1045 The process of man’s fall and the time of spirit’s death – The original will of God (4) (by Whirlwind)

First, we take a look at God’s command of forbidding to eat the fruits of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. We also see one of Adam’s strengths before he was contaminated by sin. Secondly, we see the process of God making Eve, and the original arrangements for them. Thirdly, from the conversation of the snake and Eve, we can see that Satan often uses similar strategies to seduce people. Fourthly, we see the reason why Eve was seduced, which is the same nowadays in principle. Fifthly, it is indeed consistent with the command “for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.” But the death of the spirit was not immediate and we can only conclude the range of the time of its death from the Bible. Sixthly, we can see the usual reaction after being contaminated by sin is to blame others and not to mention the real reason. We can also see the righteousness and mercy and grace of God, who started the plan of salvation by the way of prophecy.

1. The God’s command and the Adam’s strength 

The command God given to Adam is clearly stated in Genesis 2:16-17, “The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.””

We know that Adam was created according to the image of God. Thus, he had a lot of strength before he was contaminated by sin. There is only one thing recorded in the Bible. “Out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. The man gave names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the sky, and to every beast of the field, but for Adam there was not found a helper suitable for him.”(Genesis 2:19-20) Since Adam was driven out from the Garden of Eden, there has not been another human being that had the same ability.

2. The process of making Eve

In Genesis 2:18, it states the reason to make Eve, “Then the Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper suitable for him.”” The process of making her is described clearly in Genesis 2:21-22, “So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. The Lord God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man.” We also see the Adam’s reaction in Genesis 2:23, “The man said, “This is now bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man.”” So, the original will of God is stated in Genesis 2:24, “For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.” This is the same as what Jesus said in Matthew 19:4-6, “And He (Jesus) answered and said, “…So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.” At that time, they hadn’t contaminated by sin and their eyes was only fixed on God and not opened. “And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.”(Genesis 2:25)

3. The seduction strategy of Satan

Let us take a look at what was said in Genesis 3:1-5, “Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.'” The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”” 

We saw before that the command was told to Adam directly. Satan knew that. So, the serpent was crafty enough to seduce woman by herself. From their conversation, we know that Eve indeed got the command from Adam, and she was not crystal clear about what’s in the command. At the beginning, the serpent used the words “Indeed, has God said” to confuse Eve. From her answer, we can see that she was not clear about the command since the God didn’t say, “or touch it.” We also observe that the serpent further deepened her confusion by saying, “You surely will not die!” And it also used the correct benefits to seduce her. Here, we see one strategy Satan often uses is to mix some truth with fake news. People who see the true things often believe the fake as true also. Today is the same. If we are not careful, it is easy to take the whole thing without knowing we accept the fake as well. We must discern using the Bible.

4. The fall of Adam and Eve

We see that Eve was seduced before Adam as said in Genesis 3:6, “When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband (H376) with her, and he ate (H398).” But Adam was knowingly disobeying. No wonder it is said in Romans 5:12, “Therefore, just as through one man (Adam) sin entered into the world, …”

Isn’t today the same? The seduction is three-fold as said in 1 John 2:16, “For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world.” Isn’t it corresponding to what succeeded to seduce Eve in the three aspects? After their fall, we can indeed prove the messages from Satan was mixed. Because in Genesis 3:7, it says, “Then the eyes of both of them were opened, …”

Someone says the Adam was with Eve at that time according to the English translation. However, it is not so according to the original languages in Strong’s Concordance, which are indicated in parentheses. Unless Adam and Eve were always together on everything, there is no point to have Satan to seduce Eve when Adam was in presence, particularly the serpent is craftier than any beast. According to verses, most likely Adam was not in presence since the Bible clearly says in 1 Timothy 2:14, “And it was not Adam who was deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.” If Adam was in presence, it would say that both of them were deceived. But this is not the key point, there is no reason to argue one way or the other. The key point is “Therefore, just as through one man (Adam) sin entered into the world, and death through sin, …” (Romans 5:12)

5. What it means about “for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die?

Adam was indeed dead after he ate the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. But he wasn’t immediately dead since it is said in Genesis 5:5, “So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died.” It is also said in Genesis 3:22, “…and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever.” They had originally the good body which could live forever. No wonder people live very long before the flood (ref. Genesis 5).

Man consists of spirit, soul, and body as said in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, “…and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, …” The spirit is used to communicate with God. We all know what the body is, which is made from dust and finally “…to dust you shall return.”(Genesis 3:19) The soul is then the rest, which includes will, emotion, etc. Before, I thought that the spirit died immediately after they ate the forbidden fruits. But it is not so according to the Bible. We can only conclude that the death mentioned in Genesis 5:5 is the death for the soul and the body. The spirit was dead before Adam was 130 years old, but not immediately. For the latter, we can see from the following verse. In Genesis 3:12 it is said, “The man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate.”” Apparently, Adam could still communicate with God. Even after they were forced out from the Garden of Eden, they could still communicate with God as evidently by Genesis 4:6, “Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen?” Apparently, the spirit wasn’t immediately dead. 

We know that man has a dead spirit before being saved, because there is a new spirit like what was prophesied in Ezekiel 36:26, “Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; …” Someone may say, the dead spirit means that the spirit is no longer working. Although still having the spirit, it cannot communicate with God anymore. We are born with a dead spirit, and eventually as said in Ecclesiastes 12:7, “…the spirit will return to God who gave it.”(Ecclesiastes 12:7) Thus, that someone may say the old spirit is revived after being saved. This is not correct since the Bible says clearly that we have a new spirit.   

In Genesis 5:3, it says, “When Adam had lived one hundred and thirty years, he became the father of a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth.” When Seth was born with a dead spirit, he was already in Adam’s likeness. Therefore, Adam had a dead spirit at that time. In conclusion, Adam’s spirit must be dead before Adam was 135 years old. I guess that it is enough to know that the spirit was dead before the soul and the body died, not immediately after contaminated by sin. This is also the reason I cannot accept the dichotomy, where the spirit and soul are in one, not separable. This is not only against what the Bible says in Hebrews 4:12, “For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, …” but also we have to accept the existence of something which is half-live since the spirit is dead but the soul alive. I have to say that I don’t know the existence of such a thing. Furthermore, the Bible says clearly that human consists of three components – spirit, soul, and body. 

6. The reactions after contaminated by sin and the punishment from God 

First, we notice in Genesis 3:7, “Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings.” Can such clothes be indeed used as loin coverings or resisting coldness? No. Eventually, “The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.”(Genesis 3:21)

We can also see that the contamination by sin results in blaming the others as described in Genesis 3:8-13, “They heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. Then the Lord God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?” He said, “I heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.” And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” The man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate.” Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.””

God is omniscient. He knew what happened and still asked on purpose, “Who told you that you were naked?  Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” He asked them the question to make them face the real selves after contaminated by sin! We can see that they blamed the others. What they said are facts, but only partial facts. What they didn’t say is the real reason that they disobeyed God’s command. Nowadays it is the same. We often argue superficially and often forget or avoid the hidden real reason. It could be due to that we really don’t know or like what said in Jeremiah 17:9, “The heart is more deceitful than all else And is desperately sick; Who can understand it?”

The punishment of God is clearly stated in Genesis 3:14-19, “The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, Cursed are you more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you will go, And dust you will eat All the days of your life; And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.” To the woman He said, “I will greatly multiply Your pain in childbirth, In pain you will bring forth children; Yet your desire will be for your husband, And he will rule over you.” Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it’; Cursed is the ground because of you; In toil you will eat of it All the days of your life. “Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you; And you will eat the plants of the field; By the sweat of your face You will eat bread, Till you return to the ground, Because from it you were taken; For you are dust, And to dust you shall return.””

So, before that time, there was no thorns and thistles on earth. We also know from Genesis 3:15 that God used the way of prophecy to start the salvation plan, which we’ll not repeat what was discussed in detail in [1]. Because Adam committed sin, death entered the world; otherwise, “…he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever.”(Genesis 3:22) Before the flood, “…the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.”(Genesis 6:5) When human contaminated by sin lives forever, it is a terrible thing!

Reference

[1] You can get “1044 God’s rest, salvation plan, and the creation of man – The original will of God (3)” in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

2045 人的墮落過程和靈死的時間 – 神原先的心意 (4) (旋風著)

    我們首先看到神的命令是不要吃分別善惡樹上的果子,也看到了聖經所述的、亞當在沒有被罪沾汚前的一個能力。我們接著看到了神造夏娃的過程和起初的安排。第三,我們從蛇和夏娃的對話中看到了撒但經常用的一個引誘策略。第四,我們看到了夏娃被引誘的原因,這和今日人所遭遇的在原則上是相同的。第五,我們看到了真是「你吃的日子必定死」,但靈死不是立即的,我們只能從聖經看到其時間的範圍。第六,我們看到了被罪沾汚後的反應是怪罪別人而不提真正的原因,也看到了神的公義、憐憫及恩典,以預言的方式開始了救恩的計劃

1. 神的命令和亞當的能

    神給亞當的命令很清楚的記載在創世記 2:16-17,『耶和華神吩咐他說:「園中各樣樹上的果子,你可以隨意吃,只是分別善惡樹上的果子,你不可吃,因為你吃的日子必定死。」

    我們知道亞當起初是照著神的形像被創造的,因此是大有能力的。聖經裏只說了在創世記 2:19-20 的這一件事,就是『耶和華神用土所造成的野地各樣走獸,和空中各樣飛鳥都帶到那人面前,看他叫甚麼。那人怎樣叫各樣的活物,那就是牠的名字。那人便給一切牲畜和空中飛鳥、野地走獸都起了名。只是那人沒有遇見配偶幫助他。』自從人被罪沾汚而被趕出伊甸園後,人有著被罪沾汚後神的形像,沒有人能再具有同樣的能力

2. 神造夏娃的過

    在創世記 2:18 說了為什麼造了夏娃,因『耶和華神說:「那人獨居不好,我要為他造一個配偶幫助他。」』她被造的過程在創世記 2:21-22 講得很清楚,『耶和華神使他(亞當)沉睡,他就睡了;於是取下他的一條肋骨,又把肉合起來。耶和華神就用那人身上所取的肋骨造成一個女人,領她到那人跟前。』我們也看到了亞當的反應,『那人說:「這是我骨中的骨,肉中的肉,可以稱她為『女人』,因為她是從男人身上取出來的。」』(創世記 2:23) 所以神原先的心意就是:『…人要離開父母與妻子連合,二人成為一體。』(創世記 2:24)  那時,他們尚未被罪沾汚,且定睛在神身上,而眼睛也未打開。所以『當時夫妻二人赤身露體,並不羞恥。』(創世記 2:25)

3. 撒但的引誘策

    我們首先看看經文:『耶和華神所造的,惟有蛇(撒但)比田野一切的活物更狡猾。蛇對女人說:「神豈是真說不許你們吃園中所有樹上的果子嗎?」女人對蛇說:「園中樹上的果子,我們可以吃;惟有園當中那棵樹上的果子,神曾說:『你們不可吃,也不可摸,免得你們死。』」蛇對女人說:「你們不一定死,因為神知道,你們吃的日子眼睛就明亮了,你們便如神能知道善惡。」』(創世記 3:1-5)

    撒但知道神沒有告訴夏娃祂的命令,是直接告訴亞當的,所以牠很狡猾只對女人說去引誘她。從他們的對話中,也知道夏娃的確是從亞當的口中,不很清楚的知道了這命令。開始蛇就用「神豈是真說」來加深夏娃的困惑,我們看到她的回答就知道她沒搞清楚神的命令,因為神並沒有說,「也不可摸」。我們也看到了蛇加深她的困惑而用了「不一定」這些字,並用正確的好處去誘惑她。在這裏我們看到了撒但的一個策略是,用真的事去使人相信,把假的事夾在其中,人看見真的事,就容易把假的事當作是真的。今日也是如此,一不小心,我們就會全盤接收,真的要分辨

    有人說,照英文的翻譯,亞當就在旁邊,但彙編的原文並沒這樣說。除非亞當和夏娃總是在一起,蛇實在是沒有必要選擇亞當在的時候去引誘夏娃,因為蛇比田野一切的活物更狡猾。照經文猜測,亞當不在的可能性比較大,因為聖經明說:『且不是亞當被引誘,乃是女人被引誘,陷在罪裏。』(提摩太前書 2:14) 如果亞當在旁邊,他會一同被引誘的。不過這不是重點,沒有什麼好爭論的,重點是『…罪是從一人(亞當)入了世界,死又是從罪來的,…』(羅馬書 5:12)

4. 亞當和夏娃的墮

    我們看到了夏娃被誘惑在先,『於是,女人見那棵樹的果子好作食物,也悅人的眼目,且是可喜愛的,能使人有智慧,就摘下果子來吃了;又給她丈夫,她丈夫也吃了。』(創世記 3:6) 但是亞當是明知故犯,因為他很清楚的知道神的命令,難怪羅馬書 5:12 會說,『…罪是從一人(亞當)入了世界,…

    今日的誘惑也是如此,三方面的。『因為凡世界上的事,就像肉體的情慾,眼目的情慾,並今生的驕傲,都不是從父來的,乃是從世界來的。』(約翰一書 2:16) 這不是對應夏娃被成功的引誘時的三個方面嗎?在他們墮落後,我們的確可証實撒但的話是真假混雜的,因為『他們二人的眼睛就明亮了,…』(創世記 3:7)

5. 「你吃的日子必定死」是指什麼

    亞當吃分別善惡樹上的果子後的確是死了,但是有一段時間,因為『亞當共活了九百三十歲就死了。』(創世記 5:5) 如果『…他伸手又摘生命樹的果子吃,就永遠活着。』(創世記 3:22) 可見得他們原是有長壽的體質的,難怪洪水前人都活這麼長 (參創世記第五章)

     就如帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:23 所說,『…願你們的靈與魂與身子得蒙保守,…』所以人是由靈、魂、和體所構成。靈是和神交通的工具身子是什麼大家都很清楚,是指塵土造成的身體,最後是『仍要歸於塵土。」(創世記 3:19)魂就是其餘的,如意、情感等等。我以前以為亞當和夏娃吃了分別善惡樹上的果子後,靈就立刻死了。但依照聖經,並不是如此,我們只能結論說,創世記 5:5 的死是指魂和體的死,靈一定是死在亞當一百三十歲前,但不是立即就死。我們可從下面的經文看到靈不是立刻就死的這點,『那人說:「你所賜給我、與我同居的女人,她把那樹上的果子給我,我就吃了。」』(創世記 3:12) 很顯然的,亞當那時仍可和神交通。『耶和華對該隱說:「你為甚麼發怒呢?你為甚麼變了臉色呢?」』(創世記 4:6)   即使他們被趕出伊甸園後可與神交通,所以靈不是立即就死的

    我們知道人得救前是有死的舊靈,因得救後有新靈如以西結的預言所說,『我也要賜給你們一個新心,將新靈放在你們裏面。…』(以西結書 36:26)  也就是有人說的死的舊靈是指靈不再能工作,雖有靈,卻不能和神交通,是我們出生時就有的,最終是『靈仍歸於賜靈的神。』(傳道書 12:7) 所以有人會說得救後是舊靈的復穌。這不對,因聖經明說我們是有個新靈。

    創世記 5:3 說,『亞當活到一百三十歲,生了一個兒子,形像樣式和自己相似,就給他起名叫塞特。』 因塞特出生時已有和當時的亞當相似的死的舊靈,因此當時的亞當有死的舊靈,所以亞當的靈必死於 135 歲前我們知道靈是死在魂和體之前,不是立即就死就夠了!這是我不能瞭解為什麼人會提到二分法的原因,因為如果靈魂只是一個,我們必須要能接受有東西(靈魂)是半死不活的,因魂的部份活著而靈的部份死了我只能說我不知道有這樣東西的存在。這不僅僅是抵觸這經文,『神的道是活潑的,是有功效的,比一切兩刃的劍更快,甚至魂與靈、骨節與骨髓,都能刺入、剖開,連心中的思念和主意都能辨明,』(希伯來書 4:12) 且聖經明講,人由靈、魂、體三者構成

6. 始祖墮落後的反應及神的懲

    首先我們看到了,『他們二人的眼睛就明亮了,才知道自己是赤身露體,便拿無花果樹的葉子,為自己編做裙子。』(創世記 3:7) 這樣的裙子真能遮羞或禦寒嗎?最後還是要『耶和華神為亞當和他妻子用皮子做衣服,給他們穿。』(創世記 3:21) 

    我們也看到了罪進入的結果是彼此怪罪。『天起了涼風,耶和華神在園中行走。那人和他妻子聽見神的聲音,就藏在園裏的樹木中,躲避耶和華神的面。耶和華神呼喚那人,對他說:「你在哪裏?」他說:「我在園中聽見你的聲音,我就害怕,因為我赤身露體,我便藏了。」耶和華說:「誰告訴你赤身露體呢?莫非你吃了我吩咐你不可吃的那樹上的果子嗎?」那人說:「你所賜給我、與我同居的女人,她把那樹上的果子給我,我就吃了。」耶和華神對女人說:「你做的是甚麼事呢?」 女人說:「那蛇引誘我,我就吃了。」』(創世記 3:8-13) 

     神是全知的,祂怎麼會不知道他們因吃了不可吃的果子而眼睛明亮,知道自己是赤身露體呢?但祂仍然問了他們,讓他們面對被罪沾汚後真實的自己!我們看到了他們怪罪別人,雖然說的也都是事實,但只是部份的事實,他們沒說出真正的原因,是因為他們的不順服,違背了神的命令。現在也是如此,我們常爭一些表面的部份事實,卻忘了背後真正的原因!不知道是我們真不知道,或是因為『人心比萬物都詭詐,壞到極處,誰能識透呢?』(耶利米書 17:9)

    神的懲罰是很清楚的,但也同時展開了救恩的計劃 [1],『耶和華神對蛇說:「你既做了這事,就必受咒詛,比一切的牲畜野獸更甚!你必用肚子行走,終身吃土。我又要叫你和女人彼此為仇;你的後裔和女人的後裔也彼此為仇。女人的後裔要傷你的頭;你要傷他的腳跟。」又對女人說:「我必多多加增你懷胎的苦楚,你生產兒女必多受苦楚。你必戀慕你丈夫,你丈夫必管轄你。」又對亞當說:「你既聽從妻子的話,吃了我所吩咐你不可吃的那樹上的果子,地必為你的緣故受咒詛。你必終身勞苦,才能從地裏得吃的。地必給你長出荊棘和蒺藜來,你也要吃田間的菜蔬。你必汗流滿面才得餬口,直到你歸了土,因為你是從土而出的。你本是塵土,仍要歸於塵土。」』(創世記 3:14-19) 

    所以在這之前,地沒有荊棘和蒺藜的。我們也從創世記 3:15 中看到了神以預言的方式開始了救恩的計劃,這在 [1] 中講得相當清楚,我們就不再重復。也因為亞當犯罪,死就進入了世界,要不,他們『…伸手又摘生命樹的果子吃,就永遠活着。』(創世記 3:22) 在洪水前,『耶和華見人在地上罪惡很大,終日所思想的盡都是惡。』(創世記 6:5) 犯了罪的人永遠活著,是件很可怕的事

一些相關的知識

[1] 在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』,按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』,按『2044 第七日神的安息,救恩計劃,和人的創造 – 神原先的心意 (3)

