises

In John 13:36, it says, “Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?” Jesus answered, “Where I go, you cannot follow Me now; but you will follow later.”” It was really a promise that Peter would go to Heaven later. Not only that, He foretells what Peter would deny Him three times as said in John 13:37-38, “Peter said to Him, “Lord, why can I not follow You right now? I will lay down my life for You.” Jesus answered, “Will you lay down your life for Me? Truly, truly, I say to you, a rooster will not crow until you deny Me three times.” It is said more in Matthew 26:30-35, “after singing a hymn, they went out to the mount of olives. Then Jesus said to them, “you will all fall away because of me this night, for it is written, ‘I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered.’ but after I have been raised, I will go ahead of you to galilee.” but Peter said to him, “even though all may fall away because of you, I will never fall away.” Jesus said to him, “truly I say to you that this very night, before a rooster crows, you will deny me three times.” Peter said to him, “even if I have to die with you, I will not deny you.” all the disciples said the same thing too.” 

We can see that it indeed happened to Peter as described in Matthew 26:75, “And Peter remembered the word which Jesus had said, “Before a rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” And he went out and wept bitterly.” As a matter of fact, Jesus foreknew Peter’s repentance and promised, “”Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded permission to sift you like wheat; but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not fail; and you, when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” …”(Luke 22:31-34)

(4) The event of Peter using his sword

Finally, we would like to mention the event of buying the sword said in Luke 22:35-38 followed the above, “And He said to them, “When I sent you out without money belt and bag and sandals, you did not lack anything, did you?” They said, “No, nothing.” And He said to them, “But now, whoever has a money belt is to take it along, likewise also a bag, and whoever has no sword is to sell his coat and buy one. For I tell you that this which is written must be fulfilled in Me, ‘And He was numbered with transgressors’; for that which refers to Me has its fulfillment.” They said, “Lord, look, here are two swords.” And He said to them, “It is enough.”” 

Peter indeed used his sword as described in John 18:26, “One of the slaves of the high priest, being a relative of the one whose ear Peter cut off, said, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?”” The fact that Peter used his sword is recorded in four Gospels. In Matthew 26:51-54, it is said, “And behold, one of those who were with Jesus reached and drew out his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword. Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels? How then will the Scriptures be fulfilled, which say that it must happen this way?”” Apparently, He was not talking about the worldly swords.

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

最后的晚餐 (3) – 逻辑,洗脚,及预知 (旋风着) 3030

     首先我们透过最后的晚餐中发生事情的顺序,看到了明显的盾,因此问,神究竟要借着这告诉我们什么?由此我们谈到了逻辑的工具,无神论是「相信」没有神,基督徒相信三位一体的神,所以基督徒是活在相信神的「信心」中。接着谈到了耶稣为门徒洗脚的事情,经文说得很清楚,祂是给我们作榜样。最后我们讨论四本福音书都提到了,耶稣预知犹大将卖祂的事。也看到一个例子,知道如果神不开我们的眼睛,就是明说,我们也会看不见,还以为知道了。属灵的事情就是如此。 顺便一提的是以后有一段时间是每两周一篇短文,不像过去一样是每周一篇。这样会直到翻译的工作完成。目前必须翻译的是译慕安得烈(Andrew Murray)着「口袋伴侣系列」(Pocket Companion Series) 的十二本小册子,必须花较多的时间赶紧完成。现在已翻译了七本小册子,可在网站 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 」免费下载原版的中英对译本。

(1) 逻辑    

     上次我们按照路加福音说到杯的设立是在饭后 [1],但马可福音是说吃的时候 [2]。如果那些只有约翰福音讲的事情是按着次序,我们还是不能确实的知道,洗脚到底是晚饭完后或晚饭还没有吃完,因为圣经没有明讲 [3]。其实有时候事件发生的先后秩序不是最重要的,重要的是要传递的讯息。因人有自由意志,圣经没有明讲时,是很难确实的知道的。    

     我最开始以为、圣经叙述最后的晚餐发生的事情是有确定的顺序的,尤其路加福音说到了这秩序,而我确实的相信『圣经都是神所默示的,(提摩太后书 3:16),现在有明显的予盾,我们实在该问神究竟要借着这明显的予盾,在圣经要告诉我们什么?我们以前也讲过这样的例子 [4] 在这里,我想顺序不是这么重要,重要的是讯息。我以为叙述是有顺序的,这是从我()的角度看。但是由圣经读出来后,发觉了圣经不是这样说,因此放弃了原先的假设,这是从圣经()的角度看。读圣经就是应该这样,从神的角度看读出来。我们以前讲过,圣经是神所默示的,从圣经的角度看就是从神的角度看。反之不然,不能随便划等号 [5]    

