1033 Last supper (6) – Coming again, the way, seeing Father, and in the name of Lord (by Whirlwind)

First, we see that Jesus was going to prepare a place for us, and He promised to come again. Secondly, we know that He is the only mediator and He is the way and the truth and the life. Thirdly, Lord says clearly Himself that seeing Him is the same as seeing the Father. And He says that we’ll do greater things then Him. What does it mean? Actually, we can see the reason why from a verse. Finally, in John 14 to 16, He said seven times that something like, “whatever you ask in Jesus’ name, He will do it.” This is absolutely not a blank check. There are sufficient conditions for such granted prayers. We will briefly explain it. Also, we mention why Bible says that if a prayer is not immediately answered, it doesn’t imply that it is not granted by presenting an example in the Old Testament.

1. Preparing a place and the promise of coming again

In John 14:1-3, it says clearly, “Do not let your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.”

This is the promise. Where He is, we may be also. Lord Jesus Christ is one of Holy Trinity. Of course, if we believe in God, we also believe in Him.

 2. Lord is the way, and the truth, and the life

It continuously says in John 14:4-7, “”And you know the way where I am going.” Thomas said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, how do we know the way?” Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me. If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; from now on you know Him, and have seen Him.””

He and the Father are united as one.  Therefore, He said, “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also.” He is indeed the only way as said in 1 Timothy 2:5, “For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” He is the truth, since it says clearly in John 1:14, “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.” He is the life as said in John 1:4, “In Him was life, and the life was the Light of me.” As it is said in Hebrews 10:20, “by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh.” “Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.”(John 17:17) “…It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing; the words that I have spoken to you are spirit and are life.”(John 6:63)

3. Seeing Lord Jesus being the same as seeing Father

In John 14:8-12, it says, “Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.” Jesus said to him, “Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on My own initiative, but the Father abiding in Me does His works. Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me; otherwise believe because of the works themselves. Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do, he will do also; and greater works than these he will do; because I go to the Father.”

Indeed, no one can see the face of the Father as in Exodus 33:20, “But He said, “You (Moses) cannot see My face, for no man can see Me and live!”” But the Father can be seen as said in Exodus 33:23, “Then I will take My hand away and you shall see My back, but My face shall not be seen.” He and the Father is in perfect oneness. Thus, in the era of the New Testament, Jesus said, “He who has seen Me has seen the Father.” Regarding “otherwise believe because of the works themselves,” even a Pharisees can see this point as described in John 3:1-2, “Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews; this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.””

Apparently, Christians have the abiding Holy Spirit. We are now united with Holy Trinity, by Holy Spirit, through Jesus, and in oneness with Father. Whatever we do is in the name of Lord, ” …Christ is all, and in all.”(Colossians 3:11)

What is then the greater works mentioned? Apparently, they are both miracles and signs. There is no way that we’ll do something greater than Jesus along this line. In fact, the verse says clearly, “because I go to the Father.” What is the result because of His going? The Holy Spirit came. When Jesus was restricted in the human body, His preaching the Gospel is limited to the around the Sea of Galilee and Jerusalem. It is impossible for Him to perform the great missions. Just like a grain of wheat, “…if it dies, it bears much fruit.”(John 12:24) Jesus was nailed on the cross to die for us, and nowadays we have the abiding Spirit. We can preach the Gospel to the end of the world without any restrictions. This is what Jesus cannot do when Word became flesh. Therefore, it says, “because I go to the Father.”

4. Seven times saying to pray in Jesus’ name 

We first take a look where it repeats something seven times like, “whatever you ask in Jesus’ name, He will do it.” Since I wasn’t aware of this before, we may as well list all seven verses. Notice also that this is not a blank check. For example, if we pray for an unnecessary but expensive racing car, such a prayer will not be granted to our best knowledge even if God has absolute authority and can do it. Then, there are sufficient conditions for such granted prayers. We will briefly explain it.

The first one is in John 14:13, “Whatever you ask in My name, that will I do, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son.” In the next verse, it comes the second one, “If you ask Me anything in My name, I will do it.”(John 14:14) In chapter 15, the third time is said, “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you.”(John 15:7) And also the fourth time, “You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you.”(John 15:16) It is followed by the fifth time in chapter 16, “In that day you will not question Me about anything. Truly, truly, I say to you, if you ask the Father for anything in My name, He will give it to you.”(John 16:23) The last two times are in John 16:24, “Until now you have asked for nothing in My name; ask and you will receive, so that your joy may be made full,” and in John 16:26, “In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that I will request of the Father on your behalf.”

Talking about these seven times, the verses are not the exact same wording. The sufficient conditions are to fulfill all seven descriptions. In other words, we need to take intersection in this case. It is different from the event that Paul saw the big light, which is described three times. As we discussed before, all three descriptions are based on the same fact but in different situations. If we want to know the truth, we have to fulfill all of them. In other words, we need to combine all of the situations in order to understand it. 

Here, we see a sufficient condition is to be in oneness with Christ to achieve the so-called vertical union as described in ‘1019 Vertical and horizontal love and union’ [1], and in the name of Lord Jesus Christ. In this case, what we pray is the same as what Jesus asks. How can such prayers not be granted? Please notice that this is not saying it that our prayer cannot be granted if we cannot reach the perfect oneness vertically. Maybe we don’t even know that we are indeed in union with Christ in a particular issue. On top of that, He has absolute authority!

We want you to notice in particular the fourth time, “You did not choose Me but I chose you.” Indeed, Jesus chose Himself the apostles, not the other way around. Thus, we see once again that the way of sanctification is passive. This is because life comes from God as described in 1 Corinthians 3:6-7, “I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing the growth. So then neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but God who causes the growth.”

We might often ask why my prayer isn’t answered? Maybe the answer is ‘no’ and we cannot accept it. In fact, Bible says clearly that a prayer is not implemented right away doesn’t imply that it is not already answered.  Let us give you an example in the Old Testament as described in Daniel 10:12-14, “Then he said to me, “Do not be afraid, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart on understanding this and on humbling yourself before your God, your words were heard, and I have come in response to your words. But the prince of the kingdom of Persia was withstanding me for twenty-one days; then behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I had been left there with the kings of Persia. Now I have come to give you an understanding of what will happen to your people in the latter days, for the vision pertains to the days yet future.”

Apparently, his prayer was granted at the beginning once he prayed. But being granted doesn’t imply that he got it immediately, Satan tried every effort to prevent it but only delayed twenty-one days. God is omniscient and omnipotent. He knows that with the delay of twenty-one days, there is no change in Daniel’s faith, who can absolutely bear such a delay.  

Related knowledge

 [1] ‘1019 Vertical and horizontal love and union’ is in ‘https://a-christian-voice.com,’ then under ‘On spiritual understanding about life.’

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

最后的晚餐 (5) – 分离的祷告 (约翰福音 17 章) (旋风着) 3032

     剩下在最后的晚餐发生的事情,只在约翰福音第十四章到第十七章有记载,我们就从称为分离的祷告的第十七章开始。首先在简短的前言中我们提到了发生的时间。我们这次和以前不同的是、基本上我们会逐节经文讨论,共二十六节。接着我们看到了神的荣耀的彰显,然后提到了水平的合一的必要,不只是向上和三位一体神的垂直合一。第四,我们看到了再提预知犹大的卖主及其原因。第五是说我们要靠主才能常常喜乐,而第六是说我们看到了成圣之路是被动的,我们只能愿意,因为生命是从神来,祂是主动的。最后我们看到了我们是在父、子、和圣灵的最高学府。

1. 前言: 发生的时间

     分离的祷告的时间是在客西马尼园祷告之前,而在结束最后的晚餐的话语时。约翰福音 18:1 讲得很清楚:『耶稣说了这话(分离的祷告),就同门徒出去,过了汲沦溪,在那里有一个园子(客西马尼园),他和门徒进去了。』

2. 神的荣耀的彰显

     我们首先叙述经文,然后在括号内简短的提到我们的看见。

 (1) 耶稣说了这话(最后的晚餐的之前的话),就举目望天说:「父啊,时候到了,愿你荣耀你的儿子,使儿子也荣耀你。

      (时候到了,因万物都有定时,祂知道祂钉十字架的时间到了,顺服以致于死,就像祂在客西马尼园的祷告一样,不要照我的意思愿父的旨意成就,荣耀了父神。)

(2) 正如你曾赐给他权柄,管理凡有血气的,叫他将永生赐给你所赐给他的人。

     (的确,祂在道成肉身之前是以神子的身份管理凡有血气的,因在创世记中的耶和华神是复数,神是用 H420 elôhîym,三位一体的神。而人那时是神的管家,代管大地及凡有血气的,如创世记 2:15 所说:『耶和华神将那人(亚当)安置在伊甸园,使他修理看守。』)

(3) 认识你独一的真神,并且认识你所差来的耶稣基督,这就是永生。

     (这节经文简短的回答了永生是什么的问题。)

(4) 我在地上已经荣耀你,你所托付我的事,我已成全了。

     (祂一生都不消灭圣灵的感动,不犯罪,并顺服以致于死,『只要照你的意思。』(马太福音 26:39) 罪的工价是死,祂为我们被钉在十字架上代替我们而死。)

(5) 父啊,现在求你使我同你享荣耀,就是未有世界以先,我同你所有的荣耀。

     (未有世界以先,时间被创造之前,在没有时间时祂是和父同尊同荣的。这和道成肉身时不同,那时有一个时间的秩序,父差遣子,子不去,圣灵不来。这和其他经文说得是一致的,下面两段可作为例子。)

      (约翰福音 1:1-3 说:『太初有道,道与神同在,道就是神。这道太初与神同在。万物是借着他造的,凡被造的,没有一样不是借着他造的。 』道是指主耶稣基督,祂显然在创世以前就有了。)

     (希伯来书 1:2 说:『就在这末世,借着他儿子晓谕我们,又早已立他为承受万有的,也曾借着他创造诸世界。』

      (在这里有人可能会问末世是什么时候开始?彼得前书 1:20 问答了这个问题:『基督在创世以前是预先被神知道的,却在这末世才为你们显现。』对我们重要的不是何时开始,只要知道我们现在处于末世中。末世不是指耶稣再来的最后时刻。)

 (6) 「你从世上赐给我的人,我已将你的名显明与他们。他们本是你的,你将他们赐给我,他们也遵守了你的道。

     (我们谈到过祂早就知道犹大要卖祂,所以终夜祷告,确定是圣灵()的意思。)

     (有人可能会问,明明是赐给祂的人为什么还要做什么呢?其实我们可在旧约的一个例子中看到这点。我们知道利百加本是神为以撒所安排的,而且以撒有神的应许他会有后裔,即使如此,在创世记 25:21 说:『以撒因他妻子不生育,就为她祈求耶和华。耶和华应允他的祈求,他的妻子利百加就怀了孕。』所以即使有应许,还是要祷告,我们要『不住地祷告。』(帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:17)

 (7) 如今他们知道,凡你所赐给我的,都是从你那里来的。

 (8) 因为你所赐给我的道,我已经赐给他们。他们也领受了,又确实知道,我是从你出来的,并且信你差了我来。

      (这两节经文很清楚,也和第六节有关。保罗基本上也是这样做,『你们也知道,凡与你们有益的,我没有一样避讳不说的。或在众人面前,或在各人家里,我都教导你们。』(使徒行传 20:20)  约翰福音 6:68-69 也说:『西门彼得回答说:「主啊,你有永生之道,我们还归从谁呢?我们已经信了,又知道你是神的圣者。」』)

 (9) 我为他们祈求,不为世人祈求,却为你所赐给我的人祈求,因他们本是你的。

     (祂明知道有赐给祂的人,祂仍然要为他们祈求,和神同工,就像所讲以撒的例子一样。)

      (神的荣耀因祂的顺服以致于死彰显了。)

3. 水平的合一的必要

(10) 凡是我的都是你的,你的也是我的,并且我因他们得了荣耀。 ##### (耶稣是和父神垂直的合一。而为什么因他们得了荣耀呢?我们看到他们会软弱,譬如当耶稣钉十字架时,门徒四散逃跑,只有约翰在十字架前。但他们尽可能的遵行了神的道,如第六节所说。)

(11) 从今以后,我不在世上,他们却在世上,我往你那里去。圣父啊,求你因你所赐给我的名保守他们,叫他们合而为一,像我们一样。

     (所以弟兄姊妹是要合一的,我们如果都能模成耶稣的形像,和耶稣合一,而耶稣只有一位,我们自然会合一。这不是一个理论,是一个可以做得到的实际,因生命是从神来,我们如果愿意将一切交在祂手里,祂一定会在我们身上作工。)

      (父差遣子,现子回到父那里去,并希望祂的门徒们能合一如同祂和父的合一。我们要『用和平彼此联络,竭力保守圣灵所赐合而为一的心。』(以弗所书 4:3) 所以我们可看得出来,合一已经赐下来了。)

     (这里顺便一提的是在以弗所书 6:11-17 所提的要穿戴神所赐的全副军装,除了圣灵的宝剑外,都是防御的武器,要我们能站立得住。我们要跟随圣灵的带领,好好的使用那宝剑,就是神的道。)

4. 再提预知犹大卖主

(12) 我与他们同在的时候,因你所赐给我的名保守了他们,我也护卫了他们;其中除了那灭亡之子,没有一个灭亡的,好叫经上的话得应验。

     (我们看到了祂为什会再提这一件事!虽然加略人犹大的卖主的必定发生,但这是因他的行为留了破口,撒但可进入他的心,而他自己也做了抉择并做出来。这些可以从下面的经文看出来。)

      (『他(犹大)说这话,并不是挂念穷人,乃因他是个贼,又带着钱囊,常取其中所存的。』(约翰福音 12:6)撒但入了那称为加略人犹大的心,他本是十二门徒里的一个。他去和祭司长并守殿官商量,怎么可以把耶稣交给他们。』(路加福音 22:3-4) 『说话之间,来了许多人。那十二个门徒里名叫犹大的,走在前头,就近耶稣,要与他亲嘴。耶稣对他说:「犹大!你用亲嘴的暗号卖人子吗?」』(路加福音 22:47-48) 尤其亲嘴本是爱的记号,他却用来卖主。)

     (主不是没有给了他太多的机会,甚至于在最后晚餐中帮他洗脚,而他仍执迷不悟。不是主有问题,是他有问题!这也不常常是我们的情况吗?不能跟随圣灵带领的原因。)

5. 常常靠主喜乐

(13) 「现在我往你那里去,我还在世上说这话,是叫他们心里充满我的喜乐。

     (在约翰福音 14:27 说:『我留下平安给你们,我将我的平安赐给你们;我所赐的,不像世人所赐的。』喜乐如平安一样是从神来的,有人说圣灵的带领有平安,这是对的,但有平安的感觉不一定是圣灵的带领。『这也不足为怪,因为连撒但也装作光明的天使。』(哥林多后书 11:14) 必须要符合圣经的话语,也许以后有时间会做这样的一个见证。)

      (主说:『我将这些事告诉你们,是要叫你们在我里面有平安。在世上你们有苦难,但你们可以放心,我已经胜了世界。』(约翰福音 16:33) 而且:『你们所遇见的试探,无非是人所能受的。神是信实的,必不叫你们受试探过于所能受的。在受试探的时候,总要给你们开一条出路,叫你们能忍受得住。』(哥林多前书 10:13) 除了道成肉身的耶稣,有那个人能这样说呢?)