 (你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

3045 人的堕落过程和灵死的时间 – 神原先的心意 (4) (旋风著)

     我们首先看到神的命令是不要吃分别善恶树上的果子,也看到了圣经所述的、亚当在没有被罪沾污前的一个能力。我们接著看到了神造夏娃的过程和起初的安排。第三,我们从蛇和夏娃的对话中看到了撒但经常用的一个引诱策略。第四,我们看到了夏娃被引诱的原因,这和今日人所遭遇的在原则上是相同的。第五,我们看到了真是「你吃的日子必定死」,但灵死不是立即的,我们只能从圣经看到其时间的范围。第六,我们看到了被罪沾污后的反应是怪罪别人而不提真正的原因,也看到了神的公义、怜悯及恩典,以预言的方式开始了救恩的计划。

1. 神的命令和亚当的能力    

     神给亚当的命令很清楚的记载在创世记 2:16-17,『耶和华神吩咐他说:「园中各样树上的果子,你可以随意吃,只是分别善恶树上的果子,你不可吃,因为你吃的日子必定死。」』    

     我们知道亚当起初是照著神的形像被创造的,因此是大有能力的。圣经里只说了在创世记 2:19-20 的这一件事,就是『耶和华神用土所造成的野地各样走兽,和空中各样飞鸟都带到那人面前,看他叫甚么。那人怎样叫各样的活物,那就是牠的名字。那人便给一切牲畜和空中飞鸟、野地走兽都起了名。只是那人没有遇见配偶帮助他。』自从人被罪沾污而被赶出伊甸园后,人有著被罪沾污后神的形像,没有人能再具有同样的能力。

2. 神造夏娃的过程    

     在创世记 2:18 说了为什么造了夏娃,因『耶和华神说:「那人独居不好,我要为他造一个配偶帮助他。」』她被造的过程在创世记 2:21-22 讲得很清楚,『耶和华神使他(亚当)沉睡,他就睡了;于是取下他的一条肋骨,又把肉合起来。耶和华神就用那人身上所取的肋骨造成一个女人,领她到那人跟前。』我们也看到了亚当的反应,『那人说:「这是我骨中的骨,肉中的肉,可以称她为『女人』,因为她是从男人身上取出来的。」』(创世记 2:23) 所以神原先的心意就是:『人要离开父母与妻子连合,二人成为一体。』(创世记 2:24)  那时,他们尚未被罪沾污,且定睛在神身上,而眼睛也未打开。所以『当时夫妻二人赤身露体,并不羞耻。』(创世记 2:25)

3. 撒但的引诱策略    

     我们首先看看经文:『耶和华神所造的,惟有蛇(撒但)比田野一切的活物更狡猾。蛇对女人说:「神岂是真说不许你们吃园中所有树上的果子吗?」女人对蛇说:「园中树上的果子,我们可以吃;惟有园当中那棵树上的果子,神曾说:『你们不可吃,也不可摸,免得你们死。』」蛇对女人说:「你们不一定死,因为神知道,你们吃的日子眼睛就明亮了,你们便如神能知道善恶。」』(创世记 3:1-5)     撒但知道神没有告诉夏娃祂的命令,是直接告诉亚当的,所以牠很狡猾只对女人说去引诱她。从他们的对话中,也知道夏娃的确是从亚当的口中,不很清楚的知道了这命令。开始蛇就用「神岂是真说」来加深夏娃的困惑,我们看到她的回答就知道她没搞清楚神的命令,因为神并没有说,「也不可摸」。我们也看到了蛇加深她的困惑而用了「不一定」这些字,并用正确的好处去诱惑她。在这里我们看到了撒但的一个策略是,用真的事去使人相信,把假的事夹在其中,人看见真的事,就容易把假的事当作是真的。今日也是如此,一不小心,我们就会全盘接收,真的要分辩。    

     有人说,照英文的翻译,亚当就在旁边,但汇编的原文并没这样说。除非亚当和夏娃总是在一起,蛇实在是没有必要选择亚当在的时候去引诱夏娃,因为蛇比田野一切的活物更狡猾。照经文猜测,亚当不在的可能性比较大,因为圣经明说:『且不是亚当被引诱,乃是女人被引诱,陷在罪里。』(提摩太前书 2:14) 如果亚当在旁边,他会一同被引诱的。不过这不是重点,没有什么好争论的,重点是『罪是从一人(亚当)入了世界,死又是从罪来的,(罗马书 5:12)

4. 亚当和夏娃的堕落    

     我们看到了夏娃被诱惑在先,『于是,女人见那棵树的果子好作食物,也悦人的眼目,且是可喜爱的,能使人有智慧,就摘下果子来吃了;又给她丈夫,她丈夫也吃了。』(创世记 3:6) 但是亚当是明知故犯,因为他很清楚的知道神的命令,难怪罗马书 5:12 会说,『罪是从一人(亚当)入了世界,    

     今日的诱惑也是如此,三方面的。『因为凡世界上的事,就像肉体的情欲,眼目的情欲,并今生的骄傲,都不是从父来的,乃是从世界来的。』(约翰一书 2:16) 这不是对应夏娃被成功的引诱时的三个方面吗?在他们堕落后,我们的确可证实撒但的话是真假混杂的,因为『他们二人的眼睛就明亮了,(创世记 3:7)

5. 「你吃的日子必定死」是指什么?    

     亚当吃分别善恶树上的果子后的确是死了,但是有一段时间,因为『亚当共活了九百三十岁就死了。』(创世记 5:5) 如果『他伸手又摘生命树的果子吃,就永远活著。』(创世记 3:22) 可见得他们原是有长寿的体质的,难怪洪水前人都活这么长 (参创世记第五章)     

     就如帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:23 所说,『愿你们的灵与魂与身子得蒙保守,』所以人是由灵、魂、和体所构成。灵是和神交通的工具;身子是什么大家都很清楚,是指尘土造成的身体,最后是『仍要归于尘土。」(创世记 3:19) ;魂就是其余的,如意志、情感等等。我以前以为亚当和夏娃吃了分别善恶树上的果子后,灵就立刻死了。但依照圣经,并不是如此,我们只能结论说,创世记 5:5 的死是指魂和体的死,灵一定是死在亚当一百三十岁前,但不是立即就死。我们可从下面的经文看到灵不是立刻就死的这点,『那人说:「你所赐给我、与我同居的女人,她把那树上的果子给我,我就吃了。」』(创世记 3:12) 很显然的,亚当那时仍可和神交通。『耶和华对该隐说:「你为甚么发怒呢?你为甚么变了脸色呢?」』(创世记 4:6)   即使他们被赶出伊甸园后可与神交通,所以灵不是立即就死的。   

     我们知道人得救前是有死的旧灵,因得救后有新灵如以西结的预言所说,『我也要赐给你们一个新心,将新灵放在你们里面。(以西结书 36:26)  也就是有人说的,死的旧灵是指灵不再能工作,虽有灵,却不能和神交通,是我们出生时就有的,最终是『灵仍归于赐灵的神。』(传道书 12:7) 所以有人会说得救后是旧灵的复稣。这不对,因圣经明说我们是有个新灵。    

     创世记 5:3 说,『亚当活到一百三十岁,生了一个儿子,形像样式和自己相似,就给他起名叫塞特。』 因塞特出生时已有和当时的亚当相似的死的旧灵,因此当时的亚当也有死的旧灵,所以亚当的灵必死于 135 岁前。我们知道灵是死在魂和体之前,不是立即就死就够了!这也是我不能了解为什么人会提到二分法的原因,因为如果灵魂只是一个,我们必须要能接受有东西(灵魂)是半死不活的,因魂的部份活著而灵的部份死了,我只能说我不知道有这样东西的存在。这样不仅仅是抵触这经文,『神的道是活泼的,是有功效的,比一切两刃的剑更快,甚至魂与灵、骨节与骨髓,都能刺入、剖开,连心中的思念和主意都能辩明,』(希伯来书 4:12) 且圣经明讲,人由灵、魂、体三者构成。

6. 始祖堕落后的反应及神的惩罚    

     首先我们看到了,『他们二人的眼睛就明亮了,才知道自己是赤身露体,便拿无花果树的叶子,为自己编做裙子。』(创世记 3:7) 这样的裙子真能遮羞或御寒吗?最后还是要『耶和华神为亚当和他妻子用皮子做衣服,给他们穿。』(创世记 3:21)    

     我们也看到了罪进入的结果是彼此怪罪。『天起了凉风,耶和华神在园中行走。那人和他妻子听见神的声音,就藏在园里的树木中,躲避耶和华神的面。耶和华神呼唤那人,对他说:「你在哪里?」他说:「我在园中听见你的声音,我就害怕,因为我赤身露体,我便藏了。」耶和华说:「谁告诉你赤身露体呢?莫非你吃了我吩咐你不可吃的那树上的果子吗?」那人说:「你所赐给我、与我同居的女人,她把那树上的果子给我,我就吃了。」耶和华神对女人说:「你做的是甚么事呢?」 女人说:「那蛇引诱我,我就吃了。」』(创世记 3:8-13)     

     神是全知的,祂怎么会不知道他们因吃了不可吃的果子而眼睛明亮,知道自己是赤身露体呢?但祂仍然问了他们,让他们面对被罪沾污后真实的自己!我们看到了他们怪罪别人,虽然说的也都是事实,但只是部份的事实,他们没说出真正的原因,是因为他们的不顺服,违背了神的命令。现在也是如此,我们常争一些表面的部份事实,却忘了背后真正的原因!不知道是我们真不知道,或是因为『人心比万物都诡诈,坏到极处,谁能识透呢?』(耶利米书 17:9)    

     神的惩罚是很清楚的,但也同时展开了救恩的计划 [1],『耶和华神对蛇说:「你既做了这事,就必受咒诅,比一切的牲畜野兽更甚!你必用肚子行走,终身吃土。我又要叫你和女人彼此为仇;你的后裔和女人的后裔也彼此为仇。女人的后裔要伤你的头;你要伤他的脚跟。」又对女人说:「我必多多加增你怀胎的苦楚,你生产儿女必多受苦楚。你必恋慕你丈夫,你丈夫必管辖你。」又对亚当说:「你既听从妻子的话,吃了我所吩咐你不可吃的那树上的果子,地必为你的缘故受咒诅。你必终身劳苦,才能从地里得吃的。地必给你长出荆棘和蒺藜来,你也要吃田间的菜蔬。你必汗流满面才得糊口,直到你归了土,因为你是从土而出的。你本是尘土,仍要归于尘土。」』(创世记 3:14-19)    

     所以在这之前,地没有荆棘和蒺藜的。我们也从创世记 3:15 中看到了神以预言的方式开始了救恩的计划,这在 [1] 中讲得相当清楚,我们就不再重复。也因为亚当犯罪,死就进入了世界,要不,他们『伸手又摘生命树的果子吃,就永远活著。』(创世记 3:22) 在洪水前,『耶和华见人在地上罪恶很大,终日所思想的尽都是恶。』(创世记 6:5) 犯了罪的人永远活著,是件很可怕的事。

一些相关的知识

[1] 在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』,按『对属灵生命的了解』,按『2044 第七日神的安息,救恩计划,和人的创造神原先的心意 (3) 』。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

1044 God’s rest, salvation plan, and the creation of man – The original will of God (3) (by Whirlwind)

First, let us take a look at what the Bible says about how God stopped His works and entered rest, which is depicted in Figure 1. Then we discuss why we say that Adam and Eve committed sin on the sixth day. We also see from verses that man has the image of God, but were contaminated by sin. Secondly, we share about the beginning of the salvation plan, its continuation, and its ending. God loves us. To fulfill His righteousness and save us, He decided to let Jesus become the Word become flesh, and offered Himself to give us a chance. At the end of the salvation plan described in the Book of Revelation, God finally enters His rest as depicted in Figure 2, where the salvation plan is logically represented by a circle. At last, we briefly describe part of the account of how the heavens and earth were created. We see the difference between plants and animals. Apparently, there were chickens before eggs according to the Bible. We also see the creation of man is rather different. There was the breath of life into his nostrils, and he became a living soul. Based upon that, everything should edify people, we discuss what consists of the breath of life. We at last mentioned briefly about the physical location of the garden of Eden.

1. How the Bible says about God rested in the seventh day?

In Genesis 2:1-3, it says, “Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.”

So, God finished all His works and rested in the seventh day. But in John 5:17, it says, “But He (Jesus) answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I Myself am working.” Apparently, God still works at that time and nowadays, so He has not already entered the seventh day and gets rested. We mentioned before that in the first six days, There was evening and there was morning.” Therefore, one day really means that it is the same as the current one day we talk about. Therefore, if Adam and Eve didn’t commit sin, then God’s plan for God was to rest in the seventh day as represented by Figure 1, where each line segment represents one day and He rests at the seventh segment. 

Figure 1: The plan for God to rest if Adam didn’t commit sin

Although the Bible doesn’t say clearly that Adam and Eve committed sin at the sixth days, we can see that from the way of Satan behaves.  In Job 2:6-7, it says, “So the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, he is in your power, only spare his life.” Then Satan went out from the presence of the Lord and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.” As long as God allows it, Satan would do it immediately in order to cause maximum damage. If beneficial, this of course includes waiting for the right time. Apparently, there is no reason for Satan to wait in this case because they were just created and we see that the result is, “When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.”(Genesis 3:6) Therefore, although the Bible doesn’t say clearly how long Adam and Eve stayed in the Garden of Eden, there is no reason to expect that Satan would wait. Therefore, we conclude that their committing sin occurred at the sixth day. The result is described at the end of chapter 3, where Adam and Eve were driven out from the Garden of Eden, and no longer had the fellowship with God. Of course, we also see from the first chapter of Job and here that what Satan can do never goes beyond God’s permission and is thus limited by it. 

If Adam and Eve are assumed to have committed the sin on the sixth day, they had at least 235 years without calling upon the name of the Lord as seen by the following verses and 130+105=235. “When Adam had lived one hundred and thirty years, he became the father of a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth. …Seth lived one hundred and five years, and became the father of Enosh.”(Genesis 5:3-6) “To Seth, to him also a son was born; and he called his name Enosh. Then men began to call upon the name of the Lord.”(Genesis 4:26) Here, we can see that man has no longer the image of God since Seth is according to the image of Adam, who has the image of God which is contaminated by sin. In short, as long as a man is conformed to the image of Jesus, he can restore the image of God since such an image is free of sin and plus the additional choice of the fruit of the tree of life. 

Here, we indeed have one question. Since God hasn’t entered the rest specified by the seventh day, that means the sixth day has not yet ended and we are still in the sixth day. What does it mean and how to express the situation by figure?

2. The beginning, the continuation, and the end of the salvation plan

In Exodus 34:6, “Then the Lord passed by in front of him (Moses) and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth.” Yes, God is compassionate and gracious. But He is also like what said in Psalms 89:14, “Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne; Lovingkindness and truth go before You.” He loves us, to fulfill His righteousness, He used the way of prophecy to start the salvation plan as described in Genesis 3:15, “And I will put enmity Between you (serpent) and the woman (Eve), And between your seed and her seed (Jesus); He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.” Finally, Jesus the Word became the flesh by emptying “…Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.”(Philippians 2:7-8) His whole life was obedient to the guidance of the Holy Spirit as said in John 14:31, “…I do exactly as the Father commanded Me. …” He knew ahead that He would be nailed on the cross by “saying that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.”(Luke 24:7) But in the Garden of Gethsemane, He still prayed by “saying, “Father, if You are willing, remove this cup from Me; yet not My will, but Yours be done.””(Luke 22:42) He is a complete man. In the aspect of human, it is not easy at all by praying so. Thus, as said in Luke 22:43, “Now an angel from heaven appeared to Him, strengthening Him.” “And being in agony He was praying very fervently; and His sweat became like drops of blood, falling down upon the ground.”(Luke 22:44) But He wanted to give us a chance, because “…He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.”(1 John 2:2) Therefore, it said in 2 Corinthians 5:21, “He (God) made Him (Jesus) who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” Actually, the concept of substitution started right in Genesis 3:21, “The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.” Some animals died for them to substitute them for their sin. The same concept is seen in the offering of Isaac by Abraham described in Genesis 22:13, “Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son.” What the Bible tells us is consistent in this concept.

He finally stops all His works and enters His rest as described in Revelation 22:17, “The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who wishes take the water of life without cost.” Therefore, the question regarding if we are still in the sixth day can be depicted in Figure 2, where the circle represents the salvation plan. If Adam and Eve at that time chose the fruit of the tree of life, God would stop all His works and enter the rest as shown in Figure 1. In this case, there is no circle in Figure 2. However, when they ate the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, the salvation plan started and we then have the circle. We don’t know how big the circle is since its size represents the time needed for the salvation plan, which is only known by God, who is omniscient.

Figure 2: The plan of the salvation demonstrated

3. Account of the heavens and the earth when they were created

This is clearly stated in Genesis 2:4-25. We now discuss only the beginning few verses, because Genesis 2:16-25 talks about the commands that God gave Adam and how Eve was made (H1129), which will be discussed next time. 

In Genesis 2:4-6, it says, “This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven. Now no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground. But a mist used to rise from the earth and water the whole surface of the ground.”

Apparently, plants and animals are different. When animals are mentioned, it is clearly said that they are created as stated in Genesis 1:21, “God created (H1254) the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind; …” So, it is clear that chicken is first then egg second. In terms of plants, we have to use logic. Here, it is said, “no plant of the field had yet sprouted.” But in Genesis 1:11-12, it is said, “Then God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their kind with seed in them”; and it was so. The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, after their kind; …” Therefore, we can see that there were at that time already vegetations, just not sprouted yet. So, seeds second. In this issue, plants and animals are the same.

Then comes Genesis 2:7, “Then the Lord God formed (H3335) man of dust from the ground, and breathed (H5301) into his nostrils the breath (H5379) of life (H2416); and man (H120) became a living (H2416) being (soul, H5315).” Here, the word used is different from ‘created, H1254’, which creates something out of nothing. We also see that the creation of Adam is different from animals. There is the breath of life into his nostrils, and man became a living soul. The word ‘spirit, H7307’ is not used here, and we’ll know that man has spirit from other verses later. The words ‘the breath of life’ and not ‘spirit’ is used here. Because we talk about the living soul, it raises an argument. From Genesis 6:3, it says, “Then the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, because he also is flesh; nevertheless his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.”” Therefore, we know that our spirit is inside the breath of life from God. The question is then if soul is included there? Remember that it is said in Genesis 2:1, “Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.” If soul is not included in the breath, someone says that soul was created when spirit entered the dust (body). The Bible doesn’t say clearly which one is true. Just like what we discussed before, there is no reason to get into arguments, which cannot edify people. We want to be like what 1 Corinthians 14:26 says, “…Let all things be done for edification,” which is mentioned in many places.

Finally, in Genesis 2:8-15, the physical location of the garden of Eden is specified, “The Lord God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. Out of the ground the Lord God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the whole land of Cush. The name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. Then the Lord God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.”