     其实我们可以用数学上的证明作为一个类比,在证明一个定理前,我们常常会想到一个可能的结果,然后试着用逻辑推导出这结果。如果一切顺利,就一步一步的推导出这定理。如果其中一步找到了予盾的反例,或走不下去,就只好放弃了。所以讲到逻辑,这只是一个工具,由一些不能证明的公理(假设)开始,可以推导出不同的定理。当假设不同时,会导出不同的定理的。用在信仰上作为类比,只用逻辑不能证明有神或无神存在,会变成不可知论者,其实不可知论着相信只有逻辑能证明的是对的,是在这样的信心里面。无神论者在信心中相信没有神,基督徒在信心中相信三位一体的神,这是在信心中有着不同的假设,当然会导出不同的结果,反应出在不同的生活中,所以基督徒真要活在相信神的信心中。

 (2) 洗脚 (约翰福音 13:2-17)   

     只有约翰福音提到洗脚这件事,经文实在很清楚,我们就直接读经文。『吃晚饭的时候,耶稣知道父已将万有交在他手里,且知道自己是从神出来的,又要归到神那里去,就离席站起来脱了衣服,拿一条手巾束腰,随后把水倒在盆里,就洗门徒的脚,并用自己所束的手巾擦干。挨到西门彼得,彼得对他说:「主啊,你洗我的脚吗?」耶稣回答说:「我所做的,你如今不知道,后来必明白。」彼得说:「你永不可洗我的脚!」 耶稣说:「我若不洗你,你就与我无分了。」西门彼得说:「主啊,不但我的脚,连手和头也要洗!」耶稣说:「凡洗过澡的人,只要把脚一洗,全身就干净了;你们是干净的,然而不都是干净的。」耶稣原知道要卖他的是谁,所以说:「你们不都是干净的。」耶稣洗完了他们的脚,就穿上衣服,又坐下,对他们说:「我向你们所做的,你们明白吗?你们称呼我夫子,称呼我主,你们说的不错,我本来是。我是你们的主,你们的夫子,尚且洗你们的脚,你们也当彼此洗脚。我给你们作了榜样,叫你们照着我向你们所做的去做。我实实在在地告诉你们:仆人不能大于主人,差人也不能大于差他的人。你们既知道这事,若是去行就有福了。」』(约翰福音 13:2-17)     

     很清楚的,经文说,耶稣这样做是要作我们的榜样。而且我们看到了属灵的领袖、不是像属世的领袖一样是高高在上的,而是要做榜样,彼得了解相当的清楚。『我这作长老务要牧养在你们中间神的群羊,不是辖制所托付你们的,乃是作群羊的榜样。』(彼得前书 5:1-3)

(3) 预知犹大卖主    

     这是件重要的事情,四福音书都有记载 [6],最清楚的是在约翰福音,我们可以看到耶稣预先知道犹大要卖祂。   

     「我这话不是指着你们众人说的,我知道我所拣选的是谁。现在要应验经上的话,说:『同我吃饭的人,用脚踢我。』「如今事情还没有成就,我要先告诉你们,叫你们到事情成就的时候,可以信我是基督。我实实在在地告诉你们:有人接待我所差遣的,就是接待我;接待我,就是接待那差遣我的。」耶稣说了这话,心里忧愁,就明说:「我实实在在地告诉你们:你们中间有一个人要卖我了。」门徒彼此对看,猜不透所说的是谁。有一个门徒,是耶稣所爱的,侧身挨近耶稣的怀里。西门彼得点头对他说:「你告诉我们,主是指着谁说的。」那门徒便就势靠着耶稣的胸膛,问他说:「主啊,是谁呢?」耶稣回答说:「我蘸一点饼给谁,就是谁。」耶稣就蘸了一点饼,递给加略人西门的儿子犹大。他吃了以后,撒但就入了他的心。 耶稣便对他说:「你所做的,快做吧!」同席的人,没有一个知道是为甚么对他说这话。有人因犹大带着钱囊,以为耶稣是对他说「你去买我们过节所应用的东西」,或是叫他拿甚么赒济穷人。犹大受了那点饼,立刻就出去。那时候是夜间了。(约翰福音 13:18-30)    