(14) 我已将你的道赐给他们。世界又恨他们,因为他们不属世界,正如我不属世界一样。

      (约翰福音 1:4-11 说:『生命在他里头,这生命就是人的光。光照在黑暗里,黑暗却不接受光。那光是真光,照亮一切生在世上的人。他在世界,世界也是借着他造的,世界却不认识他。他到自己的地方来,自己的人倒不接待他。』在祂传教的约三年半里,祂行了许多的神迹,即使如此有多少人相信祂呢?祂自己也被钉上了十字架。再强调一次,是我们出了问题,有能听的耳是多么难啊!难怪在启示录的七个教会都有同一句话:『圣灵向众教会所说的话,凡有耳的,就应当听!』)

 (15) 我不求你叫他们离开世界,只求你保守他们脱离那恶者。

      (主祷文也一致的说,『不叫我们遇见试探,救我们脱离凶恶。 (马太福音 6:13) 圣经是一致的。)

 (16) 他们不属世界,正如我不属世界一样。

     (我们看到了再一次强调这重要的事实,基督徒是要从世界出来,分别为圣。)

6. 成圣之路

 (17) 求你用真理使他们成圣,你的道就是真理。

     (生命是从神来,我们是被动的,神是主动的,我们只能愿意,成圣都是用被动语气。)

     (如果我们主动,就会如罗马书 7:15 所说:『因为我所做的,我自己不明白;我所愿意的,我并不做;我所恨恶的,我倒去做。』而只有在耶稣基督里,我们有可能达到:『因为赐生命圣灵的律在基督耶稣里释放了我,使我脱离罪和死的律了。』(罗马书 8:2))

 (18) 你怎样差我到世上,我也照样差他们到世上。

     (父差子,子差门徒们去,得人如得鱼。例如彼得在五旬节所作过的,『彼得还用许多话作见证,劝勉他们说:「你们当救自己脱离这弯曲的世代。」于是,领受他话的人就受了洗。那一天,门徒约添了三千人。』(使徒行传 2:40-41))

      (这是大使命:『耶稣进前来,对他们说:「天上地下所有的权柄都赐给我了。所以,你们要去,使万民作我的门徒,奉父、子、圣灵的名给他们施洗。凡我所吩咐你们的,都教训他们遵守,我就常与你们同在,直到世界的末了。」』(马太福音 28:18-20) 所以传福音的大使命是基督徒的天职,不要像我以前一样以为、只要让不信主的信主就好,而是要人成为门徒,走上成圣之路。)

(19) 我为他们的缘故,自己分别为圣,叫他们也因真理成圣。」

     (主耶稣自己做我们的榜样,我们要相信、神会使知道真理的人成圣的。我们要不强解圣经,如彼得所说:『他(保罗)一切的信上也都是讲论这事。信中有些难明白的,那无学问、不坚固的人强解,如强解别的经书一样,就自取沉沦。』(彼得后书 3:16) 要了解真理。约翰福音 8:31-32 讲得很清楚:『耶稣对信他的犹太人说:「你们若常常遵守我的道,就真是我的门徒。你们必晓得真理,真理必叫你们得以自由。」』) (耶稣自己说:『你们查考圣经,因你们以为内中有永生;给我作见证的就是这经。然而你们不肯到我这里来得生命。』(约翰福音 5:39-40) 所以查经的目的本是要得生命,当三位一体的神赐给我们生命时,要有一个能听的耳。)

7. 最高的学府: 父、子、和圣灵

     我们在圣经看到我们是在最高的学府!圣父、圣子、和圣灵都工作在我们身上,还有更高的学府吗?

 (20) 「我不但为这些人祈求,也为那些因他们的话信我的人祈求,

     (耶稣为所有信徒祈求,而我们是要『不要消灭圣灵的感动。』(帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:19) 只是我们要确定不是从撒但来的:『这也不足为怪,因为连撒但也装作光明的天使。所以,他的差役若装作仁义的差役,也不算希奇。(哥林多后书 11:14-15) 我们要站在神那一边,且要相信,神要让我们知道,我们一定会知道的。例如保罗见到大光时,他知道是从主来的。)

(21) 使他们都合而为一。正如你父在我里面,我()在你里面,使他们也在我们里面,叫世人可以信你差了我来。

     (有垂直的合一,自然有水平的合一。)

 (22) 你所赐给我的荣耀,我已赐给他们,使他们合而为一,像我们合而为一。

     (我们看到合一已赐下,我们要『竭力保守圣灵所赐合而为一的心。』(以弗所书 4:3))

(23) 我在他们里面,你在我里面,使他们完完全全地合而为一,叫世人知道你差了我来,也知道你()爱他们如同爱我一样。

     (我们如果在信心里,就不会消灭圣灵的感动,走在成圣的路上。『有基督耶稣已经死了,而且从死里复活,现今在神的右边,也替我们祈求。』(罗马书 8:34) 又看到了父神的介入。如果我们因信在基督里,在这最高的学府中,因祂们不会失败,我们怎么会失败?)

     (这是水平的合一,『你们若有彼此相爱的心,众人因此就认出你们是我的门徒了。』(约翰福音 13:35) 如果我们在信心里面,一定会有如雅各书所讲的信心的行为,信心是本,行为是末,不要本末倒置。)

     (约翰福音 15:7-8 说,『你们若常在我里面,我的话也常在你们里面;凡你们所愿意的,祈求就给你们成就。你们多结果子,我父就因此得荣耀,你们也就是我的门徒了。』我们看见了祈求成就的先决条件是要和耶稣合一。如果我们和耶稣合一,我们的祈求就是祂的祈求,怎么会不成就呢?再说到我们就多结果子,圣灵的果子,这果子用的是单数,一个有九种特性的果子,『就是仁爱、喜乐、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信实、温柔、节制。(加拉太书 5:22-23) 所以有时是要用工具书看原文、或至少用英文才能分辩出圣经所要表达的意思。我想这是属灵的知识,如果看成复数,解释会很不同的。)

 (24) 「父啊,我在哪里,愿你所赐给我的人也同我在那里,叫他们看见你所赐给我的荣耀。因为创立世界以前,你已经爱我了。

      (在创立世界以前,没有时间,三位一体的神在爱里结合,同尊同荣。)

      (约翰福音 14:2-3 很清楚的阐述了在那里的这一件事,『在我父的家里有许多住处,若是没有,我就早已告诉你们了。我去原是为你们预备地方去。我若去为你们预备了地方,就必再来接你们到我那里去;我在哪里,叫你们也在那里。』)

(25) 「公义的父啊,世人未曾认识你,我却认识你,这些人也知道你差了我来。

     (我们已谈过这点,这些人是知道你差了我来。)

(26) 我已将你的名指示他们,还要指示他们,使你所爱我的爱在他们里面,我也在他们里面。」

     (这又说到了合一。也就是我们的标杆为:『因为他预先所知道的人,就预先定下效法(模成, be conformed to)他儿子的模样(形像),使他儿子在许多弟兄中作长子。』(罗马书 8:29) 模成祂儿子的形像不是一件容易的事。譬如说,圣经在这里明说同时有预知和预定,我们虽可解释,但不能确定的知道神是怎么安排的,如果坚持只有预知或是只有预定,可说是两者都错,因这和圣经不合,如历史所示,争论是不会有结果的。这有一点类似哥白尼说的事实,地球绕太阳转,但当时的科学不到那里,以为天圆地方,而以他为错的。现在有人造卫星可证明地球是在虚空之中,而圣经早就说了,『神将北极铺在空中,将大地悬在虚空。』(约伯记 26:7) 圣经是神所默示的,我们实在要把圣经作为绝对的标准。)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

最後的晚餐 (5) – 分離的禱告 (約翰福音 17 章) (旋風著) 2032

    剩下在最後的晚餐發生的事情,只在約翰福音第十四章到第十七章有記載,我們就從稱為分離的禱告的第十七章開始。首先在簡短的前言中我們提到了發生的時間。我們這次和以前不同的是、基本上我們會逐節經文討論,共二十六節。接著我們看到了神的榮耀的彰顯,然後提到了水平的合一的必要,不只是向上和三位一體神的垂直合一。第四,我們看到了再提預知猶大的賣主及其原因。第五是說我們要靠主才能常常喜樂,而第六是說我們看到了成聖之路是被動的,我們只能願意,因為生命是從神來,祂是主動的。最後我們看到了我們是在父、子、和聖靈的最高學府。

1. 前言: 發生的時間

分離的禱告的時間是在客西馬尼園禱告之前,而在結束最後的晚餐的話語時。約翰福音 18:1 講得很清楚:『耶穌說了這話(分離的禱告),就同門徒出去,過了汲淪溪,在那裏有一個園子(客西馬尼園),他和門徒進去了。』

2. 神的榮耀的彰顯

我們首先敘述經文,然後在括號內簡短的提到我們的看見。

(1) 耶穌說了這話(最後的晚餐的之前的話),就舉目望天說:「父啊,時候到了,願你榮耀你的兒子,使兒子也榮耀你。

(時候到了,因萬物都有定時,祂知道祂釘十字架的時間到了,順服以致於死,就像祂在客西馬尼園的禱告一樣,不要照我的意思願父的旨意成就,榮耀了父神。)

(2) 正如你曾賜給他權柄,管理凡有血氣的,叫他將永生賜給你所賜給他的人。

(的確,祂在道成肉身之前是以神子的身份管理凡有血氣的,因在創世記中的耶和華神是複數,神是用 H420 elôhîym,三位一體的神。而人那時是神的管家,代管大地及凡有血氣的,如創世記 2:15 所說:『耶和華神將那人(亞當)安置在伊甸園,使他修理看守。』)

(3) 認識你獨一的真神,並且認識你所差來的耶穌基督,這就是永生。

(這節經文簡短的回答了永生是什麼的問題。)

(4) 我在地上已經榮耀你,你所託付我的事,我已成全了。

(祂一生都不消滅聖靈的感動,不犯罪,並順服以致於死,『…只要照你的意思。』(馬太福音 26:39) 罪的工價是死,祂為我們被釘在十字架上代替我們而死。)

(5) 父啊,現在求你使我同你享榮耀,就是未有世界以先,我同你所有的榮耀。

(未有世界以先,時間被創造之前,在沒有時間時祂是和父同尊同榮的。這和道成肉身時不同,那時有一個時間的秩序,父差遣子,子不去,聖靈不來。這和其他經文說得是一致的,下面兩段可作為例子。)

(約翰福音 1:1-3 說:『太初有道,道與神同在,道就是神。這道太初與神同在。萬物是藉着他造的,凡被造的,沒有一樣不是藉着他造的。 』道是指主耶穌基督,祂顯然在創世以前就有了。)

(希伯來書 1:2 說:『就在這末世,藉着他兒子曉諭我們,又早已立他為承受萬有的,也曾藉着他創造諸世界。』)  

(在這裏有人可能會問末世是什麼時候開始?彼得前書 1:20 問答了這個問題:『基督在創世以前是預先被神知道的,卻在這末世才為你們顯現。』對我們重要的不是何時開始,只要知道我們現在處於末世中。末世不是指耶穌再來的最後時刻。)

(6) 「你從世上賜給我的人,我已將你的名顯明與他們。他們本是你的,你將他們賜給我,他們也遵守了你的道。

(我們看到在約翰福音 17:12 一致的說:『我與他們同在的時候,因你所賜給我的名保守了他們,我也護衞了他們;其中除了那滅亡之子,沒有一個滅亡的,好叫經上的話得應驗。』我們談到過祂早就知道猶大要賣祂,所以終夜禱告,確定是聖靈()的意思。)

(有人可能會問,明明是賜給祂的人為什麼還要做什麼呢?其實我們可在舊約的一個例子中看到這點。我們知道利百加本是神為以撒所安排的,而且以撒有神的應許他會有後裔,即使如此,在創世記 25:21 說:『以撒因他妻子不生育,就為她祈求耶和華。耶和華應允他的祈求,他的妻子利百加就懷了孕。』所以即使有應許,還是要禱告,我們要『不住地禱告。』(帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:17)

(7) 如今他們知道,凡你所賜給我的,都是從你那裏來的。

(8) 因為你所賜給我的道,我已經賜給他們。他們也領受了,又確實知道,我是從你出來的,並且信你差了我來。

(這兩節經文很清楚,也和第六節有關。保羅基本上也是這樣做,『你們也知道,凡與你們有益的,我沒有一樣避諱不說的。或在眾人面前,或在各人家裏,我都教導你們。』(使徒行傳 20:20)  約翰福音 6:68-69 也說:『西門彼得回答說:「主啊,你有永生之道,我們還歸從誰呢?我們已經信了,又知道你是神的聖者。」』)

(9) 我為他們祈求,不為世人祈求,卻為你所賜給我的人祈求,因他們本是你的。

(祂明知道有賜給祂的人,祂仍然要為他們祈求,和神同工,就像所講以撒的例子一樣。)

(神的榮耀因祂的順服以致於死彰顯了。)

3. 水平的合一的必要

(10) 凡是我的都是你的,你的也是我的,並且我因他們得了榮耀。

(耶穌是和父神垂直的合一。而為什麼因他們得了榮耀呢?我們看到他們會軟弱,譬如當耶穌釘十字架時,門徒四散逃跑,只有約翰在十字架前。但他們儘可能的遵行了神的道,如第六節所說。)

(11) 從今以後,我不在世上,他們卻在世上,我往你那裏去。聖父啊,求你因你所賜給我的名保守他們,叫他們合而為一,像我們一樣。

(所以弟兄姊妹是要合一的,我們如果都能模成耶穌的形像,和耶穌合一,而耶穌只有一位,我們自然會合一。這不是一個理論,是一個可以做得到的實際,因生命是從神來,我們如果願意將一切交在祂手裏,祂一定會在我們身上作工。)

(父差遣子,現子回到父那裏去,並希望祂的門徒們能合一如同祂和父的合一。我們要『用和平彼此聯絡,竭力保守聖靈所賜合而為一的心。』(以弗所書 4:3) 所以我們可看得出來,合一已經賜下來了。)

(這裏順便一提的是在以弗所書 6:11-17 所提的要穿戴神所賜的全副軍裝,除了聖靈的寶劍外,都是防禦的武器,要我們能站立得住。我們要跟隨聖靈的帶領,好好的使用那寶劍,就是神的道。)

4. 再提預知猶大賣主

(12) 我與他們同在的時候,因你所賜給我的名保守了他們,我也護衞了他們;其中除了那滅亡之子,沒有一個滅亡的,好叫經上的話得應驗。

(我們看到了祂為什會再提這一件事!雖然加略人猶大的賣主的必定發生,但這是因他的行為留了破口,撒但可進入他的心,而他自己也做了抉擇並做出來。這些可以從下面的經文看出來。)

(『他(猶大)說這話,並不是掛念窮人,乃因他是個賊,又帶着錢囊,常取其中所存的。』(約翰福音 12:6)『…撒但入了那稱為加略人猶大的心,他本是十二門徒裏的一個。他去和祭司長並守殿官商量,怎麼可以把耶穌交給他們。』(路加福音 22:3-4) 『說話之間,來了許多人。那十二個門徒裏名叫猶大的,走在前頭,就近耶穌,要與他親嘴。耶穌對他說:「猶大!你用親嘴的暗號賣人子嗎?」』(路加福音 22:47-48) 尤其親嘴本是愛的記號,他卻用來賣主。)

(主不是沒有給了他太多的機會,甚至於在最後晚餐中幫他洗腳,而他仍執迷不悟。不是主有問題,是他有問題!這也不常常是我們的情況嗎?不能跟隨聖靈帶領的原因。)

5. 常常靠主喜樂

(13) 「現在我往你那裏去,我還在世上說這話,是叫他們心裏充滿我的喜樂。

(在約翰福音 14:27 說:『我留下平安給你們,我將我的平安賜給你們;我所賜的,不像世人所賜的。…』喜樂如平安一樣是從神來的,有人說聖靈的帶領有平安,這是對的,但有平安的感覺不一定是聖靈的帶領。『這也不足為怪,因為連撒但也裝作光明的天使。』(哥林多後書 11:14) 必須要符合聖經的話語,也許以後有時間會做這樣的一個見証。)

(主說:『我將這些事告訴你們,是要叫你們在我裏面有平安。在世上你們有苦難,但你們可以放心,我已經勝了世界。』(約翰福音 16:33) 而且:『你們所遇見的試探,無非是人所能受的。神是信實的,必不叫你們受試探過於所能受的。在受試探的時候,總要給你們開一條出路,叫你們能忍受得住。』(哥林多前書 10:13) 除了道成肉身的耶穌,有那個人能這樣說呢?)