Here, it has already the most detailed description about the physical location of the garden of Eden. If we looked at maps, we cannot find any location that fulfills the description completely. Someone says that the earth was changed because of the flood, which is definitely possible. Nowadays, the most consistent place is near rivers of Tigris and Euphrates. Even though someone could find its location, he cannot do anything about it since “…at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.”(Genesis 3:24)

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

2044 第七日神的安息,救恩計劃,和人的創造 – 神原先的心意(3) (旋風著)

    我們首先看看聖經怎麼說神在第七日歇了祂一切創造的工,先用示意圖一表示了這點,然後討論為什麼說亞當和夏娃是在第六日犯罪。也從經文中看到了人類有著被罪沾汚後神的形像。接著我們分享了救恩計劃的開始、延續、和結束。神愛我們,祂為完成祂的公義及拯救我們,使耶穌道成了肉身,獻上挽回祭去代替我們,讓每個人都有一個機會。在啓示錄的末了,救恩的計劃成了,神也最終進入了安息,我們用示意圖二表示了這點,邏輯上,救恩的計劃必須用圓表示。最後我們略談了經文中陳述創造天地來歷的一部份,看到了動植物的不同,依照聖經,很顯然的是先有雞後有蛋。我們也看到了人的創造是很不同的,有「生氣」吹在鼻孔裏他就成了活魂,也基於凡事都當造就人討論了「生氣」是什麼。也略略提到了經文中所說的伊甸園的地理位置。

1. 聖經怎麼說神在第七日歇了祂一切創造的工

    第七日在創世記 2:1-3 是這樣說的:『天地萬物都造齊了。到第七日,神造物的工已經完畢,就在第七日歇了他一切的工,安息了。神賜福給第七日,定為聖日,因為在這日神歇了他一切創造的工,就安息了。』所以到了第七日,神就就歇了他一切的工,安息了。可是在約翰福音 5:17 中,『耶穌就對他們說:「我父做事直到如今,我也做事。」』神還在做事,顯然沒有安息,沒有進入安息的第七日。我們以前提到,在前六日中都說,有晚上,有早晨,因此每一日就是現在的一日。所以當亞當和夏娃沒有在第六日犯罪時,神要安息的計劃就如圖一所示,圖中每一線段代表一日,第七日就安息了。

圖一: 亞當沒犯罪時神的第七日安息

    雖然聖經沒有明講亞當和夏娃是在第六日犯罪,但我們可以從撒但作事的方法中看出:『耶和華對撒但說:「他在你手中,只要存留他的性命。」於是撒但從耶和華面前退去,擊打約伯,使他從腳掌到頭頂長毒瘡。』(約伯記 2:6-7) 只要耶和華點頭,牠會立刻去做最大的傷害。這包括了牠可能會等待最好的時機,但很顯然這是最好的時機,因夏娃剛被造了,我們看到的結局是『於是,女人…就摘下果子來吃了;又給她丈夫,她丈夫也吃了。』(創世記 3:6) 雖然聖經沒有明講亞當和夏娃在伊甸園多久,我們知道撒但不會等待的,因此在創世記第三章所述的始祖犯罪是發生在第六日,結果就是在第三章結束時,亞當和夏娃被趕出了伊甸園,失去了和神的交通。當然,我們也從約伯記的第一章和這裏看到了撒但所做的、不能越過神所劃定的範圍。

    設亞當和夏娃是在第六日犯罪,他們至少有 235 年之久沒有求告耶和華的名,這可由下列的經文看出,及因 130+105=235。『亞當活到一百三十歲,生了一個兒子,形像樣式和自己相似,就給他起名叫塞特。塞特活到一百零五歲,生了以挪士。』(創世記 5:3-6) 『塞特也生了一個兒子,起名叫以挪士。 那時候,人才求告耶和華的名。』(創世記 4:26) 這裏我們也看到了人不再有神的形像,因塞特的形像樣式和亞當相似,是被罪沾汚後的神的形像。簡言之人的形像是神的形像被罪浸染了,被罪沾汚了,只要模成耶穌的形像,其中包括挪去罪,恢復了原先創造時神的形像,加上了選擇生命樹的果子

    在這裏,我們的確會有一個問題,既然神還沒有進入第七日的安息,那麼第六日還沒有結束,我們仍在第六日,這要如何示意表示和瞭解呢?

2. 救恩計劃的開始、延續、和結束

    『耶和華在他(摩西)面前宣告說:「耶和華,耶和華,是有憐憫、有恩典的神,不輕易發怒,並有豐盛的慈愛和誠實。』(出埃及記 34:6) 是的,祂是有憐憫、有恩典的神。就如詩篇 89:14 所說,『公義和公平,是你寶座的根基;慈愛和誠實,行在你前面。』祂愛我們,從亞當和夏娃犯罪後就以預言的方式開始了救恩的計劃,就如創世記 3:15 所說,『我又要叫你()和女人彼此為仇;你的後裔和女人的後裔也彼此為仇。女人的後裔要傷你的頭;你要傷他的腳跟。』

     因神愛我們,為了符合祂的公義,耶穌最終道成肉身,『虛己,取了奴僕的形像,成為人的樣式。既有人的樣子,就自己卑微,存心順服,以至於死,且死在十字架上。』(腓立比書 2:7-8) 祂的一生都隨著聖靈的帶領,『父怎樣吩咐我,我就怎樣行。(約翰福音 14:31) 祂預先就知道要被釘在十字架上,『人子必須被交在罪人手裏,釘在十字架上,第三日復活。』(路加福音 24:7) 在客西馬尼園,祂仍這樣的禱告,『說:「父啊!你若願意,就把這杯撤去;然而,不要成就我的意思,只要成就你的意思。」』(路加福音 22:42) 祂是完全的人,這樣做是多麼的不容易,因此『有一位天使從天上顯現,加添他的力量。』(路加福音 22:43) 雖然耶穌極其傷痛,但禱告更加懇切,以致於汗珠如大血點滴在地上。(參路加福音 22:44) 但為要給我們一個機會,『他為我們的罪作了挽回祭,不是單為我們的罪,也是為普天下人的罪。』(約翰一書 2:2) 因此『神使那無罪的,替我們成為罪,好叫我們在他裏面成為神的義。』(哥林多後書 5:21) 替代概念的開始是在:『耶和華神為亞當和他妻子用皮子做衣服,給他們穿。』(創世記 3:21) 亞伯拉罕獻以撒是也是這樣:『亞伯拉罕舉目觀看,不料,有一隻公羊,兩角扣在稠密的小樹中,亞伯拉罕就取了那隻公羊來,獻為燔祭,代替他的兒子。』(創世記 22:13) 聖經是一致的。

    在啓示錄的最後,祂終於歇了他一切的工,得了安息。『聖靈和新婦都說:「來!」聽見的人也該說:「來!」口渴的人也當來;願意的,都可以白白取生命的水喝。』(啓示錄 22:17) 所以我們仍在第六日的問題可以用示意圖二來說明。如果亞當那時是選生命樹的果子,神就如圖一所說,直接在第七日進入安息了,因此就沒有代表救恩計劃的圓。因為當初亞當吃了分別知識善惡樹上的果子,就有了圓,圓的大小就代表救恩計劃所需的時間,我們不知道圓的大小,只有神知道,祂是全知的。

圖二: 救恩計劃的時間示意圖

3. 創造天地的來歷

    這在剩下的創世記 2:4-25 講得很清楚,我們現在只談前面的幾節,因為創世記 2:16-25 講到了神給亞當的命令和造(H1129, made)夏娃的過程,所以我們下一次再分享。

    創世記 2:4-6 說,『創造天地的來歷,在耶和華神造天地的日子,乃是這樣:野地還沒有草木,田間的菜蔬還沒有長起來,因為耶和華神還沒有降雨在地上,也沒有人耕地,但有霧氣從地上騰,滋潤遍地。』很顯然的動物和植物不同,說到動物就很清楚,如創世記 1:21 所說,『神就造(H1254, created)出大魚和水中所滋生各樣有生命的動物,各從其類;又造出各樣飛鳥,各從其類。(創世記 1:21)   以是先有雞後有蛋。至於植物呢?這裏說到田間的菜蔬還沒有長起來,但是『神說:「地要發生青草和結種子的菜蔬,並結果子的樹木,各從其類,果子都包着核。」事就這樣成了。於是地發生了青草和結種子的菜蔬,各從其類;並結果子的樹木,各從其類,果子都包着核。…』(創世記 1:11-12) 可見那時已有了菜蔬,只是還沒有長起來,是後有種子。也可看到動物和植物在這方面是一致的

    接著的為創世記 2:7,『耶和華神用地上的塵土造(formed, H3335)人,將生氣吹在他鼻孔裏(and breathed H5301 into his nostrils the breath H5397 of life H2416),他就成了有靈的活人(soul H5315),名叫亞當(and man H120 became a living H2416 soul H5315)這裏用的造字是不同於使無變為有的創造(created, H1254)。我們也看了亞當的創造是不同的,有生氣吹在他鼻孔裏,就成了活魂。靈(H7307)這個字這裏沒用,以後的經文會知道人是有靈的。因為是活魂,

    這裏就引起了一個爭論!用的是「生氣」不是靈,但我們從下列經文就知道我們的靈是那「生氣」所產生的,『耶和華說:「人既屬乎血氣,我的靈(H7307)就不永遠住在他裏面,然而他的日子還可到一百二十年。」』(創世記 6:3) 問題是魂包不包括在那「生氣」裏面,包括就是吹那一口氣時就同時創造了魂。我們知道這時『天地萬物都造齊了。』(創世記 2:1) 所以不包括的話,有人就說魂是靈到塵土()中才創造的。聖經沒有明講是那一種,就像我們以前所講的,爭論也得不到結論的!問答了這問題最多也是知識上的得著,不能造就人,我們是要如聖經在許多地方說的,『凡事都當造就人。』(哥林多前書 14:26)

    最後在創世記 2:8-15 中提到了伊甸園的地理位置,『耶和華神用地耶和華神在東方的伊甸立了一個園子,把所造的人安置在那裏。耶和華神使各樣的樹從地裏長出來,可以悅人的眼目,其上的果子好作食物。園子當中又有生命樹和分別善惡的樹。有河從伊甸流出來滋潤那園子,從那裏分為四道:第一道名叫比遜,就是環繞哈腓拉全地的。在那裏有金子,並且那地的金子是好的;在那裏又有珍珠和紅瑪瑙。第二道河名叫基訓,就是環繞古實全地的。第三道河名叫底格里斯,流在亞述的東邊,第四道河就是幼發拉底河。耶和華神將那人安置在伊甸園,使他修理看守。』(創世記 2:8-15)

    這裏已經是最詳細的敘述,我們看地圖大概也找不到完全符合的,因此有人說洪水過後地貌改變了,這絕對是有可能的。目前最符合的地方大概是現在的底格里斯河和幼發拉底河附近。其實就算找到了也不能怎樣,我們要知道,『在伊甸園的東邊安設基路伯,和四面轉動發火焰的劍,要把守生命樹的道路。(創世記 3:24)

 (你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

3044 第七日神的安息,救恩计划,和人的创造 – 神原先的心意(3) (旋风著)

     我们首先看看圣经怎么说神在第七日歇了祂一切创造的工,先用示意图一表示了这点,然后讨论为什么说亚当和夏娃是在第六日犯罪。也从经文中看到了人类有著被罪沾污后神的形像。接著我们分享了救恩计划的开始、延续、和结束。神爱我们,祂为完成祂的公义及拯救我们,使耶稣道成了肉身,献上挽回祭去代替我们,让每个人都有一个机会。在启示录的末了,救恩的计划完成了,神也最终进入了安息,我们用示意图二表示了这点,逻辑上,救恩的计划必须用圆表示。最后我们略谈了经文中陈述创造天地来历的一部份,看到了动植物的不同,依照圣经,很显然的是先有鸡后有蛋。我们也看到了人的创造是很不同的,有「生气」吹在鼻孔里他就成了活魂,也基于凡事都当造就人讨论了「生气」是什么。也略略提到了经文中所说的伊甸园的地理位置。

1. 圣经怎么说神在第七日歇了祂一切创造的工    

     第七日在创世记 2:1-3 是这样说的:『天地万物都造齐了。到第七日,神造物的工已经完毕,就在第七日歇了他一切的工,安息了。神赐福给第七日,定为圣日,因为在这日神歇了他一切创造的工,就安息了。』所以到了第七日,神就就歇了他一切的工,安息了。可是在约翰福音 5:17 中,『耶稣就对他们说:「我父做事直到如今,我也做事。」』神还在做事,显然没有安息,没有进入安息的第七日。我们以前提到,在前六日中都说,有晚上,有早晨,因此每一日就是现在的一日。所以当亚当和夏娃没有在第六日犯罪时,神要安息的计划就如图一所示,图中每一线段代表一日,第七日就安息了。

图一: 亚当没犯罪时神的第七日安息

     虽然圣经没有明讲亚当和夏娃是在第六日犯罪,但我们可以从撒但作事的方法中看出:『耶和华对撒但说:「他在你手中,只要存留他的性命。」于是撒但从耶和华面前退去,击打约伯,使他从脚掌到头顶长毒疮。』(约伯记 2:6-7) 只要耶和华点头,牠会立刻去做最大的伤害。当然这包括了牠可能会等待最好的时机,但很显然这是最好的时机,因夏娃刚被造了,我们看到的结局是『于是,女人就摘下果子来吃了;又给她丈夫,她丈夫也吃了。』(创世记 3:6) 虽然圣经没有明讲亚当和夏娃在伊甸园多久,我们知道撒但不会等待的,因此在创世记第三章所述的始祖犯罪是发生在第六日,结果就是在第三章结束时,亚当和夏娃被赶出了伊甸园,失去了和神的交通。当然,我们也从约伯记的第一章和这里看到了撒但所做的、不能越过神所划定的范围。    

     假设亚当和夏娃是在第六日犯罪,他们至少有 235 年之久没有求告耶和华的名,这可由下列的经文看出,及因 130+105=235。『亚当活到一百三十岁,生了一个儿子,形像样式和自己相似,就给他起名叫塞特。塞特活到一百零五岁,生了以挪士。』(创世记 5:3-6) 『塞特也生了一个儿子,起名叫以挪士。 那时候,人才求告耶和华的名。』(创世记 4:26) 这里我们也看到了人不再有神的形像,因塞特的形像样式和亚当相似,是被罪沾污后的神的形像。简言之,人的形像是神的形像被罪浸染了,被罪沾污了,只要模成耶稣的形像,其中包括挪去罪,恢复了原先创造时神的形像,更加上了选择生命树的果子。    

     在这里,我们的确会有一个问题,既然神还没有进入第七日的安息,那么第六日还没有结束,我们仍在第六日,这要如何示意表示和了解呢?

2. 救恩计划的开始、延续、和结束    

     『耶和华在他(摩西)面前宣告说:「耶和华,耶和华,是有怜悯、有恩典的神,不轻易发怒,并有丰盛的慈爱和诚实。』(出埃及记 34:6) 是的,祂是有怜悯、有恩典的神。就如诗篇 89:14 所说,『公义和公平,是你宝座的根基;慈爱和诚实,行在你前面。』祂爱我们,从亚当和夏娃犯罪后就以预言的方式开始了救恩的计划,就如创世记 3:15 所说,『我又要叫你()和女人彼此为仇;你的后裔和女人的后裔也彼此为仇。女人的后裔要伤你的头;你要伤他的脚跟。』     

     因神爱我们,为了符合祂的公义,耶稣最终道成肉身,『虚己,取了奴仆的形像,成为人的样式。既有人的样子,就自己卑微,存心顺服,以至于死,且死在十字架上。』(腓立比书 2:7-8) 祂的一生都随著圣灵的带领,『父怎样吩咐我,我就怎样行。(约翰福音 14:31) 祂预先就知道要被钉在十字架上,『人子必须被交在罪人手里,钉在十字架上,第三日复活。』(路加福音 24:7) 在客西马尼园,祂仍这样的祷告,『说:「父啊!你若愿意,就把这杯撤去;然而,不要成就我的意思,只要成就你的意思。」』(路加福音 22:42) 祂是完全的人,这样做是多么的不容易,因此『有一位天使从天上显现,加添他的力量。』(路加福音 22:43) 虽然耶稣极其伤痛,但祷告更加恳切,以致于汗珠如大血点滴在地上。(参路加福音 22:44) 但为要给我们一个机会,『他为我们的罪作了挽回祭,不是单为我们的罪,也是为普天下人的罪。』(约翰一书 2:2) 因此『神使那无罪的,替我们成为罪,好叫我们在他里面成为神的义。』(哥林多后书 5:21) 替代概念的开始是在:『耶和华神为亚当和他妻子用皮子做衣服,给他们穿。』(创世记 3:21) 亚伯拉罕献以撒是也是这样:『亚伯拉罕举目观看,不料,有一只公羊,两角扣在稠密的小树中,亚伯拉罕就取了那只公羊来,献为燔祭,代替他的儿子。』(创世记 22:13) 圣经是一致的。    

     在启示录的最后,祂终于歇了他一切的工,得了安息。『圣灵和新妇都说:「来!」听见的人也该说:「来!」口渴的人也当来;愿意的,都可以白白取生命的水喝。』(启示录 22:17) 所以我们仍在第六日的问题可以用示意图二来说明。如果亚当那时是选生命树的果子,神就如图一所说,直接在第七日进入安息了,因此就没有代表救恩计划的圆。因为当初亚当吃了分别知识善恶树上的果子,就有了圆,圆的大小就代表救恩计划所需的时间,我们不知道圆的大小,只有神知道,祂是全知的。

图二: 救恩计划的时间示意图

3. 创造天地的来历    

     这在剩下的创世记 2:4-25 讲得很清楚,我们现在只谈前面的几节,因为创世记 2:16-25 讲到了神给亚当的命令和造(H1129, made)夏娃的过程,所以我们下一次再分享。  

     创世记 2:4-6 说,『创造天地的来历,在耶和华神造天地的日子,乃是这样:野地还没有草木,田间的菜蔬还没有长起来,因为耶和华神还没有降雨在地上,也没有人耕地,但有雾气从地上腾,滋润遍地。』很显然的动物和植物不同,说到动物就很清楚,如创世记 1:21 所说,『神就造(H1254, created)出大鱼和水中所滋生各样有生命的动物,各从其类;又造出各样飞鸟,各从其类。(创世记 1:21)   所以是先有鸡后有蛋。至于植物呢?这里说到田间的菜蔬还没有长起来,但是『神说:「地要发生青草和结种子的菜蔬,并结果子的树木,各从其类,果子都包著核。」事就这样成了。于是地发生了青草和结种子的菜蔬,各从其类;并结果子的树木,各从其类,果子都包著核。(创世记 1:11-12) 可见那时已有了菜蔬,只是还没有长起来,是后有种子。也可看到动物和植物在这方面是一致的。    

     接著的为创世记 2:7,『耶和华神用地上的尘土造(formed, H3335)人,将生气吹在他鼻孔里(and breathed H5301 into his nostrils the breath H5397 of life H2416),他就成了有灵的活人(soul H5315),名叫亚当(and man H120 became a living H2416 soul H5315)。』这里用的造字是不同于使无变为有的创造(created, H1254)。我们也看了亚当的创造是不同的,有生气吹在他鼻孔里,就成了活魂。灵(H7307)这个字这里没用,以后的经文会知道人是有灵的。因为是活魂,    