     我们看到了祂说到预知不是没有原因的,是为了要门徒可以相信祂是基督。也看到了神常常要我们面对的是真实的自己,因为『人心比万物都诡诈,坏到极处,谁能识透呢?』(耶利米书 17:9) 我们甚至会欺骗自己。说到撒但进入了犹大的心,有人就可能会说,这不是耶稣和撒但合作吗?不是的,犹大自己早就沦陷了。『当下,十二门徒里有一个称为加略人犹大的,去见祭司长,说:「我把他交给你们,你们愿意给我多少钱?」他们就给了他三十块钱。从那时候,他就找机会要把耶稣交给他们。』(马太福音 26:14-16) 我们也看到一个例子,知道如果神不开我们的眼睛,就是明说,我们也会看不见,还以为知道了。属灵的事情就是如此。   

一些相关的经文和知识

 [1] 饭后也照样拿起杯来,说:「这杯是用我血所立的新约,是为你们流出来的。(路加福音 22:20)

 [2] 他们吃的时候,耶稣拿起饼来,祝了福,就擘开递给他们,说:「你们拿着吃,这是我的身体。」又拿起杯来,祝谢了,递给他们,他们都喝了。耶稣说:「这是我立约的血,为多人出来的。(马可福音 14:22-25)

 [3] 吃晚饭的时候(魔鬼已将卖耶稣的意思放在西门的儿子加略人犹大心里),耶稣知道父已将万有交在他手里,且知道自己是从神出来的,又要归到神那里去,就离席站起来脱了衣服,拿一条手巾束腰,随后把水倒在盆里,就洗门徒的脚,并用自己所束的手巾擦干。(约翰福音 13:2-5)

[4] 可以在这 YouTube 链结找到以前曾讲的例子。在「2012 耶稣复活后的第一次显现」。   https://youtu.be/2cDP1pNK6-s 或在这网址找到相应的短文。  https://a-christian-voice.com/%e8%81%b2%e9%9f%b3-%e7%b9%81%e9%ab%94%e4%b8%ad%e6%96%87%ef%bf%bc/

 [5] 可以在这 YouTube 链结找到这讨论在「2023 圣经说要如何读圣经」。   https://youtu.be/YN5gPxcfyQU  或在同样的网址找到相应的短文。

[6] 其他的三本福音是这样说的,今将其列如后。『到了晚上,耶稣和十二个门徒坐席。正吃的时候,耶稣说:「我实在告诉你们:你们中间有一个人要卖我了。」他们就甚忧愁,一个一个地问他说:「主,是我吗?」耶稣回答说:「同我蘸手在盘子里的,就是他要卖我。人子必要去世,正如经上指着他所写的,但卖人子的人有祸了,那人不生在世上倒好!」卖耶稣的犹大问他说:「拉比,是我吗?」 耶稣说:「你说的是。」』(马太福音 26:20-25) 『到了晚上,耶稣和十二个门徒都来了。他们坐席正吃的时候,耶稣说:「我实在告诉你们:你们中间有一个与我同吃的人要卖我了。」他们就忧愁起来,一个一个地问他说:「是我吗?」耶稣对他们说:「是十二个门徒中同我蘸手在盘子里的那个人。人子必要去世,正如经上指着他所写的;但卖人子的人有祸了!那人不生在世上倒好。」』(马可福音 14:17-21) 『饭后也照样拿起杯来,说:「这杯是用我血所立的新约,是为你们流出来的。看哪,那卖我之人的手与我一同在桌子上。人子固然要照所预定的去世,但卖人子的人有祸了!」他们就彼此对问,是哪一个要做这事。(路加福音 22:20-23)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

最後的晚餐 (3) – 邏輯,洗腳,及預知 (旋風著) 2030

    首先我們透過最後的晚餐中發生事情的順序,看到了明顯的盾,因此問,神究竟要藉著這告訴我們什麼?由此我們談到了邏輯的工具,無神論是「相信」沒有神,基督徒相信三位一體的神,所以基督徒是活在相信神的「信心」中。接著談到了耶穌為門徒洗腳的事情,經文說得很清楚,祂是給我們作榜樣。最後我們討論四本福音書都提到了,耶穌預知猶大將賣祂的事。也看到一個例子,知道如果神不開我們的眼睛,就是明說,我們也會看不見,還以為知道了。屬靈的事情就是如此 順便一提的是以後有一段時間是每兩週一篇短文,不像過去一樣是每週一篇。這樣直到翻譯的工作完成。目前必須翻譯的是譯慕安得烈(Andrew Murray)著「口袋伴侶系列」(Pocket Companion Series) 的十二本小册子,必須花較多的時間趕緊完成。現在已翻譯了七本小册子,可在網站 「 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 」免費下載原版的中英對譯本