(14) 我已將你的道賜給他們。世界又恨他們,因為他們不屬世界,正如我不屬世界一樣。

(約翰福音 1:4-11 說:『生命在他裏頭,這生命就是人的光。光照在黑暗裏,黑暗卻不接受光。…那光是真光,照亮一切生在世上的人。他在世界,世界也是藉着他造的,世界卻不認識他。他到自己的地方來,自己的人倒不接待他。』在祂傳教的約三年半裏,祂行了許多的神蹟,即使如此有多少人相信祂呢?祂自己也被釘上了十字架。再强調一次,是我們出了問題,有能聽的耳是多麼難啊!難怪在啓示錄的七個教會都有同一句話:『聖靈向眾教會所說的話,凡有耳的,就應當聽!』)

(15) 我不求你叫他們離開世界,只求你保守他們脫離那惡者。

(主禱文也一致的說,『不叫我們遇見試探,救我們脫離兇惡。…』 (馬太福音 6:13) 聖經是一致的。)

(16) 他們不屬世界,正如我不屬世界一樣。

(我們看到了再一次強調這重要的事實,基督徒是要從世界出來,分別為聖。)

6. 成聖之路

(17) 求你用真理使他們成聖,你的道就是真理。

(生命是從神來,我們是被動的,神是主動的,我們只能願意,成聖都是用被動語氣。)

(如果我們主動,就會如羅馬書 7:15 所說:『因為我所做的,我自己不明白;我所願意的,我並不做;我所恨惡的,我倒去做。』而只有在耶穌基督裏,我們有可能達到:『因為賜生命聖靈的律在基督耶穌裏釋放了我,使我脫離罪和死的律了。』(羅馬書 8:2))

(18) 你怎樣差我到世上,我也照樣差他們到世上。

(父差子,子差門徒們去,得人如得魚。例如彼得在五旬節所作過的,『彼得還用許多話作見證,勸勉他們說:「你們當救自己脫離這彎曲的世代。」於是,領受他話的人就受了洗。那一天,門徒約添了三千人。』(使徒行傳 2:40-41))

(這是大使命:『耶穌進前來,對他們說:「天上地下所有的權柄都賜給我了。所以,你們要去,使萬民作我的門徒,奉父、子、聖靈的名給他們施洗。凡我所吩咐你們的,都教訓他們遵守,我就常與你們同在,直到世界的末了。」』(馬太福音 28:18-20) 所以傳福音的大使命是基督徒的天職,不要像我以前一樣以為、只要讓不信主的信主就好,而是要人成為門徒,走上成聖之路。)

(19) 我為他們的緣故,自己分別為聖,叫他們也因真理成聖。」

(主耶穌自己做我們的榜樣,我們要相信、神會使知道真理的人成聖的。我們要不強解聖經,如彼得所說:『他(保羅)一切的信上也都是講論這事。信中有些難明白的,那無學問、不堅固的人強解,如強解別的經書一樣,就自取沉淪。』(彼得後書 3:16) 要瞭解真理。約翰福音 8:31-32 講得很清楚:『耶穌對信他的猶太人說:「你們若常常遵守我的道,就真是我的門徒。你們必曉得真理,真理必叫你們得以自由。」』)

(耶穌自己說:『你們查考聖經,因你們以為內中有永生;給我作見證的就是這經。然而你們不肯到我這裏來得生命。』(約翰福音 5:39-40) 所以查經的目的本是要得生命,當三位一體的神賜給我們生命時,要有一個能聽的耳。)

7. 最高的學府: 父、子、和聖靈

我們在聖經看到我們是在最高的學府!聖父、聖子、和聖靈都工作在我們身上,還有更高的學府嗎?

(20) 「我不但為這些人祈求,也為那些因他們的話信我的人祈求,

(耶穌為所有信徒祈求,而我們是要『不要消滅聖靈的感動。』(帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:19) 只是我們要確定不是從撒但來的:『這也不足為怪,因為連撒但也裝作光明的天使。所以,他的差役若裝作仁義的差役,也不算希奇。…』(哥林多後書 11:14-15) 我們要站在神那一邊,且要相信,神要讓我們知道,我們一定會知道的。例如保羅見到大光時,他知道是從主來的。)

(21) 使他們都合而為一。正如你父在我裏面,我(子)在你裏面,使他們也在我們裏面,叫世人可以信你差了我來。

(有垂直的合一,自然有水平的合一。)

(22) 你所賜給我的榮耀,我已賜給他們,使他們合而為一,像我們合而為一。

(我們看到合一已賜下,我們要『…竭力保守聖靈所賜合而為一的心。』(以弗所書 4:3))

(23) 我在他們裏面,你在我裏面,使他們完完全全地合而為一,叫世人知道你差了我來,也知道你(父)愛他們如同愛我一樣。

(我們如果在信心裏,就不會消滅聖靈的感動,走在成聖的路上。『…有基督耶穌已經死了,而且從死裏復活,現今在神的右邊,也替我們祈求。』(羅馬書 8:34) 又看到了父神的介入。如果我們因信在基督裏,在這最高的學府中,因祂們不會失敗,我們怎麼會失敗?)

(這是水平的合一,『你們若有彼此相愛的心,眾人因此就認出你們是我的門徒了。』(約翰福音 13:35) 如果我們在信心裏面,一定會有如雅各書所講的信心的行為,信心是本,行為是末,不要本末倒置。)

(約翰福音 15:7-8 說,『你們若常在我裏面,我的話也常在你們裏面;凡你們所願意的,祈求就給你們成就。你們多結果子,我父就因此得榮耀,你們也就是我的門徒了。』我們看見了祈求成就的先決條件是要和耶穌合一。如果我們和耶穌合一,我們的祈求就是祂的祈求,怎麼會不成就呢?再說到我們就多結果子,聖靈的果子,這果子用的是單數,一個有九種特性的果子,『…就是仁愛、喜樂、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信實、溫柔、節制。…』(加拉太書 5:22-23) 所以有時是要用工具書看原文、或至少用英文才能分辨出聖經所要表達的意思。我想這是屬靈的知識,如果看成複數,解釋會很不同的。

(24) 「父啊,我在哪裏,願你所賜給我的人也同我在那裏,叫他們看見你所賜給我的榮耀。因為創立世界以前,你已經愛我了。

(在創立世界以前,沒有時間,三位一體的神在愛裏結合,同尊同榮。)

(約翰福音 14:2-3 很清楚的闡述了在那裏的這一件事,『在我父的家裏有許多住處,若是沒有,我就早已告訴你們了。我去原是為你們預備地方去。我若去為你們預備了地方,就必再來接你們到我那裏去;我在哪裏,叫你們也在那裏。』)

(25) 「公義的父啊,世人未曾認識你,我卻認識你,這些人也知道你差了我來。

(我們已談過這點,這些人是知道你差了我來。)

(26) 我已將你的名指示他們,還要指示他們,使你所愛我的愛在他們裏面,我也在他們裏面。」

(這又說到了合一。也就是我們的標桿為:『因為他預先所知道的人,就預先定下效法(模成, be conformed to)他兒子的模樣(形像),使他兒子在許多弟兄中作長子。』(羅馬書 8:29) 模成祂兒子的形像不是一件容易的事。譬如說,聖經在這裏明說同時有預知和預定,我們雖可解釋,但不能確定的知道神是怎麼安排的,如果堅持只有預知或是只有預定,可說是兩者都錯,因這和聖經不合,如歷史所示,爭論是不會有結果的。這有一點類似哥白尼說的事實,地球繞太陽轉,但當時的科學不到那裏,以為天圓地方,而以他為錯的。現在有人造衛星可証明地球是在虛空之中,而聖經早就說了,『神將北極鋪在空中,將大地懸在虛空。』(約伯記 26:7) 聖經是神所默示的,我們實在要把聖經作為絕對的標準。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

Last supper (5) – The high priestly prayer (John 17) (by Whirlwind) 1032

The remaining events that happened in the last supper are only recorded in John 14 to John 17. We start from the end on John 17 so called the high priestly prayer. First, we mention in a short preface regarding when the prayer occurred. This time we use a different format of discussions. Basically, there are 26 verses and we discuss each of them. Secondly, we see the beginning verses as the manifestations of the glory of God. Thirdly, we mention the necessity of union in horizontal direction, not only in vertical direction with Holy Trinity. Fourthly, we see the reason why the foreknowledge of the betrayal of Judas was mentioned again. Fifthly, we can rejoice in the Lord always. And in the sixth, we see that the way to sanctification is passive. We can only be willing, since life can only come from God. So, He is active. Finally, we observe that we are in the highest school, the school of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 

1. Preface: when happened

The high priestly prayer happened before the event of the garden of Gethsemane and after the last supper as indicated clearly in John 18:1, “When Jesus had spoken these words, He went forth with His disciples over the ravine of the Kidron, where there was a garden, in which He entered with His disciples.”

2. Manifestations of the glory of God

We state the verses first and then mention what we see briefly in parentheses.

(1) Jesus spoke these things; and lifting up His eyes to heaven, He said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You,

     (The hour has come. “There is an appointed time for everything.…” (Ecclesiastes 3:1) He knew that it was the time for Him to obey to death. Just like His prayer in the garden of Gethsemane, “…yet not as I will, but as You will.”(Matthew 26:39) He glorified Father.)

(2) even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life.

      (Indeed, before the Word becoming flesh, He is the Son Who manages the world since God uses H420 elôhîym, which is plural, Holy Trinity.  At that time, man was the house keeper for God as indicated in Genesis 2:15, “Then the Lord God took the man (Adam) and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.”)

(3) This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

      (This verse answers briefly the question what eternal life is.)

(4) I glorified You on the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do.

      (His whole life is without sin as stated in Hebrews 4:15. He never quench the Spirit, and obeyed to death since “…yet not as I will, but as You will.”(Matthew 26:39) “For the wages of sin is death, . .”(Romans 6:23) He substituted us to die and died on the cross.) 

(5) Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

      (Before the world, that is before the Time we know is created, He and Father have the same honor and glory. This is different from the time that the Word became flesh. At that time, there is an order. The Father sends the Son, and the Holy Spirit won’t come if the Son doesn’t go first. This is consistent with other verses. The following two paragraphs can be used as examples.)   

      (In John 1:1-3, it says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.”)

      (In Hebrews 1:2, it says, “in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world.”)

      (Here, someone may ask when the last day starts? In 1 Peter 1:20 it is answered, “For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you.” The important thing is not when it started, it is we know that we’re in the middle of it and how we behave. It is not meant the day when Jesus comes again.)

(6) “I have manifested Your name to the men whom You gave Me out of the world; they were Yours and You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

      (We can see John 17:12 consistently says, “While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.” We talked about His long-time foreknowledge regarding Judas’ betrayal and prayed all bight to make sure that it’s the will of Spirit (God).)  

      (Someone may ask if He had to do anything at all since He knew ahead “they were Yours and You gave them to Me.” Let us use an example in the Old Testament to illustrate this point. We know that God prepared Isaac’s wife Rebekah for him, and promised him to have offspring. Even so, it is recorded in Genesis 25:21, “Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was barren; and the Lord answered him and Rebekah his wife conceived.” So even having promises we still have to pray. In fact, we have to “pray without ceasing” as said in 1 Thessalonians 5:17.)

(7) Now they have come to know that everything You have given Me is from You;

(8) for the words which You gave Me I have given to them; and they received them and truly understood that I came forth from You, and they believed that You sent Me.

      (These two verses are pretty clear and are related to verse 6. Paul basically did the same as indicated in Acts 20:20, “how I did not shrink from declaring to you anything that was profitable, and teaching you publicly and from house to house.” They did believe as indicated in John 6:68-69, “Simon Peter answered Him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have words of eternal life. We have believed and have come to know that You are the Holy One of God.””

(9) I ask on their behalf; I do not ask on behalf of the world, but of those whom You have given Me; for they are Yours;

      (He knew that they had given to Him, but He still prayed for them as a coworker of God just like the example we talked about with Isaac.)

(Indeed, the glory of God is manifested by His willingness to obey to death, even on the cross.)

3. The necessity of the horizontal union

(10) and all things that are Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine; and I have been glorified in them.

     (Jesus and the Father are united vertically. One may ask why Jesus had been glorified in them? We can see that they can be feeble as indicated by the example when Jesus was nailed on the cross. The disciples were scattered around at that time, and John was the only man who came in front of the cross. But they tried their best to obey the words as said in verse 6.)

(11) I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may be one even as We are.

     (Thus, brothers and sisters are required to be united. If all of us can be conformed into the image of Jesus and united with Him we are automatically united since there is only one Jesus. This is not a theory but a reality. A reality we can achieve if we are willing to hand everything over into His hands. Although He has absolute authority, and life comes from Him, I believe that He will work on us for sure in this case.)   

(For the period of Word becoming flesh, Father sent Son, and now Son is going to be back to Father. He prayed that they could be united the same way. We must be “being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.”(Ephesians 4:3) So we see that the unity has been given already.)

     (We should mention in passing the full armor of God in Ephesians 6:11-17 are all defensive weapons which enable us to stand firm, except the sword of Spirit.  We need to follow the mead of Spirit, to use the sword wisely, which is the word of God.)

4. Mentioned again the foreknowledge of Judas’ betrayal

(12) While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled. 

     (We see why this foreknowledge was mentioned again. Although Judas’ betrayal must happen, but it is really due to the breaches in the wall he left so that Satan could enter into him. And he made a choice correspondingly. This can be in the following verses.)

     (John 12:6: “Now he said this, not because he was concerned about the poor, but because he was a thief, and as he had the money box, he used to pilfer what was put into it.” Luke 22:3-4: “And Satan entered into Judas who was called Iscariot, belonging to the number of the twelve. And he went away and discussed with the chief priests and officers how he might betray Him to them.” Luke 22:47-48: “While He was still speaking, behold, a crowd came, and the one called Judas, one of the twelve, was preceding them; and he approached Jesus to kiss Him. But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”” In particular, kissing is supposed to be the mark of love and he used it to betray Him.)

     (Jesus gave him plenty of chances to the extent to wash his feet in the last supper. But he was still stuck with wrong ideas.  Not the Lord was the problem, but he had problems. Are we often in similar situations? It is the reason why we cannot follow the lead of Holy Spirit.)

5. Rejoice in the Lord always

(13) But now I come to You; and these things I speak in the world so that they may have My joy made full in themselves.

     (In John 14:27, it says, “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you…” Both peace and joy are from God. Indeed, it says directly in Philippians 4:4, “Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, rejoice!” There are people saying that if you feel peace, it must from God. It is not true. We cannot substitute the leading of Holy Spirit by the feeling of peace. Remember that it says in 2 Corinthians 11:14-15 “No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, …” The feeling of peace has to fulfill what the Bible says in its verses. I myself had such an experience. Maybe someday on the right time, I’ll testify on this.)

     (“These things I (Jesus) have spoken to you, so that in Me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world.” (John 16:33) And “No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to man; and God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.”(1 Corinthians 10:13) Other than Jesus, who can say such things?)

(14) I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

     (It is said in John 1:4-11 “In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. …There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.” During about the three and a half years of His preaching He performed many miracles. Despite these, how many indeed believed Him? He himself was nailed on the cross. We want to emphasize one more time. It is us who have the problems. Having ears that can hear is really difficult.  No wonder it was said in all seven churches, “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”)

(15) I do not ask You to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one.

     (The Lord prayer says, “And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil.”(Matthew 6:13) Bible is consistent in this example.

(16) They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

     (The important fact is emphasized one more time. Christians have to be separated from the world, and walk the way to sanctification.) 

6. The way to sanctification

(17) Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.

     (Life comes from God as said in 1 Corinthians 3:6-7 “I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing the growth. So then neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but God who causes the growth.” Thus, we can only be passive and are willing. God is active. Sanctification is passive.) 

     (If we are active, then we’ll be as Romans 7:15 said, “For what I am doing, I do not understand; for I am not practicing what I would like to do, but I am doing the very thing I hate.” And only abiding in Jesus, we can possibly achieve what Romans 8:2 says, “…the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.”

(18) As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.

     (The Father sent his Son, and the Son sent His disciples to make them fishers of men. For example, it is just like what Peter did in the Pentecost described in Acts 2:40-41, “And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls.”)