这里就引起了一个争论!用的是「生气」不是灵,但我们从下列经文就知道我们的灵是那「生气」所产生的,『耶和华说:「人既属乎血气,我的灵(H7307)就不永远住在他里面,然而他的日子还可到一百二十年。」』(创世记 6:3) 问题是魂包不包括在那「生气」里面,包括就是吹那一口气时就同时创造了魂。我们知道这时『天地万物都造齐了。』(创世记 2:1) 所以不包括的话,有人就说魂是灵到尘土(体)中才创造的。圣经没有明讲是那一种,就像我们以前所讲的,争论也得不到结论的!问答了这问题最多也是知识上的得著,不能造就人,我们是要如圣经在许多地方说的,『…凡事都当造就人。』(哥林多前书 14:26)    

     最后在创世记 2:8-15 中提到了伊甸园的地理位置,『耶和华神用地耶和华神在东方的伊甸立了一个园子,把所造的人安置在那里。耶和华神使各样的树从地里长出来,可以悦人的眼目,其上的果子好作食物。园子当中又有生命树和分别善恶的树。有河从伊甸流出来滋润那园子,从那里分为四道:第一道名叫比逊,就是环绕哈腓拉全地的。在那里有金子,并且那地的金子是好的;在那里又有珍珠和红玛瑙。第二道河名叫基训,就是环绕古实全地的。第三道河名叫底格里斯,流在亚述的东边,第四道河就是幼发拉底河。耶和华神将那人安置在伊甸园,使他修理看守。』(创世记 2:8-15)    

     这里已经是最详细的叙述,我们看地图大概也找不到完全符合的,因此有人说洪水过后地貌改变了,这绝对是有可能的。目前最符合的地方大概是现在的底格里斯河和幼发拉底河附近。其实就算找到了也不能怎样,我们要知道,『在伊甸园的东边安设基路伯,和四面转动发火焰的剑,要把守生命树的道路。』(创世记 3:24)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

3043 创世记的第二到第六日 – 神原先的心意 (2) (旋风著)

     我们首先在前言中简短的叙述圣经的大致安排:神原先的心意在亚当和夏娃被赶出伊甸园的创世记前三章已讲得很清楚;而我们是要模成耶稣的形像,四福音书叙述了耶稣的形像;简短的说,就如雅各书所说的,行道胜于听道,旧约其余的是谈以色列人在那些日子是如何试著行道,新约其余的在说门徒们是如何和该如何行道。我们在第二日强调了神说的大能。第三日开始了各从其类的心意。我们在第四日讨论造这字不是指创造、及天这个字。第五日神开始了一个好的生活环境。第六日的创造活物继续了这环境,并照神的形像和样式造男造女,讲到了形像和样式的不同,及其为什么?我们最后讨论了神的形像、和被罪沾污后人的自由意志是什么。

1. 前言: 圣经安排的我见   

     神原先的心意都写在创世记的前三章。如果那时亚当和夏娃选择了生命树,他们『就永远活著。』(创世记 3:22) 现在,『把他赶出去了。又在伊甸园的东边安设基路伯,和四面转动发火焰的剑,要把守生命树的道路。』(创世记 3:22-24) 神有怜悯、有恩典,救恩的计划开始了!于是『耶稣说:「我父做事直到如今,我也做事。」』(约翰福音 5:17)     #####在旧约的时代,『作他(亚伯拉罕)未受割礼的时候因信称义的印证(罗马书 4:11) 其后又借著摩西颂布了律法,但『律法是将来美事的影儿,不是本物的真像(希伯来书 10:1) 『所以凡有血气的,没有一个因行律法能在神面前称义,因为律法本是叫人知罪。』(罗马书 3:20) 很清楚的,成圣必须要借著信心。基本上,旧约的其余部份就是告诉我们,以色列人在旧约时代是如何做的。    

     在新约的时代,耶稣在十字架上『将自己无瑕无疵献给神,(希伯来书 9:14)  为我们的罪作了挽回祭(约翰一书 4:10),给了所有的人一个机会。所以我们在基督里,且走上成圣的道路,模成了耶稣的形像(参罗马书 8:29),就是选择了耶稣那颗生命树,回到伊甸园中选择了生命树那原先神的心意。    

     耶稣的形像在四福音书说得相当的清楚。其余的新约部份都在说如何行道,要不就会如雅各书 1:23-24 所说,『因为听道而不行道的,就像人对著镜子看自己本来的面目,看见,走后,随即忘了他的相貌如何。』启示录 1:3 说,『念这书上预言的和那些听见又遵守其中所记载的,都是有福的』,是的,念这书上预言的比不知道的有福,但不要忘记那「和」字,照圣经的一致性来说,那些听见又遵守其中所记载的,更是真正的有福。

2. 第二日的神说     

     我们先将第二日的经文列出,『神说:「诸水之间要有空气,将水分为上下。」神就造出空气,将空气以下的水、空气以上的水分开了。事就这样成了。神称空气为天。有晚上,有早晨,是第二日。』(创世记 1:6-8)    

     我们第二次看到了「神说」这两字,这是和我们的说话截然不同的。不同在那里?『因为他说有,就有;命立,就立。』(诗篇 33:9) 且『世界是借神话造成的,这样,所看见的,并不是从显然之物造出来的。』(希伯来书 11:3) 所以祂的话是大有能力的。最后要提到的,就是以人看来,祂的第二日工作量,将水分为上下也不是很多,和第一日相仿。就像我们所讨论的,第一日只是让已创造的日月星辰的光显露出来而已。自然,我们是做不到。

3. 第三日的各从其类    

     第三日:『神说:「天下的水要聚在一处,使旱地露出来。」事就这样成了。神称旱地为地,称水的聚处为海。神看著是好的。神说:「地要发生青草和结种子的菜蔬,并结果子的树木,各从其类,果子都包著核。」事就这样成了。于是地发生了青草和结种子的菜蔬,各从其类;并结果子的树木,各从其类,果子都包著核。神看著是好的。有晚上,有早晨,是第三日。』(创世记 1:9-13)    

     我们看到了各从其类是神原先的心意,橘子树不能变成苹果树的,它们有著不同的生命,要不就天下大乱。而我们也看到了所造的植物都能繁殖的,而神看著是好的。

4. 第四日的造和天这两字    

     第四日:『神说:「天上要有光体,可以分昼夜,作记号,定节令、日子、年岁,并要发光在天空,普照在地上。」事就这样成了。于是神造(H6213)了两个大光,大的管昼,小的管夜,又造众星,就把这些光摆列在天(H8064)(H7549) (the firmament H7549 of the heaven H8064),普照在地上,管理昼夜,分别明暗。神看著是好的。有晚上,有早晨,是第四日。』(创世记 1:14-19)    

     我们已在第一日讨论过这造(H6213)字不是从无变有的创造(H1254),这个字创造(H1254)在第一章只出现三次,就是第一节的起初神创造()(H8064)地,另外在二十一节的创造动物,和第二十七的创造人,其他的都用 H6213 这字,因此应该都是原来就有的。    

     其实要问的应该是天 H8064 这个字,我们在第一节中讲过 H8064 用的是复数,不论是认为诸天是指每个星球有自己的天,或是在合理的假设下有四度空间的存在,应该都是创造了诸天。时间是有开始和结束的,就如启示录 22:13 所说:『我是阿拉法,我是俄梅戛;我是首先的,我是末后的;我是初,我是终。』我们说过在第一和第二节中我们不知过了多少时间,从第三节开始才讲到现今地上的事,地球上只有一个天空,所以空这个字H7549 应是单数,可是又用了天 H8064 这个字,很显然的应该是单数,所以唯一逻辑上的解释就是天 H8064 这字可以是单数或复数,要看上下文和以圣经的一致性去决定。难怪英文的翻译有时用单数,有时用复数,这就犹如英文有单数和复数相同的单字。在中文的破音字中,同样的字甚至有不同的意义。

5. 第五日的好环境    

     第五日:『神说:「水要多多滋生有生命的物,要有雀鸟飞在地面以上,天空之中。」神就造出大鱼和水中所滋生各样有生命的动物,各从其类;又造出各样飞鸟,各从其类。神看著是好的。神就赐福给这一切说:「滋生繁多,充满海中的水;雀鸟也要多生在地上。」有晚上,有早晨,是第五日。』(创世记 1:20-23)    

     祂先创造了一个好的生活环境赐给人,且有滋生繁多的祝福。先是有地上的植物,空中的雀鸟,和海中的鱼,最后在第六日创造了牲畜、昆虫、野兽。

6. 第六日的人的形像和样式    

     『神说:「地要生出活物来,各从其类;牲畜、昆虫、野兽,各从其类。」事就这样成了。于是神造出野兽,各从其类;牲畜,各从其类;地上一切昆虫,各从其类。神看著是好的。』(创世记 1:24-25) 我们现在绝对知道神原先的心意是要各从其类。    

     『神说:「我们要照著我们的形像(H6754, image),按著我们的样式(H1823, likeness)造人,使他们管理(H7287)海里的鱼、空中的鸟、地上的牲畜和全地,并地上所爬的一切昆虫。」神就照著自己的形像(H6754, image)造人,乃是照著他的形像造男造女。神就赐福给他们,又对他们说:「要生养众多,遍满地面,治理(制服, H3533)这地;也要管理(统治, H7287)海里的鱼、空中的鸟,和地上各样行动的活物。」神说:「看哪!我将遍地上一切结种子的菜蔬,和一切树上所结有核的果子,全赐给你们作食物。至于地上的走兽和空中的飞鸟,并各样爬在地上有生命的物,我将青草赐给牠们作食物。」事就这样成了。神看著一切所造的都甚好。有晚上,有早晨,是第六日。』(创世记 1:26-31)    

     从这些经文,我们知道一切活物和人在创造时都是吃素的。我们首先注意到,在人被创造前,一切都是好的,只有当人被创造后,才说一切都甚好,我们看到人的创造是很不同的。在人在被罪沾污前是有神的形像和样式的,也很清楚的提到人应该做的工作。    

     请注意,样式(image)和形像(likeness)是两个不同的字。当我们说到神的形像,是说神是圣洁的,有怜悯的,有公义的,等等的形像。圣经没有明说那只有一个的神的样式是什么。我们先看看耶稣的样式。祂是『成为人的样式。』(腓立比书 2:7) 所以耶稣的样式和人的样式是完全相等的。我们知道人的样式是人被罪沾污后的样式,如果人的样式被罪沾污了,耶稣的样式就被罪沾污了。那么祂就是有罪的,这样祂怎么能够『将自己无瑕无疵献给神,(希伯来书 9:14) 所以人的样式是不能被罪沾污的,而人的样式就是神的样式。    

     我们再看看耶稣的形像。祂成为人的样式,所以有灵、魂、体,就如帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:23 所说,『又愿你们的灵与魂与身子得蒙保守,』祂的形像和我们的形像不同的是:我们的形像是被罪沾污的,祂的形像是没有被罪沾污的。为什么?我们知道『马利亚所怀的孕是从圣灵来的。』(马太福音 1:20)  所以耶稣是圣灵感孕,从无罪开始。但祂是人,祂的魂和人的魂是相同的,是有可能犯罪的。但祂『曾凡事受过试探,只是他没有犯罪。』(希伯来书 4:15) 所以祂是和罪无关的。用经文和逻辑,我们可以结论说,祂有著没有被罪沾污前人的形像,就是圣经特别的说,『神就照著自己的形像造人,乃是照著他的形像造男造女。』(创世记 1:27) 。因此我们只要将有罪的形像模成无罪的耶稣形像就可以了,没有说过要模成耶稣的样式,因我们已经有了。这在罗马书  8:29  说的很清楚:『因为他预先所知道的人,就预先定下效法(模成 to be conformed to)他儿子的模样(形像, image),使他儿子在许多弟兄中作长子。』    

     最后要提的是,创世记早已暗示了三位一体的概念,在创世记的第一句说,『起初神(H430, 复数)创造(H1264, 单数)天地。』(创世记 1:1) 神是复数,而动词用的是单数。且这里讲到形像和样式时,都是用复数的我们。

7. 神的形像和人的自由意志    

     耶稣自己间接的说,祂的形像就是神的形像,因祂说:『人看见我,就是看见那差我来的。』(约翰福音 12:45) 而祂明讲,差祂来的是父,如约翰福音 6:43-44 所说,『耶稣回答说:「若不是差我来的父吸引人,就没有能到我这里来的;』而祂更直接的这样说:『腓力对他说:「求主将父显给我们看,我们就知足了。」耶稣对他说:「腓力,我与你们同在这样长久,你还不认识我吗?人看见了我,就是看见了父,你怎么说『将父显给我们看』呢?』(约翰福音 14:8-9) 所以神的形像就是耶稣的形像,我们只要模成耶稣的形像,就可以回到神当初创造人的形像了。我们在这里看到圣经是怎样的一致啊!我们用逻辑在前段得到了同样的结论,圣经是一致的。    

     我们看看神的形像是什么作为结束。神的形像讲得太多了,我们可以在整本圣经里看到。在这里我们只谈两点,先谈「圣洁」这一点,神直接说祂是圣洁的如利未记 11:45 所说,『你们要圣洁,因为我是圣洁的。』人是照神的形像创造的,所以在罪沾污前是圣洁的,亚当和神的圣洁绝对有份。    

     再看看神有绝对主权,『因他对摩西说:「我要怜悯谁,就怜悯谁;要恩待谁,就恩待谁。」』(罗马书 9:15) 祂绝对有自由的选择。人是照神的形像创造的,怎么人会没有自由意志呢?的确,祂当初并没有干涉亚当和夏娃自由意志的选择。直到今日,虽然人被罪沾污后的自由意志不同于起初,但祂从未强迫人选择信主。被罪沾污后的自由意志是不同的,我们仍然可以选择信主或不信主。但不信主的人及(临时)不在基督里的人就会如罗马书 7:18 所说,『我也知道在我里头,就是我肉体之中,没有良善。因为立志为善由得我,只是行出来由不得我。』

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

2043 創世記的第二到第六日 – 神原先的心意 (2) (旋風著)

    我們首先在前言中簡短的敘述聖經的大致安排:神原先的心意在亞當和夏娃被趕出伊甸園的創世記前三章已講得很清楚;而我們是要模成耶穌的形像,四福音書敘述了耶穌的形像;簡短的說,行道勝於聽道,舊約其餘的是談以色列人在那些日子是如何試著行道,新約其餘的在說門徒們是如何和該如何行道。我們在第二日強調了神說的大能。第三日開始了各從其類的心意。我們在第四日討論造這字不是指創造、及天這個字。第五日神開始了一個好的生活環境。第六日的創造活物繼續了這環境,並照神的形像和樣式造男造女,講到了形像和樣式的不同,及其為什麼?我們最後討論了神的形像、和被罪沾汚後人的自由意志是什麼。

1. 前言: 聖經安排的我見

    神原先的心意都寫在創世記的前三章。如果那時亞當和夏娃選擇了生命樹,他們『…就永遠活着。』(創世記 3:22) 現在,『…把他趕出去了。又在伊甸園的東邊安設基路伯,和四面轉動發火焰的劍,要把守生命樹的道路。』(創世記 3:22-24) 神有憐憫、有恩典,救恩的計劃開始了!於是『耶穌…說:「我父做事直到如今,我也做事。」』(約翰福音 5:17)

    在舊約的時代,『…作他(亞伯拉罕)未受割禮的時候因信稱義的印證…』(羅馬書 4:11) 其後又藉著摩西頌佈了律法,但『律法…是將來美事的影兒,不是本物的真像…』(希伯來書 10:1) 『所以凡有血氣的,沒有一個因行律法能在神面前稱義,因為律法本是叫人知罪。』(羅馬書 3:20) 基本上,舊約的其餘部份就是告訴我們,以色列人在舊約時代是如何做的。

    在新約的時代,耶穌在十字架上『…將自己無瑕無疵獻給神,…』(希伯來書 9:14)  『…為我們的罪作了挽回祭…』(約翰一書 4:10),給了所有的人一個機會。所以我們在基督裏,且走上成聖的道路,模成了耶穌的形像(參羅馬書 8:29),就是選擇了耶穌那顆生命樹,回到伊甸園中選擇了生命樹那原先神的心意。

    耶穌的形像在四福音書說得相當的清楚。其餘的新約部份都在說如何行道,要不就會如雅各書 1:23-24 所說,『因為聽道而不行道的,就像人對着鏡子看自己本來的面目,看見,走後,隨即忘了他的相貌如何。』啓示錄 1:3 說,『念這書上預言的和那些聽見又遵守其中所記載的,都是有福的…』,是的,念這書上預言的比不知道的有福,但不要忘記那「和」字,照聖經的一致性來說,那些聽見又遵守其中所記載的,更是真正的有福。

2. 第二日的神說

     我們先將第二日的經文列出,『神說:「諸水之間要有空氣,將水分為上下。」神就造出空氣,將空氣以下的水、空氣以上的水分開了。事就這樣成了。神稱空氣為天。有晚上,有早晨,是第二日。』(創世記 1:6-8)

    我們第二次看到了「神說」這兩字,這是和我們的說話截然不同的。不同在那裏?『因為他說有,就有;命立,就立。』(詩篇 33:9) 且『…世界是藉神話造成的,這樣,所看見的,並不是從顯然之物造出來的。』(希伯來書 11:3) 所以祂的話是大有能力的。最後要提到的,就是以人看來,祂的第二日工作量,將水分為上下也不是很多,和第一日相仿。就像我們所討論的,第一日只是讓已創造的日月星辰的光顯露出來而已。

3. 第三日的各從其類

    第三日:『神說:「天下的水要聚在一處,使旱地露出來。」事就這樣成了。神稱旱地為地,稱水的聚處為海。神看着是好的。神說:「地要發生青草和結種子的菜蔬,並結果子的樹木,各從其類,果子都包着核。」事就這樣成了。於是地發生了青草和結種子的菜蔬,各從其類;並結果子的樹木,各從其類,果子都包着核。神看着是好的。有晚上,有早晨,是第三日。』(創世記 1:9-13)

    我們看到了各從其類是神原先的心意,橘子樹不能變成蘋果樹的,要不就天下大亂。而我們也看到了所造的植物都能繁殖的,而神看著是好的。

4. 第四日的造和天這兩字

    第四日:『神說:「天上要有光體,可以分晝夜,作記號,定節令、日子、年歲,並要發光在天空,普照在地上。」事就這樣成了。於是神造(H6213)了兩個大光,大的管晝,小的管夜,又造眾星,就把這些光擺列在天(H8064)空(H7549) (the firmament H7549 of the heaven H8064),普照在地上,管理晝夜,分別明暗。神看着是好的。有晚上,有早晨,是第四日。』(創世記 1:14-19)

    我們已在第一日討論過這造(H6213)字不是從無變有的創造(H1254),這個字創造(H1254)在第一章只出現三次,就是第一節的起初神創造(諸)天(H8064)地,另外在二十一節的創造動物,和第二十七的創造人,其他的都用 H6213 這字,因此應該都是原來就有的。

    其實要問的應該是天 H8064 這個字,我們在第一節中講過 H8064 用的是複數,不論是認為諸天是指每個星球有自己的天,或是在合理的假設下有四度空間的存在,應該都是創造了諸天。地球上只有一個天空,所以空這個字H7549是單數,可是又用了天 H8064 這個字,很顯然的應該是單數,所以唯一邏輯上的解釋就是天 H8064 這字可以是單數複數,要看上下文和以聖經的一致性去決定。難怪英文的翻譯有時用單數,有時用複數,這就猶如英文有單數和複數相同的單字。在中文的破音字中,同樣的字甚至有不同的意義。