(1) 邏

    上次我們按照路加福音說到杯的設立是在飯後 [1],但馬可福音是說吃的時候 [2]。如果那些只有約翰福音講的事情是按著次序,我們還是不能確實的知道,洗腳到底是晚飯完後或晚飯還沒有吃完,因為聖經沒有明講 [3]。其實有時候事件發生的先後秩序不是最重要的,重要的是要傳遞的訊息。因人有自由意志,聖經沒有明講時,是很難確實的知道的

    我最開始以為、聖經敘述最後的晚餐發生的事情是有確定的順序的,尤其路加福音說到了這秩序,而我確實的相信『聖經都是神所默示的,…』(提摩太後書 3:16),現在有明顯的予盾,我們實在該問神究竟要藉著這明顯的予盾,在聖經要告訴我們什麼?我們以前也講過這樣的例子 [4]。 在這裏,我想順序不是這麼重要,重要的是訊息。我以為敘述是有順序的,這是從我(人)的角度看。但是由聖經讀出來後,發覺了聖經不是這樣說,因此放棄了原先的假設,這是從聖經(神)的角度看。讀聖經就是應該這樣,從神的角度看讀出來。我們以前講過,聖經是神所默示的,從聖經的角度看就是從神的角度看。反之不然,不能隨便劃等號 [5]

    其實我們可以用數學上的証明作為一個類比,在証明一個定理前,我們常常會想到一個可能的結果,然後試著用邏輯推導出這結果。如果一切順利,就一步一步的推導出這定理。如果其中一步找到了予盾的反例,或走不下去,就只好放棄了。所以講到邏輯,這只是一個工具,由一些不能証明的公理(假設)開始,可以推導出不同的定理。當假設不同時,會導出不同的定理的。用在信仰上作為類比,只用邏輯不能証明有神或無神存在,會變成不可知論者,其實不可知論著相信只有邏輯能証明的是對的,是在這樣的信心裏面。無神論者在信心中相信沒有神,基督徒在信心中相信三位一體的神,這是在信心中有著不同的假設,當然會導出不同的結果,反應出在不同的生活中,所以基督徒真要活在相信神的信心中

(2) 洗腳 (約翰福音 13:2-17)

    只有約翰福音提到洗腳這件事,經文實在很清楚,我們就直接讀經文。『吃晚飯的時候…,耶穌知道父已將萬有交在他手裏,且知道自己是從神出來的,又要歸到神那裏去,就離席站起來脫了衣服,拿一條手巾束腰,隨後把水倒在盆裏,就洗門徒的腳,並用自己所束的手巾擦乾。挨到西門彼得,彼得對他說:「主啊,你洗我的腳嗎?」耶穌回答說:「我所做的,你如今不知道,後來必明白。」彼得說:「你永不可洗我的腳!」 耶穌說:「我若不洗你,你就與我無分了。」西門彼得說:「主啊,不但我的腳,連手和頭也要洗!」耶穌說:「凡洗過澡的人,只要把腳一洗,全身就乾淨了;你們是乾淨的,然而不都是乾淨的。」耶穌原知道要賣他的是誰,所以說:「你們不都是乾淨的。」耶穌洗完了他們的腳,就穿上衣服,又坐下,對他們說:「我向你們所做的,你們明白嗎?你們稱呼我夫子,稱呼我主,你們說的不錯,我本來是。我是你們的主,你們的夫子,尚且洗你們的腳,你們也當彼此洗腳。我給你們作了榜樣,叫你們照着我向你們所做的去做。我實實在在地告訴你們:僕人不能大於主人,差人也不能大於差他的人。你們既知道這事,若是去行就有福了。」』(約翰福音 13:2-17)

     很清楚的,經文說,耶穌這樣做是要作我們的榜樣而且我們看到了屬靈的領袖、不是像屬世的領袖一樣是高高在上的,而是要做榜樣,彼得瞭解相當的清楚。『我這作長老…務要牧養在你們中間神的羣羊,…不是轄制所託付你們的,乃是作羣羊的榜樣。』(彼得前書 5:1-3)