     (This is the great mission: “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”(Matthew 28:18-20) So, preaching the gospel is really the duty of Christians to achieve the great mission. Don’t be like what I thought before, thinking that the purpose is only to convert unbelievers into believers. Now I know clearly that the goal is to make them disciples, and thus walk the way of sanctification.)   

(19) For their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth.

     (Jesus Himself set an example for us. We need to believe that God will make those knowing the truth sanctified. Don’t distort the Bible as said in 2 Peter 3:16, “as also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to understand, which the untaught and unstable distort, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures, to their own destruction.” You must understand the truth. It s said clearly in John 8:31-32, “So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, “If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine; and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.””

      (Jesus Himself says: “You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; it is these that testify about Me; and you are unwilling to come to Me so that you may have life.”(John 5:39-40) Therefore, the purpose of studying the Bible is to have life. When the Holy Trinity wants to give you life, we need an ear which can hear.)

7. The highest school: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

We can see in Bible that we are in the highest school! All Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are working on us. Is there any higher school?

(20) “I do not ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word;

     (Jesus prays for all believers, and all we need is “Do not quench the Spirit.”(1 Thessalonians 5:19) We need to make sure what we encountered is from the Holy Spirit, since it is said in 2 Corinthians 11:14-15, “No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, …” We need to side with God every time, and believe that we’ll know for sure if God wants us to know something. For example, when Paul saw the big light, he knew that it was from Jesus.)

(21) that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me (Son) and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me. 

     (There is a vertical union. Naturally, there’s one in the horizontal direction.)

(22) The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one;

     (We can see that the one is already given, and we need to so what described in Ephesians 4:3, “being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.”)

(23) I in them and You in Me, that they may be perfected in unity, so that the world may know that You (Father) sent Me, and loved them, even as You have loved Me.

     (If we are indeed in faith, we’ll not quench the Spirit, and walk the way to sanctification. As said in Romans 8:34, “…Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.” Here, we see the involvement of the Father. They, Father Son, and Holy Spirit, never fail. If we abide in Jesus by faith, how can we in this highest school ever fail?)

      (This is the horizontal union: “By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”(John 13:35) If we are in faith, we must have the action described in the Book of James. The faith is the origin, and the action is caused by faith. Don’t upside down.)  

      (In John 15:7-8 it says, “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. My Father is glorified by this, that you bear much fruit, and so prove to be My disciples.” We can see the necessary condition is to be one with Jesus. If we can be one with Jesus, whatever we pray is actually the same as what Jesus prays. How can such prayers not be granted?  Talking about bearing much fruit, the deyit of Holy Spirit is singular. There is only one fruit with nine different characteristics described in Galatians 5:22-23 “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; …” Sometimes, we need to study the meaning of the original language using tool books. Here, if we are not careful enough and think that the fruit is multiple, the interpretation can be quite different.

(24) Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

     (Before the foundation of the world, there is no time. The Holy Trinity is bounded by love with the same honor and glory.) 

     (In John 14:2-3, it is said in that place, “In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.”)

(25) “O righteous Father, although the world has not known You, yet I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me;

     (We discussed this already. The apostles know that You send Me.)

(26) and I have made Your name known to them, and will make it known, so that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.”

     (Here talks about u ion again. This really is our goal as said in Romans 8:29, “For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren.” To be conformed in the image of the Son isn’t an easy matter. For example, we know that there exists both foreknowledge and predestination. If we insist there is only predestination or foreknowledge, then both are wrong since it is contradictory to the Bible. There has been no conclusion in this dispute, as history shows. As an analogy, Copernicus describes the fact that the earth moves around the Sun.  But science hadn’t reached that point yet, and everyone thought that heaven was round and earth was square. And thought that he was wrong. Nowadays, we have satellites to prove that earth hangs on nothing. But the Bible described that long time ago in Job 26:7, “He stretches out the north over empty space. And hangs the earth on nothing.” Bible is inspired by God. We need in every deed to use it as our absolute standard.)

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

最后的晚餐 (4) – 争论,新命令,预知彼得的事,及买刀 (旋风着) 3031

     我们首先谈到在最后的晚餐上发生的争论。事实上,类似的事情也曾发生过,而耶稣透过小孩子、说明了从世上的角度看和从属天的角度看的不同。第二,我们提到了关于在犹大离开后说的彼此相爱的新命令,并说明为何和旧约说的爱的不同。第三,我们谈到了耶稣预先就知道彼得会三次不认主,也提到了祂的应许。最后我们讨论彼得用他的刀的事件,这事件在四福音都有记载了。

(1) 争论    

     这在路加福音 22:24-30 记载的很清楚,『门徒起了争论,他们中间哪一个可算为大。耶稣说:「外邦人有君王为主治理他们,那掌权管他们的称为恩主。但你们不可这样。你们里头为大的,倒要像年幼的;为首领的,倒要像服事人的。是谁为大?是坐席的呢?是服事人的呢?不是坐席的大吗?然而,我在你们中间如同服事人的。我在磨炼之中,常和我同在的就是你们。我将国赐给你们,正如我父赐给我一样,叫你们在我国里,坐在我的席上吃喝,并且坐在宝座上,审判以色列十二个支派。」』我们也看到属天的价值观和属地的价值观是很不一样的。    

     其实这也不是他们第一次这样的争论。『他们来到迦百农。耶稣在屋里问门徒说:「你们在路上议论的是甚么?」门徒不做声,因为他们在路上彼此争论谁为大。耶稣坐下,叫十二个门徒来,说:「若有人愿意作首先的,他必作众人末后的,作众人的用人。」于是领过一个小孩子来,叫他站在门徒中间,又抱起他来,对他们说:「凡为我名接待一个像这小孩子的,就是接待我;凡接待我的,不是接待我,乃是接待那差我来的。」』(马可福音 9:33-37) 耶稣那时就告诉他们价值观的不同,只是显然的他们仍不知道,在最后的晚餐时,仍以世界的观念争论谁为大。耶稣更进一步说:『让小孩子到我这里来,不要禁止他们,因为在天国的,正是这样的人。』(马太福音 19:14) 而且『说:「我实在告诉你们:你们若不回转,变成小孩子的样式,断不得进天国。所以,凡自己谦卑像这小孩子的,他在天国里就是最大的。』(马太福音 18:3-4)    

     我们自然会问,到底小孩子是不是真的谦卑呢?到底这里说什么呢?我们再看耶稣怎么说,『我心里柔和谦卑,(马太福音 11:29) 祂为什么说祂是谦卑的呢?我们看祂的一生,虚己顺服以致于死,这就是祂的谦卑。我们要模成祂的形像,如罗马书 8:29 所说:『因为他预先所知道的人,就预先定下效法(模成)他儿子的模样(形像),使他儿子在许多弟兄中作长子。』小孩子是完全依赖父母的,我们要完全的依赖、也就是顺服、三位一体的神,『不要消灭圣灵的感动。』(帖撒罗尼迦前书 5:19)    

     在马太福音 20:20-28 记录了另一次的争论:『那时,西庇太儿子的母亲同她两个儿子上前来拜耶稣,求他一件事。耶稣说:「你要甚么呢?」 她说:「愿你叫我这两个儿子在你国里,一个坐在你右边,一个坐在你左边。」耶稣回答说:「你们不知道所求的是甚么。我将要喝的杯,你们能喝吗?」 他们说:「我们能。」耶稣说:「我所喝的杯,你们必要喝;只是坐在我的左右,不是我可以赐的,乃是我父为谁预备的,就赐给谁。」那十个门徒听见,就恼怒他们弟兄二人。耶稣叫了他们来,说:「你们知道外邦人有君王为主治理他们,有大臣操权管束他们。只是在你们中间不可这样。你们中间谁愿为大,就必作你们的用人;谁愿为首,就必作你们的仆人。正如人子来,不是要受人的服事,乃是要服事人,并且要舍命,作多人的赎价。」』    

     这两个人实在是搞不清楚情况,耶稣要喝的杯是他们不能喝的。再一次的提到了属天的价值观是很不同的,而且耶稣是明说的,但他们搞不清楚,在最后的晚餐时仍在争论。也看到了道成肉身的耶稣那时是和父神不同的,就像以前所提过的,在道成肉身的时间里面,有一个秩序,是父差遣了子,而子不去,圣灵不来。    

     我们再看一看这事情是什么时间发生的。『耶稣上耶路撒冷去的时候,在路上把十二个门徒带到一边,对他们说:「看哪,我们上耶路撒冷去,人子要被交给祭司长和文士。他们要定他死罪,又交给外邦人,将他戏弄、鞭打、钉在十字架上,第三日他要复活。」』(马太福音 20:17-19) 他们没有注意到耶稣的死而复活,而在争论属世的事情。在五旬节圣灵降临后,一切都改变了!教会也诞生了。所以我们绝对需要圣灵的工作,不要消灭圣灵的感动。    

     说到教会,我所参加有限的教会,好像都是女性比较多,我以为一般来说、好像女性的心在神面前比较柔软。我知道有人不同意这看法,也有人说这是因为男人比较有主见。如果主见是对的,是择善固执,但如果没有一个能听的耳而是错的,那只能说有刚硬的心。至少『站在耶稣十字架旁边的,有他母亲与他母亲的姊妹,并革罗罢的妻子马利亚和抹大拉的马利亚。』(约翰福音 19:25),而男性只有使徒约翰。不过,这最终只有神能决定,祂有绝对的主权。

(2) 犹大离开后的新命令    

     『他(犹大)既出去,耶稣就说:「如今人子得了荣耀,神在人子身上也得了荣耀。神要因自己荣耀人子,并且要快快地荣耀他。「小子们,我还有不多的时候与你们同在,后来你们要找我,但我所去的地方你们不能到。这话我曾对犹太人说过,如今也照样对你们说。「我赐给你们一条新命令,乃是叫你们彼此相爱(G25, 动词);我怎样爱(G25)你们,你们也要怎样相爱(G25)。你们若有彼此相爱(G16, 名词)的心,众人因此就认出你们是我的门徒了。」』(约翰福音 13:31-35)    

     我们会很自然会问,这为什么是新命令,旧约不是已经有了吗?因为利未记 19:18 说,『不可报仇,也不可埋怨你本国的子民,却要爱人如己。我是耶和华。』在新约的时代,我们有内住的圣灵,这是旧约时代所没有的。我们有神的爱(Agape love),而以此彼此相爱。

 (3) 预知彼得三次不认主及耶稣的应许    

     我们先看约翰福音 13:36,『西门彼得问耶稣说:「主往哪里去?」 耶稣回答说:「我所去的地方,你现在不能跟我去,后来却要跟我去。」』这是应许,他后来一定会去天堂的,即使祂预先就知道了彼得会三次不认主。这就像约翰福音 13:37-38 所说:『彼得说:「主啊,我为甚么现在不能跟你去?我愿意为你舍命。」耶稣说:「你愿意为我舍命吗?我实实在在地告诉你:鸡叫以先,你要三次不认我。」』彼得在人的角度看是真的愿意为主摆上,但人是常常会软弱。    

     这件事情在马太福音 26:30-35 记载得更清楚:『他们唱了诗,就出来往橄榄山去。那时,耶稣对他们说:「今夜,你们为我的缘故都要跌倒。因为经上记着说:『我要击打牧人,羊就分散了。』但我复活以后,要在你们以先往加利利去。」彼得说:「众人虽然为你的缘故跌倒,我却永不跌倒。」耶稣说:「我实在告诉你:今夜鸡叫以先,你要三次不认我。」彼得说:「我就是必须和你同死,也总不能不认你。」众门徒都是这样说。』人会很不了解自己的,因最后在十字架前的只有约翰。这事的结局正如耶稣所说的:『彼得想起耶稣所说的话:「鸡叫以先,你要三次不认我。」他就出去痛哭。』(马太福音 26:75) 在这里,我们也看到彼得的悔改。『我们若认自己的罪,神是信实的,是公义的,必要赦免我们的罪,洗净我们一切的不义。』(约翰一书 1:9)    

     耶稣也预先知道了彼得会回头,并给了他应许。『主又说:「西门!西门!撒但想要得着你们,好筛你们像筛麦子一样;但我已经为你祈求,叫你不至于失了信心。你回头以后,要坚固你的弟兄。」』(路加福音 22:31-32)

 (4) 彼得使用他的刀的事件   

     最后我要提接着在路加福音 22:35-38 的事情:『耶稣又对他们说:「我差你们出去的时候,没有钱囊,没有口袋,没有鞋,你们缺少甚么没有?」 他们说:「没有。」耶稣说:「但如今有钱囊的可以带着,有口袋的也可以带着,没有刀的要卖衣服买刀。我告诉你们,经上写着说:『他被列在罪犯之中。』这话必应验在我身上,因为那关系我的事必然成就。」他们说:「主啊,请看!这里有两把刀。」 耶稣说:「够了。」』   

     彼得的确是用了他的刀,这记载在约翰福音 18:26:『有大祭司的一个仆人,是彼得削掉耳朵那人的亲属,说:「我不是看见你同他在园子里吗?」』事实上,这件事四福音书都有记载。马太福音 26:51-54 说得更清楚:『有跟随耶稣的一个人,伸手拔出刀来,将大祭司的仆人砍了一刀,削掉了他一个耳朵。耶稣对他说:「收刀入鞘吧!凡动刀的,必死在刀下。你想,我不能求我父现在为我差遣十二营多天使来吗?若是这样,经上所说事情必须如此的话,怎么应验呢?」』很显然的,耶稣不是在讲世上的刀。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

最後的晚餐 (4) – 爭論,新命令,預知彼得的事,及買刀 (旋風著) 2031

    我們首先談到在最後的晚餐上發生的爭論。事實上,類似的事情也曾發生過,而耶穌透過小孩子、說明了從世上的角度看和從屬天的角度看的不同。第二,我們提到了關於在猶大離開後說的彼此相愛的新命令,並說明為何和舊約說的愛的不同。第三,我們談到了耶穌預先就知道彼得會三次不認主,也提到了祂的應許。最後我們討論彼得用他的刀的事件,這事件在四福音都有記載了。

(1) 爭論

    這在路加福音 22:24-30 記載的很清楚,『門徒起了爭論,他們中間哪一個可算為大。耶穌說:「外邦人有君王為主治理他們,那掌權管他們的稱為恩主。但你們不可這樣。你們裏頭為大的,倒要像年幼的;為首領的,倒要像服事人的。是誰為大?是坐席的呢?是服事人的呢?不是坐席的大嗎?然而,我在你們中間如同服事人的。我在磨煉之中,常和我同在的就是你們。我將國賜給你們,正如我父賜給我一樣,叫你們在我國裏,坐在我的席上吃喝,並且坐在寶座上,審判以色列十二個支派。」』我們也看到屬天的價值觀和屬地的價值觀是很不一樣的。

    其實這也不是他們第一次這樣的爭論。『他們來到迦百農。耶穌在屋裏問門徒說:「你們在路上議論的是甚麼?」門徒不做聲,因為他們在路上彼此爭論誰為大。耶穌坐下,叫十二個門徒來,說:「若有人願意作首先的,他必作眾人末後的,作眾人的用人。」於是領過一個小孩子來,叫他站在門徒中間,又抱起他來,對他們說:「凡為我名接待一個像這小孩子的,就是接待我;凡接待我的,不是接待我,乃是接待那差我來的。」』(馬可福音 9:33-37) 耶穌那時就告訴他們價值觀的不同,只是顯然的他們仍不知道,在最後的晚餐時,仍以世界的觀念爭論誰為大。耶穌更進一步說:『讓小孩子到我這裏來,不要禁止他們,因為在天國的,正是這樣的人。』(馬太福音 19:14) 而且『說:「我實在告訴你們:你們若不回轉,變成小孩子的樣式,斷不得進天國。所以,凡自己謙卑像這小孩子的,他在天國裏就是最大的。』(馬太福音 18:3-4)