5. 第五日的好環境

    第五日:『神說:「水要多多滋生有生命的物,要有雀鳥飛在地面以上,天空之中。」神就造出大魚和水中所滋生各樣有生命的動物,各從其類;又造出各樣飛鳥,各從其類。神看着是好的。神就賜福給這一切說:「滋生繁多,充滿海中的水;雀鳥也要多生在地上。」有晚上,有早晨,是第五日。』(創世記 1:20-23)

    祂先創造了一個好的生活環境賜給人,且有滋生繁多的祝福。先是有地上的植物,空中的雀鳥,和海中的魚,最後在第六日創造了牲畜、昆蟲、野獸。

6. 第六日的人的形像和樣式

    『神說:「地要生出活物來,各從其類;牲畜、昆蟲、野獸,各從其類。」事就這樣成了。於是神造出野獸,各從其類;牲畜,各從其類;地上一切昆蟲,各從其類。神看着是好的。』(創世記 1:24-25) 我們現在絕對知道神原先的心意是要各從其類。

    『神說:「我們要照着我們的形像(H6754, image),按着我們的樣式(H1823, likeness)造人,使他們管理(H7287)海裏的魚、空中的鳥、地上的牲畜和全地,並地上所爬的一切昆蟲。」神就照着自己的形像(H6754, image)造人,乃是照着他的形像造男造女。神就賜福給他們,又對他們說:「要生養眾多,遍滿地面,治理(制服, H3533)這地;也要管理(統治, H7287)海裏的魚、空中的鳥,和地上各樣行動的活物。」神說:「看哪!我將遍地上一切結種子的菜蔬,和一切樹上所結有核的果子,全賜給你們作食物。至於地上的走獸和空中的飛鳥,並各樣爬在地上有生命的物,我將青草賜給牠們作食物。」事就這樣成了。神看着一切所造的都甚好。有晚上,有早晨,是第六日。』(創世記 1:26-31)

    從這些經文,我們知道一切活物和人在創造時都是吃素的。我們首先注意到,在人被創造前,一切都是好的,只有當人被創造後,才說一切都甚好,我們看到人的創造是很不同的。在人在被罪沾汚前是有神的形像和樣式的,也很清楚的提到人應該做的工作。

    請注意,樣式(likeness)和形像(image)是兩個不同的字。當我們說到神的形像,是說神是聖潔的,有憐憫的,有公義的,等等的形像。聖經沒有明說那只有一個的神的樣式是什麼。我們先看看耶穌的樣式。祂是『…成為人的樣式。』(腓立比書 2:7) 所以耶穌的樣式和人的樣式是完全相等的。我們知道人的樣式是人被罪沾汚後的樣式,如果人的樣式被罪沾汚了,耶穌的樣式就被罪沾汚了。那麼祂就是有罪的,這樣祂怎麼能夠『…將自己無瑕無疵獻給神,…』(希伯來書 9:14) 所以人的樣式是不能被罪沾汚的,而人的樣式就是神的樣式。

    我們再看看耶穌的形像。祂成為人的樣式所以有靈、魂、體,就如帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:23 所說,『又願你們的靈與魂與身子得蒙保守,』祂的形像和我們的形像不同的是我們的形像被罪沾汚的,的形像沒有被罪沾汚的。為什麼?我們知道『馬利亞…所懷的孕是從聖靈來的。』(馬太福音 1:20)  所以耶穌是聖靈感孕,從無罪開始。但祂是人,祂的魂和人的魂是相同的,是有可能犯罪的。但祂『…曾凡事受過試探,…只是他沒有犯罪。』(希伯來書 4:15) 所以祂是和罪無關的。用經文和邏輯,我們可以結論說,祂有著沒有被罪沾汚前人的形像,就是聖經特別說,『神就照着自己的形像造人,乃是照着他的形像造男造女。』(創世記 1:27) 。因此我們只要將有罪的形像模成無罪的耶穌形像就可以了,沒有說要模成耶穌的樣式,因我們經有了。這在羅馬書  8:29  說的很清楚:『因為他預先所知道的人,就預先定下效法(模成 to be conformed to)他兒子的模樣(形像, image),使他兒子在許多弟兄中作長子。』

    最後要提的是,創世記早已暗示了三位一體的概念,在創世記的第一句說,『起初神(H430, 複數)創造(H1264, 單數)天地。』(創世記 1:1) 神是複數,而動詞用的是單數。且這裏講到形像和樣式時,都是用複數的我們。

7. 神的形像和人的自由意志

    耶穌自己間接的說,祂的形像就是神的形像,因祂說:『人看見我,就是看見那差我來的。』(約翰福音 12:45) 而祂明講,差祂來的是父,如約翰福音 6:43-44 所說,『耶穌回答說:「…若不是差我來的父吸引人,就沒有能到我這裏來的;…』而祂更直接的這樣說:『腓力對他說:「求主將父顯給我們看,我們就知足了。」耶穌對他說:「腓力,我與你們同在這樣長久,你還不認識我嗎?人看見了我,就是看見了父,你怎麼說『將父顯給我們看』呢?』(約翰福音 14:8-9) 所以神的形像就是耶穌的形像,我們只要模成耶穌的形像,就可以回到神當初創造人的形像了。我們在這裏看到聖經是怎樣的一致啊!我們用邏輯在前段得到了同樣的結論,聖經是一致的。

    我們看看神的形像是什麼結束。神的形像講得太多了,我們可以在整本聖經裏看到。在這裏我們只談兩點,先談「聖潔」這一點,神直接說祂是聖潔的如利未記 11:45 所說,『…你們要聖潔,因為我是聖潔的。』人是照神的形像創造的,所以在罪沾汚前是聖潔的,亞當和神的聖潔絕對有份。

    再看看神有絕對主權,『因他對摩西說:「我要憐憫誰,就憐憫誰;要恩待誰,就恩待誰。」』(羅馬書 9:15) 祂絕對有自由的選擇。人是照神的形像創造的,怎麼人會沒有自由意志呢?的確,祂當初並沒有干涉亞當和夏娃自由意志的選擇。直到今日,雖然人被罪沾汚後的自由意志不同於起初,但祂從未強迫人選擇信主。被罪沾汚後的自由意志是不同的,我們仍然可以選擇信主或不信主。但不信主的人及(臨時)不在基督裏的人就會如羅馬書 7:18 所說,『我也知道在我裏頭,就是我肉體之中,沒有良善。因為立志為善由得我,只是行出來由不得我。』

 (你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

1043 The second to the sixth days in Genesis – The original will of God (2) (by Whirlwind)

We first briefly describe how the Bible is arranged. The original will of God is stated clearly in the first three chapters in the Book of Genesis; we are to be conformed to the image of Jesus, which is described in the four Gospels; and then in short, doers are superior to hearers as said in the Book of James. In the rest of the books of the Old Testament, they describe how the Israelites tried how to be doers at that time. In the rest of the New Testament, it states what the disciples did and what disciples should do. Secondly, we emphasize the power of ‘God says’ in the second day. Thirdly, the concept of ‘after their kinds’ was started in the third day. Fourthly, we discuss the difference between the word ‘made’ and ‘creation’ and the word ‘heaven’ in Greeks. Fifthly, a good living environment was started in the fifth day. Sixthly, the good environment was continued by creating big whales, etc. And God made ‘man in Our image, according to Our likeness’, and created ‘man in His own image.’ We talk about the difference between the two distinct words, ‘image’ and ‘likeness’ with explanations. Finally, we discuss the image of God, and the free will of human after being contaminated by sin. 

1. Preface: What we saw regarding the arrangement of the Bible

The original will of God is written in the first three chapters of the Book of Genesis. If Adam and Eve chose the fruit of tree of life, then they will “… live forever.”(Genesis 3:22) Now, “…the Lord God sent him out from the garden of Eden, …So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.”(Genesis 3:23-24) But God is full of mercy and grace, and the plan of salvation started! Therefore, Jesus said in John 5:17, “…My Father is working until now, and I Myself am working.” 

In the Old Testament, “…he (Abraham) received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them.”(Romans 4:11) Afterwards, the Law was announced through Moses, but it says in Hebrews 10:1, “…it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, …” This is “because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin.”(Romans 3:20) It is clear that justification is by faith. The rest of the Old Testament basically talks about what the Israelites did in the era of the Old Testament.

In the era of the New Testament, Jesus on the cross “… offered Himself without blemish to God, …”(Hebrews 9:14) He became “…the propitiation for our sins.”(1 John 4:10) It gives everyone an opportunity to walk on the way of sanctification in Jesus, and to be conformed to the image of Jesus (see Romans 8:29). This means that we are fulfilling the original will of God by choosing Jesus, the fruit of the tree of life, and walking on the way to sanctification. So, we are back to an even better situation than Adam in the Garden of Eden.  

The image of Jesus is described pretty clearly in the four Gospels. The rest of the New Testament basically talks about being a doer and what to do. Otherwise, it will be just like those described in James 1:23-24, “For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror; for once he has looked at himself and gone away, he has immediately forgotten what kind of person he was.” It is said in Revelation 1:3 “Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; …” Yes, compared with those who have no chance to read the Book of Revelation, those who read are blessed. But don’t forget the word ‘and.’ According to the consistency of the Bible, those who do what are written in it are definitely much more blessed.

2. Regarding ‘God said’ in the second day

Let us first list all verses in the second day in Genesis 1:6-8. “Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. God called the expanse heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.” 

Now we see the second time they used the words, ‘God said’, which is definitely different from our words said. What is the difference then? “For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.”(Psalms 33:9) “By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible.” (Hebrews 11:3) So, His words are mighty. We want to mention lastly that even in the aspect of human, His amount of work is not tremendous in the second day to make the expanse to separate the waters. The amount of work is like what happened in the first day, which was discussed before.  In the first day, God only made the sun, moon, and stars appear. Of course, we cannot do such things.

3. ‘After their kind’ started in the third day

What happened in the third day is described in Genesis 1:9-13, “Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their kind with seed in them”; and it was so. The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a third day.”

We can see that ‘after their kind’ is among the original will of God. The orange tree cannot become the apple tree. They are different species and their life is different. Otherwise, the world will be messed up if they could switch their lives. And we see that all vegetation and trees can be reproduced. And “God saw that it was good.” 

4. Discussion of the two words, ‘made’ and ‘heaven’ in the fourth day

What occurred in the fourth day is given in Genesis 1:14-19, “Then God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years; and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so. God made (H6213) the two great lights, the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars also. God placed them in the expanse of the heavens (the firmament H7549 of the heaven H8064, KJV), to give light on the earth, and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.”

We have discussed in the first day that the word ‘made (H6213)’ is not the same as the word ‘created (H1254)’, which means creating something from nothing. This word ‘created (H1254)’ is used in chapter one only three times. That is in Genesis 1:1 “In the beginning God created the heavens (H8064) and the earth.” The other two times are in verse 11 when animals created and verse 27 when man created. All the other occasions use the word ‘made (H6213)’, which means the other things were already created before that time.  

In fact, what we need to ask is the word H8064. As discussed, the word H8064 is translated as heavens in plural form in the first verse. No matter what people think that heavens mean each planet or stars have their own heaven, or there are at least four dimensions under reasonable assumption, it is correct that H8064 is always in plural form. But if we look at heaven from earth, there is only one heaven. The firmament (H7549) is singular. Since the word ‘heaven (H8064)’ is also used, there is only a logical explanation that the word H8064 is singular. Therefore, the word H8064 can be singular or plural depending upon surrounding words or the consistency of the Bible. No wonder H8064 is translated as ‘heaven’ or ‘heavens’ in English. It is like some words in English, where the same word can be used in singular or plural. In Chinese, some words have exactly the same form but with totally different meaning depending upon how they are pronounced.

5. A good environment started in the fifth day

In Genesis 1:20-23, it says, “Then God said, “Let the waters teem with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the heavens.” God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind; and God saw that it was good. God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.” 

God created a good living environment for man before man was created.  There were first plants on earth, then birds in air and fish in water. Finally, on the sixth day, God brought forth living creatures as described in the next section. 

6. Human image and likeness in the sixth day

The first half of the sixth day is described in Genesis 1:24-25, “Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their kind: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth after their kind”; and it was so. God made the beasts of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.” We are now absolutely sure that ‘after their kind’ is among the original will of God.

The rest of the same day is given in Genesis 1:26-31, “Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image (H6754), according to Our likeness (H1823); and let them rule over (H7287) the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” God created man in His own image (H6754), in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue (H3533) it; and rule over (H7287) the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” Then God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; and to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the sky and to everything that moves on the earth which has life, I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so. God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.”

From these verses, we know that all living creatures and man are created to be vegetarian. We notice that everything was good before the creation of man. Only after man was created, God then said that it was very good. We can see that the creation of man is rather different. Before man was contaminated by sin, he has the image and likeness of God. The verses also mentioned what man had to do, the responsibility of man.

Please be aware that the likeness (H1823) and the image (H6754) are two different words. When we talk about the image of God, we would say somethings like, ‘God is holy,’ ‘He is merciful and righteous,’ etc. The Bible doesn’t say clearly what the likeness of God is, although the God should have a unique likeness. Let us first take a look at the likeness of Jesus. He is “made in the likeness of men.”(Philippians 2:7) Therefore, the likeness of Jesus is equal to the likeness of men. We know that the likeness of men is now the likeness after men are contaminated by sin. If the likeness of men can be contaminated by sin, then the likeness of Jesus is contaminated by sin also since they are equal. By this way, how can it be that “…Christ …offered Himself without blemish to God … (Hebrews 9:14)”? In conclusion, the likeness of men cannot be contaminated by sin, which was created being the likeness of God.

Let us now take a look at the image of Jesus. He is made the same as a human, which consists of three parts – spirit, soul and body, as said in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, “…and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete…” His image is different from ours. Our image is contaminated by sin and He is not. Why? We know the fact that “…the Child who has been conceived in her (Mary) is of the Holy Spirit.”(Matthew 1:20) So, He started from no sin. But He was a human. His soul could commit sins just like our souls. But He is the one “…who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.”(Hebrews 4:15) Therefore, He has nothing to do with sin. From verses, we can conclude logically that He has the image before man was contaminated by sin, which is the image of God as particularly said in Genesis 1:27, “God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” Therefore, we need only to be conformed to the image of Jesus since there is no need to be conformed to His sinless likeness due to the fact that we already have it. This is said clearly in Romans 8:29, “For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren.”

Lastly, we want you to be aware of that the concept of the Holy Trinity has already mentioned in Genesis 1:1, “In the beginning God (H430, plural) created (H1264, singular) the heavens and the earth.” The word God uses plural, and its verb is singular. And when talking about the image and the likeness, the plural such as in Genesis 1:26 is used. 

7. The image of God and the free will of human

Jesus indirectly said that His image is the image of God in John 12:45, “He who sees Me sees the One who sent Me.” Who sent Him then? He said clearly in John 6:44, “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; …” And He directly said so as described in John 14:8-9, “Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.” Jesus said to him, “Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?” Thus, the image of God is the same as the image of Jesus. We need only to be conformed to the image of Jesus, we can then go back to the image of human originally created by God. Here, we can see how consistent the Bible is. We also use the logic in a previous paragraph to get the same conclusion. Indeed, the Bible is consistent.  

To conclude, let us take a look at what the image of God is. The Bible talks a lot about the image of God, and we can find them in the whole Bible. Here, we only talk about two points. First, let us talk about holiness. Regarding this point, God directly says that He is holy as said in Leviticus 11:45 “…you shall be holy, for I am holy.” Man was created according to the image of God. Before man was contaminated by sin, Adam absolutely had the quality of holiness. 

Now let us see that God has the absolute authority, “For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”” (Romans 9:15) He absolutely has free will. Man was created according to His image. How can man have no free will? Indeed, He didn’t interfere the choice of Adam and Eve, which was out of free will. Nowadays, our free will after contaminated by sin is different from that originally in Adam and Eve. We can still freely to choose if we want to believe in God. But for those unbelievers and for those temporarily falling outside from in Jesus, we are bound to behave what said in Romans 7:18, “For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not.”

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

1042 The first day in Genesis 1 and what ‘light’ in verse 3 means – The original will of God (1) (by Whirlwind)

In meetings following this one, we’ll spend some time in the first three chapters of the Book of Genesis, which talks about the original will of God. We first want to emphasize again that we must see things in the aspect of God, instead of in the aspect of human. Again, through an example, we show that the difference is really huge between them. One is heavenly and the other worldly. Today, we can apply what we talked about last time regarding how to use the Strong’s Concordance to help those who don’t know original languages to read Bible. And also discuss controversial questions in Genesis 1:1-5. These include a schematic figure to explain the space with four dimensions, and then we discuss why the Bible talks about the existence of the space with four dimensions under a reasonable hypothesis. Finally, we can see that the word ‘light’ in original languages from verse 3 can explain many things including the seemingly apparent contradiction that we saw light in the second day but the sun was made in the fourth day.

1. Preface: Seeing things in the aspect of God, not in the aspect of human 

We are human. Naturally, we see things in the aspect of human. Thus, a non-Christian has no choice but to see things in the aspect of human. A Christian, “…having been justified by faith…,” (Romans 5:1) “…He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son.”(Colossians 1:13) But on the way of sanctification, we can temporarily not in Christ often, such as in examples of not repenting due to certain sins. Often when we try to be on the side of God and work with Him, but “The heart is more deceitful than all else And is desperately sick; Who can understand it?”(Jeremiah 17:9) We often cheat ourself to the extent that we even don’t know that we are really seeing things in the aspect of human. Even in this case, a Christian do have a choice either seeing things in the aspect of God or in the aspect of human since the Bible is inspired by God. Logic tells us that seeing things in the aspect of the Bible is the same as seeing things in the aspect of God. However, due to the fact that God is infinite and the words in the Bible are finite, it is impossible to have infinite equal to finite. Thus, seeing things in the aspect of God contains more than that in the aspect of the Bible. We cannot draw an equality sign between them. But everything regarding what we should know is in the Bible, like what said in Psalms 103:6-7, “The Lord …made known His ways to Moses, His acts to the sons of Israel.” The Bible says, “Do not quench the Spirit.”(1 Thessalonians 5:19) If we are indeed in faith and can distinguish that the guidance is truly from the Holy Spirit and follow it, then we are seeing things in the aspect of God since the Holy Spirit is the one in Holy Trinity and is infinite.

We see that the only way to read the Bible described in the Bible is through the leading of the Holy Spirit. The Bible says clearly that the way to understand the Bible is in Luke 24:45, “Then He (Jesus) opened their minds (G3563, nous) to understand the Scriptures.” At that time, it is possible that mind was opened by Jesus Himself. But nowadays only the Holy Spirit can do it. If we indeed believe that the Bible is inspired by God, then don’t discount the words said in the Bible which are written in black and white. Using the Concordance can help those who don’t know the original languages to read the Bible more accurately. Thus, there is a possibility to see things in the aspect of God, instead of in the aspect of human. The difference is huge as one is heavenly and the other worldly. Paul himself can give us such an example. Before Paul saw the light, he was enthusiastic to the extent of persecuting Christians. This is seeing things in the aspect of human, which is wrong and worldly. After he saw the light, revelation led him to read the Bible as said clearly in Galatians 1:12, “For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.” It is heavenly, and of course correct.