(3) 預知猶大賣

    這是件重要的事情,四福音書都有記載 [6],最清楚的是在約翰福音,我們可以看到耶穌預先知道猶大要賣祂

    「我這話不是指着你們眾人說的,我知道我所揀選的是誰。現在要應驗經上的話,說:『同我吃飯的人,用腳踢我。』「如今事情還沒有成就,我要先告訴你們,叫你們到事情成就的時候,可以信我是基督。我實實在在地告訴你們:有人接待我所差遣的,就是接待我;接待我,就是接待那差遣我的。」耶穌說了這話,心裏憂愁,就明說:「我實實在在地告訴你們:你們中間有一個人要賣我了。」門徒彼此對看,猜不透所說的是誰。有一個門徒,是耶穌所愛的,側身挨近耶穌的懷裏。西門彼得點頭對他說:「你告訴我們,主是指着誰說的。」那門徒便就勢靠着耶穌的胸膛,問他說:「主啊,是誰呢?」耶穌回答說:「我蘸一點餅給誰,就是誰。」耶穌就蘸了一點餅,遞給加略人西門的兒子猶大。他吃了以後,撒但就入了他的心。 耶穌便對他說:「你所做的,快做吧!」同席的人,沒有一個知道是為甚麼對他說這話。有人因猶大帶着錢囊,以為耶穌是對他說「你去買我們過節所應用的東西」,或是叫他拿甚麼賙濟窮人。猶大受了那點餅,立刻就出去。那時候是夜間了。(約翰福音 13:18-30)

    我們看到了祂說到預知不是沒有原因的,是為了要門徒可以相信祂是基督。也看到了神常常要我們面對的是真實的自己,因為『人心比萬物都詭詐,壞到極處,誰能識透呢?』(耶利米書 17:9) 我們甚至會欺騙自己。說到撒但進入了猶大的心,有人就可能會說,這不是耶穌和撒但合作嗎?不是的,猶大自己早就淪陷了。『當下,十二門徒裏有一個稱為加略人猶大的,去見祭司長,說:「我把他交給你們,你們願意給我多少錢?」他們就給了他三十塊錢。從那時候,他就找機會要把耶穌交給他們。』(馬太福音 26:14-16) 我們也看到一個例子,知道如果神不開我們的眼睛,就是明說,我們也會看不見,還以為知道了。屬靈的事情就是如此    

一些相關的經文和知識

[1] 飯後也照樣拿起杯來,說:「這杯是用我血所立的新約,是為你們流出來的。(路加福音 22:20)

[2] 他們吃的時候,耶穌拿起餅來,祝了福,就擘開遞給他們,說:「你們拿着吃,這是我的身體。」又拿起杯來,祝謝了,遞給他們,他們都喝了耶穌說:「這是我立約的血,為多人出來的。…」(馬可福音 14:22-25)

[3] 吃晚飯的時候(魔鬼已將賣耶穌的意思放在西門的兒子加略人猶大心裏),耶穌知道父已將萬有交在他手裏,且知道自己是從神出來的,又要歸到神那裏去,就離席站起來脫了衣服,拿一條手巾束腰,隨後把水倒在盆裏,就洗門徒的腳,並用自己所束的手巾擦乾。(約翰福音 13:2-5)

[4] 可以在這 YouTube 鏈結找到以前曾講的例子。在「2012 耶穌復活後的第一次顯現」。   https://youtu.be/2cDP1pNK6-s 。 或在這網址找到相應的短文。  https://a-christian-voice.com/%e8%81%b2%e9%9f%b3-%e7%b9%81%e9%ab%94%e4%b8%ad%e6%96%87%ef%bf%bc/

[5] 可以在這 YouTube 鏈結找到這討論在「2023 聖經說要如何讀聖經」。   https://youtu.be/YN5gPxcfyQU  。 或在同樣的網址找到相應的短文

[6] 其他的三本福音是這樣說的,今將其列如後。『到了晚上,耶穌和十二個門徒坐席。正吃的時候,耶穌說:「我實在告訴你們:你們中間有一個人要賣我了。」他們就甚憂愁,一個一個地問他說:「主,是我嗎?」耶穌回答說:「同我蘸手在盤子裏的,就是他要賣我。人子必要去世,正如經上指着他所寫的,但賣人子的人有禍了,那人不生在世上倒好!」賣耶穌的猶大問他說:「拉比,是我嗎?」 耶穌說:「你說的是。」』(馬太福音 26:20-25) 『到了晚上,耶穌和十二個門徒都來了他們坐席正吃的時候,耶穌說:「我實在告訴你們:你們中間有一個與我同吃的人要賣我了。」他們就憂愁起來,一個一個地問他說:「是我嗎?」耶穌對他們說:「是十二個門徒中同我蘸手在盤子裏的那個人。人子必要去世,正如經上指着他所寫的;但賣人子的人有禍了!那人不生在世上倒好。」』(馬可福音 14:17-21) 『飯後也照樣拿起杯來,說:「這杯是用我血所立的新約,是為你們流出來的。看哪,那賣我之人的手與我一同在桌子上。人子固然要照所預定的去世,但賣人子的人有禍了!他們就彼此對問,是哪一個要做這事。』(路加福音 22:20-23)

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