    我們自然會問,到底小孩子是不是真的謙卑呢?到底這裏說什麼呢?我們再看耶穌怎麼說,『我心裏柔和謙卑,(馬太福音 11:29) 祂為什麼說祂是謙卑的呢?我們看祂的一生,虛己順服以致於死,這就是祂的謙卑。我們要模成祂的形像,如羅馬書 8:29 所說:『因為他預先所知道的人,就預先定下效法(模成)他兒子的模樣(形像),使他兒子在許多弟兄中作長子。』小孩子是完全依賴父母的,我們要完全的依賴、也就是順服、三位一體的神,『不要消滅聖靈的感動。』(帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:19)

    在馬太福音 20:20-28 記錄了另一次的爭論:『那時,西庇太兒子的母親同她兩個兒子上前來拜耶穌,求他一件事。耶穌說:「你要甚麼呢?」 她說:「願你叫我這兩個兒子在你國裏,一個坐在你右邊,一個坐在你左邊。」耶穌回答說:「你們不知道所求的是甚麼。我將要喝的杯,你們能喝嗎?」 他們說:「我們能。」耶穌說:「我所喝的杯,你們必要喝;只是坐在我的左右,不是我可以賜的,乃是我父為誰預備的,就賜給誰。」那十個門徒聽見,就惱怒他們弟兄二人。耶穌叫了他們來,說:「你們知道外邦人有君王為主治理他們,有大臣操權管束他們。只是在你們中間不可這樣。你們中間誰願為大,就必作你們的用人;誰願為首,就必作你們的僕人。正如人子來,不是要受人的服事,乃是要服事人,並且要捨命,作多人的贖價。」』

    這兩個人實在是搞不清楚情況,耶穌要喝的杯是他們不能喝的。再一次的提到了屬天的價值觀是很不同的,而且耶穌是明說的,但他們搞不清楚,在最後的晚餐時仍在爭論。也看到了道成肉身的耶穌那時是和父神不同的,就像以前所提過的,在道成肉身的時間裏面,有一個秩序,是父差遣了子,而子不去,聖靈不來。

    我們再看一看這事情是什麼時間發生的。『耶穌上耶路撒冷去的時候,在路上把十二個門徒帶到一邊,對他們說:「看哪,我們上耶路撒冷去,人子要被交給祭司長和文士。他們要定他死罪,又交給外邦人,將他戲弄、鞭打、釘在十字架上,第三日他要復活。」』(馬太福音 20:17-19) 他們沒有注意到耶穌的死而復活,而在爭論屬世的事情。在五旬節聖靈降臨後,一切都改變了!教會也誕生了。所以我們絕對需要聖靈的工作,不要消滅聖靈的感動。

    說到教會,我所參加有限的教會,好像都是女性比較多,我以為一般來說、好像女性的心在神面前比較柔軟。我知道有人不同意這看法,也有人說這是因為男人比較有主見。如果主見是對的,是擇善固執,但如果沒有一個能聽的耳而是錯的,那只能說有剛硬的心。至少『站在耶穌十字架旁邊的,有他母親與他母親的姊妹,並革羅罷的妻子馬利亞和抹大拉的馬利亞。』(約翰福音 19:25),而男性只有使徒約翰。不過,這最終只有神能決定,祂有絕對的主權

(2) 猶大離開後的新命令

    『他(猶大)既出去,耶穌就說:「如今人子得了榮耀,神在人子身上也得了榮耀。神要因自己榮耀人子,並且要快快地榮耀他。「小子們,我還有不多的時候與你們同在,後來你們要找我,但我所去的地方你們不能到。這話我曾對猶太人說過,如今也照樣對你們說。「我賜給你們一條新命令,乃是叫你們彼此相愛(G25, 動詞);我怎樣愛(G25)你們,你們也要怎樣相愛(G25)。你們若有彼此相愛(G16, 名詞)的心,眾人因此就認出你們是我的門徒了。」』(約翰福音 13:31-35)

    我們會很自然會問,這為什麼是新命令,舊約不是已經有了嗎?因為利未記 19:18 說,『不可報仇,也不可埋怨你本國的子民,卻要愛人如己。我是耶和華。』在新約的時代,我們有內住的聖靈,這是舊約時代所沒有的。我們有神的愛(Agape love),而以此彼此相愛。

(3) 預知彼得三次不認主及耶穌的應許

    我們先看約翰福音 13:36,『西門彼得問耶穌說:「主往哪裏去?」 耶穌回答說:「我所去的地方,你現在不能跟我去,後來卻要跟我去。」』這是應許,他後來一定會去天堂的,即使祂預先就知道了彼得會三次不認主。這就像約翰福音 13:37-38 所說:『彼得說:「主啊,我為甚麼現在不能跟你去?我願意為你捨命。」耶穌說:「你願意為我捨命嗎?我實實在在地告訴你:雞叫以先,你要三次不認我。」』彼得在人的角度看是真的願意為主擺上,但人是常常會軟弱。

    這件事情在馬太福音 26:30-35 記載得更清楚:『他們唱了詩,就出來往橄欖山去。那時,耶穌對他們說:「今夜,你們為我的緣故都要跌倒。因為經上記着說:『我要擊打牧人,羊就分散了。』但我復活以後,要在你們以先往加利利去。」彼得說:「眾人雖然為你的緣故跌倒,我卻永不跌倒。」耶穌說:「我實在告訴你:今夜雞叫以先,你要三次不認我。」彼得說:「我就是必須和你同死,也總不能不認你。」眾門徒都是這樣說。』人會很不瞭解自己的,因最後在十字架前的只有約翰。這事的結局正如耶穌所說的:『彼得想起耶穌所說的話:「雞叫以先,你要三次不認我。」他就出去痛哭。』(馬太福音 26:75) 在這裏,我們也看到彼得的悔改。『我們若認自己的罪,神是信實的,是公義的,必要赦免我們的罪,洗淨我們一切的不義。』(約翰一書 1:9)

    耶穌也預先知道了彼得會回頭,並給了他應許。『主又說:「西門!西門!撒但想要得着你們,好篩你們像篩麥子一樣;但我已經為你祈求,叫你不至於失了信心。你回頭以後,要堅固你的弟兄。」』(路加福音 22:31-32)

(4) 彼得使用他的刀的事件

    最後我要提接著在路加福音 22:35-38 的事情:『耶穌又對他們說:「我差你們出去的時候,沒有錢囊,沒有口袋,沒有鞋,你們缺少甚麼沒有?」 他們說:「沒有。」耶穌說:「但如今有錢囊的可以帶着,有口袋的也可以帶着,沒有刀的要賣衣服買刀。我告訴你們,經上寫着說:『他被列在罪犯之中。』這話必應驗在我身上,因為那關係我的事必然成就。」他們說:「主啊,請看!這裏有兩把刀。」 耶穌說:「夠了。」』

    彼得的確是用了他的刀,這記載在約翰福音 18:26:『有大祭司的一個僕人,是彼得削掉耳朵那人的親屬,說:「我不是看見你同他在園子裏嗎?」』事實上,這件事四福音書都有記載。馬太福音 26:51-54 說得更清楚:『有跟隨耶穌的一個人,伸手拔出刀來,將大祭司的僕人砍了一刀,削掉了他一個耳朵。耶穌對他說:「收刀入鞘吧!凡動刀的,必死在刀下。你想,我不能求我父現在為我差遣十二營多天使來嗎?若是這樣,經上所說事情必須如此的話,怎麼應驗呢?」』很顯然的,耶穌不是在講世上的刀。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

Last supper (4) – Dispute, new command, foreknowledge about Peter (by Whirlwind) 1031

First, we talk about the dispute that happened during the last supper. Actually, similar events happened before, and Jesus showed them the difference between the way of leadership in the aspect of human and that in the aspect of God through a child, and we’ll state what it means. Secondly, we discuss the new command of loving each other after Judas left, and why it is different from that stated in the Old Testament. Thirdly, we talk about Jesus’ foreknowledge about how Peter will deny Him three times and his repent. Meanwhile, Jesus also gave promises. Finally, we discuss the event of Peter using his sword, which is recorded in all four Gospels.

(1) Dispute

We first examine the dispute about who is the greatest. About this dispute, it says clearly in Luke 22:24-30, “And there arose also a dispute among them as to which one of them was regarded to be greatest. And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who have authority over them are called ‘Benefactors.’ But it is not this way with you, but the one who is the greatest among you must become like the youngest, and the leader like the servant. For who is greater, the one who reclines at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at the table? But I am among you as the one who serves. “You are those who have stood by Me in My trials; and just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” 

There are other places where they recorded such a dispute. For example, in Mark 9:33-37, it says, “They came to Capernaum; and when He was in the house, He began to question them, “What were you discussing on the way?” But they kept silent, for on the way they had discussed with one another which of them was the greatest. Sitting down, He called the twelve and said to them, “If anyone wants to be first, he shall be last of all and servant of all.” Taking a child, He set him before them, and taking him in His arms, He said to them, “Whoever receives one child like this in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me does not receive Me, but Him who sent Me.””

We should particularly notice that Jesus talked about a child, since He specifically mentioned about the children in Matthew 19:14, “But Jesus said, “Let the children alone, and do not hinder them from coming to Me; for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.”” It is also mentioned in Matthew 18:4, “Whoever then humbles himself as this child, he is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.” We should rely on God the Holy Trinity just like a child who relies on parents. This is what humility really means.

Similarly in Matthew 20:20-28, it says, “Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Jesus with her sons, bowing down and making a request of Him. And He said to her, “What do you wish?” She said to Him, “Command that in Your kingdom these two sons of mine may sit one on Your right and one on Your left.” But Jesus answered, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?” They said to Him, “We are able.” He said to them, “My cup you shall drink; but to sit on My right and on My left, this is not Mine to give, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by My Father.” And hearing this, the ten became indignant with the two brothers. But Jesus called them to Himself and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. It is not this way among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.””

At that time, they really don’t know the difference between the way of leadership in the aspect of human and that in the aspect of God.  But it says clearly here. Finally let us notice the time of this event as said in Matthew 20:17-19, “As Jesus was about to go up to Jerusalem, He took the twelve disciples aside by themselves, and on the way He said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn Him to death, and will hand Him over to the Gentiles to mock and scourge and crucify Him, and on the third day He will be raised up.”” The event happened right after He said that how He would die and be resurrected, and they only at that time cared about worldly things instead of heavenly ones. These were all changed after Pentecost and the church was born. We absolutely require Holy Spirit working on us, and “Do not quench the Spirit.” (1 Thessalonians 5:19)

Talking about churches, from several churches I have attended, it seems that there are more women than men. It seems to conclude that women are softer than men in front of God. I know that there are people who disagree with this. Someone may say that men most likely have their own opinions. If the opinion is correct, then it is “choosing the good and insisting on it.” If it is wrong due to there is no ear which can hear, then we can only say that he has a hard heart in front of God. At least, “…standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.”(John 19:25) There is only one man, disciple John, who was there. Nevertheless, the final say is from God, who has absolute authority.

(2) New command after Judas left

A new command was issued after Judas left as said in John 13:31-35, “Therefore when he (Judas) had gone out, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in Him; if God is glorified in Him, God will also glorify Him in Himself, and will glorify Him immediately. Little children, I am with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’ A new commandment I give to you, that you love (G25, verb) one another, even as I have loved (G25) you, that you also love (G25) one another. By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love (G26, noun) for one another.”” 

A natural question will arise about why it is a new commandment. Is it required in Old Testament already? It is said in Leviticus 19:18, “…you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the Lord.” Yes, the love mentioned in the Old Testament is different from that in the New Testament. In New Testament, a Christian has Holy Spirit abiding in him. We talk about having love for one other with Agape love, which comes from the abiding Holy Spirit.  Those people in Old Testament didn’t have that.

(3) Foreknowledge about Peter and Jesus’ promises

In John 13:36, it says, “Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?” Jesus answered, “Where I go, you cannot follow Me now; but you will follow later.”” It was really a promise that Peter would go to Heaven later. Not only that, He foretells what Peter would deny Him three times as said in John 13:37-38, “Peter said to Him, “Lord, why can I not follow You right now? I will lay down my life for You.” Jesus answered, “Will you lay down your life for Me? Truly, truly, I say to you, a rooster will not crow until you deny Me three times.” It is said more in Matthew 26:30-35, “after singing a hymn, they went out to the mount of olives. Then Jesus said to them, “you will all fall away because of me this night, for it is written, ‘I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered.’ but after I have been raised, I will go ahead of you to galilee.” but Peter said to him, “even though all may fall away because of you, I will never fall away.” Jesus said to him, “truly I say to you that this very night, before a rooster crows, you will deny me three times.” Peter said to him, “even if I have to die with you, I will not deny you.” all the disciples said the same thing too.” 

We can see that it indeed happened to Peter as described in Matthew 26:75, “And Peter remembered the word which Jesus had said, “Before a rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” And he went out and wept bitterly.” As a matter of fact, Jesus foreknew Peter’s repentance and promised, “”Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded permission to sift you like wheat; but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not fail; and you, when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” …”(Luke 22:31-34)

(4) The event of Peter using his sword

Finally, we would like to mention the event of buying the sword said in Luke 22:35-38 followed the above, “And He said to them, “When I sent you out without money belt and bag and sandals, you did not lack anything, did you?” They said, “No, nothing.” And He said to them, “But now, whoever has a money belt is to take it along, likewise also a bag, and whoever has no sword is to sell his coat and buy one. For I tell you that this which is written must be fulfilled in Me, ‘And He was numbered with transgressors’; for that which refers to Me has its fulfillment.” They said, “Lord, look, here are two swords.” And He said to them, “It is enough.”” 

Peter indeed used his sword as described in John 18:26, “One of the slaves of the high priest, being a relative of the one whose ear Peter cut off, said, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?”” The fact that Peter used his sword is recorded in four Gospels. In Matthew 26:51-54, it is said, “And behold, one of those who were with Jesus reached and drew out his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword. Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels? How then will the Scriptures be fulfilled, which say that it must happen this way?”” Apparently, He was not talking about the worldly swords.