We know that the revelation is not all supernatural in its origin. Sometimes, they are through other’s words. God at most started the revelation, and we need to be actively willing to work with Him. Otherwise, it is as though like a robot, which acts only by instructions. If we behave this way, God would not create man with free will to start with. Last time we talked about how to use the Strong’s Concordance to help those who don’t know original languages to read Bible. Today, we’ll see again how to apply it.

2. God created heavens and the space with at least four dimensions 

There are only five verses associated with the first day. We list all the verses first, and then explain them. In Genesis 1:1-5, it says, “[1:1] In the beginning (H7225) God created (H1254) the heavens (H8204) and the earth (H776). [1:2] The earth was formless and void, and darkness (H2822) was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters. [1:3] Then God said, “Let there be light (H216)”; and there was light (H216). [1:4] God saw that the light (H216) was good; and God separated the light (H216) from the darkness. [1:5] God called the light (H216) day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.”

In the beginning, God created time and space. To us, time can only go forward. But to God, He can walk anywhere in time. Thus, time can be considered as one dimension for Him. Here, we only talk about the dimensions of space. In [1:1], the word ‘created’ is used in the beginning, which talks about creating from things that don’t exist. The earth is singular since there is only one. But heavens are plural. What does it mean? We can see only one heaven on earth. How can we explain the plural? 

Let us use schematic figures to illustrate the dimensions. In the figures, the one-dimensional space (1D) is represented by a line, and the two-dimensional space (2D) a plane. The intersection of an object in 2D and the line is the corresponding 1D object. Therefore, like what was indicated in figure 1, according to the orientation of a 2D object, the corresponding 1D object could be a changeable line, a point, or even disappeared. Of course, the size of the 2D object can affect the 1D object. Assume the relationship of our 3D space and the 4D one is the same. 

Figure 1: One-dimension space and two-dimension space 

We can see from John 20:26 that the body of Jesus after resurrection has no restrictions as we have since it says “After eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors having been shut, and stood in their midst and said, “Peace be with you.” The door was shut, and He appeared from nowhere. If we make a reasonable extension to this observation, we see that there are no restrictions in the same dimension for a spiritual body. Then, the following verses tell us that there has at least 4D.  In Luke 16:25-26, it says, “But Abraham said, ‘Child, remember that during your life you received your good things, …And besides all this, between us and you there is a great chasm fixed, so that those who wish to come over from here to you will not be able, and that none may cross over from there to us.'” Abraham is dead and in a spiritual body. It is impossible to have a great chasm unless they are in different dimensions; otherwise, it will be contradicted to our hypothesis.  So, no matter in which dimensional space they are, we have to add one dimension to our 3D. In other words, there are at least four dimensions. Other than this, we cannot think of a better logical explanation. Of course, the Bible doesn’t say clearly that there exists 4D. However, many things can be explained easily by the existence of 4D, and we’ll share this in the future.

Here, we only present one example. In the 3D space we know there is only one heaven no matter how large the universe is. Then, how do we explain there are at least two heavens stated in the Bible? If there is the existence of 4D, it is easy to explain. In analogy, the former has a changeable line, one point, or totally disappeared in 1D, the latter has one-dimension higher 2D. In fact, what we see in our daily life is in macro-viewpoint, and is continuous. We’ll discuss in the future the relationship in continuity and logic, and what the Bible says.

Someone may say that if we stand on other planets, then there are their individual heavens. Isn’t that ‘heavens?’ No, not really. In space with three dimensions, there is only one heaven on earth and they are part of it. Another explanation is that it says ‘heavens’ means there are heavens beyond the heaven we see. I am not sure if it is the correct explanation since this statement is similar to the previously mentioned. The so called ‘heavens’ are still part of the heaven we see. 

We also surely see the world of dinosaurs’ existence which is known by archeology. If the estimated time by archeology is correct, dinosaurs exist before today’s world which started in verse 3 to be discussed in the next section. Then, God created at least three worlds, which are the world of Satan, the world of dinosaurs’, and today’s world starts from verse 3. Otherwise, the estimated time is wrong. Dinosaurs are among the animals created after verse 3, but now they are distinct. Someone says that the existence of dinosaurs proves that the Bible is wrong. It is not true. 

3. What the ‘light’ means in verse 3? 

Let us take a look at how verse 3 talks about the word ‘light.’  In the original languages, the word ‘light’ uses H216, which appears in the Book of Genesis only six times. The first five are already mentioned in the first five verses. The last one is in Genesis 1:18. It says, “and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light (H216) from the darkness; …” The verse belongs to the fourth day. We now list all verses associated with the fourth day in Genesis 1:14-19, “Then God said, “Let there be lights (H3974) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years; and let them be for lights (H3974) in the expanse of the heavens to give light (H215) on the earth”; and it was so. God made (H6213) the two great lights (H3974), the greater light (H3974) to govern the day, and the lesser light (H3974) to govern the night; He made the stars also. God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to give light (H215) on the earth, and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light (H216) from the darkness; and God saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.”

This looks like there is an apparent contradiction since the sun was made in the fourth day and then how come there is light in the first day? Where did the light come from? First, notice that the same word cannot have different meanings here. We notice also the light of the sun uses a different word H3974. Furthermore, the word ‘made’ uses H6213, which is not the same as ‘created (H1254)’ which creates something from nothing. The only logical explanation is the light (H216) already existed. That means that the sun, moon, and stars were created already. They are the leftovers from previous worlds already created. Thus, they now need only to be made.

Let us now take a look at verse 5, “God called the light (H216) day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.” Since there was evening and there was morning, it is obviously talking about the same one day as today’s one. Someone may say that it is impossible to create the sun etc. in one day. It is too brief and thus not has enough time. In view of His might, it is always possible. Actually, the amount of work is not really huge compared with creation. The Bible actually says that in the first day it is just to make the light of the created sun etc. appear. That was it. Before this, verse 2 describes the situation after the previous world was destroyed, “The earth was formless and void, and darkness (H2822) was over the surface of the deep, …” As stated before, under the assumption of the estimated time is correct, there were at least two worlds created in verse 1 and 2. They are the spiritual world with Satan in it, and the material world before today’s one with dinosaurs on earth. We can see in verse 1 God’s mighty power of creation.

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

2042 創世記的第一日及第三節的光是指什麼? – 神原先的心意(1) (旋風著)

       在以後的 一些日子裏,我們會花一些分享在創世記的前三章說的神原先的心意。我們首先再次强調要從神的角度看事情,而不要從人的角度看 ,再次舉例說明這是屬天及屬地的差別。今天我們就應用上次談到的用工具書彙編幫助讀經,去討論一些創世記 1:1-5 中有爭議性的問題。 包括了我們先用圖示意解釋四度空間,接著討論為什麼在合理的假設下,聖經也說有四度空間的存在。最後我們看到從第三節如何講「光」這個字,可以解釋許多的事情,包括看到了似乎和第四日才造光有的明顯矛盾是不存在的。

1. 前言: 從神的角度而不從人的角度看事情

       我們是人,對一個非基督徒而言,自然從人的角度看事情。即使是一個基督徒,在信而稱義時,就已經是『他救了我們脫離黑暗的權勢,把我們遷到他愛子的國裏。』(歌羅西書 1:13) 但走在成聖的路上時,我們常會臨時不能在基督裏,譬如說犯罪而不肯悔改時。雖然有時我們遇事自以為是選擇站在神的這一邊,但『人心比萬物都詭詐,壞到極處,誰能識透呢?』(耶利米書 17:9) 我們會欺騙自己,以致於從人的角度看而不自知。即使如此,我們可以主動的選擇從神的角度看或從人的角度看,因為聖經是神所默示的,邏輯告訴我們、從聖經的角度看事情就是從神的角度看事情。因神是無限,聖經的字句有限,無限不可能等於有限,所以從神的角度看比從聖經的角看包涵得更廣,不能劃等號。但我們該知道的原則都在聖經裏面了,如詩篇 103:6-7 所說,『耶和華…使摩西知道他的法則,叫以色列人曉得他的作為。』聖經說:『不要消滅聖靈的感動。』(帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:19)  如果我們在信心中,能辨別的確是聖靈的感動,而能真正的行出來,就是從神的角度看,因為聖靈是三位一體的神,是無限的。

       我們看到聖經說的唯一讀經的方法,就是要透過聖靈帶領我們讀經。因聖經明說,要能明白聖經,必須『…耶穌開他們的心竅(nous, G3563)…』(路加福音 24:45),那時可被耶穌親自開心竅,而現今能開心竅的只有聖靈。如果我們真相信聖經是神所默示的,就不要把聖經白紙黑字寫的話打折扣。用工具書如彙編能幫助讀經,幫助不懂原文的人瞭解原文的意義。這樣能更正確的瞭解聖經,可能可以從神的角度看事情,而不是從人的角度。這是屬天和屬地的差別,而保羅本身就給了我們一個這樣的例子。在保羅見大光前,他有熱心,以致於迫害基督徒。這是從人的角度看,是屬地的,讀錯了!在保羅見大光後,啓示帶領他讀經,這是從神的角度看,是屬天的,當然對。他說得很清楚,『因為我不是從人領受的,也不是人教導我的,乃是從耶穌基督啓示來的。』(加拉太書 1:12) 我們知道啓示不全是超自然的,神最多起了個頭,或藉著別人的話有一個開始,我們還是要主動的願意和神同工。要不,如果是一個命令一個動作的像機器人一樣,那麼當初神造人的時候就不會給人自由意志了。我們上次談到了如何使用彙編使不懂原文的人,用原文幫助讀經,今天就可在下面的討論中再次看到如何應用。

2. 神創造諸天和至少有四度空間

       第一日相關的經文只有五節,我們就先列出所有的經文,然後解釋。1:1 起初(in the beginning H7225)神創造(created H1254)天(H8064, 複數)地(H776, 單數)。1:2 地是空虛混沌,淵面黑暗(darkness H2822);神的靈運行在水面上。1:3 神說:「要有光(light H216) 。」就有了光(H216)。1:4 神看光(H216)是好的,就把光(H216)暗(darkness H2822)分開了。1:5 神稱光(H216)為晝,稱暗為夜。有晚上,有早晨,這是頭一日。

        在 1:1 中,起初神創造(created H1254)天地時用的是創造,是使無變為有的創造。地這個字,用的是單數,只有一個地球。但天這個字,用的是複數,所以是諸天。因起初神創造了時間和空間,對我們來說時間只能向前,但對神來說是不同的,祂可以在時間中行走,所以在這裏我們只談空間。

       我們用邏輯的示意來看。簡單來說,一度空間是一條線,而二度空間是一個面。二度空間物體和這條線的交集就是在一度空間看到的這二度空間的物體。所以如圖一所示,依照二度空間的長方塊的方向,在一度空間看起來,可能是長度可變的線,或一個點,或甚至於隱藏不見。同樣,假設三度空間和四度空間的關係也相同。

圖一: 一度空間和二度空間

     我們可以從下述經文中看到耶穌復活後的身體是在地上活動是沒有限制的,物質的門顯然不能限制祂。『過了八日,門徒又在屋裏,多馬也和他們同在。門都關了。耶穌來站在當中說:「願你們平安!」』 (約翰福音 20:26) 如果我們擴展這看見而做一個合理的假設,就是靈體在同樣的空間活動是沒有限制的,那麼下述的經文告訴我們至少有四度空間。『亞伯拉罕(對陰間的財主)說:『…在你我之間,有深淵限定,以致人要從這邊過到你們那邊是不能的;要從那邊過到我們這邊也是不能的。』(路加福音 16:25-26) 亞伯拉罕那時在靈體中,在同一空間怎麼會有深淵限制,必須在不同度的空間中,也是說至少有四度空間,否則和假設不合。當然,聖經沒有明說有四度空間的存在,只是除此以外,實在找不出更好的邏輯解釋。且有很多事情用四度空間的存在可以很容易的解釋,我們以後會再分享這點。

    在這裏,我們只看一個例子。我們所知道的三度空間只有一個天,不論是宇宙如何超出我們想像的浩翰,仍在三度空間的一個天裏面,那麼要怎麼解釋這至少有兩個天的諸天呢?如果有四度空間,這就很好解釋。簡而言之以類比來說,前者相當於在一度空間有不同長度的線、點、或隱藏不見,後者相當於高一度空間的不同長方形。其實在我們日常生活(宏觀)中,我們所看見的世界都是連續的,我們以後會從這個角度談到這點和邏輯的關係。

    如果有人說,站在每個星球上看,每個星球都有自己的天空,諸天不是指這樣諸多的天嗎?但從地球上看,實在是不能這樣解釋,這些都只是我們在三度空間看到的一個天空的一部份。另外可能的解釋是說諸天代表三度空間的天外有天,我不知這樣解釋對不對?因和前者解釋類似,天外有天的描述仍是我們在三度空間看到的一個天空的一部份。

    我們也看見了,恐龍的存在是可由考古學得知的。如果考古學的時間估計是對的,恐龍的存在是在現今的世界創造之前,那麼神在那時至少創造了三個世界,就是撒但的世界,恐龍那時的世界,和現今的世界是從第三節開始,因為我們在第三節中看到了現今的世界是怎麼造成的。要不然就是時間估計不對,恐龍是在第三節時創造的動物之一,但現在已絕種。不論是何種情況,說恐龍的存在証明了聖經講的是錯的,是不對的。

3. 第三節的光是指什麼?

       我們就看看第三節如何講『光』這個字。『光』在原文是 H216,這字在創世記只出現六次,最後一次是在創世記 1:18,『管理晝夜,分別明(H216)暗。…』這是在第四日的經文,我們現在把第四日的經文全部列出。『神說:「天上要有光體(H3974),可以分晝夜,作記號,定節令、日子、年歲,並要發光(H3974)在天空,普照(H215)在地上。」事就這樣成了。於是神造(H6213)了兩個大光(H3974),大的(H3974)管晝,小的管夜,又造眾星,就把這些光擺列在天空,普照在地上,管理晝夜,分別明(H216)暗。神看着是好的。有晚上,有早晨,是第四日。』(創世記 1:14-19)

       這看起來好像有明顯的不合,怎麼可能第一日就有光而在第四日才『造』日月星辰?那光從那裏來?首先,同一個字在這裏不太可能有不同的意義,我們注意到日月的光是用不同的字。如果你看創世記 1:16 這『造』字,不是使無變為有的創造(H1254),是用不同的『造』這個字 H6213 (made)。唯一的邏輯解釋是『光(H216)』已經存在了,就是日月已創造(H1254),是先前創造的世界留下來的,現在只需要『造』就可以了。

        我們看看第五節,『神稱光(H216)為晝,稱暗為夜。有晚上,有早晨,這是頭一日。』有晚上,有早晨,這顯然是我們現在說的一日。『神說:「要有光(light H216) 。」就有了光(H216)。』(創世記 1:3) 有人因此說,在我們一日中要創造日月是不可能的,時間太短了!從神是大能的角度看,沒有不能的事。但聖經其實是說,第一日只是讓已創造好的日月星辰的光顯露出來而已,工作量是相對創造來說不是很大的。在這之前,就如第二節所說,『地是空虛混沌,淵面黑暗(darkness H2822) …』是先前的世界被毀滅後的狀況,如先所述,第一節和第二節中,在考古學的時間是對的假設下,至少創造了兩個世界,撒但所在的世界,和物質的恐龍所在的地球世界。我們從第一節中,看到了神創造的大能。

 (你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

3042 创世记的第一日及第三节的光是指什么?- 神原先的心意(1) (旋风著)

    在以后的 一些日子里,我们会花一些分享在创世记的前三章说的神原先的心意。我们首先再次强调要从神的角度看事情,而不要从人的角度看 ,再次举例说明这是属天及属地的差别。今天我们就应用上次谈到的用工具书汇编帮助读经,去讨论一些创世记 1:1-5 中有争议性的问题。 包括了我们先用图示意解释四度空间,接著讨论为什么在合理的假设下,圣经也说有四度空间的存在。最后我们看到从第三节如何讲「光」这个字,可以解释许多的事情,包括看到了似乎和第四日才造光有的明显矛盾是不存在的。

1. 前言: 从神的角度而不从人的角度看事情       

     我们是人,对一个非基督徒而言,自然从人的角度看事情。即使是一个基督徒,在信而称义时,就已经是『他救了我们脱离黑暗的权势,把我们迁到他爱子的国里。』(歌罗西书 1:13) 但走在成圣的路上时,我们常会临时不能在基督里,譬如说犯罪而不肯悔改时。虽然有时我们遇事自以为是选择站在神的这一边,但『人心比万物都诡诈,坏到极处,谁能识透呢?』(耶利米书 17:9) 我们会欺骗自己,以致于从人的角度看而不自知。即使如此,我们可以主动的选择从神的角度看或从人的角度看,因为圣经是神所默示的,逻辑告诉我们、从圣经的角度看事情就是从神的角度看事情。因神是无限,圣经的字句有限,无限不可能等于有限,所以从神的角度看比从圣经的角看包涵得更广,不能划等号。但我们该知道的原则都在圣经里面了,如诗篇 103:6-7 所说,『耶和华…使摩西知道他的法则,叫以色列人晓得他的作为。』圣经说:『不要消灭圣灵的感动。』(帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:19)  如果我们在信心中,能辩别的确是圣灵的感动,而能真正的行出来,就是从神的角度看,因为圣灵是三位一体的神,是无限的。       

     我们看到圣经说的唯一读经的方法,就是要透过圣灵带领我们读经。因圣经明说,要能明白圣经,必须『耶稣开他们的心窍(nous, G3563)…(路加福音 24:45),那时可被耶稣亲自开心窍,而现今能开心窍的只有圣灵。如果我们真相信圣经是神所默示的,就不要把圣经白纸黑字写的话打折扣。用工具书如汇编能帮助读经,帮助不懂原文的人了解原文的意义。这样能更正确的了解圣经,可能可以从神的角度看事情,而不是从人的角度。这是属天和属地的差别,而保罗本身就给了我们一个这样的例子。在保罗见大光前,他有热心,以致于迫害基督徒。这是从人的角度看,是属地的,读错了!在保罗见大光后,启示带领他读经,这是从神的角度看,是属天的,当然对。他说得很清楚,『因为我不是从人领受的,也不是人教导我的,乃是从耶稣基督启示来的。』(加拉太书 1:12) 我们知道启示不全是超自然的,神最多起了个头,或借著别人的话有一个开始,我们还是要主动的愿意和神同工。要不,如果是一个命令一个动作的像机器人一样,那么当初神造人的时候就不会给人自由意志了。我们上次谈到了如何使用汇编使不懂原文的人,用原文帮助读经,今天就可在下面的讨论中再次看到如何应用。

2. 神创造诸天和至少有四度空间       

     第一日相关的经文只有五节,我们就先列出所有的经文,然后解释。1:1 起初(in the beginning H7225)神创造(created H1254)(H8064, 复数)(H776, 单数)1:2 地是空虚混沌,渊面黑暗(darkness H2822);神的灵运行在水面上。1:3 神说:「要有光(light H216) 。」就有了光(H216)1:4 神看光(H216)是好的,就把光(H216)(darkness H2822)分开了。1:5 神称光(H216)为昼,称暗为夜。有晚上,有早晨,这是头一日。        

     1:1 中,起初神创造(created H1254)天地时用的是创造,是使无变为有的创造。地这个字,用的是单数,只有一个地球。但天这个字,用的是复数,所以是诸天。因起初神创造了时间和空间,对我们来说时间只能向前,但对神来说是不同的,祂可以在时间中行走,所以在这里我们只谈空间。       