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

最后的晚餐 (3) – 逻辑,洗脚,及预知 (旋风着) 3030

     首先我们透过最后的晚餐中发生事情的顺序,看到了明显的盾,因此问,神究竟要借着这告诉我们什么?由此我们谈到了逻辑的工具,无神论是「相信」没有神,基督徒相信三位一体的神,所以基督徒是活在相信神的「信心」中。接着谈到了耶稣为门徒洗脚的事情,经文说得很清楚,祂是给我们作榜样。最后我们讨论四本福音书都提到了,耶稣预知犹大将卖祂的事。也看到一个例子,知道如果神不开我们的眼睛,就是明说,我们也会看不见,还以为知道了。属灵的事情就是如此。 顺便一提的是以后有一段时间是每两周一篇短文,不像过去一样是每周一篇。这样会直到翻译的工作完成。目前必须翻译的是译慕安得烈(Andrew Murray)着「口袋伴侣系列」(Pocket Companion Series) 的十二本小册子,必须花较多的时间赶紧完成。现在已翻译了七本小册子,可在网站 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 」免费下载原版的中英对译本。

(1) 逻辑    

     上次我们按照路加福音说到杯的设立是在饭后 [1],但马可福音是说吃的时候 [2]。如果那些只有约翰福音讲的事情是按着次序,我们还是不能确实的知道,洗脚到底是晚饭完后或晚饭还没有吃完,因为圣经没有明讲 [3]。其实有时候事件发生的先后秩序不是最重要的,重要的是要传递的讯息。因人有自由意志,圣经没有明讲时,是很难确实的知道的。    

     我最开始以为、圣经叙述最后的晚餐发生的事情是有确定的顺序的,尤其路加福音说到了这秩序,而我确实的相信『圣经都是神所默示的,(提摩太后书 3:16),现在有明显的予盾,我们实在该问神究竟要借着这明显的予盾,在圣经要告诉我们什么?我们以前也讲过这样的例子 [4] 在这里,我想顺序不是这么重要,重要的是讯息。我以为叙述是有顺序的,这是从我()的角度看。但是由圣经读出来后,发觉了圣经不是这样说,因此放弃了原先的假设,这是从圣经()的角度看。读圣经就是应该这样,从神的角度看读出来。我们以前讲过,圣经是神所默示的,从圣经的角度看就是从神的角度看。反之不然,不能随便划等号 [5]    

     其实我们可以用数学上的证明作为一个类比,在证明一个定理前,我们常常会想到一个可能的结果,然后试着用逻辑推导出这结果。如果一切顺利,就一步一步的推导出这定理。如果其中一步找到了予盾的反例,或走不下去,就只好放弃了。所以讲到逻辑,这只是一个工具,由一些不能证明的公理(假设)开始,可以推导出不同的定理。当假设不同时,会导出不同的定理的。用在信仰上作为类比,只用逻辑不能证明有神或无神存在,会变成不可知论者,其实不可知论着相信只有逻辑能证明的是对的,是在这样的信心里面。无神论者在信心中相信没有神,基督徒在信心中相信三位一体的神,这是在信心中有着不同的假设,当然会导出不同的结果,反应出在不同的生活中,所以基督徒真要活在相信神的信心中。

 (2) 洗脚 (约翰福音 13:2-17)   

     只有约翰福音提到洗脚这件事,经文实在很清楚,我们就直接读经文。『吃晚饭的时候,耶稣知道父已将万有交在他手里,且知道自己是从神出来的,又要归到神那里去,就离席站起来脱了衣服,拿一条手巾束腰,随后把水倒在盆里,就洗门徒的脚,并用自己所束的手巾擦干。挨到西门彼得,彼得对他说:「主啊,你洗我的脚吗?」耶稣回答说:「我所做的,你如今不知道,后来必明白。」彼得说:「你永不可洗我的脚!」 耶稣说:「我若不洗你,你就与我无分了。」西门彼得说:「主啊,不但我的脚,连手和头也要洗!」耶稣说:「凡洗过澡的人,只要把脚一洗,全身就干净了;你们是干净的,然而不都是干净的。」耶稣原知道要卖他的是谁,所以说:「你们不都是干净的。」耶稣洗完了他们的脚,就穿上衣服,又坐下,对他们说:「我向你们所做的,你们明白吗?你们称呼我夫子,称呼我主,你们说的不错,我本来是。我是你们的主,你们的夫子,尚且洗你们的脚,你们也当彼此洗脚。我给你们作了榜样,叫你们照着我向你们所做的去做。我实实在在地告诉你们:仆人不能大于主人,差人也不能大于差他的人。你们既知道这事,若是去行就有福了。」』(约翰福音 13:2-17)     

     很清楚的,经文说,耶稣这样做是要作我们的榜样。而且我们看到了属灵的领袖、不是像属世的领袖一样是高高在上的,而是要做榜样,彼得了解相当的清楚。『我这作长老务要牧养在你们中间神的群羊,不是辖制所托付你们的,乃是作群羊的榜样。』(彼得前书 5:1-3)

(3) 预知犹大卖主    

     这是件重要的事情,四福音书都有记载 [6],最清楚的是在约翰福音,我们可以看到耶稣预先知道犹大要卖祂。   

     「我这话不是指着你们众人说的,我知道我所拣选的是谁。现在要应验经上的话,说:『同我吃饭的人,用脚踢我。』「如今事情还没有成就,我要先告诉你们,叫你们到事情成就的时候,可以信我是基督。我实实在在地告诉你们:有人接待我所差遣的,就是接待我;接待我,就是接待那差遣我的。」耶稣说了这话,心里忧愁,就明说:「我实实在在地告诉你们:你们中间有一个人要卖我了。」门徒彼此对看,猜不透所说的是谁。有一个门徒,是耶稣所爱的,侧身挨近耶稣的怀里。西门彼得点头对他说:「你告诉我们,主是指着谁说的。」那门徒便就势靠着耶稣的胸膛,问他说:「主啊,是谁呢?」耶稣回答说:「我蘸一点饼给谁,就是谁。」耶稣就蘸了一点饼,递给加略人西门的儿子犹大。他吃了以后,撒但就入了他的心。 耶稣便对他说:「你所做的,快做吧!」同席的人,没有一个知道是为甚么对他说这话。有人因犹大带着钱囊,以为耶稣是对他说「你去买我们过节所应用的东西」,或是叫他拿甚么赒济穷人。犹大受了那点饼,立刻就出去。那时候是夜间了。(约翰福音 13:18-30)    

     我们看到了祂说到预知不是没有原因的,是为了要门徒可以相信祂是基督。也看到了神常常要我们面对的是真实的自己,因为『人心比万物都诡诈,坏到极处,谁能识透呢?』(耶利米书 17:9) 我们甚至会欺骗自己。说到撒但进入了犹大的心,有人就可能会说,这不是耶稣和撒但合作吗?不是的,犹大自己早就沦陷了。『当下,十二门徒里有一个称为加略人犹大的,去见祭司长,说:「我把他交给你们,你们愿意给我多少钱?」他们就给了他三十块钱。从那时候,他就找机会要把耶稣交给他们。』(马太福音 26:14-16) 我们也看到一个例子,知道如果神不开我们的眼睛,就是明说,我们也会看不见,还以为知道了。属灵的事情就是如此。   

一些相关的经文和知识

 [1] 饭后也照样拿起杯来,说:「这杯是用我血所立的新约,是为你们流出来的。(路加福音 22:20)

 [2] 他们吃的时候,耶稣拿起饼来,祝了福,就擘开递给他们,说:「你们拿着吃,这是我的身体。」又拿起杯来,祝谢了,递给他们,他们都喝了。耶稣说:「这是我立约的血,为多人出来的。(马可福音 14:22-25)

 [3] 吃晚饭的时候(魔鬼已将卖耶稣的意思放在西门的儿子加略人犹大心里),耶稣知道父已将万有交在他手里,且知道自己是从神出来的,又要归到神那里去,就离席站起来脱了衣服,拿一条手巾束腰,随后把水倒在盆里,就洗门徒的脚,并用自己所束的手巾擦干。(约翰福音 13:2-5)

[4] 可以在这 YouTube 链结找到以前曾讲的例子。在「2012 耶稣复活后的第一次显现」。   https://youtu.be/2cDP1pNK6-s 或在这网址找到相应的短文。  https://a-christian-voice.com/%e8%81%b2%e9%9f%b3-%e7%b9%81%e9%ab%94%e4%b8%ad%e6%96%87%ef%bf%bc/

 [5] 可以在这 YouTube 链结找到这讨论在「2023 圣经说要如何读圣经」。   https://youtu.be/YN5gPxcfyQU  或在同样的网址找到相应的短文。

[6] 其他的三本福音是这样说的,今将其列如后。『到了晚上,耶稣和十二个门徒坐席。正吃的时候,耶稣说:「我实在告诉你们:你们中间有一个人要卖我了。」他们就甚忧愁,一个一个地问他说:「主,是我吗?」耶稣回答说:「同我蘸手在盘子里的,就是他要卖我。人子必要去世,正如经上指着他所写的,但卖人子的人有祸了,那人不生在世上倒好!」卖耶稣的犹大问他说:「拉比,是我吗?」 耶稣说:「你说的是。」』(马太福音 26:20-25) 『到了晚上,耶稣和十二个门徒都来了。他们坐席正吃的时候,耶稣说:「我实在告诉你们:你们中间有一个与我同吃的人要卖我了。」他们就忧愁起来,一个一个地问他说:「是我吗?」耶稣对他们说:「是十二个门徒中同我蘸手在盘子里的那个人。人子必要去世,正如经上指着他所写的;但卖人子的人有祸了!那人不生在世上倒好。」』(马可福音 14:17-21) 『饭后也照样拿起杯来,说:「这杯是用我血所立的新约,是为你们流出来的。看哪,那卖我之人的手与我一同在桌子上。人子固然要照所预定的去世,但卖人子的人有祸了!」他们就彼此对问,是哪一个要做这事。(路加福音 22:20-23)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

最後的晚餐 (3) – 邏輯,洗腳,及預知 (旋風著) 2030

    首先我們透過最後的晚餐中發生事情的順序,看到了明顯的盾,因此問,神究竟要藉著這告訴我們什麼?由此我們談到了邏輯的工具,無神論是「相信」沒有神,基督徒相信三位一體的神,所以基督徒是活在相信神的「信心」中。接著談到了耶穌為門徒洗腳的事情,經文說得很清楚,祂是給我們作榜樣。最後我們討論四本福音書都提到了,耶穌預知猶大將賣祂的事。也看到一個例子,知道如果神不開我們的眼睛,就是明說,我們也會看不見,還以為知道了。屬靈的事情就是如此 順便一提的是以後有一段時間是每兩週一篇短文,不像過去一樣是每週一篇。這樣直到翻譯的工作完成。目前必須翻譯的是譯慕安得烈(Andrew Murray)著「口袋伴侶系列」(Pocket Companion Series) 的十二本小册子,必須花較多的時間趕緊完成。現在已翻譯了七本小册子,可在網站 「 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 」免費下載原版的中英對譯本

(1) 邏

    上次我們按照路加福音說到杯的設立是在飯後 [1],但馬可福音是說吃的時候 [2]。如果那些只有約翰福音講的事情是按著次序,我們還是不能確實的知道,洗腳到底是晚飯完後或晚飯還沒有吃完,因為聖經沒有明講 [3]。其實有時候事件發生的先後秩序不是最重要的,重要的是要傳遞的訊息。因人有自由意志,聖經沒有明講時,是很難確實的知道的

    我最開始以為、聖經敘述最後的晚餐發生的事情是有確定的順序的,尤其路加福音說到了這秩序,而我確實的相信『聖經都是神所默示的,…』(提摩太後書 3:16),現在有明顯的予盾,我們實在該問神究竟要藉著這明顯的予盾,在聖經要告訴我們什麼?我們以前也講過這樣的例子 [4]。 在這裏,我想順序不是這麼重要,重要的是訊息。我以為敘述是有順序的,這是從我(人)的角度看。但是由聖經讀出來後,發覺了聖經不是這樣說,因此放棄了原先的假設,這是從聖經(神)的角度看。讀聖經就是應該這樣,從神的角度看讀出來。我們以前講過,聖經是神所默示的,從聖經的角度看就是從神的角度看。反之不然,不能隨便劃等號 [5]

    其實我們可以用數學上的証明作為一個類比,在証明一個定理前,我們常常會想到一個可能的結果,然後試著用邏輯推導出這結果。如果一切順利,就一步一步的推導出這定理。如果其中一步找到了予盾的反例,或走不下去,就只好放棄了。所以講到邏輯,這只是一個工具,由一些不能証明的公理(假設)開始,可以推導出不同的定理。當假設不同時,會導出不同的定理的。用在信仰上作為類比,只用邏輯不能証明有神或無神存在,會變成不可知論者,其實不可知論著相信只有邏輯能証明的是對的,是在這樣的信心裏面。無神論者在信心中相信沒有神,基督徒在信心中相信三位一體的神,這是在信心中有著不同的假設,當然會導出不同的結果,反應出在不同的生活中,所以基督徒真要活在相信神的信心中

(2) 洗腳 (約翰福音 13:2-17)

    只有約翰福音提到洗腳這件事,經文實在很清楚,我們就直接讀經文。『吃晚飯的時候…,耶穌知道父已將萬有交在他手裏,且知道自己是從神出來的,又要歸到神那裏去,就離席站起來脫了衣服,拿一條手巾束腰,隨後把水倒在盆裏,就洗門徒的腳,並用自己所束的手巾擦乾。挨到西門彼得,彼得對他說:「主啊,你洗我的腳嗎?」耶穌回答說:「我所做的,你如今不知道,後來必明白。」彼得說:「你永不可洗我的腳!」 耶穌說:「我若不洗你,你就與我無分了。」西門彼得說:「主啊,不但我的腳,連手和頭也要洗!」耶穌說:「凡洗過澡的人,只要把腳一洗,全身就乾淨了;你們是乾淨的,然而不都是乾淨的。」耶穌原知道要賣他的是誰,所以說:「你們不都是乾淨的。」耶穌洗完了他們的腳,就穿上衣服,又坐下,對他們說:「我向你們所做的,你們明白嗎?你們稱呼我夫子,稱呼我主,你們說的不錯,我本來是。我是你們的主,你們的夫子,尚且洗你們的腳,你們也當彼此洗腳。我給你們作了榜樣,叫你們照着我向你們所做的去做。我實實在在地告訴你們:僕人不能大於主人,差人也不能大於差他的人。你們既知道這事,若是去行就有福了。」』(約翰福音 13:2-17)

     很清楚的,經文說,耶穌這樣做是要作我們的榜樣而且我們看到了屬靈的領袖、不是像屬世的領袖一樣是高高在上的,而是要做榜樣,彼得瞭解相當的清楚。『我這作長老…務要牧養在你們中間神的羣羊,…不是轄制所託付你們的,乃是作羣羊的榜樣。』(彼得前書 5:1-3)

(3) 預知猶大賣

    這是件重要的事情,四福音書都有記載 [6],最清楚的是在約翰福音,我們可以看到耶穌預先知道猶大要賣祂

    「我這話不是指着你們眾人說的,我知道我所揀選的是誰。現在要應驗經上的話,說:『同我吃飯的人,用腳踢我。』「如今事情還沒有成就,我要先告訴你們,叫你們到事情成就的時候,可以信我是基督。我實實在在地告訴你們:有人接待我所差遣的,就是接待我;接待我,就是接待那差遣我的。」耶穌說了這話,心裏憂愁,就明說:「我實實在在地告訴你們:你們中間有一個人要賣我了。」門徒彼此對看,猜不透所說的是誰。有一個門徒,是耶穌所愛的,側身挨近耶穌的懷裏。西門彼得點頭對他說:「你告訴我們,主是指着誰說的。」那門徒便就勢靠着耶穌的胸膛,問他說:「主啊,是誰呢?」耶穌回答說:「我蘸一點餅給誰,就是誰。」耶穌就蘸了一點餅,遞給加略人西門的兒子猶大。他吃了以後,撒但就入了他的心。 耶穌便對他說:「你所做的,快做吧!」同席的人,沒有一個知道是為甚麼對他說這話。有人因猶大帶着錢囊,以為耶穌是對他說「你去買我們過節所應用的東西」,或是叫他拿甚麼賙濟窮人。猶大受了那點餅,立刻就出去。那時候是夜間了。(約翰福音 13:18-30)

    我們看到了祂說到預知不是沒有原因的,是為了要門徒可以相信祂是基督。也看到了神常常要我們面對的是真實的自己,因為『人心比萬物都詭詐,壞到極處,誰能識透呢?』(耶利米書 17:9) 我們甚至會欺騙自己。說到撒但進入了猶大的心,有人就可能會說,這不是耶穌和撒但合作嗎?不是的,猶大自己早就淪陷了。『當下,十二門徒裏有一個稱為加略人猶大的,去見祭司長,說:「我把他交給你們,你們願意給我多少錢?」他們就給了他三十塊錢。從那時候,他就找機會要把耶穌交給他們。』(馬太福音 26:14-16) 我們也看到一個例子,知道如果神不開我們的眼睛,就是明說,我們也會看不見,還以為知道了。屬靈的事情就是如此    

一些相關的經文和知識

[1] 飯後也照樣拿起杯來,說:「這杯是用我血所立的新約,是為你們流出來的。(路加福音 22:20)

[2] 他們吃的時候,耶穌拿起餅來,祝了福,就擘開遞給他們,說:「你們拿着吃,這是我的身體。」又拿起杯來,祝謝了,遞給他們,他們都喝了耶穌說:「這是我立約的血,為多人出來的。…」(馬可福音 14:22-25)

[3] 吃晚飯的時候(魔鬼已將賣耶穌的意思放在西門的兒子加略人猶大心裏),耶穌知道父已將萬有交在他手裏,且知道自己是從神出來的,又要歸到神那裏去,就離席站起來脫了衣服,拿一條手巾束腰,隨後把水倒在盆裏,就洗門徒的腳,並用自己所束的手巾擦乾。(約翰福音 13:2-5)

[4] 可以在這 YouTube 鏈結找到以前曾講的例子。在「2012 耶穌復活後的第一次顯現」。   https://youtu.be/2cDP1pNK6-s 。 或在這網址找到相應的短文。  https://a-christian-voice.com/%e8%81%b2%e9%9f%b3-%e7%b9%81%e9%ab%94%e4%b8%ad%e6%96%87%ef%bf%bc/

[5] 可以在這 YouTube 鏈結找到這討論在「2023 聖經說要如何讀聖經」。   https://youtu.be/YN5gPxcfyQU  。 或在同樣的網址找到相應的短文

[6] 其他的三本福音是這樣說的,今將其列如後。『到了晚上,耶穌和十二個門徒坐席。正吃的時候,耶穌說:「我實在告訴你們:你們中間有一個人要賣我了。」他們就甚憂愁,一個一個地問他說:「主,是我嗎?」耶穌回答說:「同我蘸手在盤子裏的,就是他要賣我。人子必要去世,正如經上指着他所寫的,但賣人子的人有禍了,那人不生在世上倒好!」賣耶穌的猶大問他說:「拉比,是我嗎?」 耶穌說:「你說的是。」』(馬太福音 26:20-25) 『到了晚上,耶穌和十二個門徒都來了他們坐席正吃的時候,耶穌說:「我實在告訴你們:你們中間有一個與我同吃的人要賣我了。」他們就憂愁起來,一個一個地問他說:「是我嗎?」耶穌對他們說:「是十二個門徒中同我蘸手在盤子裏的那個人。人子必要去世,正如經上指着他所寫的;但賣人子的人有禍了!那人不生在世上倒好。」』(馬可福音 14:17-21) 『飯後也照樣拿起杯來,說:「這杯是用我血所立的新約,是為你們流出來的。看哪,那賣我之人的手與我一同在桌子上。人子固然要照所預定的去世,但賣人子的人有禍了!他們就彼此對問,是哪一個要做這事。』(路加福音 22:20-23)

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

Last supper (3) – Logic, washing feet, and foreknowledge (by Whirlwind) 1030

First, through the order of what happened in the last supper, we realized that there were apparent contradictions recorded in the Bible. Therefore, we ask what God wants to tell us through these apparent contradictions since the Bible is inspired by God. From here, we talk about logic as an instrument.  Atheists “believe” that there exists no God, and Christians “believe” the Holy Trinity. Therefore, Christians live in faith. Next, we talk about the event when Jesus washed the feet of his disciples. The verse says clearly, “I gave you an example.” Lastly, we discuss the foreknowledge that Jesus predicted the betrayal of Judas. We also see an example regarding the opening eyes. If God doesn’t open our eyes, even when he is saying things clearly and on surface, we think that we know but we really don’t. Spiritual things are often like this. We also need to mention at this point that in the future for a while, there is only one short article every two weeks until the completion of the translation work of the twelve booklets of the original version of Pocket Companion Series by Andrew Murray, which has priority and needs more time. We are currently working on the translation of Book eight.

(1) Logic

Last time, the time of setting up the ceremony of drinking cup is after the supper according to the Gospel of Luke [1]. But according to the Gospel of Mark, it is during the meal [2]. If those events only in the Gospel of John are mentioned according to the order, we still cannot make sure if the event of washing the feet occurs before or after the meal, since the Bible doesn’t say clearly [3]. In fact, the order isn’t more important than the messages themselves. Since man has free will, people tend to think differently. When the Bible doesn’t say it clearly, there is no way to know precisely. 

At the beginning, I think that the description of what happened in the last supper has a definite order, particularly when the Gospel of Luke says so. I really believe that the Bible is inspired by the God, and He must know the apparent contradictions. Then we must ask what God wants us to know from the apparent contradictions. In the past, we discussed some examples [4]. Here, I believe that the order is not important but that the messages are. I thought originally that there was an order. This was to think in the aspect of human, me. But when I read out from the Bible, there is no such an order described. I had to change my viewpoint since it is what the Bible says, in the aspect of the Bible. Since the Bible is inspired by God, it is in the aspect of God. We talked about this before, but the converse is not true [5]. We cannot use the equality sign here.

In fact, we can use the mathematical proof as an analogy. Before we try to verify a theorem, we often start with thinking about the possible results. Then, we use logic to deduct such results. If everything is smooth, we can derive such results step by step. If during the tentative proof, we find a counterexample or not being able to go forward, we have to give up. So, when we talk about logic, it is just an instrument. It starts with some hypothesis which cannot be proven. From there, we can get a set of theorems. With different hypothesis, we can get different results. As an example, numbers in our daily life uses base ten to count. In computers, a number is represented by a string of zeros and ones. There are theorems worked in computer but not in our daily life. When you are only using logic, you cannot prove or disprove the existence of God. And those who only believe things that can be proven by logic are true and will lead to agnostic persons.  Atheists “believe” there exists no God, and Christians “believe” the Holy Trinity. In other words, three of them believe different hypothesis in faith. With that, it definitely leads to different conclusions, reflected in life. Therefore, Christians has to live in faith by believing in God, who is true and His existence can only be proven in your heart.

(2) Washing feet (John 13:2-17)

This event is only mentioned in the Gospel of John and is very clear there. Thus, we directly quote the verses in John 13:2-17.

“During supper, …Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come forth from God and was going back to God, got up from supper, and laid aside His garments; and taking a towel, He girded Himself. Then He poured water into the basin, and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded. So He came to Simon Peter. He said to Him, “Lord, do You wash my feet?” Jesus answered and said to him, “What I do you do not realize now, but you will understand hereafter.” Peter said to Him, “Never shall You wash my feet!” Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.” Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, then wash not only my feet, but also my hands and my head.” Jesus said to him, “He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you. ” For He knew the one who was betraying Him; for this reason He said, “Not all of you are clean.” So when He had washed their feet, and taken His garments and reclined at the table again, He said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you? You call Me Teacher and Lord; and you are right, for so I am. If I then, the Lord and the Teacher, washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. For I gave you an example that you also should do as I did to you. Truly, truly, I say to you, a slave is not greater than his master, nor is one who is sent greater than the one who sent him. If you know these things, you are blessed if you do them.” (John 13:2-17)

It is clear in the verses that Jesus did so to give us an example. And we can see a spiritual leader is not like a worldly one who sits high above and gives orders. Instead, the spiritual leader is there to be an example. Peter understood this very well as said in 1 Peter 5:1-3, “Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow elder …shepherd the flock of God among you, …nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.”

(3) Foreknowledge regarding Judas’ betrayal

This event is so important. So, it is recorded in all four Gospels. Since the Gospel of John describes it in most details, it is sufficient to refer it in John 13:18-30.

“I do not speak of all of you. I know the ones I have chosen; but it is that the Scripture may be fulfilled, ‘He who eats My bread has lifted up his heel against Me.’ From now on I am telling you before it comes to pass, so that when it does occur, you may believe that I am He. Truly, truly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me.” When Jesus had said this, He became troubled in spirit, and testified and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that one of you will betray Me.” The disciples began looking at one another, at a loss to know of which one He was speaking. There was reclining on Jesus’ bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved. So Simon Peter gestured to him, and said to him, “Tell us who it is of whom He is speaking.” He, leaning back thus on Jesus’ bosom, said to Him, “Lord, who is it?” Jesus then answered, “That is the one for whom I shall dip the morsel and give it to him.” So when He had dipped the morsel, He took and gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. After the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Therefore Jesus said to him, “What you do, do quickly.” Now no one of those reclining at the table knew for what purpose He had said this to him. For some were supposing, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, “Buy the things we have need of for the feast”; or else, that he should give something to the poor. So after receiving the morsel he went out immediately; and it was night.” (John 13:18-30)

We can see that Jesus predicted His betrayal is not for no reason. It is so “you may believe that I am He.” We can also see that we often need to face our true self, as said in Jeremiah 17:9, “The heart is more deceitful than all else And is desperately sick; Who can understand it?” We can even deceive ourselves. Talking about the event that Satan then entered into Jude. Some people may think, “Does that mean Jesus is cooperating with Satan?” No, absolutely not. Jude was fallen long time ago as described in Matthew 26:14-16, “Then one of the twelve, named Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, “What are you willing to give me to betray Him to you?” And they weighed out thirty pieces of silver to him. From then on he began looking for a good opportunity to betray Jesus.” We also see an example regarding the opening of eyes. If God doesn’t open our eyes, even by saying clearly and on surface, we think that we know but we really don’t. Spiritual things are often like this.

References

[1] Luke 22:20, “And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.”

[2] Mark 14:22-25, “While they were eating, He took some bread, and after a blessing He broke it, and gave it to them, and said, “Take it; this is My body.” And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. And He said to them, “This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. …”

[3] John 13:2-5, “During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him, Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come forth from God and was going back to God, got up from supper, and laid aside His garments; and taking a towel, He girded Himself. Then He poured water into the basin, and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded.”

[4] You can find the short article “1012 The first appearance of Jesus after resurrection ” on the link “https://a-christian-voice.com/on-spiritual-understanding-about-life/.”

[5] You can find the short article “1023 Bible says how to study the Bible” on the same link “https://a-christian-voice.com/on-spiritual-understanding-about-life/.”

[6] The other three Gospels described the event as follows. In Matthew 26:20-25, it says, “Now when evening came, Jesus was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples As they were eating, He said, “Truly I say to you that one of you will betray Me. Being deeply grieved, they each one began to say to Him, “Surely not I, Lord? And He answered, “He who dipped his hand with Me in the bowl is the one who will betray Me. The Son of Man is to go, just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born. And Judas, who was betraying Him, said, “Surely it is not I, Rabbi?” Jesus said to him, “You have said it yourself.” In Mark 14:17-21, it says, “When it was evening He came with the twelve. As they were reclining at the table and eating, Jesus said, “Truly I say to you that one of you will betray Me-one who is eating with Me.” They began to be grieved and to say to Him one by one, “Surely not I?” And He said to them, “It is one of the twelve, one who dips with Me in the bowl. For the Son of Man is to go just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.”” In Luke 22:20-23, it says, “And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood. But behold, the hand of the one betraying Me is with Mine on the table. For indeed, the Son of Man is going as it has been determined; but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!” And they began to discuss among themselves which one of them it might be who was going to do this thing.”

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

(You can get all articles in “https://a-christian-voice.com/” under “On spiritual understanding about life.”)

最后的晚餐 (2) – 参与者,和设立饼杯的目的及实行 (旋风着) 3029

     我们上次已谈过了预备最后的晚餐中的预知,在四福音中都讲到最后的晚餐,也就是在马太福音 26:20-35,马可福音 14:17-31 路加福音 22:14-38,和约翰福音 13:1-17:26。我们就从其中看看有多少的资料可以理出来?参加者为因圣灵带领选的十二使徒,所以包括了卖主的犹大。我们会有一系列的分享,详细用经文说明发生的每一件事情,及其相应经文。因为只有路加福音说到了时间顺序,所以这个话题是以路加福音为主,但要和别的福音不冲突,并加上别的福音提到而路加福音没说的事情。这次只谈四者: (1) 饭前祝谢 (路加福音 22:14-18)(2) 吃饭 (马太福音 26:26)(3) 擘饼纪念主 (路加22:19) (4) 饭后以杯立新约。(路加福音 22 :20)        

     说到发生的事情,因为只有路加福音说到了时间顺序,就如路加福音 1:3-4 所说,『这些事我既从起头都详细考察了,就定意要按着次序写给你,使你知道所学之道都是确实的。』所以这个话题是以路加福音为主,但要和别的福音不冲突,并加上别的福音提到而路加福音没说的事情。然后我们接着会有一系列的分享,详细用经文说明发生的每一件事情。       

     在谈这四者前,我们先看一下参加最后晚餐的是十二使徒,其中包括了卖主的犹大。从别的经文中,知道这十二使徒是因圣灵的带领选的。也看到了在道成肉身期间,耶稣是完全的人,像我们一样,需要圣灵的带领,然后祂在祷告中确定。这些都可以从下面的经文看见。

参加者:『时候到了,耶稣坐席,使徒也和他同坐。』 (路加福音 22:14) 『到了晚上,耶稣和十二个门徒坐席。 (马太福音 26:20)

十二使徒是圣灵的带领选的:『直到他借着圣灵吩咐所拣选的使徒,以后被接上升的日子为止。』(使徒行传 1:2)

祂如何整夜祷告去确定:『那时,耶稣出去,上山祷告,整夜祷告神。到了天亮,叫他的门徒来,就从他们中间挑选十二个人,称他们为使徒。』(路加福音 6:12-13)    

     在这一段结束前,我们要强调祂也是完全的神。关于这一点我们可以用一个比例来理解。一个王子落泊成为了乞丐,虽然他目前过的是乞丐的日子,他的身份仍然是王子。所以耶稣本是三位一体的神,虽然道成肉身取了人的样式,是一个无罪的完全的人,祂仍然保持祂的身份是完全的神。祂和我们不同是我们被罪玷污,而祂从圣灵感孕的无罪开始,像亚当和夏娃一样从无罪开始,只是亚当和夏娃选择了不顺服,而祂选择了顺服以致于死,完成了救恩。并且祂复活了,『经上也是这样记着说:「首先的人亚当成了有灵的活人」;末后的亚当成了叫人活的灵。』(哥林多前书 15:45) 『并且因为他是人子,就赐给他行审判的权柄。』(约翰福音 5:27) 祂在道成肉身时,从没有用过祂的神性。

 (1) 饭前的祝谢 (路加福音 22:14-18)        

     『时候到了,耶稣坐席,使徒也和他同坐。耶稣对他们说:「我很愿意在受害以先和你们吃这逾越节的筵席。我告诉你们:我不再吃这筵席,直到成就在神的国里。」耶稣接过杯来,祝谢了,说:「你们拿这个,大家分着喝。我告诉你们,从今以后,我不再喝这葡萄汁,直等神的国来到。」(路加福音 22:14-18) 没有说这是立约的血,因此(应该是)饭前的祝谢。      

     佐证是在哥林多前书 11:20-22,『你们聚会的时候,算不得吃主的晚餐,因为吃的时候,各人先吃自己的饭,甚至这个饥饿,那个酒醉。你们要吃喝,难道没有家吗?还是藐视神的教会,叫那没有的羞愧呢?我向你们可怎么说呢?可因此称赞你们吗?我不称赞!』在这里,我们看到了要大家一起开动,因此有杯的祝谢是很合理的。

 (2) 吃饭 (马太福音 26:26)     

     接着就是吃饭了,照马太福音 26:26 应是如此,因『他们()吃的时候,耶稣拿起饼来,祝福,就擘开,递给门徒,说,你们拿着吃。这是我的身体。』 这里的翻译应该有一个「正」字,因为用的是过去进行式。所以是先吃饭,正在吃饭的时候,设立了擘饼。

 (3) 擘饼纪念主 (路加22:19)       

     按照路加福音 22:19 的说法,擘饼纪念主是饭前祝福的后半部,『又(And)拿起饼来,祝谢了,就擘开,递给他们,说:「这是我的身体,为你们舍的,你们也应当如此行,为的是记念我。」』(路加福音 22:19) 我们看到了有一「又」字,因此知道是接着祝谢的杯的。但此处并没有说到时间,只说到事情的先后,和马太福音 26:26 不冲突。    

     保罗在哥林多前书 11:23-24 也说了从启示而来设立擘饼的目的,『我当日传给你们的,原是从主领受的,就是主耶稣被卖的那一夜,拿起饼来,祝谢了,就擘开,说:「这是我的身体,为你们舍的。你们应当如此行,为的是记念我。」』这里并没有说何时擘饼,所以我们时间的顺序是照以前所说的。

 (4) 饭后以杯立新约 (路加福音 22 :20)       

     『饭后也照样拿起杯来,说:「这杯是用我血所立的新约,是为你们流出来的。』(路加福音 22:20) 在哥林多前书 11:25 也这样说,『饭后,也照样拿起杯来,说:「这杯是用我的血所立的新约。你们每逢喝的时候,要如此行,为的是记念我。」』       