     我们用逻辑的示意来看。简单来说,一度空间是一条线,而二度空间是一个面。二度空间物体和这条线的交集就是在一度空间看到的这二度空间的物体。所以如图一所示,依照二度空间的长方块的方向,在一度空间看起来,可能是长度可变的线,或一个点,或甚至于隐藏不见。同样,假设三度空间和四度空间的关系也相同。

图一: 一度空间和二度空间

     我们可以从下述经文中看到耶稣复活后的身体是在地上活动是没有限制的,物质的门显然不能限制祂。『过了八日,门徒又在屋里,多马也和他们同在。门都关了。耶稣来站在当中说:「愿你们平安!」』 (约翰福音 20:26) 如果我们扩展这看见而做一个合理的假设,就是灵体在同样的空间活动是没有限制的,那么下述的经文告诉我们至少有四度空间。『亚伯拉罕(对阴间的财主)说:『在你我之间,有深渊限定,以致人要从这边过到你们那边是不能的;要从那边过到我们这边也是不能的。』(路加福音 16:25-26) 亚伯拉罕那时在灵体中,在同一空间怎么会有深渊限制,必须在不同度的空间中,也是说至少有四度空间,否则和假设不合。当然,圣经没有明说有四度空间的存在,只是除此以外,实在找不出更好的逻辑解释。且有很多事情用四度空间的存在可以很容易的解释,我们以后会再分享这点。    

     在这里,我们只看一个例子。我们所知道的三度空间只有一个天,不论是宇宙如何超出我们想像的浩翰,仍在三度空间的一个天里面,那么要怎么解释这至少有两个天的诸天呢?如果有四度空间,这就很好解释。简而言之以类比来说,前者相当于在一度空间有不同长度的线、点、或隐藏不见,后者相当于高一度空间的不同长方形。其实在我们日常生活(宏观)中,我们所看见的世界都是连续的,我们以后会从这个角度谈到这点和逻辑的关系。    

     如果有人说,站在每个星球上看,每个星球都有自己的天空,诸天不是指这样诸多的天吗?但从地球上看,实在是不能这样解释,这些都只是我们在三度空间看到的一个天空的一部份。另外可能的解释是说诸天代表三度空间的天外有天,我不知这样解释对不对?因和前者解释类似,天外有天的描述仍是我们在三度空间看到的一个天空的一部份。    

     我们也看见了,恐龙的存在是可由考古学得知的。如果考古学的时间估计是对的,恐龙的存在是在现今的世界创造之前,那么神在那时至少创造了三个世界,就是撒但的世界,恐龙那时的世界,和现今的世界是从第三节开始,因为我们在第三节中看到了现今的世界是怎么造成的。要不然就是时间估计不对,恐龙是在第三节时创造的动物之一,但现在已绝种。不论是何种情况,说恐龙的存在证明了圣经讲的是错的,是不对的。

3. 第三节的光是指什么?      

     我们就看看第三节如何讲『光』这个字。『光』在原文是 H216,这字在创世记只出现六次,最后一次是在创世记 1:18,『管理昼夜,分别明(H216)暗。』这是在第四日的经文,我们现在把第四日的经文全部列出。『神说:「天上要有光体(H3974),可以分昼夜,作记号,定节令、日子、年岁,并要发光(H3974)在天空,普照(H215)在地上。」事就这样成了。于是神造(H6213)了两个大光(H3974),大的(H3974)管昼,小的管夜,又造众星,就把这些光摆列在天空,普照在地上,管理昼夜,分别明(H216)暗。神看著是好的。有晚上,有早晨,是第四日。』(创世记 1:14-19)        #####这看起来好像有明显的不合,怎么可能第一日就有光而在第四日才『造』日月星辰?那光从那里来?首先,同一个字在这里不太可能有不同的意义,我们注意到日月的光是用不同的字。如果你看创世记 1:16 这『造』字,不是使无变为有的创造(H1254),是用不同的『造』这个字 H6213 (made)。唯一的逻辑解释是『光(H216)』已经存在了,就是日月已创造(H1254),是先前创造的世界留下来的,现在只需要『造』就可以了。        

     我们看看第五节,『神称光(H216)为昼,称暗为夜。有晚上,有早晨,这是头一日。』有晚上,有早晨,这显然是我们现在说的一日。『神说:「要有光(light H216) 。」就有了光(H216)。』(创世记 1:3) 有人因此说,在我们一日中要创造日月是不可能的,时间太短了!从神是大能的角度看,没有不能的事。但圣经其实是说,第一日只是让已创造好的日月星辰的光显露出来而已,工作量是相对创造来说不是很大的。在这之前,就如第二节所说,『地是空虚混沌,渊面黑暗(darkness H2822) …』是先前的世界被毁灭后的状况,如先所述,第一节和第二节中,在考古学的时间是对的假设下,至少创造了两个世界,撒但所在的世界,和物质的恐龙所在的地球世界。我们从第一节中,看到了神创造的大能。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

3041 如何用汇编使不懂原文的人用原文读经? (旋风着)

     以前分享过圣经所说读经的方法是以启示带领查经,启示是我们不能做的,能做的事其中之一是不要把圣经的话打折扣。用原文帮助读经能更正确的了解圣经的意义,我不懂原文,在我学了用工具书如汇编帮助读经后,圣.灵常常透过原文启示我使我了解圣经。举例来说,圣灵会带领我看一个原文字和相关的经文,使我了解以前不懂的经文。所以我的动机很简单,希望别人也能得到这样的启示。用原文帮助读经不只是为对圣经很熟的人,也是为想要更正确了解圣经而开始读经的人,甚至于为想要正确了解圣经的朋友们。           

     首先我们在前言中提到、以前在「3039 透过启示录第15章看读经时该做的事」的三点事情,及讨论圣经的一致性时可能有人会问的问题,我们因此在前言里加上了更多的说明 [1]。然后我们解释为什么要用原文读经,和信心的原则相似,必须先有信才有可能进入基督的丰盛里。在经验中,我先会用工具书后,圣灵才开始启示我去看原文。第三,我们一步一步的说明用汇编读原文圣经的基本方法。如果你照着去做,应该可不花太多时间的就学到。第四,我们举了一个非用原文不可的例子。接着我们又用一个例子看到汇编真是一个很好的工具。第六,我们用一个例子说明虽是字不同,但意义相同,因为一个是动词而另一个是名词。在结语中,我们提到了一个不可停止聚会的理由,并为什么启示对我们来说不全是超自然的原因。我们也看到了人有自由意志,有一个能听的耳是不容易的。相信我们主动的愿意和神同工后,祂会渴望祝福我们。

1.  前言: 读经中我们能主动的愿意做的事情           

     在以前曾谈到过,我们需要神主动的用启示带领我们读经,我们是被动的 [1]。但我们能主动的愿意做三件事情,所以我们是主动的被动。在 [1] 中是那三件事呢?(1) 不要把圣经白纸黑字写的话打折扣。我们举了例子说明为什么这是相当不容易做的。(2) 加上用逻辑。我们举例说明逻辑只是工具,信心所看见的不同会导致假设(公理)的不同。(3)加上圣经的一致性,我们是指神透过圣经告诉我们是一致的,这会和有些人的定义不同。           

     这三点我们都举例详细的讨论过,而人们会有疑问常是在我们讨论圣经的一致性时,因此我们借这机会再加上一些资料来讨分享这点。我们基于看到了启示录的写法是按照时间次序的,因此在 [1] 中会说到有些基督徒是不能进、在新天新地时降下的新耶路撒冷的城的。我们知道这会引起争论,但我们不得不这样讲,因为用逻辑在圣经的话上,我们不能不得到这样的结论。           

     为什么我们说启示录是按照时间次序写的?举例来说,在启示录的一开始讲到的七印,七号(其中包括七雷),七碗,是照时间次序写的。譬如说,七印是照着次序揭开的。先是在启示录 6:1 说:『我看见羔羊揭开七印中第一印』然后有『揭开第二印的时候,我听见第二个活物说:「你来!」』(启示录 6:3) 如此按次序揭开了所有的印。所以尤其在开始,圣经确定了我们知道这本书是按时间次序写的。在启示录 10:4 说:『七雷发声之后,我正要写出来,就听见从天上有声音说:「七雷所说的你要封上,不可写出来。」』约翰的确没有写出七雷来,他是顺服的,按着他所看见的次序写出来未来要发生的事情的。这和其他如四福音书不同,我们很清楚的看见四福音书的一些事情是不按时间次序写 的。         

     从另外一个角度来看,启示录是『耶稣基督的启示,就是神赐给他,叫他将必要快成的事指示他的众仆人。他就差遣使者晓谕他的仆人约翰。约翰便将神的道和耶稣基督的见证,凡自己所看见的都证明出来。念这书上预言的和那些听见又遵守其中所记载的,都是有福的,因为日期近了。』(启示录 1:1-3) 这是必要快来的事,而且希望每一个都读,而又明讲了约翰对七雷的顺服,且在开始时又明讲了按时间秩序,因此我们不能从人的角度看就乱改时间。从人的角度看一定看不到城外的是基督徒,要从神的角度看才能看得到。事实上,启示录一开始就说是必将要成的事,要大家都读,神为什么故意不按时间写让人看不懂,实在不合逻辑。要不,为什么要写,像七雷一样不写不是更好,不在那里记载的事,不是真的绝对看不懂吗?    

     回到原先的话题,有人怀疑这节经文不是按照时间次序写的:『城外有那些犬类、行邪术的、淫乱的、杀人的、拜偶像的,并一切喜好说谎言编造虚谎的。』(启示录 22:15) 因为照(人的)道德律来说,这些人不可能是基督徒!这是对的。所以我们除了在 [1] 所说的原因外,我们在这里分享更多的看见。首先我们知道基督徒只有一个标准,就是看神注重什么,要从神的角度看事情,而不能从人的角度看!           

     只是神所注重的和从人的角度看事情会非常的不同。举例子来说,如果照人的道德律,大卫犯了奸淫又借刀杀人,怎么会被神赦免?又因自己的骄傲数民,却倒霉的是众民,而在这次被处罚后,圣经就没有记载神让试探再临到他的身上!又装疯对亚吉说谎,违背了律法,圣经也没有提到任何神的惩罚!难道大卫不是基督徒吗?神不公平吗?当然不是!我们读经实在要读出来,神所看重的是什么?从神的角度看事情。神有绝对的主权,是可以让城外是基督徒的!我不会去问,为什么祂会这样做?因为发觉都是我们出了问题,而不是神出了问题!           

     如果一定要和在这之前的启示录 21:8 相比,你会发觉在启示录 21:8 说的那第二次的死的人包括了不信的。『惟有胆怯的、不信的、可憎的、杀人的、淫乱的、行邪术的、拜偶像的和一切说谎话的,他们的分就在烧着硫磺的火湖里,这是第二次的死。」』(启示录 21:8)   在启示录 22:15 中城外的人,并没有包括不信的,所以是可以包括信但仅仅得救而软弱的人,甚至于到受撒但的攻击到拜偶像、说谎等等的地步。但神是不说谎的,信而称义,只要开始时真正的信过一次,我们实在不能回头说、每一个这样的人从未真正的信过!只是这些人在城外哀哭切齿,彰显了神的公义,也符合一次得救永远得救的圣经一致性。知道这样,会给人想要进城的动机,走上成圣的道路。在启示录的七个教会,在有些教会中,得胜的人是多么少啊!           

     多数相同而有少数不同的经文有特别意义吗?在旧约的一个例子中是有的,这例子可从出埃及记 18:5 开始:『摩西的岳父叶忒罗,带着摩西的妻子和两个儿子来到神的山,就是摩西在旷野安营的地方。』(出埃及记 18:5) 『于是,摩西听从他岳父的话,按着他所说的去行。摩西从以色列人中拣选了有才能的人,立他们为百姓的首领,作千夫长、百夫长、五十夫长、十夫长。此后,摩西让他的岳父去,他就往本地去了。』(出埃及记 18:24-27)           

     我们看到了这次是来自属世的,从摩西岳父来的,拣选了有才能的人。很显然这样行不通,而且也来源不对,因此摩西岳父走了一段时间后,有了第二次拣选有智慧的人,如申命记 1:3-15 所说:『出埃及第四十年十一月初一日,摩西照耶和华借着他所吩咐以色列人的话都晓谕他们。「我(摩西)便将你们各支派的首领,有智慧、为众人所认识的,照你们的支派,立他们为官长、千夫长、百夫长、五十夫长、十夫长,管理你们。』所以在这个例子中,不同是有意义的,属天和属地的差别!           

     就像所说,不是所有的新约都是照时间写的,但启示录不同,前面都是照时间写的,怎么会到人不同意或不了解时就不照时间写呢?好了,这不是我们今天要讨论的主题,只是指出来,不是逻辑有什么问题,只是如果假设启示录不按时间次序写,什么结论都会有。今天要做的是踏出每一步,试着用工具书汇编读出来原文的字义。

2.  为什么要用原文读经?        

     就像我开始说的,我不懂原文,只能用汇编(Strong’s Concordance)学习圣经的字义部份。关于为什么要用原文帮助读经,第一是因为有非用原文不可的例子。更多的时候,汇编是一个很好的工具,透过它,我们有时可以真实的看到、圣经要告诉我们的是什么,尤其对从没用过原文帮助读经的人,确定了一个字正确的意思,常会改变我们的了解和想法。我们要强调的一点,是汇编最多让我们可知道原文的字义,和原文的文法无关。我最终选择了不学原文,因为知道了文法也不能唯一的决定经文的意义,必须看上下文及用圣经的一致性,而且我自己也知道不可能学到专家的程度,不如有需要时再看这方面的工具书。        

     如果圣灵启示我们去看原文,而我们不知道如何去使用工具书,不懂原文的人真的没有办法着手。就像我开始分享的一样,在我使用工具书如汇编帮助读经后,圣灵才常常透过原文启示我,使我了解圣经,所以我的动机很简单,希望别人也能得到这样的启示。这和信仰的原则类似,先要信,然后圣灵作工,所以先学会原文帮助读经,然后圣灵才会透过原文作工。而且在我个人的经验中,先用了工具书备而不用,总比不知道好,何况应该可以很快的学会,学会基本的方法后,要怎么应用,就在乎个人。

3. 汇编的基本使用方法    

我们选择了免费的网上「信望爱圣经工具」,因为它包括了我们所需要的,且有更多的用处,所以我们不是介绍这软体,而是使用它的一小部份,任何其他相应的软体都可使用,使用的原则应是相似的。因为汇编原是英文的,所以会英文的最好是用英文软体。          现在我们尽可能的说明每一步的使用方法。首先在网路上打入「信望爱圣经工具」,按「圣经工具-信望爱信仰与圣经资源中心」。可以看到选项的网页,相当复杂但应可看懂,我选的很简单,旧约和新约都这样选,『中文:「和合本」,原文编号: 「放后面」,格式: 「表格」』,然后打入输入(enter) ,我打入时显示出来的是罗马书第八章,有全章的经文照我所选的方式排列,所以你会看到如下的。

我们用和合本的这经文作例子看基本的使用方法。『惟用爱心(G26)说诚实话(G226),凡事长进,连于元首基督。』 (以弗所书 4:15) 换成以弗所书第四章,到第十五节的地方,我们就看到以下两者。

     所以你就可知道括弧内的数目是如何来的,在汇编中不同的字有不同号码,可以很容易的找到那字的统计和意义。这时按 226 会出现另一视窗。在新视窗中按「出现经文」会看到只有两个经文。另外一个经文为,『如今,我将真理(G226)告诉你们,就成了你们的仇敌吗?』 (加拉太书 4:16) 请注意,汇编字的意义系统是由字根而来,我们看相应的经文才可能知道这字是在圣经中如何使用。在这里只出现二个经文,平常比较多,通常,如果一本书内够多的话,你应可决定这字的意思。最坏的情况只出现一次,这时只好看上下文及圣经的一致性,也用字典作参考。    

     在目前我们只得到原始资料,在这里,同样的一个字有两种不同的翻译,那一个对,或有更好的翻译? G226 这字英文是 truth,我们对中文的和合本比较熟,把两个中文的经文并列。『如今,我将真理(G226)告诉你们,就成了你们的仇敌吗?』 (加拉太书 4:16) 『惟用爱心说诚实话(G226) ,凡事长进,连于元首基督。』 (以弗所书 4:15)   诚实话不一定是真理或真话,因为可能是错的诚实话,这时会很庆幸别人没有听。而真理一定是真话,但是真话不见得是真理,包括了真理,不能划等号,看圣经时会常常在不该划等号时划等号,这是我很容易犯的错误。其实听别人的话也要如此,随便划等号会误会别人的。我们不要消灭圣灵的感动,而圣灵不是每一次讲的都是真理。G26 是指神的爱(Agape love),所以这经文应更准确的翻成:『惟用神的爱(G26)说真话(G226) (以弗所书 4:15)  这里我们用到了:  (2) 用逻辑;及 (3) 圣经的一致性。

4.  非得用原文不可的例子        

     约翰福音  21:15-17  说:『他们吃完了早饭,耶稣对西门彼得说:「约翰的儿子西门,你爱(G25)我比这些更深吗?」彼得说:「主啊,是的,你知道我爱(G5368)你。」耶稣对他说:「你喂养我的小羊。」耶稣第二次又对他说:「约翰的儿子西门,你爱(G25)我吗?」彼得说:「主啊,是的,你知道我爱你。」 耶稣说:「你牧养我的羊。」第三次对他说:「约翰的儿子西门,你爱(G5368)我吗?」彼得因为耶稣第三次对他说「你爱 (G5368) 我吗」,就忧愁,对耶稣说:「主啊,你是无所不知的,你知道我爱(G5368)你。」耶稣说:「你喂养我的羊。』

     我特别把原文的编号在括弧中写出来,我们看见了希腊文的「爱」这个字有不同种的爱,中文看不出来,英文也看不出来,非得用原文不可。更多的时候,汇编是一个很好的工具,透过它,我们有时可以真实的看到、圣经要告诉我们的是什么,正确的知道字的意思后,常常会改变我们的了解和想法。

5.  真实的看到汇编是一个很好的工具        

     我们用一个例子来说明,在启示录 4:4-6 中,第一次出现了四活物和二十四位长老:『宝座的周围坐着二十四位长老,有四个活物 启示录 5:6-8 说:『我又看见宝座与四活物并长老之中,有羔羊站立,他既拿了书卷,四活物和二十四位长老就俯伏在羔羊面前,(having G2192)各拿着(G1538)琴和盛满了香的金炉;这香就是众圣徒的祈祷。』有人可能认为在启示录 5:6-8 中只有二十四位长老拿着琴和金炉。        

     我们首先注意到四活物和二十四位长老常常是一起提到的,让我们看这样经文的一些例子。『每逢四活物将那二十四位长老就俯伏 (启示录 4:9-10)『四活物就说:「阿们!」众长老也俯伏敬拜。』 (启示录 5:14)『那二十四位长老与四活物就俯伏敬拜坐宝座的神, (启示录 19:4)        