     其实在什么时候擘饼和喝这杯不是最重要的,重要是『你们每逢吃这饼,喝这杯,是表明主的死,直等到他来。』(哥林多前书 11:26)   『所以,无论何人不按理吃主的饼、喝主的杯,就是干犯主的身、主的血了。人应当自己省察,然后吃这饼、喝这杯。因为人吃喝,若不分辩是主的身体,就是吃喝自己的罪了。(哥林多前书 11:27-29) 这里告诉了我们该如何实行。 

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到这网站后要按『对属灵生命的了解』。)

最後的晚餐 (2) – 參與者,和設立餅杯的目的及實行 (旋風著) 2029

    我們上次已談過了預備最後的晚餐中的預知,在四福音中都講到最後的晚餐,也就是在馬太福音 26:20-35,馬可福音 14:17-31, 路加福音 22:14-38,和約翰福音 13:1-17:26。我們就從其中看看有多少的資料可以理出來?參加者為因聖靈帶領選的十二使徒,所以包括了賣主的猶大。我們會有一系列的分享,詳細用經文說明發生的每一件事情,及其相應經文。因為只有路加福音說到了時間順序,所以這個話題是以路加福音為主,但要和別的福音不衝突,並加上別的福音提到而路加福音沒說的事情。這次只談四者。(1) 飯前祝謝 (路加福音 22:14-18);(2) 吃飯 (馬太福音 26:26);(3) 擘餅紀念主 (路加22:19); (4) 飯後以杯立新約。(路加福音 22 :20)

        說到發生的事情,因為只有路加福音說到了時間順序,就如路加福音 1:3-4 所說,『這些事我既從起頭都詳細考察了,就定意要按着次序寫給你,使你知道所學之道都是確實的。』所以這個話題是以路加福音為主,但要和別的福音不衝突,並加上別的福音提到而路加福音沒說的事情。然後我們接著會有一系列的分享,詳細用經文說明發生的每一件事情。

       在談這四者前,我們先看一下參加最後晚餐的是十二使徒,其中包括了賣主的猶大。從別的經文中,知道這十二使徒是因聖靈的帶領選的。也看到了在道成肉身期間,耶穌是完全的人,像我們一樣,需要聖靈的帶領,然後祂在禱告中確定。這些都可以從下面的經文看見。

參加者:『時候到了,耶穌坐席,使徒也和他同坐。』 (路加福音 22:14) 『到了晚上,耶穌和十二個門徒坐席。 』(马太福音 26:20)

十二使徒是聖靈的帶領選的:『直到他藉着聖靈吩咐所揀選的使徒,以後被接上升的日子為止。』(使徒行傳 1:2)

祂如何整夜禱告去確定:『那時,耶穌出去,上山禱告,整夜禱告神。到了天亮,叫他的門徒來,就從他們中間挑選十二個人,稱他們為使徒。』(路加福音 6:12-13)

    在這一段結束前,我們要强調祂也是完全的神。關於這一點我們可以用一個比例來理解。一個王子落泊成為了乞丐,雖然他目前過的是乞丐的日子,他的身份仍然是王子。所以耶穌本是三位一體的神,雖然道成肉身取了人的樣式,是一個無罪的完全的人,祂仍然保持祂的身份是完全的神。祂和我們不同是我們被罪玷,而祂從聖靈感孕的無罪開始,像亞當和夏娃一樣從無罪開始,只是亞當和夏娃選擇了不順服,而祂選擇了順服以致於死,完成了救恩。並且祂復活了,『經上也是這樣記着說:「首先的人亞當成了有靈的活人」;末後的亞當成了叫人活的靈。』(哥林多前書 15:45) 『並且因為他是人子,就賜給他行審判的權柄。』(約翰福音 5:27) 祂在道成肉身時,從沒有用過祂的神性

(1) 飯前的祝謝 (路加福音 22:14-18)

        『時候到了,耶穌坐席,使徒也和他同坐。耶穌對他們說:「我很願意在受害以先和你們吃這逾越節的筵席。我告訴你們:我不再吃這筵席,直到成就在神的國裏。」耶穌接過杯來,祝謝了,說:「你們拿這個,大家分着喝。我告訴你們,從今以後,我不再喝這葡萄汁,直等神的國來到。」(路加福音 22:14-18) 沒有說這是立約的血,因此(應該是)飯前的祝謝。

       佐証是在哥林多前書 11:20-22,『你們聚會的時候,算不得吃主的晚餐,因為吃的時候,各人先吃自己的飯,甚至這個飢餓,那個酒醉。你們要吃喝,難道沒有家嗎?還是藐視神的教會,叫那沒有的羞愧呢?我向你們可怎麼說呢?可因此稱讚你們嗎?我不稱讚!』在這裏,我們看到了要大家一起開動,因此有杯的祝謝是很合理的。

(2) 吃飯 (馬太福音 26:26)

     接著就是吃飯了,照馬太福音 26:26 應是如此,因『他們()喫的時候,耶穌拿起餅來,祝福,就擘開,遞給門徒,說,你們拿著喫。這是我的身體。』 這裏的翻譯應該有一個「正」字,因為用的是過去進行式。所以是先吃飯,正在吃飯的時候,設立了擘餅。

(3) 擘餅紀念主 (路加22:19)

       按照路加福音 22:19 的說法,擘餅紀念主是飯前祝福的後半部,『又(And)拿起餅來,祝謝了,就擘開,遞給他們,說:「這是我的身體,為你們捨的,你們也應當如此行,為的是記念我。」』(路加福音 22:19) 我們看到了有一「又」字,因此知道是接著祝謝的杯的。但此處並沒有說到時間,只說到事情的先後,和馬太福音 26:26 不衝突。

    保羅在哥林多前書 11:23-24 也說了從啓示而來設立擘餅的目的,『我當日傳給你們的,原是從主領受的,就是主耶穌被賣的那一夜,拿起餅來,祝謝了,就擘開,說:「這是我的身體,為你們捨的。你們應當如此行,為的是記念我。」』這裏並沒有說何時擘餅,所以我們時間的順序是照以前所說的。

(4) 飯後以杯立新約 (路加福音 22 :20)

       『飯後也照樣拿起杯來,說:「這杯是用我血所立的新約,是為你們流出來的。』(路加福音 22:20) 在哥林多前書 11:25 也這樣說,『飯後,也照樣拿起杯來,說:「這杯是用我的血所立的新約。你們每逢喝的時候,要如此行,為的是記念我。」』

       其實在什麼時候擘餅和喝這杯不是最重要的,重要是『你們每逢吃這餅,喝這杯,是表明主的死,直等到他來。』(哥林多前書 11:26)   『所以,無論何人不按理吃主的餅、喝主的杯,就是干犯主的身、主的血了。人應當自己省察,然後吃這餅、喝這杯。因為人吃喝,若不分辨是主的身體,就是吃喝自己的罪了。(哥林多前書 11:27-29) 這告訴了我們該如何實行。

(你可以在『 https://a-christian-voice.com/ 』看到所有的文章,到這網站後要按『對屬靈生命的瞭解』。)

Last supper (2) – Participants, and the objective of breaking bread and drinking cups with how to carry them out (by Whirlwind) 1029

Last time we talked about the foreknowledge that happened in the preparation of that Passover. All the four Gospels mention the Last supper. That is, Matthew 26:20-35, Mark 14:17-31, Luke 22:14-38, and John 13:1-17:26. What information could we derive from them? First, we can see the participants were the twelve apostles, including Judas who betrayed Jesus. Then, we’ll have a series of discussions regarding what happened in the Last supper according to the corresponding verses. Since only the Gospel of Luke mentions the time order, this topic will be based upon it, but we have to make sure there is no contradiction with other Gospels and add things mentioned in them but not in the Gospel of Luke. We only talk about four of them here: (1) Giving thanks before the supper (Luke 22:14-18); (2) Having the supper (Matthew 26:26); (3) Breaking bread in remembrance of the Lord (Luke 22:19); (4) The new covenant set up by drinking cup after the meal (Luke 22:20).

First, we can see the participants were the twelve apostles, including the Judas who betrayed Jesus. Talking about the order of events happened, we’ll be basically depend on the Gospel of Luke since only this Gospel mentioned the order as said in Luke 1:3-4, “it seemed fitting for me as well, having investigated everything carefully from the beginning, to write it out for you in consecutive order, most excellent Theophilus; so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been taught.” Thus, this topic is basically based upon the Gospel of Luke, but to make sure that there is no contradiction with other Gospels and add the events they mentioned but not in Luke. We’ll have a series of discussions regarding what happened in the Last supper according to corresponding verses. As mentioned earlier, we only talk about the first four here. 

Before we talk about these four, let us discuss who the participants were. In Luke 22:14, it says, “When the hour had come, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him.” It also says in Matthew 26:20, “Now when evening came, Jesus was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples.” Thus, the supper included Judas who betrayed Jesus. From the other verses, we can see that the twelve was chosen by the Holy Spirit as said in Acts 1:2, “until the day when He was taken up to heaven, after He had by the Holy Spirit given orders to the apostles whom He had chosen.” How can Jesus be sure that He had to choose these twelve? In Luke 6:12-13, it says, “It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God. And when the day came, He called His disciples to Him and chose twelve of them, whom He also named as apostles.” We can see that He is just like us and needed the leading of the Holy Spirit, and to confirm it in the whole night prayer.

To complete the discussion of this paragraph, we must emphasize that He is the complete God. Regarding this point, we can use a simple example to illustrate it. If a prince at present lives like a beggar, he is still a prince by birth right. Therefore, because Jesus is one of Holy Trinity, He is still God even during the period that the Word became flesh. So, He is completely man and also completely God. He is different from us only in one point that He starts with no sin due to immaculate conception, and we are contaminated by sin. Starting with no sin is just like what happened to Adam and Eve. But Adam and Eve chose disobedience, and He chose to obey to death. Furthermore, He “…has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.”(Hebrews 4:15) He fulfilled the salvation, and resurrected. “So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.”(1 Corinthians 15:45) “and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man.”(John 5:27) During the period of the Word becoming flesh, He never used divinity.

(1) Giving thanks before the supper (Luke 22:14-18)

In Luke 22:14-18, it says, “When the hour had come, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him. And He said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I say to you, I shall never again eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He said, “Take this and share it among yourselves; for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until the kingdom of God comes.”” It is reasonably assumed that this is to give thanks before the supper since Jesus didn’t say “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.” as said in Luke 22:20.

In 1 Corinthians 11:20-22, it says, “Therefore when you meet together, it is not to eat the Lord’s Supper, for in your eating each one takes his own supper first; and one is hungry and another is drunk. What! Do you not have houses in which to eat and drink? Or do you despise the church of God and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? In this I will not praise you.” Here, we can see that people had to start the meal together. Thus, it is reasonable to assume to signal the starting together by giving thanks before the meal.

(2) Having the supper (Matthew 26:26)

According to Matthew 26:26, it says, “While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”” It uses the past progressive tense. Apparently, in the middle of the supper, the bread was broken.

(3) Breaking bread in remembrance of the Lord (Luke 22:19)

In Luke 22:19, it says, “And when He had taken some bread and given thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” Breaking bread is after starting the meal. But in this place, the time isn’t mentioned and just the order. Therefore, this verse isn’t contradicted to Matthew 26:26.

Paul said in 1 Corinthians 11:23-24 the objective of breaking bread which is from revelation, “For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”” Here, it doesn’t mention the order either. Therefore, the order is given according to what we discussed before.

(4) The new covenant set up by drinking cup after the meal (Luke 22:20)

In Luke 22:20, it says, “And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.”” In 1 Corinthians 11:25, it also says, “In the same way He took the cup also after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.””

In fact, when breaking bread and drinking cup happened isn’t as important as its meaning as said in 1 Corinthians 11:26, “For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.” “Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly.”(1 Corinthians 11:27-29) Here, it tells us the way to carry them out.

 (Verses refer to those in NASB unless otherwise specified.)

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最后的晚餐 (1) – 日子,预知,和预测 (旋风着) 3028

     过了最后的晚餐就是客西马尼园的祷告,我们已谈过了客西马尼园的祷告和其后发生的事情,现在就看看四福音书中如何的提到最后的晚餐。耶稣是在逾越节钉十字架的,所以我们先从一个知识性的问题谈起,逾越节是在那一天?接着我们看一看那个预备最后的晚餐所发生的预知事情。因为有人说耶稣的再来可能是在逾越节,所以我们最后简谈一下耶稣再来的预测。

1. 逾越节的日子是那一天?    

     圣经的日子都是照着犹太人的历法的,『正月十四日黄昏的时候是耶和华的逾越节。这月十五日是向耶和华守的无酵节,你们要吃无酵饼七日。』(利未记 23:5-6) 旧约很清楚的告诉我们,逾越节是那一天。    

     犹太人的历法和我们熟知的历法不同,我们的一天是从早上到晚上,犹太人的一天是从前一天的黄昏开始到那一天的黄昏前结束。举个例子来说,如果耶稣是死后三天后的周日复活,那么往前算三日就是逾越节。周六黄昏到周日早是一天,周五黄昏到周六黄昏前另又一天,周四黄昏前到周五黄昏前又是一天,所以记念最后的晚餐应是在周四晚如天主教般,基督教和天主教都以周五晚为耶稣受难日。    

     不过真要严的算,我们必须以犹太人的历法为准,现今的日子是政府以现在的历法规定的。所以有人会说,『我们一方面照政府规定的日子庆祝,同时不要忘了真实的日子。最重要的是要记念祂,知道祂为何而来。』在新约的时代说,我们不须再守这些节日。圣经说得很清楚,『你们谨守日子、月份、节期、年份,我为你们害怕,惟恐我在你们身上是枉费了工夫。』(加拉太书 4:10-11) 『所以不拘在饮食上,或节期、月朔、安息日,都不可让人论断你们。这些原是后事的影儿,那形体却是基督。』(罗西书 2:16-17) 在律法上,我们实在是应照犹太人的历法。只是在新约的时代,我们有内住的圣灵。只要能不消灭圣灵的感动,就自然而然的成就了律法!

2. 预备最后的晚餐的预知    

     这在马可福音 14:12-16 很清楚的写道,『除酵节的第一天,就是宰逾越羊羔的那一天,门徒对耶稣说:「你吃逾越节的筵席要我们往哪里去预备呢?」耶稣就打发两个门徒(彼得和约翰),对他们说:「你们进城去,必有人拿着一瓶水迎面而来,你们就跟着他。他进哪家去,你们就对那家的主人说:『夫子说:客房在哪里?我与门徒好在那里吃逾越节的筵席。』他必指给你们摆设整齐的一间大楼,你们就在那里为我们预备。」门徒出去,进了城,所遇见的正如耶稣所说的。他们就预备了逾越节的筵席。(马可福音 14:12-16 和参路加福音 22:7-13) 很显然的,祂预先就知道了会发生的事情。这只是新约中常常如此记载的一件事情。    

     在除酵节的第一天,就是宰逾越羊羔的那一天,这是指逾越节,是把逾越节和除酵节联在一起,共八天算的,所以在马太福音 26:17 会一致的说,『除酵节的第一天,门徒来问耶稣说:「你吃逾越节的筵席,要我们在哪里给你预备?」』所以和前面利未记 23:5-6 所讲的并不冲突。

3. 耶稣再来的预测    

     如果预测当时有未来固定的时间,但现在还没到那时间,是不能被证实的。目前所有能被证实的耶稣再来的日子的预测,都是不对的。没有固定时间的预测就如说、耶稣的再来一定在某一个节期!真的,圣经记载了在节期时发生了很多的事情,如耶稣在逾越节钉十字架代表了逾越的羊羔为我们受死。其实,只要三百六十五人,一人预测不同的一天作为耶稣会再来的日,,一定有一个人预测的日子是对的,只是预知绝不是这样的骗术。    

     『但那日子、那时辰,没有人知道,连天上的使者也不知道,子也不知道,惟独父知道。』(马太福音 24:36) 神有绝对的主权,圣经是神所默示的,我们看看圣经圣经是怎么说的?『但主的日子要像贼来到一样。 (彼得后书 3:10) (看哪!我来像贼一样。…)(启示录 16:15) 如果我们真能以圣经为绝对标准,就不必再预测了。因为预测一定失败,祂再来,像贼一样。

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