     如是在启示录  5:6-8 中只是指二十四位长老,就会用 G3588 (who,which) 说明是单指二十四位长老。犹如在启示录  1:9  所说:『我约翰就是(G3588)你们的弟兄,』这字G3588  在启示录就出现了六十六次,多用一次又何妨呢?但现在用的是现在分词  G2192,确定我们知道是同时指四活物和二十四位长老。所以我们看到了四活物和二十四位长老是代表和属于一个团体的。

6.  意义相同只是词类不同的例子        

     我们来看神的爱(Agape G26) 是名词; (Agapao G25) 是动词,虽然是两个不同的字,却是同样的意义。后者可在马可福音 10:21 找到,『 耶稣看着他、就爱(G25)』回到原先的视窗,换成马太福音第 10 章,到第 21 节的地方。按 25 会看到:『25 agapao {ag-ap-ah’-o},可能源自 agan (); 动词。』前者在马太福音 24:12 看到,『只因不法的事增多、许多人的爱(G26)』回到原先的视窗,换成马太福音第 24 章,到第 12 节的地方。按 26 会看到:『26 agape {ag-ah’-pay},源自 25; 阴性名词。』

7. 结语        

     我们看到了汇编是相当好的工具,圣经说得很清楚,『你们不可停止聚会, (希伯来书 10:25) 这实在是为了我们的好处,因为不知道神会在什么时候、透过弟兄姊妹的分享就启示了我们,特别是常常会透过原文,这是为什么我们今天会分享。    

     我们要强调一点,启示不全是超自然的。如保罗见大光后,是神在异象中要亚拿尼亚去见保罗,告诉他一些事情。另外,我们要知道,人有自由意志,即使圣经的话和逻辑都成立了,仍然可以选择不信,基本上是因为和我们的想法不同,也就是常常从人的角度看。 我们要有启示录七个教会中都说的,要有一个能听的耳。记得第一次认为是这样被影射时,嘴虽没说,心中可是不太服气!现在知道了。在这里要说的是,我只说要有一个能听的耳,没有说我有,听别人的话的确也不能随便划等号,就如读经一样。人有自由意志,要有一个能听的耳是很不容易的,我们要主动愿意后,相信神不会任凭我们,渴望祝福我们。

相关的知识

 [1] 在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』网站,按『对属灵生命的了解』,接着按『3039 透过启示录第15章看读经时该做的事』。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

2041 如何用彙編使不懂原文的人用原文讀經? (旋風著)

       我們以前分享過聖經所說讀經的方法是以啓示帶領查經,啓示是我們不能做的,能做的事其中之一是不要把聖經的話打折扣。用原文幫助讀經能更正確的瞭解聖經的意義,我不懂原文,在我學了用工具書如彙編幫助讀經後,聖.靈常常透過原文啓示我使我瞭解聖經。舉例來說,聖靈會帶領我看一個原文字和相關的經文,使我瞭解以前不懂的經文。所以我的動機很簡單,希望別人也能得到這樣的啓示。用原文幫助讀經不只是為對聖經很熟的人,也是為想要更正確瞭解聖經而開始讀經的人,甚至於為想要正確瞭解聖經的朋友們。

           首先我們在前言中提到、以前在「2039 透過啓示錄第15章看讀經時該做的事」的三點事情,及討論聖經的一致性時可能有人會問的問題,我們因此在前言裏加上了更多的說明 [1]。然後我們解釋為什麼要用原文讀經,和信心的原則相似,必須先有信才有可能進入基督的豐盛裏。在經驗中,我先會用工具書後,聖靈才開始啓示我去看原文。第三,我們一步一步的說明用彙編讀原文聖經的基本方法。如果你照著去做,應該可不花太多時間的就學到。第四,我們舉了一個非用原文不可的例子。接著我們又用一個例子看到彙編真是一個很好的工具。第六,我們用一個例子說明雖是字不同,但意義相同,因為一個是動詞而另一個是名詞。在結語中,我們提到了一個不可停止聚會的理由,並為什麼啓示對我們來說不全是超自然的原因。我們也看到了人有自由意志,有一個能聽的耳是不容易的。相信我們主動的願意和神同工後,祂會渴望祝福我們。

1.  前言: 讀經中我們能主動的願意做的事情

           在以前曾談到過,我們需要神主動的用啓示帶領我們讀經,我們是被動的 [1]。但我們能主動的願意做三件事情,所以我們是主動的被動。在 [1] 中是那三件事呢?(1) 不要把聖經白紙黑字寫的話打折扣。我們舉了例子說明為什麼這是相當不容易做的。(2) 加上用邏輯。我們舉例說明邏輯只是工具,信心所看見的不同會導致假設(公理)的不同。(3)加上聖經的一致性,我們是指神透過聖經告訴我們是一致的,這會和有些人的定義不同。

           這三點我們都舉例詳細的討論過,而人們會有疑問常是在我們討論聖經的一致性時,因此我們藉這機會再加上一些資料來討分享這點。我們基於看到了啓示錄的寫法是按照時間次序的,因此在 [1] 中會說到有些基督徒是不能進、在新天新地時降下的新耶路撒冷的城的。我們知道這會引起爭論,但我們不得不這樣講,因為用邏輯在聖經的話上,我們不能不得到這樣的結論。

           為什麼我們說啓示錄是按照時間次序寫的?舉例來說,在啓示錄的一開始講到的七印,七號(其中包括七雷),七碗,是照時間次序寫的。譬如說,七印是照著次序揭開的。先是在啓示錄 6:1 說:『我看見羔羊揭開七印中第一印…』然後有『揭開第二印的時候,我聽見第二個活物說:「你來!」』(啓示錄 6:3) 如此按次序揭開了所有的印。所以尤其在開始,聖經確定了我們知道這本書是按時間次序寫的。在啓示錄 10:4 說:『七雷發聲之後,我正要寫出來,就聽見從天上有聲音說:「七雷所說的你要封上,不可寫出來。」』約翰的確沒有寫出七雷來,他是順服的,按著他所看見的次序寫出來未來要發生的事情的。這和其他如四福音書不同,我們很清楚的看見四福音書的一些事情是不按時間次序寫 的。  

        從另外一個角度來看,啓示錄是『耶穌基督的啓示,就是神賜給他,叫他將必要快成的事指示他的眾僕人。他就差遣使者曉諭他的僕人約翰。約翰便將神的道和耶穌基督的見證,凡自己所看見的都證明出來。念這書上預言的和那些聽見又遵守其中所記載的,都是有福的,因為日期近了。』(啓示錄 1:1-3) 這是必要快來的事,而且希望每一個都讀,而又明講了約翰對七雷的順服,且在開始時又明講了按時間秩序,因此我們不能從人的角度看就亂改時間。從人的角度看一定看不到城外的是基督徒,要從神的角度看才能看得到。事實上,啓示錄一開始就說是必將要成的事,要大家都讀,神為什麼故意不按時間寫讓人看不懂,實在不合邏輯。要不,為什麼要寫,像七雷一樣不寫不是更好,不在那裏記載的事,不是真的絕對看不懂嗎?

    回到原先的話題,有人懷疑這節經文不是按照時間次序寫的:『城外有那些犬類、行邪術的、淫亂的、殺人的、拜偶像的,並一切喜好說謊言編造虛謊的。』(啓示錄 22:15) 因為照(人的)道德律來說,這些人不可能是基督徒!這是對的。所以我們除了在 [1] 所說的原因外,我們在這裏分享更多的看見。首先我們知道基督徒只有一個標準,就是看神注重什麼,要從神的角度看事情,而不能從人的角度看!

           只是神所注重的和從人的角度看事情會非常的不同。舉例子來說,如果照人的道德律,大衞犯了姦淫又藉刀殺人,怎麼會被神赦免?又因自己的驕傲數民,卻倒霉的是衆民,而在這次被處罰後,聖經就沒有記載神讓試探再臨到他的身上!又裝瘋對亞吉說謊,違背了律法,聖經也沒有提到任何神的懲罰!難道大衞不是基督徒嗎?神不公平嗎?當然不是!我們讀經實在要讀出來,神所看重的是什麼?從神的角度看事情。神有絕對的主權,是可以讓城外是基督徒的!我不會去問,為什麼祂會這樣做?因為發覺都是我們出了問題,而不是神出了問題!

           如果一定要和在這之前的啓示錄 21:8 相比,你會發覺在啓示錄 21:8 說的那第二次的死的人包括了不信的。『惟有膽怯的、不信的、可憎的、殺人的、淫亂的、行邪術的、拜偶像的和一切說謊話的,他們的分就在燒着硫磺的火湖裏,這是第二次的死。」』(啓示錄 21:8)   在啓示錄 22:15 中城外的人,並沒有包括不信的,所以是可以包括信但僅僅得救而軟弱的人,甚至於到受撒但的攻擊到拜偶像、說謊等等的地步。但神是不說謊的,信而稱義,只要開始時真正的信過一次,我們實在不能回頭說、每一個這樣的人從未真正的信過!只是這些人在城外哀哭切齒,彰顯了神的公義,也符合一次得救永遠得救的聖經一致性。知道這樣,會給人想要進城的動機,走上成聖的道路。在啓示錄的七個教會,在有些教會中,得勝的人是多麼少啊!

           多數相同而有少數不同的經文有特別意義嗎?在舊約的一個例子中是有的,這例子可從出埃及記 18:5 開始:『摩西的岳父葉忒羅,帶着摩西的妻子和兩個兒子來到神的山,就是摩西在曠野安營的地方。』(出埃及記 18:5) 『於是,摩西聽從他岳父的話,按着他所說的去行。摩西從以色列人中揀選了有才能的人,立他們為百姓的首領,作千夫長、百夫長、五十夫長、十夫長。…此後,摩西讓他的岳父去,他就往本地去了。』(出埃及記 18:24-27) 

           我們看到了這次是來自屬世的,從摩西岳父來的,揀選了有才能的人。很顯然這樣行不通,而且也來源不對,因此摩西岳父走了一段時間後,有了第二次揀選有智慧的人,如申命記 1:3-15 所說:『出埃及第四十年十一月初一日,摩西照耶和華藉着他所吩咐以色列人的話都曉諭他們。…「我(摩西)便將你們各支派的首領,有智慧、為眾人所認識的,照你們的支派,立他們為官長、千夫長、百夫長、五十夫長、十夫長,管理你們。』所以在這個例子中,不同是有意義的,屬天和屬地的差別!

           就像所說,不是所有的新約都是照時間寫的,但啓示錄不同,前面都是照時間寫的,怎麼會到人不同意或不瞭解時就不照時間寫呢?好了,這不是我們今天要討論的主題,只是指出來,不是邏輯有什麼問題,只是如果假設啓示錄不按時間次序寫,什麼結論都會有。今天要做的是踏出每一步,試著用工具書彙編讀出來原文的字義。

2.  為什麼要用原文讀經?

        就像我開始說的,我不懂原文,只能用彙編(Strong’s Concordance)學習聖經的字義部份。關於為什麼要用原文幫助讀經,第一是因為有非用原文不可的例子。更多的時候,彙編是一個很好的工具,透過它,我們有時可以真實的看到、聖經要告訴我們的是什麼,尤其對從沒用過原文幫助讀經的人,確定了一個字正確的意思,常會改變我們的瞭解和想法。我們要強調的一點,是彙編最多讓我們可知道原文的字義,和原文的文法無關。我最終選擇了不學原文,因為知道了文法也不能唯一的決定經文的意義,必須看上下文及用聖經的一致性,而且我自己也知道不可能學到專家的程度,不如有需要時再看這方面的工具書。

        如果聖靈啓示我們去看原文,而我們不知道如何去使用工具書,不懂原文的人真的沒有辦法著手。就像我開始分享的一樣,在我使用工具書如彙編幫助讀經後,聖靈才常常透過原文啓示我,使我瞭解聖經,所以我的動機很簡單,希望別人也能得到這樣的啓示。這和信仰的原則類似,先要信,然後聖靈作工,所以先學會原文幫助讀經,然後聖靈才會透過原文作工。而且在我個人的經驗中,先用了工具書備而不用,總比不知道好,何況應該可以很快的學會,學會基本的方法後,要怎麼應用,就在乎個人。

3. 彙編的基本使用方法

    我們選擇了免費的網上「信望愛聖經工具」,因為它包括了我們所需要的,且有更多的用處,所以我們不是介紹這軟體,而是使用它的一小部份,任何其他相應的軟體都可使用,使用的原則應是相似的。因為彙編原是英文的,所以會英文的最好是用英文軟體。

    現在我們儘可能的說明每一步的使用方法。首先在網路上打入「信望愛聖經工具」,按「聖經工具信望愛信仰與聖經資源中心」。可以看到選項的網頁,相當複雜但應可看懂,我選的很簡單,舊約和新約都這樣選,『中文:「和合本」,原文編號: 「放後面」,格式: 「表格」』,然後打入輸入(enter) ,我打入時顯示出來的是羅馬書第八章,有全章的經文照我所選的方式排列,所以你會看到如下的。

我們用和合本的這經文作例子看基本的使用方法。『惟用愛心(G26)說誠實話(G226),凡事長進,連於元首基督。』 (以弗所書 4:15) 換成以弗所書第四章,到第十五節的地方,我們就看到以下兩者。

    所以你就可知道括弧內的數目是如何來的,在彙編中不同的字有不同號碼,可以很容易的找到那字的統計和意義。這時按 226 會出現另一視窗。在新視窗中按「出現經文」會看到只有兩個經文。另外一個經文為,『如今,我將真理(G226)告訴你們,就成了你們的仇敵嗎?』 (加拉太書 4:16) 請注意,彙編字的意義系統是由字根而來,我們看相應的經文才可能知道這字是在聖經中如何使用。在這裏只出現二個經文,平常比較多,通常,如果一本書內夠多的話,你應可決定這字的意思。最壞的情況只出現一次,這時只好看上下文及聖經的一致性,也用字典作參考。

    在目前我們只得到原始資料,在這裏,同樣的一個字有兩種不同的翻譯,那一個對,或有更好的翻譯? G226 這字英文是 truth,我們對中文的和合本比較熟,把兩個中文的經文並列。『如今,我將真理(G226)告訴你們,就成了你們的仇敵嗎?』 (加拉太書 4:16) 『惟用愛心說誠實話(G226) ,凡事長進,連於元首基督。』 (以弗所書 4:15)   誠實話不一定是真理或真話,因為可能是錯的誠實話,這時會很慶幸別人沒有聽。而真理一定是真話,但是真話不見得是真理,包括了真理,不能劃等號,看聖經時會常常在不該劃等號時劃等號,這是我很容易犯的錯誤。其實聽別人的話也要如此,隨便劃等號會誤會別人的。我們不要消滅聖靈的感動,而聖靈不是每一次講的都是真理。G26 是指神的愛(Agape love),所以這經文應更準確的翻成:『惟用神的愛(G26)說真話(G226) ,…』 (以弗所書 4:15)  這裏我們用到了:  (2) 用邏輯;及 (3) 聖經的一致性。

4.  非得用原文不可的例子

        約翰福音  21:15-17  說:『他們吃完了早飯,耶穌對西門彼得說:「約翰的兒子西門,你愛(G25)我比這些更深嗎?」彼得說:「主啊,是的,你知道我愛(G5368)你。」耶穌對他說:「你餵養我的小羊。」耶穌第二次又對他說:「約翰的兒子西門,你愛(G25)我嗎?」彼得說:「主啊,是的,你知道我愛你。」 耶穌說:「你牧養我的羊。」第三次對他說:「約翰的兒子西門,你愛(G5368)我嗎?」彼得因為耶穌第三次對他說「你愛 (G5368) 我嗎」,就憂愁,對耶穌說:「主啊,你是無所不知的,你知道我愛(G5368)你。」耶穌說:「你餵養我的羊。』我特別把原文的編號在括弧中寫出來,我們看見了希臘文的「愛」這個字有不同種的愛,中文看不出來,英文也看不出來,非得用原文不可。更多的時候,彙編是一個很好的工具,透過它,我們有時可以真實的看到、聖經要告訴我們的是什麼,正確的知道字的意思後,常常會改變我們的瞭解和想法。

5.  真實的看到彙編是一個很好的工具

        我們用一個例子來說明,在啓示錄 4:4-6 中,第一次出現了四活物和二十四位長老:『寶座的周圍…坐着二十四位長老,…有四個活物…』 啓示錄 5:6-8 說:『我又看見寶座與四活物並長老之中,有羔羊站立,…他既拿了書卷,四活物和二十四位長老就俯伏在羔羊面前,(having G2192)各拿着(G1538)琴和盛滿了香的金爐;這香就是眾聖徒的祈禱。』有人可能認為在啓示錄 5:6-8 中只有二十四位長老拿著琴和金爐。

        我們首先注意到四活物和二十四位長老常常是一起提到的,讓我們看這樣經文的一些例子。『每逢四活物將…那二十四位長老就俯伏…』 (啓示錄 4:9-10)『四活物就說:「阿們!」眾長老也俯伏敬拜。』 (啓示錄 5:14)『那二十四位長老與四活物就俯伏敬拜坐寶座的神, …』 (啓示錄 19:4)

        如是在啓示錄  5:6-8 中只是指二十四位長老,就會用 G3588 (who,which) 說明是單指二十四位長老。猶如在啓示錄  1:9  所說:『我約翰就是(G3588)你們的弟兄,…』這字G3588  在啓示錄就出現了六十六次,多用一次又何妨呢?但現在用的是現在分詞  G2192,確定我們知道是同時指四活物和二十四位長老。所以我們看到了四活物和二十四位長老是代表和屬於一個團體的。

6.  意義相同只是詞類不同的例子

        我們來看神的愛(Agape G26) 是名詞; 而 (Agapao G25) 是動詞,雖然是兩個不同的字,卻是同樣的意義。後者可在馬可福音 10:21 找到,『 耶穌看著他、就愛(G25)他 …』回到原先的視窗,換成馬太福音第 10 章,到第 21 節的地方。按 「25」 會看到:『25 agapao {ag-ap-ah’-o},可能源自 agan (多); 動詞。』前者在馬太福音 24:12 看到,『只因不法的事增多、許多人的愛(G26)心 …』回到原先的視窗,換成馬太福音第 24 章,到第 12 節的地方。按 「26」 會看到:『26 agape {ag-ah’-pay},源自 25; 陰性名詞。』

7. 結語

        我們看到了彙編是相當好的工具,聖經說得很清楚,『你們不可停止聚會,…』 (希伯來書 10:25) 這實在是為了我們的好處,因為不知道神會在什麼時候、透過弟兄姊妹的分享就啓示了我們,特別是常常會透過原文,這是為什麼我們今天會分享。

    我們要強調一點,啓示不全是超自然的。如保羅見大光後,是神在異象中要亞拿尼亞去見保羅,告訴他一些事情。另外,我們要知道,人有自由意志,即使聖經的話和邏輯都成立了,仍然可以選擇不信,基本上是因為和我們的想法不同,也就是常常從人的角度看。 我們要有啓示錄七個教會中都說的,要有一個能聽的耳。記得第一次認為是這樣被影射時,嘴雖沒說,心中可是不太服氣!現在知道了。在這裏要說的是,我只說要有一個能聽的耳,沒有說我有,聽別人的話的確也不能隨便劃等號,就如讀經一樣。人有自由意志,要有一個能聽的耳是很不容易的,我們要主動願意後,相信神不會任憑我們,渴望祝福我們。

相關的知識

[1] 在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』網站,按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』,接著按『2039 透過啓示錄第15章看讀經時該做的事』。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)